The Genius of Alexander the Great

The preeminent scholar of ancient Macedonia separates reliable fact from historical fiction to reveal the true intellect and charm that earned Alexander his epithet.

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Author: N. G. L. Hammond

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807847445

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 220

View: 962

The preeminent scholar of ancient Macedonia separates reliable fact from historical fiction to reveal the true intellect and charm that earned Alexander his epithet.

The Madness of Alexander the Great

Richard A. Gabriel, however, argues that, while Alexander was clearly a succesful soldier-adventurer, the evidence of real greatness is simply not there.

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Author: Richard A. Gabriel

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 9781473852365

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 922

Over the years, some 20,000 books and articles have been written about Alexander the Great, the vast majority hailing him as possibly the greatest general that ever lived. Richard A. Gabriel, however, argues that, while Alexander was clearly a succesful soldier-adventurer, the evidence of real greatness is simply not there. The author presents Alexander as a misfit within his own warrior society, attempting to overcompensate. Thoroughly insecure and unstable, he was given to episodes of uncontrollable rage and committed brutal atrocities that would today have him vilified as a monstrous psychopath. The author believes some of his worst excesses may have been due to what we now call Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, of which he displays many of the classic symptoms, brought on by extended exposure to violence and danger. Above all the author thinks that Alexander's military ability has been flattered by History. Alexander was tactically competent but contributed nothing truly original, while his strategy was often flawed and distorted by his obsession with personal glory. This radical reappraisal is certain to provoke debate.

The Genius of Alexander the Great

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Author: Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 0715627538

Category: Generals

Page: 220

View: 794

In what respects was Alexander 'Great'? This work sets out to answer this question. As a commander of men of many races, Alexander was and still is incomparable. As a statesman he envisaged and largely created an ecumenical kingdom which rose above racialism and nationalism and which enjoyed peace and prosperity, extending from his birthplace in Macedon to the borders of Kashmir. His intellect and charismatic personality so fascinated those he conquered that they served in his army and administration and made him the hero of their quasi-mythical romances. This book sets out to show that we have much to learn from this genius of a man who achieved so much before his death at 32.

Alexander the Great Lessons in Strategy

4 5 N. G. L. Hammond, The Genius of Alexander the Great, London: Duckworth, 1998, p. 130. Ibid., p. 72. 6 As Bosworth notes, 'In general Alexander accepted ...

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Author: David J. Lonsdale

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134244836

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 702

This book offers a strategic analysis of one of the most outstanding military careers in history, identifying the most pertinent strategic lessons from the campaigns of Alexander the Great. David Lonsdale argues that since the core principles of strategy are eternal, the study and analysis of historical examples have value to the modern theorist and practitioner. Furthermore, as strategy is so complex and challenging, the remarkable career of Alexander provides the ideal opportunity to understand best practice in strategy, as he achieved outstanding and continuous success across the spectrum of warfare, in a variety of circumstances and environments. This book presents the thirteen most pertinent lessons that can be learned from his campaigns, dividing them into three categories: grand strategy, military operations, and use of force. Each of these categories provides lessons pertinent to the modern strategic environment. Ultimately, however, the book argues that the dominant factor in his success was Alexander himself, and that it was his own characteristics as a strategist that allowed him to overcome the complexities of strategy and achieve his expansive goals.

Alexander the Great

The Genius of Alexander the Great . Chapel Hill , N.C .: University of North Carolina Press , 1997 , p . 27 . Chapter 4 Page 36 , line 26 : The Age of ...

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Author: Michael Burgan

Publisher: Capstone

ISBN: 0756518725

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 818

Biography of Alexander the Great.

Alexander the Great

Hammond, N.G.L. The Genius of Alexander the Great. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998. Lattimore, Richmond, trans. The Iliad of Homer.

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Author: Erik Richardson

Publisher: Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 9781502627865

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 128

View: 470

Alexander the Great explores the background, personality, and battle tactics of a legendary conqueror, whose prowess in battle cemented his name in human history. The engaging and comprehensive text depicts Alexander's life, the lives of his soldiers, the stories of his battles, and the formations of cities and legends. Paintings, photographs, and engravings illustrate Greek culture and historical figures. Maps and diagrams depict the brilliant strategy of a commander who fought with his men. Though Alexander reigned and conquered over two thousand years ago, his battle successes and political ambitions had an enduring impact on military strategy and on the regions and cultures he ruled.

Alexander the Great

The Genius of Alexander theGreat (London: 1997). W. Heckel, The Marshals of Alexander's Empire (London: 1992). ——, Who's Who in the Age of Alexander the ...

