The Germanization of Early Medieval Christianity

While the first part of the book develops a general model of religious transformation for such encounters, the second part applies this model to the Germano-Christian scenario.


Author: James C. Russell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199880331

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 350

While historians of Christianity have generally acknowledged some degree of Germanic influence in the development of early medieval Christianity, Russell goes further, arguing for a fundamental Germanic reinterpretation of Christianity. This first full-scale treatment of the subject follows a truly interdisciplinary approach, applying to the early medieval period a sociohistorical method similar to that which has already proven fruitful in explicating the history of Early Christianity and Late Antiquity. The encounter of the Germanic peoples with Christianity is studied from within the larger context of the encounter of a predominantly "world-accepting" Indo-European folk-religiosity with predominantly "world-rejecting" religious movements. While the first part of the book develops a general model of religious transformation for such encounters, the second part applies this model to the Germano-Christian scenario. Russell shows how a Christian missionary policy of temporary accommodation inadvertently contributed to a reciprocal Germanization of Christianity.

Conversion Among the Germanic Peoples

The Germanic peoples reinterpreted Christianity in the light of their culture , as do
all converts . 88 The final theorist of conversion to be considered is James C.
Russell , whose The Germanization of Early Medieval Christianity has already ...


Author: Carole M. Cusack

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0304701556

Category: Religion

Page: 214

View: 735

This book is a study of the process of conversion among the Germanic peoples from the third to eleventh centuries. The intention is twofold: firstly, to examine previous scholarship on conversion and to develop a model of conversion appropriate to the Germanic peoples; and secondly, to produce a comparative study of six Germanic conversions. Chapter 1 reviews the existing models of conversion developed by scholars in a number of fields, principally psychology, anthropology and religious studies, and develops an alternative model. Chapters 2-7 are case studies which apply this model to the conversions of the Goths, Franks, Anglo-Saxons, continental Saxons, Scandinavians and Icelanders. The final chapter presents in summary form the insights from the case studies.

Genesis B and the Comedic Imperative

... but no statement that the minster was founded to convert the countryside is
found in any source.” 27. James C. Russell, The Germanization of Early Medieval
Christianity: A Sociohistorical Approach to Religious Transformation (New York ...


Author: John F. Vickrey

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781611461688

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 316

View: 152

Genesis B and the Comedic Imperative argues that the Old English (from Old Saxon) poem Genesis B does not present, as some scholars assert, an unorthodox view of the Fall of Adam and Eve but that the poem reflects the comedic "happy ending" that characterizes much medieval Christian literature: the eventual attainment of Heaven.

Christianization and Commonwealth in Early Medieval Europe

that individual's choice to embrace a more rigorous form of Christianity. ... For
conuersio, see James C. Russell, The Germanization of Early Medieval
Christianity: a Sociohistorical Approach to Religious Transformation (New York:
Oxford ...


Author: Nathan J. Ristuccia

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198810209

Category: Religion

Page: 312

View: 975

Christianization and Commonwealth in Early Medieval Europe re-examines the alterations in Western European life that followed widespread conversion to Christianity - the phenomena traditionally termed "Christianization". It refocuses scholarly paradigms for Christianization around thedevelopment of mandatory rituals. One prominent ritual, Rogationtide supplies an ideal case study demonstrating a new paradigm of "Christianization without religion." Christianization in the Middle Ages was not a slow process through which a Christian system of religious beliefs and practicesreplaced an earlier pagan system. In the Middle Ages, religion did not exist in the sense of a fixed system of belief bounded off from other spheres of life. Rather, Christianization was primarily ritual performance. Being a Christian meant joining a local church community. After the fall of Rome, mandatory rituals such as Rogationtide arose to separate a Christian commonwealth from the pagans, heretics, and Jews outside it. A Latin West between the polis and the parish had its own institution - the Rogation procession - for organizing local communities. For medievalpeople, sectarian borders were often flexible and rituals served to demarcate these borders. Rogationtide is an ideal case study of this demarcation, because it was an emotionally powerful feast, which combined pageantry with doctrinal instruction, community formation, social ranking, devotionalexercises, and bodily mortification. As a result, rival groups quarrelled over the holiday's meaning and procedure, sometimes violently, in order to reshape the local order and ban people and practices as non-Christian.

Runic Amulets and Magic Objects

Old runic standards such as the charm words alu or laukaz begin to be usurped
by recognisably Christian elements and ... 1 J.C. Russell, The Germanization of
Early Medieval Christianity (New York 1994); R.A. Fletcher, The Conversion of ...


Author: Mindy MacLeod

Publisher: Boydell Press

ISBN: 1843832054

Category: Religion

Page: 278

View: 898

A fresh examination of one of the most contentious issues in runic scholarship - magical or not?

