The Making of a Democratic Economy

Our economy is designed by the 1 percent, for the 1 percent. This book offers a compelling vision of an equitable, ecologically sustainable alternative that meets the essential needs of all people.

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Author: Marjorie Kelly

Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers

ISBN: 9781523099948

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 855

Our economy is designed by the 1 percent, for the 1 percent. This book offers a compelling vision of an equitable, ecologically sustainable alternative that meets the essential needs of all people. We live in a world where twenty-six billionaires own as much wealth as half the planet's population. The extractive economy we live with now enables the financial elite to squeeze out maximum gain for themselves, heedless of damage to people or planet. But Marjorie Kelly and Ted Howard show that there is a new economy emerging focused on helping everyone thrive while respecting planetary boundaries. At a time when competing political visions are at stake the world over, this book urges a move beyond tinkering at the margins to address the systemic crisis of our economy. Kelly and Howard outline seven principles of what they call a Democratic Economy: community, inclusion, place (keeping wealth local), good work (putting labor before capital), democratized ownership, ethical finance, and sustainability. Each principle is paired with a place putting it into practice: Pine Ridge, Preston, Portland, Cleveland, and more. This book tells stories not just of activists and grassroots leaders but of the unexpected accomplices of the Democratic Economy. Seeds of a future beyond corporate capitalism and state socialism are being planted in hospital procurement departments, pension fund offices, and even company boardrooms. The road to a system grounded in community, democracy, and justice remains uncertain. Kelly and Howard help us understand we make this road as we walk it by taking a first step together beyond isolation and despair.

Social Democracy in the Making

With a focus on the intertwined legacies of Christian socialism and Social Democratic politics in Britain and Germany, this book traces the story of democratic socialism from its birth in the nineteenth century through the mid-1960s.

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Author: Gary Dorrien

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300244991

Category: Political Science

Page: 576

View: 633

An expansive and ambitious intellectual history of democratic socialism from one of the world’s leading intellectual historians and social ethicists The fallout from twenty years of neoliberal economic globalism has sparked a surge of interest in the old idea of democratic socialism—a democracy in which the people control the economy and government, no group dominates any other, and every citizen is free, equal, and included. With a focus on the intertwined legacies of Christian socialism and Social Democratic politics in Britain and Germany, this book traces the story of democratic socialism from its birth in the nineteenth century through the mid†‘1960s. Examining the tenets on which the movement was founded and how it adapted to different cultural, religious, and economic contexts from its beginnings through the social and political traumas of the twentieth century, Gary Dorrien reminds us that Christian socialism paved the way for all liberation theologies that make the struggles of oppressed peoples the subject of redemption. He argues for a decentralized economic democracy and anti-imperial internationalism.

Mexico s Democracy at Work

A concise overview of political and economic developments in Mexico, highlighting the challenges posed by the county's recent democratic breakthrough.

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Author: Russell Crandall

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 1588263258

Category: Mexico

Page: 232

View: 700

A concise overview of political and economic developments in Mexico, highlighting the challenges posed by the county's recent democratic breakthrough.

Democracy and Welfare Economics

This book is a fully revised and updated version of Hans van den Doel's Democracy and Welfare Economics.

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Author: Hans van den Doel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521436370

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 212

View: 490

This book is a fully revised and updated version of Hans van den Doel's Democracy and Welfare Economics. It presents the economic theory of political decision-making (otherwise known as new political economy, or public choice), providing students with an accessible and clear introduction to this important subject. The authors identify four different methods of decision-making by which the political process transforms the demands of individual citizens into government policy, and these are analyzed in turn with reference to economic theory.

Making Democracy in the French Revolution

This book reasserts the importance of the French Revolution to an understanding of the nature of modern European politics and social life.

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Author: James Livesey

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674006240

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 983

This book reasserts the importance of the French Revolution to an understanding of the nature of modern European politics and social life. Livesey argues that the European model of democracy was created in the Revolution, a model with very specific commitments that differentiate it from Anglo-American liberal democracy.

Development and Democracy in India

Sharma addresses the fundamental paradox of India's political economy: Why have five decades of democratically guided strategies failed to reconcile economic growth with redistribution or to mitigate the condition of extreme poverty in ...

