The Dilemmas of Statebuilding

This book explores the contradictions that emerge in international statebuilding efforts in war-torn societies.

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Author: Roland Paris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134002146

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 442

This book explores the contradictions that emerge in international statebuilding efforts in war-torn societies. Since the end of the Cold War, more than 20 major peace operations have been deployed to countries emerging from internal conflicts. This book argues that international efforts to construct effective, legitimate governmental structures in these countries are necessary but fraught with contradictions and vexing dilemmas.. Drawing on the latest scholarly research on postwar peace operations, the volume: addresses cutting-edge issues of statebuilding including coordination, local ownership, security, elections, constitution making, and delivery of development aid features contributions by leading and up-and-coming scholars provides empirical case studies including Afghanistan, Cambodia, Croatia, Kosovo, Liberia, Sierra Leone, South Africa, and others presents policy-relevant findings of use to students and policymakers alike The Dilemmas of Statebuilding will be vital reading for students and scholars of international relations and political science. Bringing new insights to security studies, international development, and peace and conflict research, it will also interest a range of policy makers.

Peace as Government

Paris, Roland (2009) “Understanding the “Coodination Problem” in Postwar
Statebuilding” in Paris, Roland; Sisk, Timothy (Eds.), The Dilemmas of
Statebuilding: Confronting the Contradictions of Postwar Peace Operations. New
York: ...

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Author: Ramon Blanco

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498581783

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 114

Peace as Government: The Will to Normalize Timor-Leste brings a problematization of post-conflict reconstruction processes by bridging two theoretical approaches that are often placed in diametrical opposite epistemic poles – the analytical tools developed by Michel Foucault and the English School. The author argues that peace operations have a very precise function in the international scenario – the fostering and the maintenance of a (neo)liberal order in the international society. He evinces that this particular function of peace operations is developed through the will to normalize post-conflict states and their populations. In order to advance his argument, the author analyses the United Nations’ (UN) engagement with Timor-Leste, since no other country had the large number of peace operations, the wide range of spheres of engagement or the depth of involvement that the UN had in Timor-Leste. The author evinces that this will to normalize Timor-Leste is rendered operational though the mechanism of government, the conduct of conducts in a Foucauldian sense, functioning in two levels. At the international level, the government operates through discipline, rewarding and punishing the Timorese state seeking to shape its behaviors as an individual in the international society. At the national level, the government operates through biopolitics, which functions through the attempt of shaping the life-supporting processes of the Timorese population.

Institution Building in Weak States

See also Lake, Statebuilder's Dilemma; Michael Barnett and Christoph Zürcher, “
The Peacebuilders' Contract: How External Statebuilding Reinforces Weak
Statehood,” in The Dilemmas of Statebuilding: Confronting the Contradictions of ...

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Author: Andrew Radin

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9781626167957

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 314

The effort to improve state institutions in post-conflict societies is a complicated business. Even when foreign intervention is carried out with the best of intentions and the greatest resources, it often fails. What can account for this failure? In Institution Building in Weak States, Andrew Radin argues that the international community’s approach to building state institutions needs its own reform. This innovative book proposes a new strategy, rooted in a rigorous analysis of recent missions. In contrast to the common strategy of foreign interveners—imposing models drawn from Western countries—Radin shows how pursuing incremental change that accommodates local political interests is more likely to produce effective, accountable, and law-abiding institutions. Drawing on extensive field research and original interviews, Radin examines efforts to reform the central government, military, and police in post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Iraq, and Timor-Leste. Based on his own experience in defense reform in Ukraine after 2014, Radin also draws parallels with efforts to improve state institutions outside of post-conflict societies. Institution Building in Weak States introduces a domestic opposition theory that better explains why institution building fails and what is required to make it work. With actionable recommendations for smarter policy, the book offers an important corrective for scholars and practitioners of post-conflict missions, international development, peacebuilding, and security cooperation.

