The State of World Highly Migratory Straddling and Other High Seas Fishery Resources and Associated Species

Figure 1 illustrates the several configurations of highly migratory fish stocks , straddling fish stocks and ... one country's EEZ or stocks occurring within the exclusive economic zones of two or more coastal States but not on the high ...


Author: Jean-Jacques Maguire

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9251055548

Category: Nature

Page: 84

View: 896

Fisheries for highly migratory species are important in all oceans and semi-enclosed seas, except for polar regions. Fisheries for straddling fish stocks are much more localised, primarily occurring in a few regions where continental shelves extend beyond the 200 miles Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), while most fisheries for other high seas fishery resources are deep-water fisheries. This publication examines issues relating to the stocks of these resources, including information on their state of exploitation. Findings include that about 30 percent of the stocks of highly migratory tuna and tuna-like species, more than half of highly migratory oceanic sharks and nearly two-thirds of the straddling stocks and the stocks of other high seas fishery resources are overexploited or depleted. Although the stocks concerned represent only a small fraction of the world fishery resources, they are key indicators of the state of an overwhelming part of the ocean ecosystem which appears to be more overexploited than EEZs.

FAO Fisheries Technical Paper





ISBN: CORNELL:31924101494155

Category: Fisheries


View: 487

Conservation on the High Seas

Although the state of origin has no exclusivity for enforcement purposes on the high seas, the wording of this provision ... The coastal states' claims to limit exploitation of straddling stocks on the high seas (or in another coastal ...


Author: Simone Borg

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9780857935649

Category: Nature

Page: 313

View: 774

ïThis book from Simone Borg is a much needed and highly recommended study on conservation on the high seas and harmonizing international regimes for the sustainable use of living resources. This publication is very topical considering the continuous over-exploitation of the living resources. It is a very exhaustive study of many international instruments, the most importantly the 1982 The United Nations Law of the Sea Convention. The author in an admirable manner linked the issue of the conservation of living resources on the high seas to the fundamental principles underlying modern environmental law such as the precautionary principle. The unique feature which sets this book apart from the other similar publications is that it is firmly entrenched in general international law, i.e. deals in a very erudite manner with the issues of fragmentation and harmonisation of international law in the context of conservation. This book will appeal not only to the experts on the law of the sea, but also to general international lawyers.Í _ Malgosia Fitzmaurice, Queen Mary, University of London, UK ïThis is an excellent book, which has taken apart a very complicated part of international law, and reassembled it in a manner which is up-to-date, accessible, insightful and coherent. In doing so, this work plugs a gap in the scholarship in this area, for which the author is to be truly commended. It is an essential addition for all practitioners, scholars and students who work or study, in one of the foremost environmental challenges of the 21st century: conservation on the high seas.Í _ Alexander Gillepsie, University of Waikato, New Zealand ïThe conservation of living marine resources with diverse characteristics and life styles has become an international concern. BorgÍs book provides an examination of the regulatory and legal implications of marine conservation. The analysis takes account of UNCLOS Treaties and the UNCED (1992) that aid a more holistic response by States towards conservation, the marine environment and socio-economic needs. Despite shortcomings and failures there have been success stories that highlight the potential of effective interaction between fisheries law and environmental law. The book addresses the legal aspects of international regimes aimed at setting conservation obligations, compliance and enforcement. This is a path breaking work that shows how international law can diversify itself into different legal streams to ensure flexibility and a degree of adaptation to the different interests of the States involved.Í _ John McEldowney, University of Warwick, UK This timely book discusses various international norms that qualify the right, which all states have to access and exploit living resources in marine areas beyond national jurisdiction, in order to promote the conservation of such species. An intricate body of norms has accumulated over the last few decades, consisting of prior and subsequent rules addressing the same issues, as well as a number of specialized rules that supplement more general ones. However, this process has also exposed the fragmentation of the relevant international regimes, with evolving and diverse interpretations of the same legal terms fine-tuning or qualifying earlier treaties. Uncertainty prevails as to how these norms interrelate with each other. The book assesses to what extent the harmonization of these international regimes is possible. It highlights current trends and developments which aim at better coherence, and discusses legal techniques that could serve to harmonize both the objectives of these international norms and their scope of applicability. The author also demonstrates that in some cases, gaps and conflicts in the existing legal framework cannot be simply ïinterpreted awayÍ but require the further development of international law in order to be resolved properly. This unique book will appeal to academics and students in international law, especially those researching marine conservation and the applicable legal framework. It will be equally useful to organizations both public and private with an interest in marine conservation beyond national jurisdiction. Environmental groups and policy-makers in maritime affairs, environmental issues and fisheries management will also find much to interest them in this insightful book.

Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office

United States. Patent Office. 2,577,141 be extended across the tread of a tire , a resilient DATA TRANSLATING APPARATUS felly - straddling portion , a first cross bar through John W. Mauchly , Philadelphia , and John Presper which the ...


Author: United States. Patent Office


ISBN: PSU:000064087092

Category: Patents


View: 494

International Law and Boundary Disputes in Africa

straddling. communities. and. resources. under. the. African. Union. Boundary. Programme. Delimitation of boundaries is rendered more difficult where villages and communities straddle the boundaries of two states.


Author: Gbenga Oduntan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135039554

Category: Law

Page: 428

View: 413

Africa has experienced a number of territorial disputes over land and maritime boundaries, due in part to its colonial and post-colonial history. This book explores the legal, political, and historical nature of disputes over territory in the African continent, and critiques the content and application of contemporary International law to the resolution of African territorial and border disputes. Drawing on central concepts of public international law such as sovereignty and jurisdiction, and socio-political concepts such as colonialism, ethnicity, nationality and self-determination, this book interrogates the intimate connection that peoples and nations have to territory and the severe disputes these may lead to. Gbenga Oduntan identifies the major principles of law at play in relation to territorial, and boundary disputes, and argues that the predominant use of foreign based adjudicatory mechanisms in attempting to deal with African boundary disputes alienates those institutions and mechanisms from African people and can contribute to the recurrence of conflicts and disputes in and among African territories. He suggests that the understanding and application of multidisciplinary dispute resolution mechanisms and strategies can allow for a more holistic and effective treatment of boundary disputes. As an in depth study into the legal, socio-political and anthropological mechanisms involved in the understanding of territorial boundaries, and a unique synthesis of an African jurisprudence of international boundaries law, this book will be of great use and interest to students, researchers, and practitioners in African and Public International Law, International Relations, and decision-makers in need of better understanding the settlement of disputes over territorial boundaries in both Africa and the wider world.

Annual Report of the Marine Mammal Commission

Straddling fish stocks are those that are found both within and beyond the Exclusive Economic Zones of individual coastal nations . Of particular interest to the United States are stocks of pollock in the Bering Sea , whose range ...


Author: United States. Marine Mammal Commission


ISBN: UCSD:31822008894289

Category: Marine mammals


View: 321

Promoting Justice Human Rights and Conflict Resolution through International Law La promotion de la justice des droits de l homme et du r glement des conflits par le droit international

non-straddling stocks disputes and, indirectly in the Honolulu Convention and the Windhoeck Convention for ... Article 31, paragraph 3, of the Straddling Stocks Agreement, states: A State Party to this Agreement which is not a Party to ...


Author: Marcelo Kohen

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789047410935

Category: Law

Page: 1276

View: 670

This Liber Amicorum is published at the occasion of Judge Lucius Caflisch’s retirement from a distinguished teaching career at the Graduate Institute of International Studies of Geneva, where he served as Professor of International Law for more than three decades, and where he has also held the position of Director. It was written by his colleagues and friends, from the European Court of Human Rights, from universities all around the world, from the Swiss Foreign Affairs Ministry and many other national and international institutions. The Liber Amicorum Lucius Caflisch covers different fields in which Judge Caflisch has excelled in his various capacities, as scholar, representative of Switzerland in international conferences, legal adviser of the Swiss Foreign Affairs Ministry, counsel, registrar, arbitrator and judge. This collective work is divided into three main sections. The first section examines questions concerning human rights and international humanitarian law. The second section is devoted to the international law of spaces, including matters regarding the law of the sea, international waterways, Antarctica, and boundary and territorial issues. The third section addresses issues related to the peaceful settlement of disputes, both generally and with regard to any particular means of settlement. The contributions are in both English and French.

International Environmental Law The Straddling Fish Stocks Agreement This Agreement is of particular interest54 as an illustration of the ... One may wonder whether this requirement concerns only States parties to the Straddling Fish Stocks Agreement or also ...


Author: Pierre-Marie Dupuy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108423601

Category: Law

Page: 578

View: 722

A concise, clear, and legally rigorous introduction to international environmental law and practice covering the very latest developments.

United States Code

( 8 ) Person The term “ person " means any individual ( whether or not a citizen or national of the United States ) ... ( c ) “ Straddling Fish Stocks Agreement " defined In this section the term “ Straddling Fish Stocks Agreement ...


Author: United States


ISBN: RUTGERS:39030037141076

Category: Law


View: 205