The Crucible of Language

In The Crucible of Language, Vyvyan Evans explains what we know, and what we do, when we communicate using language; he shows how linguistic meaning arises, where it comes from, and the way language enables us to convey the meanings that ...


Author: Vyvyan Evans

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316445396

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines


View: 731

From the barbed, childish taunt on the school playground, to the eloquent sophistry of a lawyer prising open a legal loophole in a court of law, meaning arises each time we use language to communicate with one another. How we use language - to convey ideas, make requests, ask a favour, and express anger, love or dismay - is of the utmost importance; indeed, linguistic meaning can be a matter of life and death. In The Crucible of Language, Vyvyan Evans explains what we know, and what we do, when we communicate using language; he shows how linguistic meaning arises, where it comes from, and the way language enables us to convey the meanings that can move us to tears, bore us to death, or make us dizzy with delight. Meaning is, he argues, one of the final frontiers in the mapping of the human mind.

The Crucible of Language

The crucible of language and meaning Until relatively recently, before there was much in the way of evidence that might help us sort out the wood from the chaff in terms of language origins, one's view of what language is and how it ...


Author: Vyvyan Evans

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107123915

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 375

View: 703

In The Crucible of Language, Vyvyan Evans explains what we know and do when we communicate using language; he shows how linguistic meaning arises, where it comes from, and the way language enables us to convey the meanings that can move us to tears, or make us dizzy with delight.

The Crucible

The Language of the Play Arthur Miller's starting - point for the story of the witches of Salem was the actual court records of the time in which the evidence of the witnesses and all the court proceedings are minutely transcribed .


Author: Arthur Miller

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 0435232819

Category: American drama

Page: 139

View: 590

The Crucible is a study in the mass hysteria which led to the 1692 Salem witchcraft trials, concentrating on the fate of some of the key figures caught up in the persecution. It powerfully depicts people and principles under pressure and the issues and motivations involved. At the same time, it is also a parable for the events of the McCarthy era in the USA of the 1950s when anyone suspected of left-wing views was arraigned for 'Un-American Activities'.

The Crucible Arthur Miller

Our idea is that conflict can be wiped out in the world” (26). In The Crucible, Miller's poetic language illustrates how opposing sides of the conflicts wish to wipe each other out. A few studies of The Crucible examine how the language ...


Author: Harold Bloom

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 9780791098288

Category: Electronic books

Page: 232

View: 782

The Crucible still has permanence and relevance a half century after its initial publication. This powerful political drama set amidst the Salem witch trials is commonly understood as Arthur Miller's poignant response to McCarthyism. Filled with fresh essays about the play, the new edition of this invaluable literary guide features a bibliography and notes on the essay contributors.

The Emoji Code

Vyvyan Evans's Emoji Code charts the evolutionary origins of language, the social and cultural factors that govern its use, change, and development; as well as what it reveals about the human mind.


Author: Vyvyan Evans

Publisher: Picador USA

ISBN: 9781250129062

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 256

View: 344

Drawing from disciplines as diverse as linguistics, cognitive science, psychology, and neuroscience, The Emoji Code explores how emojis are expanding communication and not ending it. For all the handwringing about the imminent death of written language, emoji—those happy faces and hearts—is not taking us backward to the dark ages of illiteracy. Every day 41.5 billion texts are sent by one quarter of the world, using 6 million emoji. Evans argues that these symbols enrich our ability to communicate and allow us to express our emotions and induce empathy—ultimately making us all better communicators. Vyvyan Evans's Emoji Code charts the evolutionary origins of language, the social and cultural factors that govern its use, change, and development; as well as what it reveals about the human mind. In most communication, nonverbal cues are our emotional expression, signal our personality, and are our attitude toward our addressee. They provide the essential means of nuance and are essential to getting our ideas across. But in digital communication, these cues are missing, which can lead to miscommunication. The explosion of emoji, in less than four years, has arisen precisely because it fulfills exactly these functions which are essential for communication but are otherwise absent in texts and emails. Evans persuasively argues that emoji add tone and an emotional voice and nuance, making us more effective communicators in the digital age.

The Crucible of Consciousness

With language behavior it is the same, the present problem being that there is no agreed upon theory of what language is, let alone how it works in the brain. —D. R. Hofstadter and D. C. Dennett (1982), The Mind's I A The Perceptual ...


