Sustainable Bioenergy and Bioproducts

Each chapter in this book has been carefully selected and contributed by experts in the field to provide a good understanding of the various challenges and opportunities associated with sustainable production of biofuel.

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Author: Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447123247

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 228

View: 432

Sustainable Bioenergy and Bioproducts considers the recent technological innovations and emerging concepts in biobased energy production and coproducts utilization. Each chapter in this book has been carefully selected and contributed by experts in the field to provide a good understanding of the various challenges and opportunities associated with sustainable production of biofuel. Sustainable Bioenergy and Bioproducts covers a broad and detailed range of topics including: production capacity of hydrocarbons in the plant kingdom, algae, and microbes; biomass pretreatment for biofuel production; microbial fuel cells; sustainable use of biofuel co-products; bioeconomy and transportation infrastructure impacts and assessment of environmental risks and the life cycle of biofuels. Researchers, practitioners, undergraduate and graduate students engaged in the study of biorenewables, and members of the well-informed public will find Sustainable Bioenergy and Bioproducts to be a useful and comprehensive research tool, describing the state of the art and recent developments in this field.

Practices and Perspectives in Sustainable Bioenergy

This book presents a systems approach to bioenergy and provides a means to capture the complexity of bioenergy issues, including both direct and indirect impacts across the energy economy.

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Author: Madhumi Mitra

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9788132239659

Category:

Page:

View: 568

Biofuels Bioenergy and Bioproducts from Sustainable Agricultural and Forest Crops Proceedings of the Short Rotation Crops International Conference

Th e largest single cost factor for willow biomass crops is harvesting and transportation, which can account for up to 60 percent of the delivered cost of the biomass.

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Author: U. S. Department U.S. Department of Agriculture

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 1508441324

Category:

Page: 88

View: 601

Willow shrubs have several characteristics that make them an ideal feedstock for biofuels, bioproducts, and bioenergy. Th ey have been tested across the northeast and midwest United States and in Canada from Prince Edward Island to Alberta. Th e largest single cost factor for willow biomass crops is harvesting and transportation, which can account for up to 60 percent of the delivered cost of the biomass. Th e development of a cost-eff ective harvesting system that produces consistent sized chips has been a barrier to the deployment of willow biomass crops. SUNY's College of Environmental Science and Forestry has been working with Case New Holland and Cornell University for several years to develop an eff ective harvester system based on an FX-series New Holland forage harvester. A specially designed hydraulic driven willow cutting head manufactured by Coppice Resources Ltd. (CRL) in the United Kingdom has been fi tted to the forage harvester for harvesting willow biomass crops.

Perennial Grasses for Bioenergy and Bioproducts

The book covers their breeding, cultivation, harvesting, pre-treatment, economics and characterization. The book goes on to present the thermochemical conversion pathways for different types of feedstock.

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Author: Efthymia Alexopoulou

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128129012

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 306

View: 853

Perennial Grasses for Bioenergy and Bioproducts: Production, Uses, Sustainability and Markets for Giant Reed, Miscanthus, Switchgrass, Reed Canary Grass and Bamboo brings together a team of international authors to explore the current utilization, sustainability and future perspectives of perennial grasses in the bioeconomy. The book begins by examining the role of these crops as feedstock for bioenergy, in particular advanced biofuels and bioproducts. It then offers five chapters, each covering one perennial grass type, namely giant reed, miscanthus, switchgrass, reed canary grass and bamboo. The book covers their breeding, cultivation, harvesting, pre-treatment, economics and characterization. The book goes on to present the thermochemical conversion pathways for different types of feedstock. The last chapter explores issues concerning sustainability of perennial grasses, including their production in marginal lands. This thorough overview is a helpful reference for engineering researchers and professionals in the bioenergy sector, whose understanding of feedstock characterization, sustainability and production is critical in the development of conversion technologies. Those in the industrial crops sector will benefit from discussion of various issues surrounding crop production, which can guide their feedstock cultivation, harvesting and pre-treatment for specific conversion processes or end use. The book is also a useful resource for instructors and students in Masters and PhD programs in the area of biomass and energy crops. Policy makers and government agents involved in regulating the bioenergy and bioproducts sector will find comprehensive information to guide their decision making. Explores the whole value chain of grassy feedstock for advanced biofuels and bioproducts, from cultivation to end use, including biomass characterization (physical properties, chemical composition, etc.) and conversion and sustainability Examines the sustainability and economic factors related to perennial grasses and their conversion into biofuels and bioproducts Includes a complete list of grasses relevant for energy uses, and tables with their current and expected future uses and markets

Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts

This book introduces the concept of integrated biorefinery systems, as well as their operation and feedstock sourcing.

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Author: R. Praveen Kumar

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128189979

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 642

View: 220

The utilization of various types of biomass residue to produce products such as biofuels and biochemicals means biorefinery technology using biomass residues may become a one-stop solution to the increasing need for sustainable, non-fossil sources of energy and chemicals. Refining Biomass Residues for Sustainable Energy and Bioproducts: Technology, Advances, Life Cycle Assessment and Economics focuses on the various biorefineries currently available and discusses their uses, challenges, and future developments. This book introduces the concept of integrated biorefinery systems, as well as their operation and feedstock sourcing. It explores the specificities, current developments, and potential end products of various types of residue, from industrial and municipal to agricultural and marine, as well as residue from food industries. Sustainability issues are discussed at length, including life cycle assessment, economics, and cost analysis of different biorefinery models. In addition, a number of global case studies examine successful experiences in different regions. This book is an ideal resource for researchers and practitioners in the field of bioenergy and waste management who are looking to learn about technologies involved in residue biorefinery systems, how to reduce their environmental impacts, and how to ensure their commercial viability. Explores a range of different biorefinery categories, such as industrial, agricultural, and marine biomass residues Includes a Life Cycle Assessment of biorefinery models, in addition to costs and market analysis. Features case studies from around the world and is written by an international team of authors

Indicators to monitor and evaluate the sustainability of bioeconomy

This involves work on the bioeconomy monitoring, including the selection and use of indicators.

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Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251317969

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 127

View: 509

FAO has been working for many years on non-food biomass products (including sustainable bioenergy) and biotechnology, and it received a mandate to coordinate international work on ‘food first’ sustainable bioeconomy by 62 Ministers present at the Global Forum for Food and Agriculture (GFFA) 2015. Moreover, FAO has received support from the Government of Germany to develop guidelines on sustainable bioeconomy development (Phase 1: 2016; Phase 2: 2017-mid 2020). This involves work on the bioeconomy monitoring, including the selection and use of indicators. The ultimate aim of FAO’s work on sustainability indicators is to provide technical assistance to countries and stakeholders in developing and monitoring sustainable bioeconomy, more particularly on identifying suitable indicators in line with the Sustainable Bioeconomy Aspirational Principles and related Criteria, agreed upon in 2016 by the International Sustainable Bioeconomy Working Group created in the context of FAO’s project on Sustainable Bioeconomy Guidelines. These indicators shall help both policy makers and producers/manufacturers in monitoring and evaluating the sustainability of their bioeconomy strategies and interventions. In order to cover all the relevant aspects and issues for a sustainable bioeconomy, our approach identifies impact categories from the sustainable bioeconomy principles and criteria. The monitoring approach suggested is balanced, since it considers the three sustainability dimensions (social, economic and environmental); at the same time, it proposes to use a limited set of core indicators, to keep the monitoring feasible and cost-effective. The suggested methodology starts with a review of existing monitoring approaches to identify already available indicators, from which the authors.

Industrial Crops

This book serves as an up-to-date reference to researchers in both academic and industrial setting, to students and teachers of plant breeding, and to policy makers who are looking for alternative solutions to dependency on imported ...

