The Invention of Free Press

for Limiting the Press”.47 Free press, contended the author of a poem on the
Queen's message to Parliament in 1712, sapped the foundations of the
commonwealth and fomented factional strife among parties, “still wet with Royal-
Blood, and ...


Author: Edoardo Tortarolo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789401773461

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 358

Tracking the relationship between the theory of press control and the realities of practicing daily press censorship prior to publication, this volume on the suppression of dissent in early modern Europe tackles a topic with many elusive and under-researched characteristics. Pre-publication censorship was common in absolutist regimes in Catholic and Protestant countries alike, but how effective it was in practice remains open to debate. The Netherlands and England, where critical content segued into outright lampoonery, were unusual for hard-wired press freedoms that arose, respectively, from a highly competitive publishing industry and highly decentralized political institutions. These nations remained extraordinary exceptions to a rule that, for example in France, did not end until the revolution of 1789. Here, the author’s European perspective provides a survey of the varying censorship regulations in European nations, as well as the shifting meanings of ‘freedom of the press’. The analysis opens up fascinating insights, afforded by careful reading of primary archival sources, into the reactions of censors confronted with manuscripts by authors seeking permission to publish. Tortarolo sets the opinions on censorship of well-known writers, including Voltaire and Montesquieu, alongside the commentary of anonymous censors, allowing us to revisit some common views of eighteenth-century history. How far did these writers, their reasoning stiffened by Enlightenment values, promote dissident views of absolutist monarchies in Europe, and what insights did governments gain from censors’ reports into the social tensions brewing under their rule? These questions will excite dedicated researchers, graduate students, and discerning lay readers alike.

The Eclectic Journal and Medical Free Press

This frank and truth loving acknowledgment is doubtless all the more
praiseworthy, because, especially at Boun, a number of physicians joined since
for the sole purpose of defaming this invention, and in a zealous and
unmistakable manner ...




ISBN: OXFORD:502278572



View: 254

The Free Press





ISBN: IND:30000116452545

Category: Europe


View: 755

Principles of Publicity and Press Freedom

This insightful book examines how the original concept of publicity has been reduced to mean the right of media to access and print information. Visit our website for sample chapters!


Author: Slavko Splichal

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0742516156

Category: Political Science

Page: 229

View: 231

This insightful book examines how the original concept of publicity has been reduced to mean the right of media to access and print information. Visit our website for sample chapters!

The Free press serials

For the invention of Russian honour the was granted only to those who had paid
government licenses . world is exclusively indebted to my Lord Palmerston , who
, Thus a few usurers were enabled to seize upon the entire comduring a quarter ...


Author: Diplomatic review


ISBN: OXFORD:590304079



View: 672

The Free Press Serials Political Pamphlets Nos 1 3 5 7 16

FREE PRESS SERIALS. “ Communications were still carrying on documents in
the hands of Mr. Urquhart for publication the discussions , if he might so call them
, were not yet com . Jr. Urquhart was the real editor of the “ Portfolio . " - Speech ...




ISBN: BL:A0023077958



View: 146

The Invention of Journalism Ethics Second Edition

The creation of a public, free from despotism, was the cry of a new generation of
journalists. Changes in the press and society called forth this radical journalism.
By mid-century, public opinion, through the press, was crucial for governments ...


Author: Stephen J.A. Ward

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773598072

Category: Philosophy

Page: 431

View: 615

Does objectivity exist in the news media? In The Invention of Journalism Ethics, Stephen Ward argues that given the current emphasis on interpretation, analysis, and perspective, journalists and the public need a new theory of objectivity. He explores the varied ethical assertions of journalists over the past few centuries, focusing on the changing relationship between journalist and audience. This historical analysis leads to an innovative theory of pragmatic objectivity that enables journalists and the public to recognize and avoid biased and unbalanced reporting. Ward convincingly demonstrates that journalistic objectivity is not a set of absolute standards but the same fallible but reasonable objectivity used for making decisions in other professions and public institutions. Considered a classic in the field since its first publication in 2004, this second edition includes new chapters that bring the book up to speed with journalism ethics in the twenty-first century by focusing on the growing dominance of online journalism and calling for a radical approach to journalism ethics reform. Ward also addresses important developments that have occurred in the last decade, including the emergence of digital journalism ethics and global journalism ethics.

