Introduction to Paleobiology and the Fossil Record

This book presents a comprehensive overview of the science of the history of life.

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Author: Michael J. Benton

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119272854

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 604

This book presents a comprehensive overview of the science of the history of life. Paleobiologists bring many analytical tools to bear in interpreting the fossil record and the book introduces the latest techniques, from multivariate investigations of biogeography and biostratigraphy to engineering analysis of dinosaur skulls, and from homeobox genes to cladistics. All the well-known fossil groups are included, including microfossils and invertebrates, but an important feature is the thorough coverage of plants, vertebrates and trace fossils together with discussion of the origins of both life and the metazoans. All key related subjects are introduced, such as systematics, ecology, evolution and development, stratigraphy and their roles in understanding where life came from and how it evolved and diversified. Unique features of the book are the numerous case studies from current research that lead students to the primary literature, analytical and mathematical explanations and tools, together with associated problem sets and practical schedules for instructors and students. New to this edition The text and figures have been updated throughout to reflect current opinion on all aspects New case studies illustrate the chapters, drawn from a broad distribution internationally Chapters on Macroevolution, Form and Function, Mass extinctions, Origin of Life, and Origin of Metazoans have been entirely rewritten to reflect substantial advances in these topics There is a new focus on careers in paleobiology

The Adequacy of the Fossil Record

These are followed by four Contributions that discuss particular fossil groups that have been specifically chosen to illustrate how the concepts of completeness and adequacy are influenced by intrinsic and extrinsic factors.

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Author: Stephen K. Donovan

Publisher: John Wiley & Son Limited

ISBN: UCSD:31822028387876

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 945

The 'incompleteness of the fossil record' is an excuse used by some scientists to reject any fossil evidence that runs counter to current preconceptions. Adequacy and completeness are difficult concepts that should not be confused. The fossil record may be incomplete, but it is entirely adequate for many and most requirements of palaeontology, as well as answering wider questions in geology and biology. The Adequacy of the Fossil Record is intended to be an up-to-date review that seeks to debunk these and other objections.

Fossil Record 2

The history of life is illustrated by fossils which give crucial information on the plants and animals of the past. Fossil Record 2 is a compilation of this mass of data.

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Author: Michael Benton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780412393808

Category: Science

Page: 846

View: 216

The history of life is illustrated by fossils which give crucial information on the plants and animals of the past. Fossil Record 2 is a compilation of this mass of data. All families of protists, plants and animals and their ranges in geological time are documented, with full details of first and last species for each family.

The Fossil Record

Evolutionists rely on the fossil record for support of their theory, but what does that record really reveal?

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Author: John David Morris

Publisher:

ISBN: 0932766986

Category: Science

Page: 189

View: 608

Evolutionists rely on the fossil record for support of their theory, but what does that record really reveal? ICR geologist Dr. John Morris and zoologist Frank Sherwin unearth the evidence of earth's history and conclude that the fossil record is incompatible with evolution, but remarkably consistent with the biblical account of creation and the great Flood of Noah's day.

Prehistoric Life

This book focuses on the meaning and significance of that archive and is designed for introductory college science students, including non-science majors, enrolled in survey courses emphasizing paleontology, geology and biology.

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Author: Bruce S. Lieberman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444318647

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 433

Prehistoric life is the archive of evolution preserved in thefossil record. This book focuses on the meaning andsignificance of that archive and is designed for introductorycollege science students, including non-science majors, enrolled insurvey courses emphasizing paleontology, geology and biology. From the origins of animals to the evolution of rap music, fromancient mass extinctions to the current biodiversity crisis, andfrom the Snowball Earth to present day climate change this bookcovers it, with an eye towards showing how past life on Earth putsthe modern world into its proper context. The history of life andthe patterns and processes of evolution are especially emphasized,as are the interconnections between our planet, its climate system,and its varied life forms. The book does not just describe thehistory of life, but uses actual examples from life’s historyto illustrate important concepts and theories.

Systematics and the Fossil Record

The only integrated text covering the study of evolutionary patterns from a phylogenetic stance. This new text sets out to establish the key role played by systematics in deciphering patterns of evolution from the fossil record.

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Author: Andrew B. Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444313901

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 853

This new text sets out to establish the key role played bysystematics in deciphering patterns of evolution from the fossilrecord. It begins by considering the nature of the species in thefossil record and then outlines recent advances in the methodologyused to establish phylogenetics relationships, stressing why fossilevidence can be crucial. The way species are grouped into highertaxa, and how this affects their utility in evolutionary studies isalso discussed. Because the fossil record abounds with sampling andpreservational biases, the book emphasizes that observed patternscan rarely be taken at face value. It is argued that evolutionarytrees, constructed from combining phylogenetic and biostratigraphicdata, provide the best approach for investigating patterns ofevolution through geologic time. The only integrated text covering the study of evolutionarypatterns from a phylogenetic stance.

