The First Crusade

The Pope stated that, in spite of the apparently pacifist message of the New Testament, God actually wanted European knights to wage a fierce and bloody war against Islam and recapture Jerusalem. Thus was the First Crusade born.

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Author: Thomas Asbridge

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781849837699

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 927

'A nuanced and sophisticated analysis... Exhilarating' Sunday Telegraph Nine hundred years ago, one of the most controversial episodes in Christian history was initiated. The Pope stated that, in spite of the apparently pacifist message of the New Testament, God actually wanted European knights to wage a fierce and bloody war against Islam and recapture Jerusalem. Thus was the First Crusade born. Focusing on the characters that drove this extraordinary campaign, this fascinating period of history is recreated through awe-inspiring and often barbaric tales of bold adventure while at the same time providing significant insights into early medieval society, morality and mentality. The First Crusade marked a watershed in relations between Islam and the West, a conflict that set these two world religions on a course towards deep-seated animosity and enduring enmity. The chilling reverberations of this earth-shattering clash still echo in the world today. '[Asbridge] balances persuasive analysis with a flair for conveying with dramatic power the crusaders' plight' Financial Times

Chronicles of the First Crusade

' The fall of Jerusalem in the summer of 1099 to an exhausted and starving army of Western European soldiers was one of the most extraordinary events of the Middle Ages.It was both the climax of a great wave of visionary Christian fervour ...

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Author: Christopher Tyerman

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780141970875

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 272

'O day so ardently desired! O time of times the most memorable! O deed before all other deeds!' The fall of Jerusalem in the summer of 1099 to an exhausted and starving army of Western European soldiers was one of the most extraordinary events of the Middle Ages.It was both the climax of a great wave of visionary Christian fervour and the beginning of what proved to be a futile and abortive attempt to implant a new European kingdom in an overwhelmingly Muslim world.The legacy of these events continues to be argued over more than nine centuries later.This remarkable collection of first-hand accounts brings to life the First Crusade in all its cruelty and strangeness.

People of the First Crusade

A remarkably vivid account of the First Crusade, which began in 1095, opens a window on one of history's most bizarre adventures, during which ordinary people changed the course of history.

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Author: Michael Foss

Publisher: Arcade Publishing

ISBN: 1559704144

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 278

A remarkably vivid account of the First Crusade, which began in 1095, opens a window on one of history's most bizarre adventures, during which ordinary people changed the course of history.

The First Crusade

The First Crusade received its name and shape late. To its contemporaries, the event was a journey and the men who took part in it pilgrims. Only later were those participants dubbed Crusaders—"those signed with the Cross.

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Author: Edward Peters

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812204728

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 520

The First Crusade received its name and shape late. To its contemporaries, the event was a journey and the men who took part in it pilgrims. Only later were those participants dubbed Crusaders—"those signed with the Cross." In fact, many developments with regard to the First Crusade, like the bestowing of the cross and the elaboration of Crusaders' privileges, did not occur until the late twelfth century, almost one hundred years after the event itself. In a greatly expanded second edition, Edward Peters brings together the primary texts that document eleventh-century reform ecclesiology, the appearance of new social groups and their attitudes, the institutional and literary evidence dealing with Holy War and pilgrimage, and, most important, the firsthand experiences by men who participated in the events of 1095-1099. Peters supplements his previous work by including a considerable number of texts not available at the time of the original publication. The new material, which constitutes nearly one-third of the book, consists chiefly of materials from non-Christian sources, especially translations of documents written in Hebrew and Arabic. In addition, Peters has extensively revised and expanded the Introduction to address the most important issues of recent scholarship.

The First Crusade

According to tradition, the First Crusade began at Pope Urban II’s instigation and culminated in July 1099, when western European knights liberated Jerusalem.

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Author: Peter Frankopan

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674064997

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 581

According to tradition, the First Crusade began at Pope Urban II’s instigation and culminated in July 1099, when western European knights liberated Jerusalem. But what if the First Crusade’s real catalyst lay far to the east of Rome? Countering nearly a millennium of scholarship, Peter Frankopan reveals the First Crusade’s untold history.

The First Crusade 1096 99

This book details the first 'armed pilgrimage' to the Holy Land, the only Crusade that really succeeded, resulting in the creation of four so-called Crusader States in the Middle East, repercussions of which can still be felt today.