A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe

15.1 THE DILEMMAS OF STATE - BUILDING AND CONSTITUTIONAL
REFORMS While the majority of the countries in the region experienced a
process of state disintegration between 1989 and 1992, the dynamic of
dissolution was highly ...

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Author: Balázs Trencsenyi

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780198829607

Category:

Page: 400

View: 400

A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe, Volume II Part II examines the defeat of the vision of 'socialism with a human face' in 1968 and the political discourses produced by the various 'consolidation' or 'normalization' regimes. It closes with pertinent questions about the fragility of the democratic order globally.

Positive Peace in Kosovo

The spoilers and para - state structures often present international state - builders
with another dilemma . The challenge is to push through state - building
measures against the interests of those actors while at the same time trying to
integrate ...

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Author: Elisabeth Schleicher

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: STANFORD:36105214347515

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 944

Kosovo today, more than eleven years after the war, is still a fragile and unfinished state enjoying only limited sovereignty while continuing to be divided into a Serb north and an Albanian dominated south. All the important dimensions of society in Kosovo remain critical and highly unstable. While the security situation in the country, except the North, has considerably improved, the living conditions of the Kosovar population are still in a dismal state. Corruption and organized crime continue to block the development of a viable state, an efficient bureaucracy, and a democratic political culture. This book systematically analyzes and describes the relevant developments in Kosovar society since the end of the war and investigates how successfully peace has been established in Kosovo.

Taiwan Journal of Democracy

A similar argument is made by Paris and Sisk who also refer to the dilemmas of
peacebuilding . These sobering results indicate that ... and Democratization . "
Roland Paris and Timothy D. Sisk , The Dilemmas of Statebuilding : Confronting ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105133609284

Category: Democracy

Page:

View: 577

International Organizations

Edelstein , David M. ( 2009 ) “ Foreign Militaries , Sustainable Institutions , and
Postwar Statebuilding . ” In The Dilemmas of Statebuilding : Confronting the
Contradictions of Postwar Peace Operations , edited by Roland Paris and
Timothy D.

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Author: Margaret P. Karns

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: STANFORD:36105215322814

Category: Political Science

Page: 633

View: 353

The challenges of global governance -- The theoretical foundations of global governance -- Foundations of the pieces of global governance -- The United Nations : centerpiece of global governance -- Regional organizations -- Nonstate actors : NGOs, networks, and social movements -- The role of states in global governance -- The search for peace and security -- Promoting human development and economic well-being -- Protecting human rights -- Protecting the environment -- Innovations in global governance for the twenty-first century.

Insight Turkey

The dilemma for state building is that the profits high levels of regional derived
from the shadow economy foster an interest autonomy , in maintaining the status
quo of the frozen conflicts and high levels of regional autonomy . The current ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105115054004

Category: Turkey

Page:

View: 380

Civil Society Peacebuilding

Paris , R. , and T. Sisk . 2008. “ The Future of Postwar State - building : To Retreat
, Reinvest , or Rethink ? " In “ Introduction , ” The Dilemmas of Statebuilding :
Confronting the Contradictions of Postwar Peace Operations . Ed . R. Paris and ...

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Author: Thania Paffenholz

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Pub

ISBN: STANFORD:36105215309878

Category: Political Science

Page: 511

View: 234

Responding to the interest in the role of civil society in peace processes, this collaborative effort identifies the constructive functions of civil society in support of peacebuilding both during and in the aftermath of armed conflict.

OECD Journal on Development

... state building is often neglected in favour of a focus on government policy and
performance . Take , for example , Myanmar . There is almost no development
aid going into Myanmar because of its human rights record . The dilemma is that
 ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210023027004

Category: Developing countries

Page:

View: 554

The journal of Asian studies

... the state and economy suggests that if we are fully to understand the dilemmas
of state building in twentieth - century China , we shall have to construct an
analysis that takes full account of the historical processes occurring in both
realms .