Author: Zoltan Torey

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262261210

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 251

An interdisciplinary examination of the evolutionary breakthroughs that rendered the brain accessible to itself. In The Crucible of Consciousness, Zoltan Torey offers a theory of the mind and its central role in evolution. He traces the evolutionary breakthrough that rendered the brain accessible to itself and shows how the mind-boosted brain works. He identifies what it is that separates the human's self-reflective consciousness from mere animal awareness, and he maps its neural and linguistic underpinnings. And he argues, controversially, that the neural technicalities of reflective awareness can be neither algorithmic nor spiritual—neither a computer nor a ghost in the machine. The human mind is unique; it is not only the epicenter of our knowledge but also the outer limit of our intellectual reach. Not to solve the riddle of the self-aware mind, writes Torey, goes against the evolutionary thrust that created it. Torey proposes a model that brings into a single focus all the elements that make up the puzzle: how the brain works, its functional components and their interactions; how language evolved and how syntax evolved out of the semantic substrate by way of neural transactions; and why the mind-endowed brain deceives itself with entelechy-type impressions. Torey first traces the language-linked emergence of the mind, the subsystem of the brain that enables it to be aware of itself. He then explores this system: how consciousness works, why it is not transparent to introspection, and what sense it makes in the context of evolution. The “consciousness revolution” and the integrative focus of neuroscience have made it possible to make concrete formerly mysterious ideas about the human mind. Torey's model of the mind is the logical outcome of this, highlighting a coherent and meaningful role for a reflectively aware humanity.

Robert Ward s The Crucible

As example of how important the relationship of text and music is in The Crucible, and how this can affect critical reaction: in early 1964, a Germanlanguage version of The Crucible was produced in Germany, and the performances received ...


Author: Robert Paul Kolt

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 9781461707134

Category: Music

Page: 266

View: 842

In Robert Ward's The Crucible: Creating an American Musical Nationalism, Robert Paul Kolt explores the life of the American composer Robert Ward through an examination of his most popular and enduring work, The Crucible. Focusing on the musical-linguistic relationships within the opera, Kolt demonstrates Ward's unique synthesis of text and music, one that lends itself to the perception of American musical nationalism. This book contains the most thorough and in-depth biography of Ward yet in print. Based on interviews with the composer, Kolt presents new information about Ward's life and career, focusing on his opera and examining the formation and construction of The Crucible's libretto and score, in turn offering new insights into the process of composing an opera. Kolt observes how the libretto's linguistic aspects helped Ward formulate the opera's melodic and rhythmic musical material. A detailed and unique analysis of the opera, particularly the musical and linguistic techniques Ward employed, demonstrates how these techniques lend themselves to the opera's reception as a work of American musical nationalism. The book also provides yet unpublished information on Arthur Miller's play, examining how it came to be written and soon after became the basis for Ward's work. Several appendixes provide a fuller picture, including a deleted scene from Miller's play and Ward's version of the scene, a chronological overview of the Salem Witchcraft Trials, and illustrations and photo reproductions from Ward's manuscript.

Fire in the Crucible

This emphasizes a circular paradox. Language, Woolf s chosen medium, is high-level abstraction-cognition. One would expect that employing language to think and write about the feeling tone infusing a tree or a childhood memory would ...


Author: John Briggs

Publisher: Red Wheel/Weiser

ISBN: 9781609256579

Category: Psychology

Page: 382

View: 358

What makes geniuses different from the rest of us? What is the difference between a prodigy and a genius? Are geniuses born or made? What is creative vision and where does it come from? What are the secrets of talent? And why do great creators seem to have so many oppositions in their personalities? In this mind-expanding investigation of creativity, John Briggs reveals that there is no special trait of genius. Geniuses are not necessarily smarter or more talented than other people, but they give their attention to subtle nuances, contradictory feelings and perceptions that others experience and ignore. By focusing on sensory nuances, geniuses create themselves. Fire in the Crucible offers a compelling exploration of the roots of creativity and genius. Drawing on the lives and work of extraordinary scientists, artists, writers, composers, and inventors, Briggs shows how creative individuals exploit doubt and uncertainty, and the mental strategies and tactics they employ when they work. "In asking about creativity," he writes, "we are really asking about what is best, what is deepest in life." Fire in the Crucible draws the reader into an eye-opening journey through the inner workings of some of the greatest creative minds of all times -- and allows us to more deeply understand the nature of the creativity in our own lives and work.

The Crucible by Arthur Miller

6.4 THE USE OF LANGUAGE The particular type of language of The Crucible is used not only to reveal and differentiate the characters, but also to carry the weight of the play's themes.



Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 9781349082193


Page: 88

View: 222

Cultivating Sustainability in Language and Literature Pedagogy

Language, thought, and the mechanics of meaning-making One particular aspect that has attracted particularly little ... When it comes to the field of linguistics, Vyvyan Evans argues in The Crucible of Language (Evans 2015) that ...


