Static Analysis of Software

This book presents real examples of the formal techniques called "abstract interpretation" currently being used in various industrial fields: railway, aeronautics, space, automotive, etc.

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Author: Jean-Louis Boulanger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118602959

Category: Computers

Page: 331

View: 138

The existing literature currently available to students and researchers is very general, covering only the formal techniques of static analysis. This book presents real examples of the formal techniques called "abstract interpretation" currently being used in various industrial fields: railway, aeronautics, space, automotive, etc. The purpose of this book is to present students and researchers, in a single book, with the wealth of experience of people who are intrinsically involved in the realization and evaluation of software-based safety critical systems. As the authors are people currently working within the industry, the usual problems of confidentiality, which can occur with other books, is not an issue and so makes it possible to supply new useful information (photos, architectural plans, real examples).

Static Program Analysis Tools

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.

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Author: Source: Wikipedia

Publisher: Books LLC, Wiki Series

ISBN: 1233163949

Category:

Page: 28

View: 508

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 27. Chapters: Lint, List of tools for static code analysis, Clang, Parasoft, Veracode, Sparse, Bauhaus Project, Sonar, GrammaTech, MALPAS Software Static Analysis Toolset, Cppcheck, Extended static checking, Polyspace, Fortify Software, Kalistick, DMS Software Reengineering Toolkit, NDepend, SemmleCode, Coverity, Cscope, Soatest, Splint, ESC/Java, Checkstyle, Pattern Insight, Jtest, Software mining, AdaControl, Yasca, Automated code review, FindBugs, LDRA Testbed, JSLint, Klocwork, FxCop, PMD, Red Lizard Software, PC-Lint, PVS-Studio, SofCheck Inspector, SonarJ, Soot, VeriFlux, Lattix, Inc., CodeIt.Right, Understand, Sotoarc, Daikon, Hermes, StyleCop, QA-C, ResourceMiner, Imagix 4D, Monoidics, Hammurapi. Excerpt: This is a list of tools for static code analysis. Products covering multiple .NET languages. Tools that use a formal methods approach to static analysis (e.g., using static program assertions): Clang (pronounced like the English word clang) is a compiler front end for the C, C++, Objective-C and Objective-C++ programming languages. It uses the Low Level Virtual Machine (LLVM) as its back end, and as such Clang is part of LLVM releases since LLVM 2.6. Its goal is to offer a replacement to the GNU Compiler Collection (GCC). Development is sponsored by Apple. Clang is available under a free software license. The Clang project includes the Clang front end and the Clang static analyzer among others. Starting in 2005, Apple has made extensive use of LLVM in a number of commercial systems, including the iPhone development kit and Xcode 3.1. One of the first uses of LLVM was an OpenGL code compiler for Mac OS X that converts OpenGL calls into more fundamental calls for graphics processing units (GPU) that do not support certain features. This allowed Apple to support the entire OpenGL application programming interface (API)...

Secure Programming with Static Analysis

This book is for everyone concerned with building more secure software: developers, security engineers, analysts, and testers.

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Author: Brian Chess

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0132702029

Category: Computers

Page: 624

View: 735

The First Expert Guide to Static Analysis for Software Security! Creating secure code requires more than just good intentions. Programmers need to know that their code will be safe in an almost infinite number of scenarios and configurations. Static source code analysis gives users the ability to review their work with a fine-toothed comb and uncover the kinds of errors that lead directly to security vulnerabilities. Now, there’s a complete guide to static analysis: how it works, how to integrate it into the software development processes, and how to make the most of it during security code review. Static analysis experts Brian Chess and Jacob West look at the most common types of security defects that occur today. They illustrate main points using Java and C code examples taken from real-world security incidents, showing how coding errors are exploited, how they could have been prevented, and how static analysis can rapidly uncover similar mistakes. This book is for everyone concerned with building more secure software: developers, security engineers, analysts, and testers.

Malpas Software Static Analysis Toolset

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.

