Subjects and Predicables


Author: John Heintz

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110882858

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 103

View: 996

Subjects and Predicables


Author: John William Heintz


ISBN: OCLC:14266331

Category: Categories (Philosophy)

Page: 236

View: 974

Exploring Topics in the History and Philosophy of Logic

“Names and Predicables,” Analysis, 26:138-146. Hale, R., 1979. “Strawson, Geach, and Dummett on Singular Terms and Predicates,” Synthese, 42: 275-295. Heintz, J., 1984. Subjects and Predicables, The Hague: Mouton. Henle, M., 1962.


Author: George Englebretsen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110435047

Category: Philosophy

Page: 196

View: 631

While post-Fregean logicians tend to ignore or even denigrate the traditional logic of Aristotle and the Scholastics, new work in recent years has shown the viability of a renewed, extended, and strengthened logic of terms that shares fundamental features of the old syllogistic. A number of logicians, following the lead of Fred Sommers, have built just such a term logic. It is a system of formal logic that not only matches the expressive and inferential powers of today’s standard logic, but surpasses it and is far simpler and more natural. This book aims to substantiate this claim by exhibiting just how the term logic can shed need light on a variety of challenges that face any system of formal logic.

The Four Category Ontology

Similarly, I consider that the traditional distinction between subjects and predicables is best captured by reference to the characterization relation. Subjects are entities that are characterized, while predicables are the entities ...


Author: E. J. Lowe

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780191531170

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 603

E. J. Lowe sets out and defends his theory of what there is. His four-category ontology is a metaphysical system that recognizes two fundamental categorial distinctions which cut across each other to generate four fundamental ontological categories. The distinctions are between the particular and the universal and between the substantial and the non-substantial. The four categories thus generated are substantial particulars, non-substantial particulars, substantial universals and non-substantial universals. Non-substantial universals include properties and relations, conceived as universals. Non-substantial particulars include property-instances and relation-instances, otherwise known as non-relational and relational tropes or modes. Substantial particulars include propertied individuals, the paradigm examples of which are persisting, concrete objects. Substantial universals are otherwise known as substantial kinds and include as paradigm examples natural kinds of persisting objects. This ontology has a lengthy pedigree, many commentators attributing it to Aristotle on the basis of certain passages in his apparently early work, the Categories. At various times during the history of Western philosophy, it has been revived or rediscovered, but it has never found universal favour, perhaps on account of its apparent lack of parsimony as well as its commitment to universals. In pursuit of ontological economy, metaphysicians have generally preferred to recognize fewer than four fundamental ontological categories. However, Occam's razor stipulates only that we should not multiply entities beyond necessity; Lowe argues that the four-category ontology has an explanatory power unrivalled by more parsimonious systems, and that this counts decisively in its favour. He shows that it provides a powerful explanatory framework for a unified account of causation, dispositions, natural laws, natural necessity and many other related matters, such as the semantics of counterfactual conditionals and the character of the truthmaking relation. As such, it constitutes a thoroughgoing metaphysical foundation for natural science. Contents List

Boethius s In Ciceronis Topica

Second , all predicates and so all predicables must be either greater than or equal to the subjects they are said of ; no predicate can be less than its subject . 14 A predicate is equal to its subject if it is predicated convertibly of ...


Author: Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801489342

Category: History

Page: 277

View: 554

In Ciceronis Topica and De topicis differentiis are Boethius's two treatises on Topics (loci). Together these two works present Boethius's theory of the art of discovering arguments, a theory that was highly influential in the history of medieval logic. Eleonore Stump here presents the first English-language translation of In Ciceronis Topica. Noteworthy as a dialectical text, In Ciceronis Topica is also a rich storehouse of information on Stoic logic and Roman law and rhetoric, as well as on Boethius himself and the thought and culture of his period. Stump's Introduction supplies essential information about In Ciceronis Topica, Boethius's life, and the tradition of dialectic; her detailed notes explore the many philosophical problems in Boethius's text.

European Identity and the Representation of Islam in the Mainstream Press

... of dialectic elements that Aristotle calls 'predicables'.7 Aristotle focuses on the logical coherence that exists between the subject and predicate of a proposition and claims that there are four predicables that are related to the ...


Author: Salomi Boukala

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319933146

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 347

View: 629

This book combines media studies and linguistics with theories of national and supranational identity to offer an interdisciplinary approach to the study of European identity/ies and news discourses. Taking representations of ‘Islamist terrorism’ and Turkey’s accession to the European Union as case studies, it analyses the discursive construction of supranational European identity through the discursive distinction of ‘Us’ and ‘Them’. Moreover, it compares the media’s representations of the ‘Other’ in different socio-political moments in Europe- from times of European integration (2004-5) to the European dystopia (2015-16) through the discourse analysis of specific Greek, British and French newspapers. This timely work synthesizes classic argumentative approaches and Gramscian thought in the study of media discourses by focusing on the Aristotelian concept of topos and introducing the concept of ‘hegemonic knowledge’. This pioneering work will appeal to scholars across the fields of linguistics, social anthropology, European politics, and media studies.

A Dissertation on the Heads of Predicables

... in answering the second question , How Species expresses the whole essence of its subjects ? Fortunately , however , ' we are able to dispense with his assistance . For Species , as Species , is in reality no predicable at all .


Author: Henry Longueville Mansel


ISBN: BL:A0017999281

Category: Logic

Page: 60

View: 115

Alexander of Aphrodisias On Aristotle Topics 1

i.e. refutations of a claim that a predicate holds of a subject not as its definition but as one of the other predicables, cf. on 54,30 above. 440. Conceivably just 'he who establishes'; but the predicates 'comes under' (literally 'is ...


Author: Johannes M.Van Ophuijsen

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781780938721

Category: Philosophy

Page: 239

View: 911

Aristotle's Topics is about dialectic, which can be understood as a debate between two people or the inner debate of one thinker with himself. Its purposes range from philosophical training to discovering the first principles of thought. Its arguments concern the four predicables (definition, property, genus and accident). Aristotle explains how these four fit into his ten categories, and in Book 1 begins to outline strategies for debate, such as the definition of ambiguity. Alexander's commentary on Book 1 discusses how to define Aristotelian syllogistic argument, why it stands up against the rival Stoic theory of interference, and what is the character of inductive interference and of rhetorical argument. He distinguishes inseparable accidents such as the whiteness of snow from defining differentiae such as its being frozen, and considers how these fit into the scheme of categories. He speaks of dialectic as a stochastic discipline in which success is to be judged not by victory but by skill in argument, a view parallel to that sometimes taken in antiquity of medical practice. And he investigates the subject of ambiguity which had also been richly developed since Aristotle by the rival Stoic school.


The reason is that the natures of all existing things can also be predicated or said of their proper subjects. ... In other words, the predicables give the way in which the predicate is related to the subject.


Author: Mary Michael Spangler

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781620325537

Category: Philosophy

Page: 284

View: 757