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Author: Ian Worthington

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136640032

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 863

This exciting new edition is an indispensable guide for undergraduates to the study of Alexander the Great, showing the problems of the ancient source material, and making it clear that there is no single approach to be taken. The twelve thematic chapters contain a broad selection of the most significant published articles about Alexander, examining the main areas of debate and discussion: The Sources Alexander’s Influences and the Macedonian Background Alexander’s Aims Alexander’s Battles and Generalship Alexander and the Greeks Alexander and the Persian Empire Alexander, India and the Gedrosian Desert From Mass Marriage to Death Alexander and the ‘Unity of Mankind’ Alexander and Deification Alexander and Conspiracies Alexander: The ‘Great’? The Reader has the distinctive feature of translating a substantial number of the more inaccessible primary sources; each chapter is also prefaced with a succinct introduction to the topic under consideration.

Alexander the Great

Doherty, P., Alexander the Great: The Death of a God (London, Constable 2004) Engels, D. W., Alexander the Great and the Logistics of the Macedonian Army ...

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Author: John Sadler

Publisher: Casemate Publishers

ISBN: 9781612006826

Category: History

Page: 160

View: 480

An overview of Alexander’s life—from his early military exploits to the creation of his empire and the legacy left after his premature death. Alexander was perhaps the greatest conquering general in history. In a dozen years, Alexander took the whole of Asia Minor and Egypt, destroyed the once mighty Persian Empire, and pushed his army eastwards as far as the Indus. No one in history has equaled his achievement. Much of Alexander’s success can be traced to the Macedonian phalanx, a close-ordered battle formation of sarissa-wielding infantry that proved itself a war-winning weapon. The army Alexander inherited from his father was the most powerful in Greece—highly disciplined, trained, and loyal only to the king. United in a single purpose, they fought as one. Cavalry was also of crucial importance in the Macedonian army as the driving force to attack the flanks of the enemy in battle. A talented commander able to anticipate how his opponent would think, Alexander understood how to commit his forces to devastating effect and was never defeated in battle. He also developed a corps of engineers that utilized catapults and siege towers against enemy fortifications. Alexander led from the front, fighting with his men, eating with them, refusing water when there was not enough, and his men would quite literally follow him to the ends of the (known) world. None of his successors were able to hold together the empire he had forged. Although he died an early death, his fame and glory persist to this day.

Alexander the Great

Bieber, M. Alexander the Great in Greek and Roman Art, Chicago, Argonaut, 1964 Bosworth, A.B. Conquest and Empire. The Reign of Alexander the Great, ...

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Author: E E Rice

Publisher: The History Press

ISBN: 9780752468389

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 158

King Alexander III 'the Great' of Macedon was one of the greatest military commanders the world has ever known. This book seeks to dispel some of the myths which have grown up around him and to provide an up-to-date account of his life. This includes the Macedonian background and Alexander's early years, his campaigns in Thrace and Illyria and the destruction of Thebes, the invasion of the Persian Empire and the battles which led to its conquest, his expeditions to India and finally his death in Babylon. Dr Rice also assesses Alexander's personality, and provides a summary of his legacy to the western world.

Alexander the Great

N.G.L. Hammond's The Genius of Alexander the Great (London: Duckworth, 1997) is the fruit of years of study of the classical and Hellenistic Greek world.

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Author: John Boardman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691217444

Category: Art

Page: 176

View: 303

An elegant, concise, and generously illustrated exploration of Alexander the Great’s representations in art and literature through the ages In this book, John Boardman, one of the world’s leading authorities on ancient Greece, looks beyond the life of Alexander the Great in order to examine the astonishing range of Alexanders created by generations of authors, historians, and artists throughout the world—from Scotland to China. John Boardman draws on his deep knowledge of Alexander and the ancient world to reflect on the most interesting and emblematic depictions of this towering historical figure. From Alexander’s biographers in ancient Greece to the illustrated Alexander “Romances” of the Middle Ages to operas, films, and even modern cartoons, this generously illustrated volume takes readers on a fascinating journey.

Alexander the Great

“The Royal Journal of Alexander,” Historia 37: 129–50. —. 1989. ... The Genius of Alexander the Great. University of North Carolina Press. Chapel Hill. —.