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Author: Von Mark V. Cruz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781493914470

Category: Science

Page: 444

View: 493

The volume on Industrial Crop Breeding will be part of the series, Handbook of Plant Breeding. This volume will focus on the emerging area of plant breeding for sustainable production of transportation fuels and bio based products using the current advances in the field. The book is scheduled to consist of a total number of 30 chapters divided into four sections. The sections will emphasize crops being considered for different challenge areas including oil crops for biodiesel; sugar, starch and cellulosic crops for biofuel; crops for bio products and issues and future prospects. A chapter introducing the first three sections will also be included. Outstanding scientists for each crop species are proposed as senior authors, who may invite co-authors to contribute part of a chapter to provide additional expertise or perspective. The proposed authors will represent various national and international institutions to get a more diverse view on the topic and somehow get a global view on the common issues that researchers on industrial crops are facing. The book will comprise primarily of specific issues, available germplasm, breeding techniques, and potential geographical areas of production pertaining to individual crops being considered for industrial uses. We hope to encourage the proposed authors of new crops to provide an estimate of the crop readiness for commercial development and discuss the limitations. This book will be will be of interest and envisioned to serve as an updated reference to researchers in both academic and industrial setting, to students and teachers of plant breeding and to policy makers who are looking for alternative solutions to dependency on imported petroleum products.

Biofuels bioenergy and bioproducts from sustainable agricultural and forest crops

The goal of this conference was to initiate and provide opportunities for an international forum on the science and application of producing both agricultural and forest crops for biofuels, bioenergy, and bioproducts.

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Author: Ronald S. Zalesny

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:276771721

Category: Biological products

Page: 76

View: 131

The goal of this conference was to initiate and provide opportunities for an international forum on the science and application of producing both agricultural and forest crops for biofuels, bioenergy, and bioproducts. There is a substantial global need for development of such systems and technologies that can economically and sustainably produce short rotation crops across multiple temporal and spatial scales. Topic areas were biological and environmental; and economic and policy implications of sustainable biofuels, bioenergy, and bioproducts. Presentations addressed anatomy, breeding, genetics, physiology, ecosystem services, phytotechnologies, and production systems, as well as conversion technologies, costs and operational feasibility, environmental impacts and review, social factors, policy issues, and regional logistics. Seventy-four abstracts from oral and poster presentations are included in these proceedings.

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering

The book provides information on biomass and various conversion technologies with different parameters that affect the conversion process.

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Author: Rupam Kataki

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444643100

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 629

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Sustainable Bioresources for the Emerging Bioeconomy outlines recent advances in bioenergy, biorefinery and the bioeconomy, an essential element for a 21st century bio-based society. The book provides information on biomass and various conversion technologies with different parameters that affect the conversion process. Sections cover different bioproducts, biorefinery systems, energy and greenhouse gas emission balances of bioenergy and biorefinery, and environmental and economic footprints of bioeconomy. Finally, different strategies adopted by developed and developing countries for the promotion and implementation of a bioeconomy concept for a bio-based society are systematically covered. The book provides comprehensive information starting from early progress to the latest trends on bioenergy, biorefinery and bioeconomy with special reference to the developed and the developing countries and the linkage between bioeconomy and climate change mitigation in simple scientific language to appeal to a wider audience. Includes the fundamentals and concepts of biomass and bioenergy Outlines recent technology development for biomass conversion Provides concept for different bioproducts Covers global strategies and policies on the development of bioeconomies

2016 Biomass and Bioenergy Technologies Multi Year Program Plan Biofuels Bioproducts and Biopower Conversion Feedstock Supply Chain Algal Systems Cellulosic Ethanol

This is the newest federal government biofuels plan. The Bioenergy Technologies Office is one of the 10 technology development offices within the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy at the U.S. Department of Energy.