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Author: Shalendra D. Sharma

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 1555878105

Category: Political Science

Page: 281

View: 782

This broad, historically grounded study examines the relationship between democratic governance and economic development in postindependence India (1947-1998). Sharma addresses the fundamental paradox of India's political economy: Why have five decades of democratically guided strategies failed to reconcile economic growth with redistribution or to mitigate the condition of extreme poverty in which some 350 to 400 million Indians - more than 40 percent of the population - live?

Macroeconomic Policies of Developed Democracies

Modern political-economic theory explains the postwar evolution of macroeconomic policy in developed democracies.

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Author: Robert J. Franzese, Jr

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521004411

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 306

View: 145

Modern political-economic theory explains the postwar evolution of macroeconomic policy in developed democracies.

The Making of British Socialism

A compelling look at the origins of British socialism The Making of British Socialism provides a new interpretation of the emergence of British socialism in the late nineteenth century, demonstrating that it was not a working-class movement ...

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Author: Mark Bevir

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400840281

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 764

A compelling look at the origins of British socialism The Making of British Socialism provides a new interpretation of the emergence of British socialism in the late nineteenth century, demonstrating that it was not a working-class movement demanding state action, but a creative campaign of political hope promoting social justice, personal transformation, and radical democracy. Mark Bevir shows that British socialists responded to the dilemmas of economics and faith against a background of diverse traditions, melding new economic theories opposed to capitalism with new theologies which argued that people were bound in divine fellowship. Bevir utilizes an impressive range of sources to illuminate a number of historical questions: Why did the British Marxists follow a Tory aristocrat who dressed in a frock coat and top hat? Did the Fabians develop a new economic theory? What was the role of Christian theology and idealist philosophy in shaping socialist ideas? He explores debates about capitalism, revolution, the simple life, sexual relations, and utopian communities. He gives detailed accounts of the Marxists, Fabians, and ethical socialists, including famous authors such as William Morris and George Bernard Shaw. And he locates these socialists among a wide cast of colorful characters, including Karl Marx, Henry Thoreau, Leo Tolstoy, and Oscar Wilde. By showing how socialism combined established traditions and new ideas in order to respond to the changing world of the late nineteenth century, The Making of British Socialism turns aside long-held assumptions about the origins of a major movement.

After Occupy

The book offers the first comprehensive and radical vision for democracy in the economy, but it is far from utopian.

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Author: Tom Malleson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199330102

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 249

After Occupy scrutinizes power structures in workplaces, markets and investment institutions to boldly argue that democracy shouldn't just be a feature of political institutions but of economic institutions as well.

Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy

This classic work of comparative history explores why some countries have developed as democracies and others as fascist or communist dictatorships Originally published in 1966, this classic text is a comparative survey of some of what ...

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Author: Barrington Moore

Publisher: Beacon Press

ISBN: 9780807097045

Category: Political Science

Page: 592

View: 442

A landmark in comparative history and a challenge to scholars of all lands who are trying to learn how we arrived at where we are now. -New York Times Book Review

Democratic Capitalism at the Crossroads

Essential reading for these uncertain times, Democratic Capitalism at the Crossroads proposes sensible policy solutions that can help harness the unruly forces of capitalism to preserve democracy and meet the challenges that lie ahead.

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Author: Carles Boix

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691191843

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 915

An incisive history of the changing relationship between democracy and capitalism The twentieth century witnessed the triumph of democratic capitalism in the industrialized West, with widespread popular support for both free markets and representative elections. Today, that political consensus appears to be breaking down, disrupted by polarization and income inequality, widespread dissatisfaction with democratic institutions, and insurgent populism. Tracing the history of democratic capitalism over the past two centuries, Carles Boix explains how we got here—and where we could be headed. Boix looks at three defining stages of capitalism, each originating in a distinct time and place with its unique political challenges, structure of production and employment, and relationship with democracy. He begins in nineteenth-century Manchester, where factory owners employed unskilled laborers at low wages, generating rampant inequality and a restrictive electoral franchise. He then moves to Detroit in the early 1900s, where the invention of the modern assembly line shifted labor demand to skilled blue-collar workers. Boix shows how growing wages, declining inequality, and an expanding middle class enabled democratic capitalism to flourish. Today, however, the information revolution that began in Silicon Valley in the 1970s is benefitting the highly educated at the expense of the traditional working class, jobs are going offshore, and inequality has risen sharply, making many wonder whether democracy and capitalism are still compatible. Essential reading for these uncertain times, Democratic Capitalism at the Crossroads proposes sensible policy solutions that can help harness the unruly forces of capitalism to preserve democracy and meet the challenges that lie ahead.

