The Czech and Slovak Legion in Siberia 1917 1922

For political purposes, tales of the Legion's odyssey have been buried or expunged. This volume offers the seminal account of this hidden yet epic journey, shedding light on a fascinating but forgotten facet of World War I.


Author: Joan McGuire Mohr

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9780786488513

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 200

During World War I, a specialized Russian battalion comprised of ethnic Czechs and Czech and Slovak prisoners of war—the Legion—became a pawn in an international game of power and deceit. The Legion’s detour through Siberia became the greatest human interest story of the war, chronicled weekly in the New York Times and New York Herald. More than half of the Legion’s troops lost their lives as the evacuation of Czech and Slovak POWs through Vladivostok precipitated the murder of the Russian royal family and forced the Legion to act as protectors of the Russian treasury and the Trans-Siberian Railway while the White and Red armies battled. For political purposes, tales of the Legion’s odyssey have been buried or expunged. This volume offers the seminal account of this hidden yet epic journey, shedding light on a fascinating but forgotten facet of World War I.

The Czecho Slovak Struggle for Independence 1914 1920

In The Czech and Slovak Legion in Siberia, 19171922, 212–213, Joan McGuire Mohr asserts that “over half of the original Legion soldiers had not sur- vived” their ordeal without providing either a definite number, source or how she ...


Author: Brent Mueggenberg

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9780786496259

Category: History

Page: 332

View: 771

The calamity of World War I spawned dozens of liberation movements among ethnic and religious groups throughout the world. None was more successful in realizing the goal of self-determination than the Czechs and Slovaks. From its humble beginning the Czecho-Slovak liberation movement grew into an impressive struggle that was waged from the capitals of Western Europe to the frozen steppes of Siberia. Its ranks included exiled propagandists, war prisoners-turned-legionaries and conspirators inside Austria-Hungary. This book shows how these groups overcame their estrangements and coordinated their efforts to win independence for their homeland. It also examines the consequences of the Czecho-Slovaks' achievements, including their entanglement in the Russian Civil War and their impact on the postwar settlements that redrew the political boundaries of Central Europe.

Dreams of a Great Small Nation

Two others are Joan McGuire Mohr, The Czech and Slovak Legion in Siberia, 19171922 (Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2012), and Brent Mueggenberg, The Czecho-Slovak Struggle for Independence, 1914–1920 (Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2014).


Author: Kevin J McNamara

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781610394857

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 995

"The pages of history recall scarcely any parallel episode at once so romantic in character and so extensive in scale." -- Winston S. Churchill In 1917, two empires that had dominated much of Europe and Asia teetered on the edge of the abyss, exhausted by the ruinous cost in blood and treasure of the First World War. As Imperial Russia and Habsburg-ruled Austria-Hungary began to succumb, a small group of Czech and Slovak combat veterans stranded in Siberia saw an opportunity to realize their long-held dream of independence. While their plan was audacious and complex, and involved moving their 50,000-strong army by land and sea across three-quarters of the earth's expanse, their commitment to fight for the Allies on the Western Front riveted the attention of Allied London, Paris, and Washington. On their journey across Siberia, a brawl erupted at a remote Trans-Siberian rail station that sparked a wholesale rebellion. The marauding Czecho-Slovak Legion seized control of the Trans-Siberian Railroad, and with it Siberia. In the end, this small band of POWs and deserters, whose strength was seen by Leon Trotsky as the chief threat to Soviet rule, helped destroy the Austro-Hungarian Empire and found Czecho-Slovakia. British prime minister David Lloyd George called their adventure "one of the greatest epics of history," and former US president Teddy Roosevelt declared that their accomplishments were "unparalleled, so far as I know, in ancient or modern warfare."

Postwar Continuity and New Challenges in Central Europe 1918 1923

See also Joan McGuire Mohr, The Czech and Slovak Legion in Siberia, 19171922 (Jefferson: McFarland & Company Publishers, 2012). 14. Masaryk, “Czechoslovak Nation.” 15. Masaryk, Making of a State, 378. 16. “The Epiphany Declaration,” 6 ...


Author: Tomasz Pudłocki

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000455724

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 217

This book presents a multi-layered analysis of the situation in Central Europe after the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The new geopolitics emerging from the Versailles order, and at the same time ongoing fights for borders, considerable war damage, social and economic problems and replacement of administrative staff as well as leaders, all contributed to the fact that unlike Western Europe, Central Europe faced challenges and dilemmas on an unprecedented scale. The editors of this book have invited authors from over a dozen academic institutions to answer the question of to what extent the solutions applied in the Habsburg Monarchy were still practiced in the newly created nation states, and to what extent these new political organisms went their own ways. It offers a closer look at Central Europe with its multiple problems typical of that region after 1918 (organizing the post-imperial space, a new political discourse and attempts to create new national memories, the role of national minorities, solving social problems, and verbal and physical violence expressed in public space). Particular chapters concern post-1918 Central Europe on the local, state and international levels, providing a comprehensive view of this sub-region between 1918 and 1923.