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Author: David Nicolle

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: 0275988473

Category: History

Page: 96

View: 809

One of the most famous military campaigns in history, to many the Crusades were the First Crusade. This book details the first 'armed pilgrimage' to the Holy Land, the only Crusade that really succeeded, resulting in the creation of four so-called Crusader States in the Middle East, repercussions of which can still be felt today.

The First Crusade

, first published in 2005, is justly acclaimed as the most complete and fascinating account of the historic journey to save the Holy Land from the infidel.

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Author: Steven Runciman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521611482

Category: History

Page: 201

View: 417

A narrative account of the First Crusade.

The First Crusade

While most studies of the First Crusade approach the subject from the Latin Christian perspective, this collection of essays from nine leading academics offers a fresh assessment into the reaction of the Muslim world to the arrival of the ...

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Author: Deborah Phillips

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 0719051746

Category: Religion

Page: 202

View: 887

The First Crusade (1095-9) a mass of armed pilgrims aiming to march 4000 kilometers to the Holy Land to conquer Jerusalem was one of the most remarkable episodes in medieval history. Essays from nine leading academics offer new perspectives on two main themes: reconsideration of the evidence available to historians and appreciation of the Crusade's impact on the people of the eastern Mediterranean.

The First Crusade

"Originally published by Princeton University Press, 1921"--T.p. verso.

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Author: August C. Krey

Publisher: Arx Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 9781935228080

Category: History

Page: 353

View: 623

"Originally published by Princeton University Press, 1921"--T.p. verso.

Victory in the East

This book looks at the First Crusade primarily as a military campaign and asks why it was so successful.

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Author: John France

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521589878

Category: Crusades

Page: 425

View: 510

The success of the First Crusade, and its capture of Jerusalem in 1099, has been conventionally explained in terms of its ideological and political motivation. This book looks at the First Crusade primarily as a military campaign and asks why it was so successful. Modern writing about the crusade has tended to emphasise the moral dimension and the development of the idea of the crusade, but its fate was ultimately decided on the field of battle. Victory in the East looks at the nature of war at the end of the eleventh century and the military experience of all the contending parties in order to explain its extraordinary success. It is the first such examination, taking into account all other factors but emphasising the military.

The First Crusade

This volume reveals the ways in which the First Crusade changed the direction of warfare, religion, and perhaps history itself. By highlighting the theme of prophecy, the volume deepens students' understanding of the crusading ethos.

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Author: Jay Carter Rubenstein

Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's

ISBN: 1457629100

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 977

This volume reveals the ways in which the First Crusade changed the direction of warfare, religion, and perhaps history itself. By highlighting the theme of prophecy, the volume deepens students' understanding of the crusading ethos. The introduction situates the First Crusade in context, from Constantine to the event's twelfth-century chroniclers. The documents provide and often juxtapose a variety of Christian, Muslim, and Jewish viewpoints, offering insight into the religious, political, and personal motivations of those involved and illuminating the Crusade's extensive impact and legacy.

The First Crusade and Idea of Crusading

""Riley-Smith marshals his case lucidly.

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Author: Jonathan Simon Christopher Riley-Smith

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0826467261

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 656

""Riley-Smith marshals his case lucidly.""--Times Literary Supplement ""Riley-Smith's analysis of the formation of Crusading ideology offers a provocative new interpretation. . . . [His] scholarship is impeccable, and he supports his contentions with

Robert the Monk s History of the First Crusade

This is the first English translation of Robert the Monk's Historia Iherosolimitana, a Latin prose chronicle describing the First Crusade.

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Author: Carol Sweetenham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351902694

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 194

This is the first English translation of Robert the Monk's Historia Iherosolimitana, a Latin prose chronicle describing the First Crusade. In addition to providing new and unique information on the Crusade (Robert claims to have been an eyewitness of the Council of Clermont in 1095), its particular interest lies in the great popularity it enjoyed in the Middle Ages. The text has close links with the vernacular literary tradition and is written in a racy style which would not disgrace a modern tabloid journalist. Its reflection of contemporary legends and anecdotes gives us insights into perceptions of the Crusade at that time and opens up interesting perspectives onto the relationship of history and fiction in the twelfth century. The introduction discusses what we know about Robert, his importance as a historical source and his place in the literary tradition of the First Crusade.

In the Year 1096

Chazan tells the story of 1096 in "grays, " not blacks and whites; that is, he relates stories of Christian enemies, but also of Christian friends, and of Jewish martyrs, but also of Jewish negotiators and converts.