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Author: Edward M. Anson

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826445216

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 780

Alexander the Great's life and career are here examined through the major issues surrounding his reign. What were Alexander's ultimate ambitions? Why did he pursue his own deification while alive? Did he actually set the world in 'a new groove' as has been claimed by some scholars? And was his death natural or the result of a murderous conspiracy? Each of the key themes, arranged as chapters, will be presented in approximately chronological order so that readers unfamiliar with the life of Alexander will be able to follow the narrative. The themes are tied to the major controversies and questions surrounding Alexander's career and legacy. Each chapter includes a discussion of the major academic positions on each issue, and includes a full and up-to-date bibliography and an evaluation of the historical evidence. All source material is in translation. Designed to bring new clarity to the contentious history of Alexander the Great, this is an ideal introduction to one of history's most controversial figures.

The Conquests of Alexander the Great

... “Alexander and the Aral,” CQ 21: 106–11 J. R. Hamilton, “Alexander and His ... The Genius ofAlexander the Great (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North ...

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Author: Waldemar Heckel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107394650

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 405

In this book, Waldemar Heckel traces the rise and eventual fall of one of the most successful military commanders in history. In 325 BCE, Alexander and his conquering army prepared to return home, after overcoming everything in their path: armies, terrain, climate, all invariably hostile. Little did they know that within two years their beloved king would be dead and their labours seemingly wasted. Tracing the rise and eventual fall of one of the most successful military commanders in history, Heckel engagingly and with great detail shows us how Alexander earned his appellation, The Great.

The Sieges of Alexander the Great

Hamilton, JR, Alexander the Great (London, 1973) Hammond, N G L, 'The Macedonian Navies of Philip and Alexander Until 330 BC', Antichthon 26, 1992, ...

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Author: Stephen English

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 9781844682805

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 364

During his spectacular career of conquest Alexander the Great attacked many cities and fortresses, never failing to take them. Such operations occupied more of his time than his famous pitched battles and were at least as vital in securing his vast empire. Sieges provided some of the sternest tests for the Macedonian army, and it is perhaps telling that Alexander received most of his many wounds in the shadow of enemy walls. Yet this is the first full-length study concentrating purely on his many dramatic sieges and his mastery of siege craft.Dr. Stephen English describes each of Alexander's sieges, analyzing the strategy, tactics, and technical aspects, such as the innovative and astoundingly ambitious siege engines used. From the shocking destruction of Thebes, through the epic siege of Tyre, which Alexander found an island and left permanently joined to the mainland, to his final (and nearly fatal) combat at the town of the Malli, where he was first to storm the enemy battlements, we see how Alexander's sieges helped make him great.Dr. Stephen English gained a BA in Ancient History and an MA in Classics from Durham University while simultaneously studying for a BSc through the Open University. He went on to gain an MSc from Sunderland University while already working towards his PhD at Durham, under the supervision of renowned classicist PJ Rhodes. His research at Durham focused on the military career of Alexander the Great and forms the basis of this book, as it did of his first, The Army of Alexander the Great. He has also written on the subject for the magazine Ancient Warfare. Dr. English lives in Durham with his partner, Elizabeth, also a writer.

The Conquests of Alexander the Great

Hammond, N. G. L. The Genius of Alexander the Great. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997. Lendering, Jona. Livius: Articles on Ancient ...

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Author: Alison Behnke

Publisher: Twenty-First Century Books

ISBN: 9780822559207

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 160

View: 378

Presents a profile of the young military leader and king of ancient Macedonia, who conquered most of the known world of his era, before his untimely death at the age of thirty-three.

Brill s Companion to Alexander the Great

Chiron. 25: 199–203. —. 1995. “Philip's Innovations in the Macedonian Economy.” Symbolae Osloenses. 70: 22–9. —. 1997. The Genius of Alexander the Great.

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Author: Joseph Roisman

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004217553

Category: History

Page: 436

View: 447

The book deals with central issues of Alexander’s reign including his depiction in ancient literature and art, his treatment of Greeks, Macedonians, and Asians, the military, political, social and cultural aspects of his campaign, and his legacy in ancient philosophy as well as in modern Balkan communities.

Philip II and Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great: King, Commander and Statesman. 2nd ed. Bristol. ——— 1990. “Royal Pages, Personal Pages ... The Genius of Alexander the Great. London.