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B4928490

Category:

Page:

View: 670

The Dilemmas of Governance

state-building and industrial relations in the public sector P. J. Walsh. I protect
officials from public and political scrutiny - they take.

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Author: P. J. Walsh

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924062285451

Category: Employee-management relations in government

Page: 13

View: 448

Afrocentrism and World Politics

Another reason why pan - Africanism obtained in the diaspora to a much greater
extent than on the continent was because the diasporic Africans were not met
with the dilemma of state - building , sovereignty , and the pan - Africanist ethos .

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Author: Errol Anthony Henderson

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text

ISBN: UOM:39076001679450

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 534

A critical study of both Afrocentrism as an approach and Eurocentric political science as a discipline, building from both without abandoning the best of either. This work challenges Eurocentrism to abandon hegemony and Afrocentrism to be scientific.

Routledge Handbook of International Statebuilding

This new Handbook offers a combination of theoretical, thematic and empirical analyses of the statebuilding regime, written by leading international scholars.

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Author: David Chandler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135940010

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 362

This new Handbook offers a combination of theoretical, thematic and empirical analyses of the statebuilding regime, written by leading international scholars. Over the past decade, international statebuilding has become one of the most important and least understood areas of international policy-making. Today, there are around one billion people living in some 50-60 conflict-affected, 'fragile' states, vulnerable to political violence and civil war. The international community grapples with the core challenges and dilemmas of using outside force, aid, and persuasion to build states in the wake of conflict and to prevent such countries from lapsing into devastating violence. The Routledge Handbook of International Statebuilding is a comprehensive resource for this emerging area in International Relations. The volume is designed to guide the reader through the background and development of international statebuilding as a policy area, as well as exploring in depth significant issues such as security, development, democracy and human rights. Divided into three main parts, this Handbook provides a single-source overview of the key topics in international statebuilding: Part One: Concepts and Approaches Part Two: Security, Development and Democracy Part Three: Policy Implementation This Handbook will be essential reading for students of statebuilding, humanitarian intervention, peacebuilding, development, war and conflict studies and IR/Security Studies in general.

Building States While Fighting Terror

Therefore , international actors must be clear in their strategy when intervening
because state building is a deeply ... Finally , the end of this report deals
specifically with the dilemma of state building and that which some consider to be
its ...

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Author: Peter J. Quaranto

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105132411179

Category: Foreign intervention

Page: 75

View: 310

'''Somalia burns, but does anyone care?' This question was asked by Andrew Cawthorne (2007) of Mail & Guardian, reporting in April 2007 on the eruption of violence in Somalia. The premise of his statement, 'Somalia burns', has remained indisputable. Since the Ethiopian invasion of Somalia in December 2006, Somalia has experienced the worst fighting since the civil war of the early 1990s. April brought a peak in violence in Mogadishu between the Ethiopian-backed Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and insurgents, including remnants of the Union of Islamic Courts (UIC). In the first week of April, a local human rights group reported 381 deaths and 565 wounded in just four days of fighting (CBC News 2007). Later in the month, the same group reported 212 killed and 291 wounded in another five days (Duhul 2007). As a result of the violence, an estimated 321 000 people, one-third of Mogadishu's population, were displaced by April (Abdulle 2007). Through September, the number of internally displaced people continued to rise. After visiting the region, United Nations humanitarian coordinator John Holmes said, 'In terms of numbers and access to them, Somalia is a worse displacement crisis than Darfur or Chad or anywhere else this year' (Clarke 2007). To date, Somalia is indeed burning. This situation raises Cawthorne's (2007) question: 'Does anyone care?' In his article, Cawthorne writes that Somalia 'has failed to grab world attention or stir global players'. Clearly, he is correct when he asserts that Western media and the public have largely neglected the story, associating Somalia with chronic bloodshed. Yet the international community, especially the United States government, has closely followed these events. In fact, US concern and subsequent actions have played a significant role. The Bush Administration, since the events of 11 September 2001, has expressed concern that as a 'failed state', Somalia may serve as a haven for terrorists. Until 2006, Washington was paying warlords in Mogadishu to track suspected al-Qaʹeda operatives and thwart Islamists. Then, with the UIC takeover of Mogadishu in mid-2006, the US tacitly backed the Ethiopian invasion. Today, Washington is pursuing counter-terror operations amid the Ethiopian occupation, while simultaneously promoting state building. As far as Cawthorne's query is concerned, US officials care a great deal about Somalia. However, the danger exists that a lack of public attention reduces accountability. Policymakers are able to operate with little debate on the ethics and effectiveness of US strategy. The aim of this report, if nothing else, is to challenge that position. This report suggests that US policy in Somalia since 2001 represents many strong trends in US security thinking. For instance, there has been a revived emphasis on state stability and, conversely, a problematisation of state weakness as a threat. US officials have focused on 'failed states', such as Somalia as havens and recruiting grounds for terrorists. Correspondingly, state building has been declared a key tactic of counter-terrorism. US officials have argued that the best long-term defence against terrorism is the existence of functional central governments, especially those willing to cooperate with Washington. Therefore, the US State Department recently stated that the two pillars of state building and counter-terrorism drive US policy in Somalia (McCormack 2006). The purpose of this report is to consider the interaction of those pillars in policymaking and, especially, their application at the scene of action."--Introduction.