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Author: Robert Chazan

Publisher: Jewish Publication Society

ISBN: 9780827609877

Category: History

Page: 186

View: 775

In 1996 the world commemorates the 900th anniversary of the First Crusade or, more precisely, of the pogroms unleashed by the crusade upon the Jews of the Rhineland. In the Year 1096... presents a clear, highly readable chronicle of the events of 1096. Noted teacher and historian Robert Chazan brings readers to critical moments in Jewish history, illuminating the events themselves, their antecedents, and their far-reaching consequences. Equally important, his book assesses the significance of the events of 1096 within the larger framework of Jewish history, including both the scope of persecution and the record of Jewish resistance. He has created a dramatic portrait of the clash between three conflicting forces in medieval Europe: the German crusaders, the Rhineland burghers, and the Rhineland Jews. His book provides an extensive look at the Christian assaults and the intense Jewish responses, with much material translated directly from remarkable Hebrew narratives which are admirable for both the vividness of their description and the complexity of the portrait they provide. Chazan tells the story of 1096 in "grays, " not blacks and whites; that is, he relates stories of Christian enemies, but also of Christian friends, and of Jewish martyrs, but also of Jewish negotiators and converts. The author devotes the second half of In the Year 1096... to tracing these events through the intervening nine centuries of Jewish history. In the second part he surveys the Jewish perception of 1096 over the ages, including both the neglect of these events in some quarters and their emphasis in others; he places 1096 within the lengthy history of anti-Jewish actions and thinking, and examines theunusual behaviors of the Rhineland Jews within the context of historic Jewish responses to persecution.

The First Crusade and the Idea of Crusading

In this classic work, presented here with a new introduction, one of the world's most renowned crusade historians approaches this central topic of medieval history with freshness and impeccable research.

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Author: Jonathan Riley-Smith

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812220765

Category: History

Page: 227

View: 602

In this classic work, presented here with a new introduction, one of the world's most renowned crusade historians approaches this central topic of medieval history with freshness and impeccable research.

The Social Structure of the First Crusade

This book re-examines the sources to provide a detailed analysis of the various social classes that participated in the expedition, and the tensions between them.

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Author: Conor Kostick

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004166653

Category: History

Page: 324

View: 691

The First Crusade (1096-1099) was an extraordinary undertaking, the repercussions of which have reached down to the present day. This book re-examines the sources to provide a detailed analysis of the various social classes that participated in the expedition, and the tensions between them.

European Jewry and the First Crusade

The appendix (pp. 223-297) contains an English translation of the texts of the two chronicles.

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Author: Robert Chazan

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520205062

Category: History

Page: 380

View: 447

One of the unanticipated results of the First Crusade in 1095 was a series of violent assaults on major Jewish communities in the Rhineland. Robert Chazan offers the first detailed analysis of these events, illuminating the attitudes that triggered the assaults as well as the beliefs that informed Jewish reactions to them.

The First Crusaders 1095 1131

A detailed account of the circumstances and motives of the first crusaders.

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Author: Jonathan Riley-Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521646030

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 427

A detailed account of the circumstances and motives of the first crusaders.

The First Crusade and the Idea of Crusading

Perhaps no work of history written in the 20th century has done more to undermine an existing consensus and cause its readers to re-evaluate their own preconceptions than has Jonathan Riley-Smith's revisionist account of the motives of the ...

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Author: Damien Peters

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351353106

Category: History

Page: 93

View: 238

Perhaps no work of history written in the 20th century has done more to undermine an existing consensus and cause its readers to re-evaluate their own preconceptions than has Jonathan Riley-Smith's revisionist account of the motives of the first crusaders. Riley-Smith's thesis – based on extensive original research and firmly rooted in his refusal to uncritically accept the evidence or reasoning of earlier historians – is that the majority of the men who travelled to the east on crusade in the years 1098-1100 were primarily motivated by faith. This finding, which ran directly counter to at least four centuries of consensus that other motives, not least greed for land, were more important, has helped to stimulate exciting reappraisals of the whole crusading movement. Riley-Smith backed it up with forensic examination of the key crusader-inspiring speech delivered by Pope Urban II, looking to clarify the meanings of five competing contemporary accounts in order to understand how an initially simple, and rather confused, appeal for help became a sophisticated rationale for the concept of ‘just war.’