The Hindu Arabic Numerals

Concise history of the origin and development of Hindu-Arabic numerals recounts international labors of scholars, assesses the historical testimony, and draws conclusions from the evidence. 1911 edition.

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Author: David Eugene Smith

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486155111

Category: Mathematics

Page: 176

View: 909

Concise history of the origin and development of Hindu-Arabic numerals recounts international labors of scholars, assesses the historical testimony, and draws conclusions from the evidence. 1911 edition.

The Story of Our Numbers

Explains the history of written numbers, from ancient Roman numerals to the invention of the Hindu-Arabic numeral system and the spread of the Arabic numeral system around the world.

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Author: Zelda King

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 0823988708

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 24

View: 746

Explains the history of written numbers, from ancient Roman numerals to the invention of the Hindu-Arabic numeral system and the spread of the Arabic numeral system around the world.

The Hindu Arabic Numerals

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Author: Karpinski Louis Charles

Publisher: Hardpress Publishing

ISBN: 1318875412

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 815

Unlike some other reproductions of classic texts (1) We have not used OCR(Optical Character Recognition), as this leads to bad quality books with introduced typos. (2) In books where there are images such as portraits, maps, sketches etc We have endeavoured to keep the quality of these images, so they represent accurately the original artefact. Although occasionally there may be certain imperfections with these old texts, we feel they deserve to be made available for future generations to enjoy.

The Hindu Arabic Numerals

To the mathematician and the student of civilization the interest is generally a deep one; to the teacher of the elements of knowledge the interest may be less marked, but nevertheless it is real; and even the business man who makes daily ...

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Author: David Eugene Smith

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 1492876860

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 988

So familiar are we with the numerals that bear the misleading name of Arabic, and so extensive is their use in Europe and the Americas, that it is difficult for us to realize that their general acceptance in the transactions of commerce is a matter of only the last four centuries, and that they are unknown to a very large part of the human race to-day. It seems strange that such a labor-saving device should have struggled for nearly a thousand years after its system of place value was perfected before it replaced such crude notations as the one that the Roman conqueror made substantially universal in Europe. Such, however, is the case, and there is probably no one who has not at least some slight passing interest in the story of this struggle. To the mathematician and the student of civilization the interest is generally a deep one; to the teacher of the elements of knowledge the interest may be less marked, but nevertheless it is real; and even the business man who makes daily use of the curious symbols by which we express the numbers of commerce, cannot fail to have some appreciation for the story of the rise and progress of these tools of his trade.

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Author: Fuat Sezgin

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:949111964

Category:

Page: 389

View: 817

The Hindu Arabic Numerals Primary Source Edition

This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923.

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Author: David Eugene Smith

Publisher: Nabu Press

ISBN: 1289910294

Category:

Page: 182

View: 944

This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.

Hindu Arabic Numerals

Although this is not a complete history of our system of numbers, it is hoped that the reader will see some advantages the system has over the number systems of the ancient world"--

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Author: Russell C. Maddox

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:45968270

Category: Mathematics

Page: 42

View: 786

The Hindu Arabic Numerals Karpinski Louis Charles

A passage from the book.

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Author: Karpinski Louis Charles

Publisher:

ISBN: 1449959768

Category:

Page: 108

View: 453

A passage from the book... So familiar are we with the numerals that bear the misleading name of Arabic, and so extensive is their use in Europe and the Americas, that it is difficult for us to realize that their general acceptance in the transactions of commerce is a matter of only the last four centuries, and that they are unknown to a very large part of the human race to-day. It seems strange that such a labor-saving device should have struggled for nearly a thousand years after its system of place value was perfected before it replaced such crude notations as the one that the Roman conqueror made substantially universal in Europe. Such, however, is the case, and there is probably no one who has not at least some slight passing interest in the story of this struggle. To the mathematician and the student of civilization the interest is generally a deep one; to the teacher of the elements of knowledge the interest may be less marked, but nevertheless it is real; and even the business man who makes daily use of the curious symbols by which we express the numbers of commerce, cannot fail to have some appreciation for the story of the rise and progress of these tools of his trade.

The History of Zero

Looks at counting systems and the history of the number zero.

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Author: Tika Downey

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 0823988694

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 491

Looks at counting systems and the history of the number zero.

The Story of Numbers

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Author: American Council on Education. Committee on Materials of Instruction

Publisher:

ISBN: MSU:31293101823965

Category: Mathematical notation

Page: 32

View: 877

Numerals

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.