World War I in Central and Eastern Europe

ACS PCM NP 98, Letter of the Economic Union for the new provinces to PdC, Rome, 7 December 1917 Rachamimov, ... Boulder, CO: Social Science Monographs, 1971–411 (Boulder, 1995); Mohr, The Czech and Slovak Legion in Siberia, 19171922.


Author: Judith Devlin

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781838609931

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 801

In the English language World War I has largely been analysed and understood through the lens of the Western Front. This book addresses this imbalance by examining the war in Eastern and Central Europe. The historiography of the war in the West has increasingly focused on the experience of ordinary soldiers and civilians, the relationships between them and the impact of war at the time and subsequently. This book takes up these themes and, engaging with the approaches and conclusions of historians of the Western front, examines wartime experiences and the memory of war in the East. Analysing soldiers' letters and diaries to discover the nature and impact of displacement and refugee status on memory, this volume offers a basis for comparison between experiences in these two areas. It also provides material for intra-regional comparisons that are still missing from the current research. Was the war in the East wholly 'other'? Were soldiers in this region as alienated as those in the West? Did they see themselves as citizens and was there continuity between their pre-war or civilian and military identities? And if, in the Eastern context, these identities were fundamentally challenged, was it the experience of war itself or its consequences (in the shape of imprisonment and displacement, and changing borders) that mattered most? How did soldiers and citizens in this region experience and react to the traumas and upheavals of war and with what consequences for the post-war era? In seeking to answer these questions and others, this volume significantly adds to our understanding of World War I as experienced in Central and Eastern Europe.

Milan Rastislav tef nik

The Slovak National Hero and Co-Founder of Czechoslovakia Michal Kšiňan ... 228 Latvians and several dozens of Frenchmen from Alsace operated in the Czechoslovak Army in Russia. ... The Czech and Slovak Legion in Siberia, 19171922.


Author: Michal Kšiňan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000381306

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 330

This is the first scientific biography of Milan Rastislav Štefánik (1880–1919) that is focused on analysing the process of how he became the Slovak national hero. Although he is relatively unknown internationally, his contemporaries compared him “to Choderlos de Laclos for the use of military tactics in love affairs, to Lawrence of Arabia for vision, to Bonaparte for ambition ... and to one of apostles for his conviction”. He played the key role in founding an independent Czechoslovakia in 1918 through his relentless worldwide travels during the First World War in order to create the Czechoslovak army: he visited Serbia and Romania on the eve of invasion by the Central Powers, Russia before the February revolution, the United States after it declared the war to Germany, Italy dealing with the consequences of the defeat in Caporetto battle, and again Russia plunged into the Civil War. Several historical methods are used to answer this question such as social capital to explain his raise in French society, the charismatic leader to understand how he convinced and won over a relatively large number of people; more traditional political, military and diplomatic history to show his contribution to the founding of Czechoslovakia, and memory studies to analyse his extraordinary popularity in Slovakia. By mapping his intriguing life, the book will be of interest to scholars in a broad range of areas including history of Central Europe, especially Czechoslovakia, international relations, social history, French society at the beginning of the 20th century and biographical research.

Smashing the Liquor Machine

Also: Joan McGuire Mohr, The Czech and Slovak Legion in Siberia, 19171922 (Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2012). “Telegram to the Czechoslovak Army in Russia, 1918,” in: Thomas G. Masaryk Papers, Box 1, Folder 3, University of ...


Author: Mark Lawrence Schrad

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190841591

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 852

This is the history of temperance and prohibition as you've never read it before: redefining temperance as a progressive, global, pro-justice movement that affected virtually every significant world leader from the eighteenth through early twentieth centuries. When most people think of the prohibition era, they think of speakeasies, rum runners, and backwoods fundamentalists railing about the ills of strong drink. In other words, in the popular imagination, it is a peculiarly American history. Yet, as Mark Lawrence Schrad shows in Smashing the Liquor Machine, the conventional scholarship on prohibition is extremely misleading for a simple reason: American prohibition was just one piece of a global phenomenon. Schrad's pathbreaking history of prohibition looks at the anti-alcohol movement around the globe through the experiences of pro-temperance leaders like Vladimir Lenin, Leo Tolstoy, Thomás Masaryk, Kemal Atatürk, Mahatma Gandhi, and anti-colonial activists across Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. Schrad argues that temperance wasn't "American exceptionalism" at all, but rather one of the most broad-based and successful transnational social movements of the modern era. In fact, Schrad offers a fundamental re-appraisal of this colorful era to reveal that temperance forces frequently aligned with progressivism, social justice, liberal self-determination, democratic socialism, labor rights, women's rights, and indigenous rights. Placing the temperance movement in a deep global context, forces us to fundamentally rethink its role in opposing colonial exploitation throughout American history as well. Prohibitionism united Native American chiefs like Little Turtle and Black Hawk; African-American leaders Frederick Douglass, Ida Wells, and Booker T. Washington; suffragists Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Frances Willard; progressives from William Lloyd Garrison to William Jennings Bryan; writers F.E.W. Harper and Upton Sinclair, and even American presidents from Thomas Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln to Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson. Progressives rather than puritans, the global temperance movement advocated communal self-protection against the corrupt and predatory "liquor machine" that had become exceedingly rich off the misery and addictions of the poor around the world, from the slums of South Asia to the beerhalls of Central Europe to the Native American reservations of the United States. Unlike many traditional "dry" histories, Smashing the Liquor Machine gives voice to minority and subaltern figures who resisted the global liquor industry, and further highlights that the impulses that led to the temperance movement were far more progressive and variegated than American readers have been led to believe.