The Human Fossil Record Brain Endocasts The Paleoneurological Evidence

This first volume covers the craniodental remains from Europe that have been attributed to the genus Homo. Here the authors also clearly define the terminology and descriptive protocol that is applied uniformly throughout the series.

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Author: Ralph L.. Holloway

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471418234

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 337

The Human Fossil Record Volume one Terminology and Craniodental Morphology of Genus Homo (Europe) Jeffrey H. Schwartz Ian Tattersall The Human Fossil Record series is the most authoritative and comprehensive documentation of the fossil evidence relevant to the study of our evolutionary past. This first volume covers the craniodental remains from Europe that have been attributed to the genus Homo. Here the authors also clearly define the terminology and descriptive protocol that is applied uniformly throughout the series. Organized alphabetically by site name, each entry includes clear descriptions and original, expertly taken photographs, as well as: Morphology Location information History of discovery Previous systematic assessments of the fossils Geological, archaeological, and faunal contexts Dating References to the primary literature The Human Fossil Record series is truly a must-have reference for anyone seriously interested in the study of human evolution.

The Origin of Snakes

This book presents perspectives on the past and present state of the understanding of snake origins.

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Author: Michael Wayne Caldwell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482251357

Category: Nature

Page: 300

View: 134

This book presents perspectives on the past and present state of the understanding of snake origins. It reviews and critiques data and ideas from paleontology and neontology (herpetology), as well as ideas from morphological and molecular phylogenetics. The author reviews the anatomy and morphology of extant snakes. Methods are also critiqued, including those empirical and theoretical methods employed to hypothesize ancestral ecologies for snakes. The modern debate on squamate phylogeny and snake ingroup phylogeny using molecules and morphology is examined critically to provide insights on origins and evolution. Key Features Important major evolutionary transformation in vertebrate evolution Continuing historical debate in vertebrate paleontology Of wide interest to a core audience of paleontologists, herpetologists, and morphologists Author acknowledged as prominent contributor to debate over snake origins Based on remarkable well preserved fossil specimens

Species and Speciation in the Fossil Record

Species and Speciation in the Fossil Record digs through this literature and surveys the recent research on species in paleobiology.

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Author: Warren D. Allmon

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226377445

Category: Science

Page: 427

View: 124

The literature of paleobiology is brimming with qualifiers and cautions about using species in the fossil record, or equating such species with those recognized among living organisms. Species and Speciation in the Fossil Record digs through this literature and surveys the recent research on species in paleobiology. In these pages, experts in the field examine what they think species are in their particular taxon of specialty or more generally in the fossil record. They also reflect on what the answers mean for thinking about species in macroevolution. The first step in this approach is an overview of the Modern Synthesis, and paleobiology s development of quantitative ways of documenting and analyzing variation with fossil assemblages. Following that, this volume s central chapters explore the challenges of recognizing and defining species from fossil specimens, and show how with careful interpretation and a clear species concept, fossil species may be sufficiently robust for meaningful paleobiological analyses. Tempo and mode of speciation over time are also explored, exhibiting how the concept of species, if more refined, can reveal enormous amounts about the interplay between species origins and extinction and local and global climate change."

Evolutionary Computation

Evolutionary Computation: The Fossil Record provides in-depth historical information and technical detail that is simply unmatched in the field. This volume is complete with an extensive bibliography of related literature.

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Author: David B. Fogel

Publisher: Wiley-IEEE Press

ISBN: UCSD:31822025962747

Category: Computers

Page: 641

View: 284

Although evolutionary computation has only been a popular topic for the last 20 years, it actually has antecedents back in the '50s. This is the first text to present the most significant and historic papers on evolutionary computation ranging from the '50s to the early '90s. Features a comprehensive bibliography of the available literature in the field.

Predator Prey Interactions in the Fossil Record

This volume, compiled by a group of expert specialists on the evidence of predator-prey interactions in the fossil record, is a pioneering effort to collate the information now accumulating in this important field.

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Author: Patricia H. Kelley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461501619

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 487

From the Foreword: "Predator-prey interactions are among the most significant of all organism-organism interactions....It will only be by compiling and evaluating data on predator-prey relations as they are recorded in the fossil record that we can hope to tease apart their role in the tangled web of evolutionary interaction over time. This volume, compiled by a group of expert specialists on the evidence of predator-prey interactions in the fossil record, is a pioneering effort to collate the information now accumulating in this important field. It will be a standard reference on which future study of one of the central dynamics of ecology as seen in the fossil record will be built." (Richard K. Bambach, Professor Emeritus, Virginia Tech, Associate of the Botanical Museum, Harvard University)

Human Origins

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Author: Clark Spencer Larsen

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39076001373484

Category: Craniology

Page: 207

View: 592

Evolution

Rev. and enl. ed of: Evolution, the fossils say no! 3rd ed. 1979. Includes bibliographical references and indexes.