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Author: Department of Energy

Publisher:

ISBN: 1549552759

Category:

Page: 256

View: 728

This is the newest federal government biofuels plan. The Bioenergy Technologies Office is one of the 10 technology development offices within the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy at the U.S. Department of Energy. This Multi-Year Program Plan (MYPP) sets forth the goals and structure of the Bioenergy Technologies Office (the Office). It identifies the research, development, and demonstration (RD&D), and market transformation and crosscutting activities the Office will focus on over the next five years and outlines why these activities are important to meeting the energy and sustainability challenges facing the nation.This MYPP is intended for use as an operational guide to help the Office manage and coordinate its activities, as well as a resource to help communicate its mission and goals to stakeholders and the public. Research and development programs involve terrestrial feedstocks, advance algal systems, conversion, demonstration, and market transformation. In the longer term, the Office will continue to support focused science and RD&D of advanced biomass utilization technologies. Detailed life-cycle analysis of environmental, economic, and social impacts will continue to inform decisions regarding Office activities. This approach ensures the development of the required technological foundation, leaves room for pursuing solutions to technical barriers as they emerge, and enables demonstration activities that are critical to reduce risks and validate a robust process. This approach lays the groundwork for future commercial deployment as it reduces technical risks, which enables the emerging industries to grow and attract private investment. The plan addresses important technological advances in producing biofuels, as well as in the underlying infrastructure needed to ensure that feedstocks are available and products can be distributed safely with the quality and performance demanded by end consumers. This MYPP is designed to allow the Office to progressively enable deployment of increasing amounts of biofuels, bioproducts, and biopower across the nation from a widening array of feedstocks. This approach will have a significant near-term impact on offsetting petroleum consumption and facilitate the shift to renewable, sustainable bioenergy technologies in the long term, while allowing the market to determine the ultimate implementation across diverse U.S. resources.

Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry

The purpose of this report is to determine whether the land resources of the United States are capable of producing a sustainable supply of biomass sufficient to displace 30% or more of the country's present petroleum consumption.

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:925467388

Category:

Page: 78

View: 386

The purpose of this report is to determine whether the land resources of the United States are capable of producing a sustainable supply of biomass sufficient to displace 30% or more of the country's present petroleum consumption.

Sustainability of Biofuel Production from Oil Palm Biomass

This book evaluates and discusses the main sustainability challenges encountered in the production of biofuel and bio-products from oil palm biomass.

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Author: Keat Teong Lee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789814451703

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 323

View: 291

This book evaluates and discusses the main sustainability challenges encountered in the production of biofuel and bio-products from oil palm biomass. It starts off with the emphasis on oil palm production, oil palm products recovery and oil palm wastes utilization. The simultaneous production of these bio-products for sustainable development is discussed. This is followed by the key factors defining the sustainability of biofuel and bio-product production from oil palm biomass. The environmental issues including ecological, life cycle assessment and environmental impact assessment of oil palm plantation, milling and refining for the production of biofuels and bio-products are presented. Socio-economic and thermodynamic analysis of the production processes are also evaluated using various sustainability assessment tools such as exergy. Lastly, methods of improving biofuel production systems for sustainable development are highlighted.

Advances in Bioenergy

This series uniquely provides the fundamentals of these technologies, along with reviews that will be invaluable for students.

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Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128207451

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 299

Advances in Bioenergy, Volume Five, part of a new series that provides both principles and recent developments in various kinds of bioenergy technologies, includes the latest on feedstock development, conversion technologies, energy and economics and environmental analysis. This series uniquely provides the fundamentals of these technologies, along with reviews that will be invaluable for students. Chapters in this new release cover Medium Chain Fatty Acids Production by Microbial Chain Elongation: Recent Advances, Two-stage AD for bioenergy and biochemical production from industrial and agricultural wastewater, and more. Written and edited by a world-leading scientist in the area of bioenergy and bioproducts Includes both principles and recent developments within bioenergy technologies Covers the fundamentals of technologies and recent reviews

Sustainability of Biomass through Bio based Chemistry

The United Nations elaborated the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development for transforming our world ... Consideration of the sustainability of biomass to bioenergy and bioproducts programmes based on utilizing lignocellulosic ...