Brazil Since 1985

Has democracy been consolidated to the point of making a political breakdown unthinkable or improbable? These are questions that any student of Brazil has to address. The answers to them, however, are far from simple."--BOOK JACKET.

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Author: Maria D'Alva Gil Kinzo

Publisher: Inst of Latin American Studies

ISBN: UTEXAS:059173014615438

Category: Political Science

Page: 346

View: 373

"This book looks at some of the important issues that help to understand the challenges of both building up and keeping a democracy working. How should we assess Brazil's experience of democracy? To what extent has the emergence of a democratic regime improved Brazilians' social, economic and political life? Has democracy been consolidated to the point of making a political breakdown unthinkable or improbable? These are questions that any student of Brazil has to address. The answers to them, however, are far from simple."--BOOK JACKET.

India s New Middle Class

In India's New Middle Class, Leela Fernandes digs into the implications of this growth and uncovers--in the media, in electoral politics, and on the streets of urban neighborhoods--the complex politics of caste, religion, and gender that ...

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Author: Leela Fernandes

Publisher: Choice Publishing Co., Ltd.

ISBN: 0816649286

Category: History

Page: 289

View: 860

Today India's middle class numbers more than 250 million people and is growing rapidly. Public reports have focused mainly on the emerging group's consumer potential, while global views of India's new economy range from excitement about market prospects to anxieties over outsourcing of service sector jobs. Yet the consequences of India's economic liberalization and the expansion of the middle class have transformed Indian culture and politics. In India's New Middle Class, Leela Fernandes digs into the implications of this growth and uncovers—in the media, in electoral politics, and on the streets of urban neighborhoods—the complex politics of caste, religion, and gender that shape this rising population. Using rich ethnographic data, she reveals how the middle class represents the political construction of a social group and how it operates as a proponent of economic democratization. Delineating the tension between consumer culture and outsourcing, Fernandes also examines the roots of India's middle class and its employment patterns, including shifting skill sets and labor market restructuring. Through this close look at the country's recent history and reforms, Fernandes develops an original theoretical approach to the nature of politics and class formation in an era of globalization.In this sophisticated analysis of the dynamics of an economic and political group in the making, Fernandes moves beyond reductionist images of India's new middle class to bring to light the group's social complexity and profound influence on politics in India and beyond.Leela Fernandes is associate professor of political science at Rutgers University, New Brunswick.

Making Democratic Governance Work

“Does Democracy Produce Quality of Government?” European journal of Political
Research 49: 443-70. 64. Seymour Martin Lipset. 1959. “Some Social Requisites
of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy.” American ...

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Author: Pippa Norris

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139560764

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 965

Is democratic governance good for economic prosperity? Does it accelerate progress towards social welfare and human development? Does it generate a peace-dividend and reduce conflict at home? Within the international community, democracy and governance are widely advocated as intrinsically desirable goals. Nevertheless, alternative schools of thought dispute their consequences and the most effective strategy for achieving critical developmental objectives. This book argues that both liberal democracy and state capacity need to be strengthened to ensure effective development, within the constraints posed by structural conditions. Liberal democracy allows citizens to express their demands, hold public officials to account and rid themselves of ineffective leaders. Yet rising public demands that cannot be met by the state generate disillusionment with incumbent officeholders, the regime, or ultimately the promise of liberal democracy ideals. Thus governance capacity also plays a vital role in advancing human security, enabling states to respond effectively to citizen's demands.

Democracy Beyond the State

Nowhere is the deepening dilemma more evident than in the European Union. This book examines the contemporary breakdown and transformation of the democratic welfare state in Europe and draws fascinating contrasts with North America.

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Author: Michael Th Greven

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0847699013

Category: Political Science

Page: 191

View: 861

This insightful book provides an original and thought-provoking analysis of the widening gap between democracy-in-principle and governance-in-practice as economic globalization transforms our world. Nowhere is the deepening dilemma more evident than in the European Union. This book examines the contemporary breakdown and transformation of the democratic welfare state in Europe and draws fascinating contrasts with North America. In a cohesive and insightful collection of essays, a group of distinguished political scientists debates the implications of these trends both for theory and for policy.