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Author: Nuadha Trev

Publisher:

ISBN: 6136586924

Category: Computers

Page: 56

View: 722

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. MALPAS is a software toolset that provides a means of investigating and proving the correctness of software by applying a rigorous form of static program analysis. The tool uses directed graphs and regular algebra to represent the program under analysis. Using the automated tools in MALPAS an analyst can describe the structure of a program, classify the use made of data and provide the information relationships between input and output data. It also supports a formal proof that the code meets its specification. MALPAS has been used to confirm the correctness of safety critical applications in the nuclear, aerospace and defense industries. It has also been used to provide compiler validation in the nuclear industry on Sizewell B. Languages that have been analysed include: Ada, C, PLM and Intel Assembler.

Static Code Analysis

Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 188. Not illustrated. Free updates online. Purchase includes a free trial membership in the publisher's book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge.

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Author: LLC Books

Publisher: Books LLC

ISBN: 1155282612

Category:

Page: 190

View: 736

Chapters: Lint, Data-Flow Analysis, Parasoft, Clang, List of Tools for Static Code Analysis, Definite Assignment Analysis, Veracode, Aliasing, Use-Define Chain, Linear Code Sequence and Jump, Grammatech, Shape Analysis, Alias Analysis, Ndepend, Semmlecode, Live Variable Analysis, Coverity, Pattern Insight, Jtest, Frontendart, Fortify Software, Cscope, Automated Code Review, Soatest, Sourceinventory, Splint, Dms Software Reengineering Toolkit, Sourceaudit, Reaching Definition, Ldra Testbed, Software Mining, Checkstyle, Pointer Analysis, Klocwork, Findbugs, Pmd, Yasca, Esc/java, Red Lizard Software, Fxcop, Sparse, Axivion Bauhaus Suite, Lattix, Inc., Soot, Codeit.right, Sofcheck Inspector, Daikon, Sotoarc, Flowchart4j, Qa-C, Understand, Rough Auditing Tool for Security, Pc-Lint, Hammurapi, Stylecop, Structure101, Jslint, Checking. Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 188. Not illustrated. Free updates online. Purchase includes a free trial membership in the publisher's book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: Data-flow analysis is a technique for gathering information about the possible set of values calculated at various points in a computer program. A program's control flow graph (CFG) is used to determine those parts of a program to which a particular value assigned to a variable might propagate. The information gathered is often used by compilers when optimizing a program. A canonical example of a data-flow analysis is reaching definitions. A simple way to perform dataflow analysis of programs is to set up dataflow equations for each node of the control flow graph and solve them by repeatedly calculating the output from the input locally at each node until the whole system stabilizes, i.e., it reaches a fixpoint. This general approach was developed by Gary Kildall while teaching at the Naval Postgraduate School. Data flow analysis attempts to obtain particular information at each point in...More: http: //booksllc.net/?id=82695

Introduction to Static Analysis

cution of the input program. This is a perfect example of a static analysis since
typing takes place independently from any program execution, and the result is
known before the program actually runs. Static and dynamic techniques are ...

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Author: Xavier Rival

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262043410

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 884

A self-contained introduction to abstract interpretation–based static analysis, an essential resource for students, developers, and users. Static program analysis, or static analysis, aims to discover semantic properties of programs without running them. It plays an important role in all phases of development, including verification of specifications and programs, the synthesis of optimized code, and the refactoring and maintenance of software applications. This book offers a self-contained introduction to static analysis, covering the basics of both theoretical foundations and practical considerations in the use of static analysis tools. By offering a quick and comprehensive introduction for nonspecialists, the book fills a notable gap in the literature, which until now has consisted largely of scientific articles on advanced topics. The text covers the mathematical foundations of static analysis, including semantics, semantic abstraction, and computation of program invariants; more advanced notions and techniques, including techniques for enhancing the cost-accuracy balance of analysis and abstractions for advanced programming features and answering a wide range of semantic questions; and techniques for implementing and using static analysis tools. It begins with background information and an intuitive and informal introduction to the main static analysis principles and techniques. It then formalizes the scientific foundations of program analysis techniques, considers practical aspects of implementation, and presents more advanced applications. The book can be used as a textbook in advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in static analysis and program verification, and as a reference for users, developers, and experts.

Static Program Analysis

This is useful not only in optimizing compilers for producing efficient code but also for automatic error detection and other tools that can help programmers.