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Author: Valentin I Popa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000358247

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 824

The process of photosynthesis is a potential source of energy and bioproducts. Renewable sources of polymeric materials offer an answer to maintaining sustainable development of economically and ecologically attractive technology. The innovations in the development of materials from biopolymers, preservation of fossil-based raw materials, complete biological degradability, reduction in the volume of garbage and compostability in the natural cycle, climate protection through reduction of carbon dioxide released, and the application possibilities of agricultural resources for the production of bio/green materials are some of the reasons why such materials are attracting public interest. FEATURES Discusses waste from urban areas, forestry and agricultural processes, specifically grown crops such as trees, starch crops, sugar crops hydrocarbon plants and oils, and finally aquatic plants such as water seaweeds and algae, which can be used as raw materials for sustainable development. Presents recent advances in the development of some specifically chemical components of biomasses for a sustainable future. Focuses on lignocellulose as a source of bio-based products. Draws upon expertise from various countries. Describes how upgraded and integrated biomass processing may reduce the risks associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. Valentin I. Popa is professor emeritus of Wood Chemistry and Biotechnology at Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Romania.

Sustainable Green Technologies for Environmental Management

Zhou, M., Jin, T., Wu, Z., et al. (2012). Microbial fuel cells for bioenergy and bioproducts. In K. Gopalakrishnan, J. van Leeuwen, & R. Brown (Eds.), Sustainable bioenergy and bioproducts. Green energy and technology (pp. 131–171).

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Author: Shachi Shah

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811327728

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 303

View: 474

Our Earth is considered as a natural system which organizes and controls itself. However, the present scale of anthropogenic activity is unprecedented in the history of mankind compelling the intelligentia to ponder over the scientific causes of the problems, processes and sustainable and pragmatic solutions. The current rate of resource use and consumption pattern are depleting the planet’s finite resources and damaging life-supporting ecosystems. A large number of toxic substances are increasingly found in air, water, soil, and flora and fauna. We are in the midst of a period of increasing interconnected and complex global challenges that seek action across temporal and spatial scales, diverse sectors, and concerted efforts from global citizens. The environment on account of human’s action has been experiencing imbalances and ecological catastrophe. Environmental issues like global climate change, biodiversity loss, the rapid depletion of natural resources, degradation of global commons, stratospheric ozone depletion have been restricting the safe operating space and transgressing the planetary boundaries endangering the existence of human societies. The global environmental problems if not scientifically managed may end up in the civilizational collapse. Nevertheless, the underlying commonality among these environmental issues is interrelatedness, complexity, and difficulty in identifying and implementing solutions. The global environmental challenges can be managed by adopting sustainable green technologies which dovetails the principles of environmental sustainability with social and ecological sustainability. Green growth is construed as a new development paradigm that sustains economic growth while at the same time ensuring environmental sustainability.

Socio Economic Impacts of Bioenergy Production

This book discusses the issues and impacts of bioenergy, taking into account the local and regional framework under which bioenergy is produced, touching upon educational level, cultural aspects, the history and economies of the producing ...

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Author: Dominik Rutz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783319038292