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Author: Elizabeth Carney

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199738151

Category: History

Page: 343

View: 294

While much can be said about the achievements of both Philip (who centralised Macedonia and won for himself a dominant position in the Greek world, as well as planning an expedition against the Persians), and Alexander, who carried out that expedition and led his conquering army as far as India, their father-son relationship deserves closer attention. This is the first study to focus on that relationship. The subjects covered here range from symposia to scythed chariots and consensus strategies, and examine the interaction of the two men with each other, the ways in which they fought wars, and the legacy that they left behind. The last section considers their reception and concentrates on how they were perceived by later ancient historians, but also includes a final chapter on Oliver Stone's 2004 film

The Field Campaigns of Alexander the Great

N. G. L. Hammond, The Battle of the Granicus River, JHS 100, 1980, 73–89 N. G. L. Hammond, Alexander the Great: King Commander and Statesman (London 1980b) ...

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Author: Stephen English

Publisher: Casemate Publishers

ISBN: 9781844687428

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 192

View: 429

Alexander the Great is one of the most famous men in history, and many believe he was the greatest military genius of all time (Julius Caesar wept at the feet of his statue in envy of his achievements). Most of his thirteen year reign as king of Macedon was spent in hard campaigning which conquered half the then-known world, during which he never lost a battle. Besides the famous set-piece battles (Granicus, Issus, Gaugamela, Hydaspes), Alexander's army marched thousands of miles through hostile territory, fighting countless smaller actions and calling for a titanic logistical effort.There is a copious literature on Alexander the Great, but most are biographies of the man himself, with relatively few recent works analyzing his campaigns from a purely military angle. This book will combine a narrative of the course of each of Alexander's campaigns, with clear analysis of strategy, tactics, logistics etc. This will combine with Stephen English's The Army of Alexander the Great and The Sieges of Alexander the Great, to form a very strong three-volume examination of one of the most successful armies and greatest conquerors ever known.

Alexander the Great and the Mystery of the Elephant Medallions

“The Letters in Plutarch's Alexander. ... Alexander the Great: King, Commander and Statesman. 1980. 2d ed. ... The Genius of Alexander the Great.

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Author: Frank L. Holt

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520238817

Category: History

Page: 198

View: 656

"Frank Holt probably knows more than anyone alive about the mysterious Greek kingdoms in Bactria and on the frontiers of India that were one of the odder legacies of Alexander's Eastern conquests. The literary evidence is sparse, the coins remain ambiguous, the topography defeats all but the toughest. Holt's forays into this world are those of a clever and persistent detective: he loves cracking problems, and the tougher they are, the better. This time—very properly beginning by invoking the name of Sherlock Holmes—he has given us what Conan Doyle would probably have called 'The Adventure of the Elephant Medallions.’ Debate has raged over the scene these portray ever since the first was discovered. A cavalryman with a lance confronts an opponent on an elephant. Who are they? What is the occasion? Guesses have ranged from Alexander to the Greco-Bactrian monarch Eucratides, from Porus at the Jhelum to Darius at Gaugamela. Using his numismatic and historical skills like a Holmesian magnifying-glass, Holt takes us through the theories, deftly explodes the fallacies, and comes up with a (for me) entirely cogent and satisfying solution. He has also, somewhere along the way, acquired a really marvelous prose style. Not only is the problem in itself a page-turner; Holt also throws in, by way of introduction, the best short impressionistic account of Alexander's career I have ever read. This is high scholarship at its most exciting."—Peter Green, author of Alexander of Macedon, 356-323 B. C.: A Historical Biography "[This book] brings to a wider audience one of the few contemporary pieces of evidence for the image and ideology of Alexander the Great. While relatively well known to experts in the field, the 'elephant medallions' of the title are far less well understood, and have thus played a smaller part, in popular accounts of Alexander than they probably should. Holt's book offers a well thought out introduction first to Alexander and the Alexander story, second to the entrance of the 'medallions' into modern scholarship, and third to the medallions themselves."—Andrew Meadows, Curator of Greek Coins, British Museum

Philip II the Father of Alexander the Great

The Genius of Alexander the Great. Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press . Hammond , N. G. L. 2000. ' The Continuity of Macedonian Institutions ...

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Author: Edward M. Anson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350103962

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 124

Philip II was not only the father of Alexander the Great, but in many respects was also the father of his son's incredible career. It was the father who unified Macedonia into the first European nation and who created the army with which his son conquered the Persian Empire and inaugurated the Hellenistic Age. This volume is not the standard biography, but rather an examination of the major controversies concerning his life and reign. How did Philip in roughly twenty years transform a divided territory and little more than a geographical conception into a national state? How did he change the very nature of ancient Western warfare? How did he transform this formerly exploited region into the master of the Greek world? Each chapter discusses one of the major academic controversies surrounding this transformative figure, bringing new clarity to the career of a man whose reputation has been so overshadowed by his illustrious son.