War and State Building in Afghanistan

63 Roland Paris and Timothy D. Sisk, 'Introduction: Understanding the
Contradictions of Postwar Statebuilding', in Roland Paris and Timothy D. Sisk,
The Dilemmas of Statebuilding: Confronting the Contradictions of Postwar Peace
Operations ...

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Author: Scott Gates

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472572196

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 696

The Mughals, British and Soviets all failed to subjugate Afghanistan, failures which offer valuable lessons for today. Taking a long historical perspective from 1520 to 2012, this volume examines the Mughal, British, Soviet and NATO efforts in Afghanistan, drawing on new archives and a synthesis of previous counter-insurgency experiences. Special emphasis is given to ecology, terrain and logistics to explain sub-conventional operations and state-building in Afghanistan. War and State-Building in Modern Afghanistan provides an overall synthesis of British, Russian, American and NATO military activities in Afghanistan, which directly links past experiences to the current challenges. These timely essays are particularly relevant to contemporary debates about NATO's role in Afghanistan; do the war and state-building policies currently employed by NATO forces undercut or enhance a political solution? The essays in this volume introduce new historical perspectives on this debate, and will prove illuminating reading for students and scholars interested in military history, the history of warfare, international relations and comparative politics.

State building in Russia

Russian history provides an instructive example of the dilemmas faced today .
The creation of the justice of the peace courts and the volost ' courts in 1864 for
the first time enabled ordinary citizens to seek relief in petty disputes . The 1864 ...

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Author: Gordon B. Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: UOM:39015048776416

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 203

The challenge of a new democracy, the author argues, is the creation of effective and authoritative political institutions. Focusing on Yeltsin's Russia, this book examines this question with reference to democratization, national identity, legal reform and other issues.

Dialogue on Palestinian State building and Identity

... the dilemmas confronting Palestinian society is through the adoption of policies
that would encourage the development of open systems of social structure ,
government accountability , economic development and institutionalization of
power ...

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Author: Mahdī ʻAbd al-Hādī

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105123870912

Category: Civil society

Page: 128

View: 559

State Building and Dependent Industrialization in Mexico

This same tension which had earlier manifested itself in the dilemmas of the
maintenance of presidencial power experienced by Obregon and Calles in the
1920s now reappeared in the form of a fundamental division between two
pockets of ...

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Author: Julie Ann Erfanirezaiansari

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822003009883

Category: Industrial policy

Page: 550

View: 422