On Guard a History of the Detroit Free Press

Frank Angelo. reporter for a time before Isham and Cook were hired , wrote : “ I
freely admit that Mr . Isham , particularly , had a gift ( if gift it is ) largely developed
, invention , while I did not think it right to manufacture an article out of whole cloth


Author: Frank Angelo


ISBN: MINN:31951000535496G

Category: Detroit Free Press

Page: 279

View: 640

The Invention of News

In his last decade as prime minister he controlled five papers, and paid out a total
of £50,000 – a quite enormous sum – to compliant news men.47 What price a
free press? Of what value the insistent claim of devotion to the unvarnished truth?


Author: Andrew Pettegree

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300206227

Category: History

Page: 453

View: 799

“A fascinating account of the gathering and dissemination of news from the end of the Middle Ages to the French Revolution” and the rise of the newspaper (Glenn Altschuler, The Huffington Post). Long before the invention of printing, let alone the daily newspaper, people wanted to stay informed. In the pre-industrial era, news was mostly shared through gossip, sermons, and proclamations. The age of print brought pamphlets, ballads, and the first news-sheets. In this groundbreaking history, renowned historian Andrew Pettegree tracks the evolution of news in ten countries over the course of four centuries, examining the impact of news media on contemporary events and the lives of an ever-more-informed public. The Invention of News sheds light on who controlled the news and who reported it; the use of news as a tool of political protest and religious reform; issues of privacy and titillation; the persistent need for news to be current and for journalists to be trustworthy; and people’s changing sense of themselves and their communities as they experienced newly opened windows on the world. “This expansive view of news and how it reached people will be fascinating to readers interested in communication and cultural history.” —Library Journal (starred review)

Historical Guide to World Media Freedom

in the earlier historic instances and events that were relevant to the establishment
of the first free press regime. The information that mattered was news that let
citizens know that their government was behaving badly. And for the first time,
this ...


Author: Jenifer Whitten-Woodring

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 9781452234212

Category: Political Science

Page: 592

View: 125

Scholars of international relations and international communications view the extent of media freedom from country to country as a key comparative indicator either by itself or in correlation with other indices of national political and economic development. This indicator serves as a bellwether for gauging the health and spread of democracy. Historical Guide to World Media Freedom brings together comprehensive historical data on media freedom since World War II, providing consistent and comparable measures of media freedom in all independent countries for the years 1948 to the present. The work also includes country-by country summaries, analyses of historical and regional trends in media freedom, and extensive reliability analyses of media freedom measures. The book’s detailed information helps researchers connect historical measures of media freedom to Freedom House’s annual Freedom of the Press survey release, enabling them to extend their studies back before the 1980s when Freedom House began compiling global press freedom measures. Key Features: A-to-Z, country-by-country summaries of the ebb and flow of media freedom are paired with national media freedom measures over time. Introductory chapters discuss such topics as the theoretical premises behind the nature and importance of media freedom, historical trends, and the challenges of coding for media freedom in a way that ensures consistency for comparison. Concluding material covers the historical patterns in media freedom, how media freedom tracks with other cross-national indicators, and more. Accessible to students and scholars alike, this groundbreaking reference is essential to collections in political science, international studies, and journalism and communications.

Sketch of the History and Influence of the Press in British India

medium of communicating knowledge , which , by the resistless aid of a Free
Press , may at length diffuse itself through the extensive regions of the East . “ It
has been well said , that in the invention of printing is contained the embryo
which , in ...


Author: Leicester Stanhope Earl of Harrington

Publisher: London : C. Chapple

ISBN: MINN:31951002086800N

Category: Censorship

Page: 194

View: 608

The Invention of Party Politics

The Life of the Parties: A History of American Political Parties. New York: Free
Press, 1992. Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Bank War: A Study in
the Growth of Presidential Power. New York: Norton, 1967. ———. The Election
of ...