Mohr, Joan McGuire, The Czech and Slovak Legion in Siberia 19171922 (Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Company, 2012). Moore, Bob, Victims and Survivors: The Nazi Persecution of the Jews in the Netherlands (London and New York: Arnold, ...


Author: Mark Levene

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192509567

Category: History

Page: 560

View: 572

From the years leading up to the First World War to the aftermath of the Second, Europe experienced an era of genocide. As well as the Holocaust, this period also witnessed the Armenian genocide in 1915, mass killings in Bolshevik and Stalinist Russia, and a host of further ethnic cleansings in Anatolia, the Balkans, and Eastern Europe. Crisis of Genocide seeks to integrate these genocidal events into a single, coherent history. Over two volumes, Mark Levene demonstrates how the relationship between geography, nation, and power came to play a key role in the emergence of genocide in a collapsed or collapsing European imperial zone - the Rimlands - and how the continuing geopolitical contest for control of these Eastern European or near-European regions destabilised relationships between diverse and multifaceted ethnic communities who traditionally had lived side by side. An emergent pattern of toxicity can also be seen in the struggles for regional dominance as pursued by post-imperial states, nation-states, and would-be states. Volume II: Annihilation covers the period from 1939 to 1953, particularly focussing on the Second World War, and its aftermath, the Holocaust and its lasting impact, and the latter part of the Stalinist regime. Levene demonstrates that while the attempted Nazi mass murder of the entirety of European Jewry represents the most thoroughgoing and extreme consequence of efforts aimed at political and social reformulation of the Rimlands' arena in particular, the accumulation and concentration of genocidal violence against many 'minority' groups would suggest that anti-Semitism or racism alone is insufficient to provide a comprehensive explanation for genocide.

Into the Carpathians

The Czech and Slovak Legion in Siberia, 1917-1922. Mcfarland. Kindle Edition. Molnar, Miklos (2001). A Concise History of Hungary. Cambridge Concise Histories. Translated by Anna Magyar. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University ...


Author: Alan E. Sparks

Publisher: Rainy Day Publishing

ISBN: 9780578705729

Category: Travel

Page: 376

View: 650

The journey continues in Part 2 of Into the Carpathians: a compelling chronicle of a hiking and wildlife research expedition along the Carpathian and Sudeten Mountains, from Romania to Germany, some 800 miles as the crow flies. Still on the trail of wolves, we now explore the enchanting mountain landscapes of Slovakia, Poland, and the Czech Republic, where encounters with wolves, bears, and lynx; lumberjacks, shepherds, and outlaws; poets, tyrants, and saints; sprites, spirits, and witches; and such ancient peoples as Neanderthals, Celts, and Quadi—and such imposing historical figures as Marcus Aurelius of the Roman Empire, Prince Svatopluk of Great Moravia, Stephen I of the Kingdom of Hungary, Bolesław the Brave of the Kingdom of Poland, and Jan Sobieski of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth—give us broad insight into the natural, historical, and mythological forces that have shaped, and continue to shape, the cultures, nations, and psyches along the way. 72 fascinating color photographs also emblaze this memorable trek.

Italy in the New International Order 1917 1922

The need to establish strong military relationships with the Polish and Czechoslovak committees had a major impact ... Siberia were nominally placed under the orders of the French General Maurice Janin.5 The Czechoslovak Legion in Italy ...


Author: Antonio Varsori

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030500931

Category: History

Page: 341

View: 551

This edited collection offers the first systematic account in English of Italy’s international position from Caporetto – a major turning-point in Italy’s participation in the First World War – to the end of the liberal regime in Italy in 1922. It shows that after the ‘Great War’, not only did Italy establish itself as a regional power but also achieved its post-unification ambition to be recognised, at least from a formal viewpoint, as a great power. This subject is addressed through multiple perspectives, covering Italy’s relations and mutual perceptions vis-à-vis the Allies, the vanquished nations, and the ‘New Europe’. Fourteen contributions by leading historians reappraise Italy’s role in the construction of the post-war international order, drawing on extensive multi-archival and multi-national research, combining for the first time documents from American, Austrian, British, French, German, Italian, Russian and former Yugoslav archives.