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Author: Engr Michael David

Publisher:

ISBN: 9798702738413

Category:

Page: 160

View: 702

Static program analysis is the art of reasoning about the behavior of computer programs without actually running them. This is useful not only in optimizing compilers for producing efficient code but also for automatic error detection and other tools that can help programmers. A static program analyzer is a pro- gram that reasons about the behavior of other programs. For anyone interested in programming, what can be more fun than writing programs that analyze programs?As known from Turing and Rice, all nontrivial properties of the behavior of programs written in common programming languages are mathematically undecidable. This means that automated reasoning of software generally must involve approximation. It is also well known that testing, i.e. concretely running programs and inspecting the output, may reveal errors but generally cannot show their absence. In contrast, static program analysis can - with the right kind of approximations - check all possible executions of the programs and provide guarantees about their properties. One of the key challenges when developing such analyses is how to ensure high precision and efficiency to be practically useful. For example, nobody will use an analysis designed for bug finding if it reports many false positives or if it is too slow to fit into real-world software development processes.These notes present principles and applications of static analysis of pro- grams. We cover basic type analysis, lattice theory, control flow graphs, dataflow analysis, fixed-point algorithms, widening and narrowing, path sensitivity, rela- tional analysis, interprocedural analysis, context sensitivity, control-flow ana- lysis, several flavors of pointer analysis, and key concepts of semantics-based abstract interpretation. A tiny imperative programming language with point- ers and first-class functions is subjected to numerous different static analyses illustrating the techniques that are presented.We take a constraint-based approach to static analysis where suitable constraint systems conceptually divide the analysis task into a front-end that generates constraints from program code and a back-end that solves the constraints to produce the analysis results. This approach enables separating the analysis specification, which determines its precision, from the algorithmic aspects that are important for its performance. In practice when implementing analyses, we often solve the constraints on-the-fly, as they are generated, without representing them explicitly.We focus on analyses that are fully automatic (i.e., not involving program-mer guidance, for example in the form of loop invariants or type annotations) and conservative (sound but incomplete), and we only consider Turing com- plete languages (like most programming languages used in ordinary software development).The analyses that we cover are expressed using different kinds of constraint systems, each with their own constraint solvers: -term unification constraints, with an almost-linear union-find algorithm, -conditional subset constraints, with a cubic-time algorithm, and-monotone constraints over lattices, with variations of fixed-point solvers. The style of presentation is intended to be precise but not overly formal.The readers are assumed to be familiar with advanced programming language concepts and the basics of compiler construction and computability theory.The notes are accompanied by a web site that provides lecture slides, an implementation (in Scala) of most of the algorithms we cover, and additional exercises: ...........

Static Program Analysis

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.

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Author: Source: Wikipedia

Publisher: Books LLC, Wiki Series

ISBN: 1233158597

Category:

Page: 34

View: 957

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 33. Chapters: Static program analysis tools, Lint, List of tools for static code analysis, Clang, Parasoft, Veracode, Sparse, Bauhaus Project, Sonar, GrammaTech, Shape analysis, Termination analysis, MALPAS Software Static Analysis Toolset, Cppcheck, Extended static checking, Polyspace, Fortify Software, Kalistick, DMS Software Reengineering Toolkit, NDepend, Alias analysis, SemmleCode, Coverity, Cscope, Soatest, Splint, ESC/Java, Checkstyle, Dependence analysis, Pattern Insight, Jtest, Strictness analysis, Escape analysis, Software mining, AdaControl, Yasca, Automated code review, FindBugs, LDRA Testbed, JSLint, Klocwork, FxCop, PMD, Pointer analysis, Red Lizard Software, PC-Lint, PVS-Studio, SofCheck Inspector, SonarJ, Soot, VeriFlux, Lattix, Inc., CodeIt.Right, Understand, Sotoarc, Daikon, Hermes, StyleCop, QA-C, ResourceMiner, Imagix 4D, Monoidics, Hammurapi. Excerpt: This is a list of tools for static code analysis. Products covering multiple .NET languages. Tools that use a formal methods approach to static analysis (e.g., using static program assertions): Clang (pronounced like the English word clang) is a compiler front end for the C, C++, Objective-C and Objective-C++ programming languages. It uses the Low Level Virtual Machine (LLVM) as its back end, and as such Clang is part of LLVM releases since LLVM 2.6. Its goal is to offer a replacement to the GNU Compiler Collection (GCC). Development is sponsored by Apple. Clang is available under a free software license. The Clang project includes the Clang front end and the Clang static analyzer among others. Starting in 2005, Apple has made extensive use of LLVM in a number of commercial systems, including the iPhone development kit and Xcode 3.1. One of the first uses of LLVM was an OpenGL code compiler for Mac OS X that converts OpenGL calls into more fundamental calls...