Author: Gerald Leonard

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807861318

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 429

This ambitious work uncovers the constitutional foundations of that most essential institution of modern democracy, the political party. Taking on Richard Hofstadter's classic The Idea of a Party System, it rejects the standard view that Martin Van Buren and other Jacksonian politicians had the idea of a modern party system in mind when they built the original Democratic party. Grounded in an original retelling of Illinois politics of the 1820s and 1830s, the book also includes chapters that connect the state-level narrative to national history, from the birth of the Constitution to the Dred Scott case. In this reinterpretation, Jacksonian party-builders no longer anticipate twentieth-century political assumptions but draw on eighteenth-century constitutional theory to justify a party division between "the democracy" and "the aristocracy." Illinois is no longer a frontier latecomer to democratic party organization but a laboratory in which politicians use Van Buren's version of the Constitution, states' rights, and popular sovereignty to reeducate a people who had traditionally opposed party organization. The modern two-party system is no longer firmly in place by 1840. Instead, the system remains captive to the constitutional commitments on which the Democrats and Whigs founded themselves, even as the specter of sectional crisis haunts the parties' constitutional visions.

Our Rights

The relationship between a free press and liberty was not an issue before the
invention ofmovable type in the mid-1400s. The printing press provided rulers a
new way to spread their authority more quickly and over a wider area, but it also ...


Author: David J. Bodenhamer

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195325676

Category: Political Science

Page: 253

View: 482

Designed for high school students and motivated lay readers, this book will be an introduction to the rights held by American citizens under the U.S. Constitution as explored through a series of historical case studies. Each chapter will use dramatic narrative to illustrate a right in action. Most examples, but not all, will use U.S. Supreme Court cases to focus on a time when the right in question received its modern interpretation. The aim, however, will be to use each chapter to discuss how the right applies today and how courts and other interpreters seek to balance this right with important societal concerns, such as the need for order and public safety. The book will begin with a 20-page chapter on how we arrived at our modern concept of rights. The major interpretive thread will be the continual struggle to define limits on the power of the state. The chapter will introduce several key themes: our understanding of rights has emerged from history (experience); our definition and interpretation of rights is always evolving; concepts of rights are always under contention; and various actors-legislatures, executives, and courts-compete to be the final interpreter of our rights. American constitutional rights generally fall into one of three groups-rights of democracy, that is, rights required for American democracy to work effectively; rights of the accused, or due process rights that assure a fair trial for individuals accused of crimes; and other rights of persons, including the right to privacy. A fourth category of rights are not constitutional per se, but often we conceive of them as such even though often they are statutory rights, such as the right to education... A concluding chapter will discuss other rights that may evolve as a result of current political and social movements, such as the right to health care. Along with Our Constitution and Pivotal Supreme Court Cases (working title), this book has the potential to become a core text for the annual observance of Constitution Day on September 17, which is mandated by Congress for all educational institutions receiving federal funds.

Children of a New World

For a longer overview of the history of the American family, see Steven Mintz and
Susan Kellogg, Social History of American Family Life (New York: Free Press,
1988). A good collection on contemporary family issues is All Our Families,
revised ...


Author: Paula S. Fass

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814727565

Category: History

Page: 269

View: 356

Paula S. Fass, a pathbreaker in children’s history and the history of education, turns her attention in Children of a New World to the impact of globalization on children’s lives, both in the United States and on the world stage. Globalization, privatization, the rise of the “work-centered” family, and the triumph of the unregulated marketplace, she argues, are revolutionizing the lives of children today. Fass begins by considering the role of the school as a fundamental component of social formation, particularly in a nation of immigrants like the United States. She goes on to examine children as both creators of culture and objects of cultural concern in America, evident in the strange contemporary fear of and fascination with child abduction, child murder, and parental kidnapping. Finally, Fass moves beyond the limits of American society and brings historical issues into the present and toward the future, exploring how American historical experience can serve as a guide to contemporary globalization as well as how globalization is altering the experience of American children and redefining childhood. Clear and scholarly, serious but witty, Children of a New World provides a foundation for future historical investigations while adding to our current understanding of the nature of modern childhood, the role of education for national identity, the crisis of family life, and the influence of American concepts of childhood on the world’s definitions of children's rights. As a new generation comes of age in a global world, it is a vital contribution to the study of childhood and globalization.