Author: Roman Bartosch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000369762

Category: Education

Page: 160

View: 397

This book introduces the notion of "educational ecology" as a necessary and promising pedagogic principle for the teaching of Anglophone literatures and cultures in a time of climate change. Drawing on scholarship in the environmental humanities and practice-oriented research in education and literature pedagogy, chapters address the challenges of climate change and the demand for sustainability and environmental pedagogy from the specific perspective of literary and cultural studies and education, arguing that these perspectives constitute a crucial element of the transdisciplinary effort of "cultivating sustainability." The notion of an "educational ecology" takes full advantage of the necessarily dialogic and co-constitutive nature of sustainability-related pedagogical philosophy and practice while it retains the subject-specific focus of research and education in the humanities, centring on and excelling in critical thinking, perspective diversity, language and discourse awareness, and the literary and cultural constructions of meaning. This book will be of great interest to academics, researchers and post-graduate students in the fields of language, literature and culture pedagogy, as well as transdisciplinary researchers in the environmental humanities.

The Crucible of Carolina

Essays in the Development of Gullah Language and Culture Michael Montgomery. zation ; and in questioning the usefulness of " retention , ” “ survival , " and " continuity ” as operational concepts in comparative research .


Author: Michael Montgomery

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 0820316237

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 239

View: 872

The ten essays in The Crucible of Carolina explore the connections between the language and culture of South Carolina's barrier islands, West Africa, the Caribbean, and England. Decades before any formal, scholarly interest in South Carolina barrier life, outsiders had been commenting on and documenting the "African" qualities of the region's black inhabitants. These qualities have long been manifest in their language, religious practices, music, and material culture. Although direct contact between South Carolina and Africa continued until the Civil War, the era of Caribbean contact was briefer and ended with the close of the American colonial period. Throughout this volume, though, the contributors look beyond the cultural motivations and political appeal of strengthening the links between coastal Carolina and Africa and examine the cost of a diminished recognition of this important Caribbean influence. Not surprisingly, the influence of the pioneering linguist Lorenzo Dow Turner is reflected in many of these essays. The work presented in this volume, however, moves beyond Turner in dealing with the discourse and stylistic aspects of Gullah; in relating patters of Gullah to other Anglophone creoles and to various processes of creolization; and in questioning the usefulness of "retention," "survival," and "continuity" as operational concepts in comparative research. Within this context of furthering and challenging Turner's work in the barrier islands, and in seeking a truer measure of both African and Caribbean influences there, the contributors cover such topics as names and naming, the language of religious rituals, basket-making traditions, creole discourse patterns, and the grammatical morphology of Gullah and related creole and pidgin languages. Other contributors consider the substrate contributions and African continuities to be found in New World language patterns into new patterns adapted to the various situations in the New World. Opening new and advancing previous areas of research, The Crucible of Carolina also contributes to a further appreciation of the richness and diversity of South Carolina's cultural heritage.

A Study Guide for Arthur Miller s The Crucible

Historical realism is suggested by the language which Miller employs for his characters' speech. It is the language of the seventeenth century East Coast settlers and is often highly conversational. The women's language is particularly ...


Author: Gale, Cengage Learning

Publisher: Gale, Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781410334824

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 15

View: 794

Language in the USA

Themes for the Twenty-first Century Charles Albert Ferguson, Edward Finegan, Shirley Brice Heath, John R. Rickford ... have room for but one language here , and this is the English language ; for we intend to see that the crucible turns ...


Author: Charles Albert Ferguson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052177747X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 502

View: 696

Publisher Description

X kit Lit Series Fet the Crucible

Here we suggest applications of the content to the four Learning Outcomes for Home Language and First Additional Language . These suggested activities will help learners to expand on their knowledge and skills . The activities can be ...



Publisher: Pearson South Africa

ISBN: 1770254986

Category: Historical drama, American

Page: 56

View: 299

Social Science in the Crucible

The American Debate Over Objectivity and Purpose, 1918-1941 Mark C. Smith. comprehensible prose . Part of the attraction of such language for Lasswell stemmed from his personal shyness , which he hid through playing the role of David ...