Static Analysis for Bug Finding in Systems Software

1.6 Related work in Static Analysis We broadly discuss other static analysis tools
and techniques . ... Users can specify a particular dataflow analysis by plugging
in transfer functions , which define how program instructions affect the dataflow ...

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Author: Andy C. Chou

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105023747731

Category:

Page: 338

View: 133

Guide to Advanced Software Testing Second Edition

The book supports the ISTQB certification and provides a bridge from this to the ISO 29119 Software Testing Standard in terms of extensive mappings between the two; this is a truly unique feature.

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Author: Anne Mette Hass

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 9781608078059

Category: Computers

Page: 476

View: 492

Software testing is a critical aspect of the software development process, and this heavily illustrated reference takes professionals on a complete tour of this increasingly important, multi-dimensional area. The book offers a practical understanding of all the most critical software testing topics and their relationships and inter-dependencies. This unique resource utilizes a wealth of graphics that support the discussions to offer a clear overview of software testing, from the definition of testing and the value and purpose of testing, through the complete testing process with all its activities, techniques and documentation, to the softer aspects of people and teams working with testing. Practitioners find numerous examples and exercises presented in each chapter to help ensure a complete understanding of the material. The book supports the ISTQB certification and provides a bridge from this to the ISO 29119 Software Testing Standard in terms of extensive mappings between the two; this is a truly unique feature.

Federal Software Exchange Catalog

SCAN functions as a static analyzer producing a report containing two sections .
Section 1 is a listing of the COBOL source program which was analyzed , with a
comment denoting the type of unstructured code or bad programming practice ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112001080909

Category: Computer software

Page:

View: 830

Static Analysis

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Static Analysis, SAS 2004, held in Verona, Italy in August 2004.

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Author: Roberto Giacobazzi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540227915

Category: Computers

Page: 396

View: 612

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Static Analysis, SAS 2004, held in Verona, Italy in August 2004. The 23 revised full papers presented with an invited paper and abstracts of 3 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 63 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on program and systems verification, security and safety, pointer analysis, abstract interpretation and algorithms, shape analysis, abstract domain and data structures, shape analysis and logic, and termination analysis.

Computer Program Abstracts

The program operates in batch mode and requires core size 80K words .
structural transient analysis replacing the structural static analysis . The
program's thermostructural capability consists of computing a temperature history
of the structure ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: COLUMBIA:CU12877441

Category: Computer programs

Page:

View: 840

Compiler Design

These are checked using static analysis of the programs. In this book the authors systematically describe the analysis and transformation of imperative and functional programs.

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Author: Helmut Seidl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642175480

Category: Computers

Page: 177

View: 190

While compilers for high-level programming languages are large complex software systems, they have particular characteristics that differentiate them from other software systems. Their functionality is almost completely well-defined - ideally there exist complete precise descriptions of the source and target languages. Additional descriptions of the interfaces to the operating system, programming system and programming environment, and to other compilers and libraries are often available. The book deals with the optimization phase of compilers. In this phase, programs are transformed in order to increase their efficiency. To preserve the semantics of the programs in these transformations, the compiler has to meet the associated applicability conditions. These are checked using static analysis of the programs. In this book the authors systematically describe the analysis and transformation of imperative and functional programs. In addition to a detailed description of important efficiency-improving transformations, the book offers a concise introduction to the necessary concepts and methods, namely to operational semantics, lattices, and fixed-point algorithms. This book is intended for students of computer science. The book is supported throughout with examples, exercises and program fragments.