Traditions and Transitions

A recently published study by James C . Russell describes the “ Germanization ”
of early medieval Christianity . This work sheds light on the sociocultural context
of the direction medieval Western eucharistic theology and liturgical practice ...


Author: Eleanor Bernstein

Publisher: LiturgyTrainingPublications

ISBN: 1568540248

Category: Social Science

Page: 289

View: 170

Presentations from the 1996 Notre Dame Center for Pastoral Liturgy conference, measuring the progress of reform from the end of Vatican II until today.

A Sociological History of Christian Worship

INTRODUCTION: CHRISTIANISATION The so-called 'conversion of Constantine'
in 311 did not mark a sudden shift of a ... J.C. Russell, The Germanization of Early
Medieval Christianity: A Sociohistorical Approach to Religious Transformation.


Author: Martin D. Stringer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139445464

Category: Religion


View: 588

In this book the 2000 year history of Christian worship is viewed from a sociological perspective. Martin Stringer develops the idea of discourse as a way of understanding the place of Christian worship within its many and diverse social contexts. Beginning with the Biblical material the author provides a broad survey of changes over 2000 years of the Christian church, together with a series of case studies that highlight particular elements of the worship, or specific theoretical applications. Stringer does not simply examine the mainstream traditions of Christian worship in Europe and Byzantium, but also gives space to lesser-known traditions in Armenia, India, Ethiopia and elsewhere. Offering a contribution to the ongoing debate that breaks away from a purely textual or theological study of Christian worship, this book provides a greater understanding of the place of worship in its social and cultural context.

Local Worship Global Church

Furthermore, “whereas early Christianity was generally world-rejecting and
universalist, the important universal ethical and doctrinal components, [Germanic]
religiosity was ... 7 Russell, Germanization of Early Medieval Christianity, 102.


Author: Mark R. Francis

Publisher: Liturgical Press

ISBN: 9780814637623

Category: Religion

Page: 196

View: 961

How would the history of Roman Catholic worship look if it were viewed first from the perspective of the “people in the pews” rather than through the deliberations of popes and church councils or the writings of theologians? How did the “common people” down through the ages understand what they were doing when they came together in worship—and was this understanding always the same as the “official” interpretation of the church authorities? In Local Worship, Global Church, Mark Francis explores the history of the liturgy from “the bottom up” rather than from “the top down” and comes to conclusions that complement our understanding of the history of the liturgy and its relationship to faithful Christians from the first century CE to our own time.

Luther s Theology of the Cross

L For the evolution of German Christianity between 376 and 754, see J.C.
Russell, The Germanization of Early Medieval Christianity: A Sociohistorica/
Approach to Religious Transformation (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996), pp
. 107-208.


Author: Alister E. McGrath

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119995973

Category: Religion

Page: 264

View: 99

Luther's Theology of the Cross represents a fully revised and updated edition of the classic 1985 text that expands on the author's ongoing research and reflects 25 years of Luther scholarship. Rewritten and expanded edition of a highly-acclaimed classic text Incorporates primary and secondary sources that have become available since the publication of the first edition Draws on advances in our understanding of the late medieval intellectual, cultural, and religious background of Luther's early development, and the nature of Luther's doctrine of justification (including the so-called 'Finnish' school), many of which have not yet been incorporated into Luther scholarship Luther's 'theological breakthrough' continues to be of central importance to Reformation Studies and the development of Protestantism Written by one of the world's leading Protestant theologians, who is an authority on the development of the doctrine of justification. His classic work Iustitia Dei: A History of the Christian Doctrine of Justification is now in its third edition (2005)

Heaven on Earth

Rosamond McKitterick (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995), as well
as for studies that advertise themselves as deliberately iconoclastic, for example
James C. Russell, The Germanization of Early Medieval Christianity (New York: ...


Author: Richard Landes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199831814

Category: Religion

Page: 520

View: 479

Millennialists through the ages have looked forward to the apocalyptic moment that will radically transform society into heaven on earth. They have delivered withering critiques of their own civilizations and promised both the impending annihilation of the forces of evil and the advent of a perfect society. And all their promises have invariably failed. We tend, therefore, to dismiss these prophets of doom and salvation as crackpots and madmen, and not surprisingly historians of our secular era have tended to underestimate their impact on our modern world. Now, Richard Landes offers a lucid and ground-breaking analysis of this widely misunderstood phenomenon. This long-awaited study shows that many events typically regarded as secular--including the French Revolution, Marxism, Bolshevism, Nazism--not only contain key millennialist elements, but follow the apocalyptic curve of enthusiastic launch, disappointment and (often catastrophic) re-entry into "normal time." Indeed, as Landes examines the explicit millennialism behind such recent events as the emergence of Global Jihad since 1979, he challenges the common notion that modern history is largely driven by secular interests. By focusing on ten widely different case studies, none of which come from Judaism or Christianity, he shows that millennialism is not only a cultural universal, but also an extremely adaptive social phenomenon that persists across the modern and post-modern divides. At the same time, he also offers valuable insight into the social and psychological factors that drive such beliefs. Ranging from ancient Egypt to modern-day UFO cults and global Jihad, Heaven on Earth both delivers an eye-opening revisionist argument for the significance of millennialism throughout history and alerts the reader to the alarming spread of these ideologies in our world today.