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Author: Source Wikipedia

Publisher: University-Press.org

ISBN: 1230532641

Category:

Page: 72

View: 879

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 128. Chapters: List of numbers in various languages, Long and short scales, Romanian numbers, ryabha a numeration, Roman numerals, Chinese numerals, Names of large numbers, Quipu, Proto-Indo-European numerals, English numerals, Khmer numbers, Arabic numerals, Sinhala numerals, Japanese numerals, Counting rods, Thai numerals, Hindu-Arabic numeral system, Numeral (linguistics), South Asian numbering system, Tamil numerals, Numerals in Unicode, Hebrew numerals, Vietnamese numerals, Greek numerals, Burmese numerals, Macedonian numerals, Georgian numerals, Egyptian numerals, Abjad numerals, Korean numerals, Finnish numerals, Indian numerals, Welsh numerals, Timeline of numerals and arithmetic, Maya numerals, Suzhou numerals, Chinese number gestures, Cyrillic numerals, Lakh, Babylonian numerals, Text figures, Yoruba numerals, Australian Aboriginal enumeration, Armenian numerals, Arabic numeral variations, -yllion, Nominal number, Slovene numerals, Crore, Eastern Arabic numerals, Pentimal system, Ordinal number (linguistics), Attic numerals, Etruscan numerals, Balinese numerals, Brahmi numerals, Tally marks, Javanese numerals, Dzongkha numerals, Inuit numerals, Hindustani numerals, Chuvash numerals, Cardinal number (linguistics), Mongolian numerals. Excerpt: The following tables list the names and symbols for the numbers 0 through 10 in various languages and scripts of the world. Where possible, each language's native writing system is used, along with transliterations in Latin script and other important writing systems where applicable. In some languages, numbers will continue through to 20. Notes The numerals used in English and other languages using Latin-derived alphabets are known as Arabic numerals (or, more precisely, Western Arabic numerals). They came to Europe from India by way of Islamic mathematicians in the Middle...

Fleeting Footsteps

This book provides considerable evidence to show that the Hindu-Arabic numeral system, despite its commonly accepted name, has its origins in the Chinese rod numeral system.

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Author: Lay Yong Lam

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812386960

Category: Mathematics

Page: 243

View: 778

The Hindu-Arabic numeral system (1, 2, 3, ...) is one of mankind's greatest achievements and one of its most commonly used inventions. How did it originate? Those who have written about the numeral system have hypothesized that it originated in India; however, there is little evidence to support this claim. This book provides considerable evidence to show that the Hindu-Arabic numeral system, despite its commonly accepted name, has its origins in the Chinese rod numeral system. This system was widely used in China from antiquity till the 16th century. It was used by officials, astronomers, traders and others to perform addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and other arithmetic operations, and also used by mathematicians to develop arithmetic and algebra. Based on this system, numerous mathematical treatises were written. Sun Zi suanjing (The Mathematical Classic of Sun Zi), written around 400 A.D., is the earliest existing work to have a description of the rod numerals and their operations. With this treatise as a central reference, the first part of the book discusses the development of arithmetic and the beginnings of algebra in ancient China and, on the basis of this knowledge, advances the thesis that the Hindu-Arabic numeral system has its origins in the rod numeral system. Part Two gives a complete translation of Sun Zi suanjing. In this revised edition, Lam Lay Yong has included an edited text of her plenary lecture entitled "Ancient Chinese Mathematics and Its Influence on World Mathematics", which was delivered at the International Congress of Mathematicians, Beijing 2002, after she received the prestigious Kenneth O. May Medal conferred by the International Commission on the History of Mathematics. This should serve as a useful and easy-to-comprehend introduction to the book.

Mathematics First 100 Lessons

For the first time, all of your first 100 lessons of mathematics are in one book.

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Author: Graeme Partington

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781326892302

Category: Education

Page: 146

View: 370

For the first time, all of your first 100 lessons of mathematics are in one book. Come on a journey that takes you from numbers and symbols to branches of mathematics including arithmetic, percentages, geometry, and algebra. Unlock the secrets of the mathematics of money. These first 100 lessons are presented in learning order to maximize your progress.

Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers

Write the Hindu - Arabic numerals for the numbers represented by the following
numerals from the Egyptian systems . á F000011111 b . oonnnnnn O NII | | | | | 11
. Write the Hindu - Arabic numerals for the numbers represented by the following
 ...

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Author: Phares G. O'Daffer

Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company

ISBN: UVA:X004658351

Category: Education

Page: 807

View: 916

Mathematics for Elementary School Teachers, 2/e, provides a unique opportunity for students to develop a clear understanding of mathematical concepts, procedures, and processes, to communicate these ideas to others, and to apply them to the real world. The goal is to achieve the optimum balance between presenting a thorough development of mathematical content and presenting it in a way that is understandable by students. The material has been revised so that it powerfully embodies the new Principles and Standards for School Mathematics of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.