Edinburgh Companion to the History of Democracy

Jones, A. H. M. (1957), The Athenian Democracy, Oxford: Blackwell. Kagan, D. (
1991), Pericles of Athens and the Birth of Democracy, New York: Free Press.
Kagan, D. (2009), Thucydides: The Reinvention of History, New York: Viking


Author: Benjamin Isakhan

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748653683

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 315

Re-examines the long and complex history of democracy and broadens the traditional view of this history by complementing it with examples from unexplored or under-examined quarters.


Mark Edward Lender and James Kirby Martin, Drinking in America: A History (
New York: Free Press, 1987), 24. 44. Quoted in Mancall, Deadly Medicine, 43. 45
. Dean Albertson, “Puritan Liquor in the Planting of New England,” New England


Author: Rod Phillips

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 9781469617619

Category: Cooking

Page: 384

View: 314

Whether as wine, beer, or spirits, alcohol has had a constant and often controversial role in social life. In his innovative book on the attitudes toward and consumption of alcohol, Rod Phillips surveys a 9,000-year cultural and economic history, uncovering the tensions between alcoholic drinks as healthy staples of daily diets and as objects of social, political, and religious anxiety. In the urban centers of Europe and America, where it was seen as healthier than untreated water, alcohol gained a foothold as the drink of choice, but it has been more regulated by governmental and religious authorities more than any other commodity. As a potential source of social disruption, alcohol created volatile boundaries of acceptable and unacceptable consumption and broke through barriers of class, race, and gender. Phillips follows the ever-changing cultural meanings of these potent potables and makes the surprising argument that some societies have entered "post-alcohol" phases. His is the first book to examine and explain the meanings and effects of alcohol in such depth, from global and long-term perspectives.

Sweet Invention

The Epic History of the Italians and Their Food. New York: Free Press, 2008.
Duindam, Jeroen. Vienna and Versailles. New studies in European history.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. Dupaigne, Bernard. The History


Author: Michael Krondl

Publisher: Chicago Review Press

ISBN: 9781569769546

Category: Cooking

Page: 400

View: 200

A social, cultural, and—above all—culinary history of dessert, Sweet Invention explores the world’s great dessert traditions, from ancient India to 21st-century Indiana. Each chapter begins with author Michael Krondl tasting and analyzing an icon of dessert, such as baklava from the Middle East or macarons from France, and then combines extensive scholarship with a lively writing style to spin an ancient tale of some of the world’s favorite treats and their creators. From the sweet makers of Persia who gave us the first donuts to the sugar sculptors of Renaissance Italy whose creativity gave rise to the modern-day wedding cake, this authoritative read clears up numerous misconceptions about the origins of various desserts, while elucidating their social, political, religious—and even sexual—uses through the ages.

Alaska Herald and the Free Press

George and that , as calls are unly made at long intervals , it will be easy for you
Albert then began to fear that I really believed in the authenticity of to sell your
shares . should you change your mind . without your has the invention they had ...




ISBN: PSU:000053217776

Category: Alaska


View: 299

Natives and Settlers Now and Then

Winnipeg Free Press. 25 May 2004: B7. Orange, Claudia. The Treaty of Waitangi.
Wellington: Allen and Unwin, 1987. The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1985.
Pocock, J.G.A. “Law, Sovereignty and History in a Divided Culture: The Case ...


Author: Paul W. DePasquale

Publisher: University of Alberta

ISBN: 9780888646866

Category: History

Page: 160

View: 445

“Natives and Settlers provides a beginning to what should be (and should have been) a continuing, respectful discussion.” —Blanca Schorcht, Associate Professor, University of Northern British Columbia. Is Canada truly postcolonial? Burdened by a past that remains ‘refracted’ in its understanding and treatment of Native peoples, this collection reinterprets treaty making and land claims from Aboriginal perspectives. These five essays not only provide fresh insights to the interpretations of treaties and treaty-making processes, but also examine land claims still under negotiation. Natives and Settlers reclaims the vitality of Aboriginal laws and paradigms in Canada, a country new to decolonization.