Author: Mark C. Smith

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822314975

Category: Social Science

Page: 353

View: 517

The 1920s and 30s were key decades for the history of American social science. The success of such quantitative disciplines as economics and psychology during World War I forced social scientists to reexamine their methods and practices and to consider recasting their field as a more objective science separated from its historical foundation in social reform. The debate that ensued, fiercely conducted in books, articles, correspondence, and even presidential addresses, made its way into every aspect of social science thought of the period and is the subject of this book. Mark C. Smith first provides a historical overview of the controversy over the nature and future of the social sciences in early twentieth-century America and, then through a series of intellectual biographies, offers an intensive study of the work and lives of major figures who participated in this debate. Using an extensive range of materials, from published sources to manuscript collections, Smith examines "objectivists"—economist Wesley Mitchell and political scientist Charles Merriam—and the more "purposive thinkers"—historian Charles Beard, sociologist Robert Lynd, and political scientist and neo-Freudian Harold Lasswell. He shows how the debate over objectivity and social purpose was central to their professional and personal lives as well as to an understanding of American social science between the two world wars. These biographies bring to vivid life a contentious moment in American intellectual history and reveal its significance in the shaping of social science in this country.

Arthur Miller Death of a Salesman The Crucible

Parker, Brian, 22–3 Pearson, Michelle I., 106–7 Petitt, William, 63–4 see also Manacchio, Tony Poetics, The, 39, ... The Crucible, language use, psychological approaches; Death of a Salesman, critique of capitalism, language use, ...


Author: Stephen Marino

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 9781137429803

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 198

View: 471

This guide surveys the criticism surrounding two of Arthur Miller's most popular and widely-studied plays. From initial theatre reviews to twenty-first-century scholarship, Stephen Marino examines the major debates and trends of critical inquiry providing an essential resource for anyone with an interest in Miller's work.

The Routledge Handbook of Language and Emotion

Ellen Basso describes what she terms the “ordeals of language,” as the “suppressed voices” of selfcensorship that ... Part of the feelingful intensity of language in use found in Navajo poetry emerges in the crucible of ordeals of ...


Author: Sonya E Pritzker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000740837

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 438

View: 945

The Routledge Handbook of Language and Emotion offers a variety of critical theoretical and methodological perspectives that interrogate the ways in which ideas about and experiences of emotion are shaped by linguistic encounters, and vice versa. Taking an interdisciplinary approach which incorporates disciplines such as linguistic anthropology, sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, psychology, communication studies, education, sociology, folklore, religious studies, and literature, this book: explores and illustrates the relationship between language and emotion in the five key areas of language socialisation; culture, translation and transformation; poetry, pragmatics and power; the affective body-self; and emotion communities; situates our present-day thinking about language and emotion by providing a historical and cultural overview of distinctions and moral values that have traditionally dominated Western thought relating to emotions and their management; provides a unique insight into the multiple ways in which language incites emotion, and vice versa, especially in the context of culture. With contributions from an international range of leading and emerging scholars in their fields, The Routledge Handbook of Language and Emotion is an indispensable resource for students and researchers who are interested in incorporating interdisciplinary perspectives on language and emotion into their work.

Language and Minority Rights

Likewise, Theodore Roosevelt's famous appeal 'The Children ofthe Crucible' in 1917 is often invoked: 'we have room for but one language here, and this is the English language, for we intend to see that the crucible turns our people ...


Author: Stephen May

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136837067

Category: Education

Page: 448

View: 209

The second edition addresses new theoretical and empirical developments since its initial publication, including the burgeoning influence of globalization and the relentless rise of English as the current world language. May’s broad position, however, remains largely unchanged. He argues that the causes of many of the language-based conflicts in the world today still lie with the nation-state and its preoccupation with establishing a 'common' language and culture via mass education. The solution, he suggests, is to rethink nation-states in more culturally and linguistically plural ways while avoiding, at the same time, essentializing the language-identity link. This edition, like the first, adopts a wide interdisciplinary framework, drawing on sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, sociology, political theory, education and law. It also includes new discussions of cosmopolitanism, globalization, the role of English, and language and mobility, highlighting the ongoing difficulties faced by minority language speakers in the world today.

Comprehension Instruction Second Edition

CONCRETENESS/IMAGERY EFFECTS: THE CRUCIBLE FOR TESTING READING COMPREHENSION THEORIES Concrete language is generally easier to understand and remember than abstract language. This is one of the most longstanding and consistent findings ...


Author: Cathy Collins Block

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781606237823

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 447

View: 260

This comprehensive professional resource and text is based on cutting-edge research. In each chapter, leading scholars provide an overview of a particular aspect of comprehension, offer best-practice instructional guidelines and policy recommendations, present key research questions still to be answered, and conclude with stimulating questions for individual study or discussion. Coverage includes such timely topics as differentiated instruction, technology and reading comprehension, teaching English language learners, and the implications of current neuroscientific findings.