Approaches to Early medieval Art

only published but assigned to students indicates that those of us who study
earlymedieval art have either not done a ... The Germanization of Early Medieval
Christianity : A Sociohistorical Approach to Religious Transformation ( New York
and ...


Author: Lawrence Nees

Publisher: Medieval Academy of Amer

ISBN: UOM:39015048828415

Category: History

Page: 185

View: 616

Contains seven contributions rejecting essentialist constructions in traditional art-historical analysis. Topics include iconoclasm and identity in early-medieval art, magic and money in the early Middle Ages, and the construction of sanctity in early medieval saints' shrines. First published as a special issue of Speculum: A Journal of Medieval Studies (October 1997). Includes bandw maps, illustrations. Lacks an index. Distributed by the U. Press of Kansas. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Pagan Survivals Superstitions and Popular Cultures in Early Medieval Pastoral Literature

Flint presented clerics as offering the newly converted peoples of Western
Europe acceptable Christian forms of their now - forbidden traditional institutions
and practices ( shrines ... 23 The Germanization of Early Medieval Christianity .


Author: Bernadette Filotas

Publisher: Pontifical Inst of Medieval studies

ISBN: UOM:39015060993030

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 438

View: 295

This comprehensive study examines early medieval popular culture as it appears in ecclesiastical and secular law, sermons, penitentials and other pastoral works - a selective, skewed, but still illuminating record of the beliefs and practices of ordinary Christians. Concentrating on the five centuries from c. 500 to c. 1000, Pagan Survivals, Superstitions and Popular Cultures in Early Medieval Pastoral Literature presents the evidence for folk religious beliefs and piety, attitudes to nature and death, festivals, magic, drinking and alimentary customs. As such it provides a precious glimpse of the mutual adaptation of Christianity and traditional cultures at an important period of cultural and religious transition.

The Epic in Medieval Society


Author: Symposium On Medieval Epic Literature. 1973. Ann Arbor, Mich..

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: UCSC:32106001656112

Category: Didactic literature

Page: 410

View: 814

Militant Christianity

andGary DeMar. 1991. Christian Reconstruction: What It Is, What It Isn't. Tyler, TX:
Institute for Christian Economics. ... The Germanization of Early Medieval
Christianity: A Sociohistorical Approach at Religious Transformation. New York:
Oxford ...


Author: A. Kehoe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137282156

Category: Social Science

Page: 194

View: 396

A powerful chronicle of the astounding persistence of Indo-European glorification of battle, morphed into today's militant Christian Right. The book is written as a lively chronicle making clear the astounding power of the ancient cultural tradition embedding our language, and the real battle we face to contain this 'Christian' jihad.

Purity and Holiness

Some have regarded it as a concession to the Germanic peoples , and spoke of
the Germanization of Christianity . 37 Others have approached this question from
the viewpoint of religious history , and regard the early medieval period as a ...


Author: Marcel Poorthuis

Publisher: Jewish and Christian Perspecti

ISBN: UOM:39015042950397

Category: Architecture

Page: 371

View: 603

Purity has long been recognized as one of the essential drives which determines humankind's relationship with the holy. This volume studies the 'pure' and 'holy' from both Christian and Jewish perspectives, beginning with the Hebrew Bible, and proceeding on to the New Testament, Qumran, Rabbinics, Patristics and reaching even the medieval and modern times. A wide array of disciples are used including exegesis, archaeology, liturgy, feminist studies and anthropology, all coming together to study the complex phenomena of purity within its religious and social framework.

Medieval Europe

James C . Russell , The Germanization of Early Medieval Christianity : A
Sociological Approach to Religious Transformation ( 1992 ) . This
multidisciplinary study proposes a basic Germanic reinterpretation of Classical
Christianity .


Author: Charles Warren Hollister

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages

ISBN: STANFORD:36105021992297

Category: History

Page: 407

View: 628

Speculum regale


Author: Jens Eike Schnall


ISBN: WISC:89056706567

Category: Education of princes

Page: 141

View: 566