Category: Science

Page: 297

View: 713

Around the world, many countries are increasing efforts to promote biomass production for industrial uses including biofuels and bio-products such as chemicals and bio-plastic. Against a backdrop of lively public debate on sustainability, bioenergy wields both positive and negative impacts upon a variety of environmental and socio-economic issues. These include property rights, labor conditions, social welfare, economic wealth, poverty reduction and more. This book discusses the issues and impacts of bioenergy, taking into account the local and regional framework under which bioenergy is produced, touching upon educational level, cultural aspects, the history and economies of the producing countries and an array of policies including environmental and social targets. The book surveys and analyzes global bioenergy production from a number of perspectives. The authors illustrate the complexity of interrelated topics in the bioenergy value chain, ranging from agriculture to conversion processes, as well as from social implications to environmental effects. It goes on to offer insight on future challenges associated with the expected boom of a global bio-based economy, which contributes to the paradigm shift from a fossil-based to a biomass and renewable energy-based economy. The expert contributors include researchers, investors, policy makers, representatives from NGOs and other stakeholders, from Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America. Their contributions build upon the results of the Global-Bio-Pact project on “Global Assessment of Biomass and Bio-product Impacts on Socio-economics and Sustainability,” which was supported by the European Commission in its 7th Framework Program for Research and Technological Development, conducted from February 2010 to January 2013. The book benefits policy makers, scientists and NGO staffers working in the fields of agriculture, forestry, biotechnology and energy.

Biomass and Biofuels

The book also presents detailed coverage of downstream processing, and ecological considerations for refineries processing lignocellulosic and algal biomass resources.

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Author: Shibu Jose

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466595323

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 608

The long-held tenets of the energy sector are being rewritten in the twenty-first century. The rise of unconventional oil and gas and of renewables is transforming our economies and improving our understanding of the distribution of the world’s energy resources and their impacts. A complete knowledge of the dynamics underpinning energy markets is necessary for decision-makers reconciling economic, energy, and environmental objectives. Those that anticipate global energy developments successfully can derive an advantage, while those that fail to do so risk making poor policy and investment decisions. Focused on solving the key challenges impeding the realization of advanced cellulosic biofuels and bioproducts in rural areas, Biomass and Biofuels: Advanced Biorefineries for Sustainable Production and Distribution provides comprehensive information on sustainable production of biomass feedstock, supply chain management of feedstocks to the biorefinery site, advanced conversion processes, and catalysts/biocatalysts for production of fuels and chemicals using conventional and integrated technologies. The book also presents detailed coverage of downstream processing, and ecological considerations for refineries processing lignocellulosic and algal biomass resources. Discussions of feedstock raw materials, methods for biomass conversion, and its effective integration to make biorefinery more sustainable – economically, environmentally, and socially – give you the tools to make informed decisions.

Introduction to Bioenergy

An all-inclusive resource covering a rapidly-advancing field, this book: Explores the impact of climate change and global warming on the production of biomass Describes the positive and negative effects of biomass production on ecosystems ...

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Author: Vaughn C. Nelson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781315353937

Category: Nature

Page: 261

View: 462

Explore a Major Component of Renewable Energy Introduction to Bioenergy takes a look at energy from biomass (thermal energy, power, liquid fuels, and biogas) and envisions a sustainable future fueled by renewable energy. From production to conversion to heat, power, and biofuel, this book breaks down the science of bioenergy and explains the major processes for its production, conversion, and use. Covers Solar Energy, Bioenergy, and Biomass Resources The book begins with an introduction to solar energy (the source of bioenergy) and then moves on to describe bioenergy, biomass, chemical conversion, and the renewable energy processes involved. The authors cover measurement energy parameters, analysis of data, and the prediction of energy production for different bio products. They also consider the institutional, environmental, and economic concerns surrounding bioenergy. An all-inclusive resource covering a rapidly-advancing field, this book: Explores the impact of climate change and global warming on the production of biomass Describes the positive and negative effects of biomass production on ecosystems and biodiversity Illustrates the use of biomass for the production of electricity Considers the replacement of fossil fuels with biofuels, biofuel production, and emerging technologies Addresses institutional and environmental issues relevant to bioenergy Discusses factors impacting the economic feasibility of renewable energy systems Introduction to Bioenergy defines major processes for the production, conversion, and use of bioenergy. A book suitable for coursework or self-study, this essential work serves students and practicing professionals in the renewable energy, environmental science, agriculture engineering, and biology fields.