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Author: Duane T. Gish

Publisher: Master Books

ISBN: UOM:39015023664629

Category: Religion

Page: 277

View: 472

Rev. and enl. ed of: Evolution, the fossils say no! 3rd ed. 1979. Includes bibliographical references and indexes.

In Search of Deep Time

In Search of Deep Time strips away conventional assumptions about the evolution of life to reveal a world that may be far stranger and more humbling than had been previously imagined.

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Author: Henry Gee

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801487137

Category: Science

Page: 267

View: 316

Cladistics—the science of comparison—is transforming the way paleontologists view evolution. In Search of Deep Time strips away conventional assumptions about the evolution of life to reveal a world that may be far stranger and more humbling than had been previously imagined. The concept of deep time was first used by John McPhee to describe intervals of time incomprehensibly greater than our daily experience. Henry Gee explains the rise of cladistics as the best technique for making sense of the organic changes that unfold within deep time.

Telling the Evolutionary Time

Determining the precise timing for the evolutionary origin of groups of organisms has become increasingly important as scientists from diverse disciplines attempt to examine rates of anatomical or molecular evolution and correlate intrinsic ...

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Author: Philip C J Donoghue

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203642528

Category: Nature

Page: 296

View: 217

Determining the precise timing for the evolutionary origin of groups of organisms has become increasingly important as scientists from diverse disciplines attempt to examine rates of anatomical or molecular evolution and correlate intrinsic biological events to extrinsic environmental events. Molecular clock analyses indicate that many major groups

Avian Evolution

This review of the evolutionary history of birds not only addresses students and established researchers, but it may also be a useful source of information for anyone else with an interest in the evolution of birds and a moderate background ...

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Author: Gerald Mayr

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119020769

Category: NATURE

Page: 312

View: 848

Knowledge of the evolutionary history of birds has much improved in recent decades. Fossils from critical time periods are being described at unprecedented rates and modern phylogenetic analyses have provided a framework for the interrelationships of the extant groups. This book gives an overview of the avian fossil record and its paleobiological significance, and it is the only up-to-date textbook that covers both Mesozoic and more modern-type Cenozoic birds in some detail. The reader is introduced to key features of basal avians and the morphological transformations that have occurred in the evolution towards modern birds. An account of the Cenozoic fossil record sheds light on the biogeographic history of the extant avian groups and discusses fossils in the context of current phylogenetic hypotheses. This review of the evolutionary history of birds not only addresses students and established researchers, but it may also be a useful source of information for anyone else with an interest in the evolution of birds and a moderate background in biology and geology.

The Evolution and Fossil Record of Parasitism

This two-volume edited book highlights and reviews the potential of the fossil record to calibrate the origin and evolution of parasitism, and the techniques to understand the development of parasite-host associations and their ...

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Author: Kenneth De Baets

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030424848

Category: Science

Page: 565

View: 135

This two-volume edited book highlights and reviews the potential of the fossil record to calibrate the origin and evolution of parasitism, and the techniques to understand the development of parasite-host associations and their relationships with environmental and ecological changes. The book deploys a broad and comprehensive approach, aimed at understanding the origins and developments of various parasite groups, in order to provide a wider evolutionary picture of parasitism as part of biodiversity. This is in contrast to most contributions by parasitologists in the literature that focus on circular lines of evidence, such as extrapolating from current host associations or distributions, to estimate constraints on the timing of the origin and evolution of various parasite groups. This approach is narrow and fails to provide the wider evolutionary picture of parasitism on, and as part of, biodiversity. Volume one focuses on identifying parasitism in the fossil record, and sheds light on the distribution and ecological importance of parasite-host interactions over time. In order to better understand the evolutionary history of parasites and their relationship with changes in the environment, emphasis is given to viruses, bacteria, protists and multicellular eukaryotes as parasites. Particular attention is given to fungi and metazoans such as bivalves, cnidarians, crustaceans, gastropods, helminths, insects, mites and ticks as parasites. Researchers, specifically evolutionary (paleo)biologists and parasitologists, interested in the evolutionary history of parasite-host interactions as well as students studying parasitism will find this book appealing.

Ivy and Bean Break the Fossil Record

But how hard is it to find one? Includes bonus material! - Sneak peek chapter from the next book in the Ivy + Bean series Ivy and Bean Take Care of the Babysitter by Annie Barrows, illustrated by Sophie Blackall

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Author: Annie Barrows

Publisher: Chronicle Books

ISBN: 0811876535

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 124

View: 319

World record fever grips the second grade, and soon Ivy and Bean are trying to set their own record by becoming the youngest people to have ever discovered a dinosaur. But how hard is it to find one? Includes bonus material! - Sneak peek chapter from the next book in the Ivy + Bean series Ivy and Bean Take Care of the Babysitter by Annie Barrows, illustrated by Sophie Blackall