Reliable Software Technologies Ada Europe

A static analysis of various implementations in Ada and other languages was
conducted using PC - Metric , a source code analysis program . The team
calculated and used two widely known software metrics , which were Halstead ' s
effort ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015048312170

Category: Ada (Computer program language)

Page:

View: 114

Improving Software Insecurity with Precise Static and Runtime Analysis

Application bytecode PQL query L Static program representation relations
Datalog query Pointer analysis formulation bddbddb Datalog solver Vulnerability
warnings Figure 3.1 : Architecture of the static analysis part of the Griffin project .

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Author: Benjamin Livshits

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105127129992

Category:

Page: 229

View: 994

Introduction to Static Analysis Using SolidWorks Simulation

This text utilizes a step-by-step approach to introduce the use of a finite element simulation within a computer-aided design (CAD) tool environment.

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Author: Radostina V. Petrova

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482236187

Category: Science

Page: 353

View: 634

Uses Finite Element Analysis (FEA) as Implemented in SolidWorks Simulation Outlining a path that readers can follow to ensure a static analysis that is both accurate and sound, Introduction to Static Analysis using SolidWorks Simulation effectively applies one of the most widely used software packages for engineering design to the concepts of static analysis. This text utilizes a step-by-step approach to introduce the use of a finite element simulation within a computer-aided design (CAD) tool environment. It does not center on formulae and the theory of FEM; in fact, it contains essentially no theory on FEM other than practical guidelines. The book is self-contained and enables the reader to progress independently without an instructor. It is a valuable guide for students, educators, and practicing professionals who wish to forego commercial training programs, but need to refresh or improve their knowledge of the subject. Classroom Tested with Figures, Examples, and Homework Problems The book contains more than 300 illustrations and extensive explanatory notes covering the features of the SolidWorks (SW) Simulation software. The author presents commonly used examples and techniques highlighting the close interaction between CAD modelling and FE analysis. She describes the stages and program demands used during static analysis, details different cases, and explores the impact of selected options on the final result. In addition, the book includes hands-on exercises, program commands, and a summary after each chapter. Explores the static studies of simple bodies to more complex structures Considers different types of loads and how to start the loads property managers Studies the workflow of the run analysis and discusses how to assess the feedback provided by the study manager Covers the generation of graphs Determines how to assess the quality of the created mesh based on the final results and how to improve the accuracy of the results by changing the mesh properties Examines a machine unit with planar symmetrical geometry or with circular geometry exposed to symmetrical boundary conditions Compares 3D FEA to 2D FEA Discusses the impact of the adopted calculating formulation by comparing thin-plate results to thick-plate results Introduction to Static Analysis using SolidWorks Simulation equips students, educators, and practicing professionals with an in-depth understanding of the features of SW Simulation applicable to static analysis (FEA/FEM).

Fundamentals of Software Testing

The ISTQB Foundations level syllabus was updated in 2011, and this book provides detailed course study material including a glossary and sample questions to help adequately prepare for the certification exam.

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Author: Bernard Homès

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118603093

Category: Computers

Page: 342

View: 969

The testing market is growing at a fast pace and ISTQB certifications are being increasingly requested, with more than 180,000 persons currently certified throughout the world. The ISTQB Foundations level syllabus was updated in 2011, and this book provides detailed course study material including a glossary and sample questions to help adequately prepare for the certification exam. The fundamental aspects of testing are approached, as is testing in the lifecycles from Waterfall to Agile and iterative lifecycles. Static testing, such as reviews and static analysis, and their benefits are examined as well as techniques such as Equivalence Partitioning, Boundary Value Analysis, Decision Table Testing, State Transitions and use cases, along with selected white box testing techniques. Test management, test progress monitoring, risk analysis and incident management are covered, as are the methods for successfully introducing tools in an organization. Contents 1. Fundamentals of Testing. 2. Testing Throughout the Software Life Cycle. 3. Static Techniques (FL 3.0). 4. Test Design Techniques (FL 4.0). 5. Test Management (FL 5.0). 6. Tools support for Testing (FL 6.0). 7. Mock Exam. 8. Templates and Models. 9. Answers to the Questions.