Development and Democracy

As the real world shows, and as this book demonstrates, economics and politics are intimately connected and must be understood in relation to one another.

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Author: Sunder Ramaswamy

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 1584652756

Category: Political Science

Page: 306

View: 993

The relationship between development and democracy, one of the most studied themes in the social sciences, is also one of the most elusive and most vexing. Central to this study are two questions: Is liberal democracy a prerequisite for economic development? Or is economic development a prerequisite for liberal democracy? Political scientists and economists have offered a variety of answers to these questions, emphasizing such issues as institutionalization, government policy, political parties, and economic development strategies. Too often, though, political scientists analyze development with a limited understanding of economics, while economists advocate particular economic policies with no regard for the politics of implementing them. As the real world shows, and as this book demonstrates, economics and politics are intimately connected and must be understood in relation to one another. Development and Democracy , offering a mix of theoretical and empirical essays, brings together scholars from a variety of disciplines and area specializations (Latin America, South Asia, North Africa, China, Russia). The editors provide a broad general introduction to the topic. Essays in the first two sections offer overviews of key issues and assumptions in the field, and look particularly at the roles of institutions and civic participation in economic development. Essays in the final two sections examine challenges to achieving stable democracies and economies (such as ethnonationalism and violence), and use case studies to situate these themes in a global context. Contributors -- Amy L. Chua, David Deese, Jacques deLisle, Julio Gonzalez, Jonathan Isham, Satu Kaehkoenen, Thomas Kelly, Deepak Lal, Chris Magee, Stephen P. Magee, Timothy J. Power, William Reno, Gregory White, Shiping Zheng, and the editors

Democracy and the Global Order

I regard this book as indispensable reading for scholars and citizens alike a comprehensive rethinking and remapping of the terrain of democracy.

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Author: David Held

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804726876

Category: Political Science

Page: 324

View: 406

Democracy is the most potent political idea in the world today, yet the future of democracy is increasingly uncertain. Key assumptions of democratic thinking and practice are being undermined by diverse sites of social economic power on the one hand, and by dense networks of regional and global interconnectedness on the other. States and societies are enmeshed in webs of international conditions and processes as never before. Democracy and the Global Order offers a highly original and systematic account of these issues. Part I assesses the traditional conceptions of democracy. Part II traces the rise and displacement of the modern nation-state in the context of the interstate system and the world economy. Part III explores the theoretical bases of democracy and of the democratic state, and the profound changes these concepts must undergo if they are to retain their relevance in the century ahead. Finally. Part IV champions a "cosmopolitan" model of democracy--a new conception of democracy for a new world order.

The Success of India s Democracy

They do so by focusing, not so much on socio-economic factors, but rather on the ways in which power is distributed in India. Two processes have guided the negotiation of power conflicts.

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Author: David K E Bruce Professor of International Affairsy and Professor of Politics Atul Kohli

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521805309

Category: History

Page: 298

View: 329

How has democracy taken root in India in the face of a low-income economy, widespread poverty, illiteracy, and immense ethnic diversity? Atul Kohli brings together some of the world's leading scholars of Indian politics to consider this intriguing anomaly. They do so by focusing, not so much on socio-economic factors, but rather on the ways in which power is distributed in India. Two processes have guided the negotiation of power conflicts. First, a delicate balance has been struck between the forces of centralization and decentralization and, second, the interests of the powerful in society have been served without excluding those on the margins. These themes are addressed by the editor in his introduction, which is followed by an essay on the historical origins of Indian democracy, and two sections, one on the consolidation of democratic institutions, and the other on the forces which motivate or inhibit democratic growth.

Collective Decision Making

In the introductory chapter to this volume I briefly describe how some of the current normative and positive aspects of social choice date back to these earlier writers.

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Author: norman schofield

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792397118

Category: Political Science

Page: 422

View: 933

In the last decade the techniques of social choice theory, game theory and positive political theory have been combined in interesting ways so as to pro vide a common framework for analyzing the behavior of a developed political economy. Social choice theory itself grew out of the innovative attempts by Ken neth Arrow (1951) and Duncan Black (1948, 1958) to extend the range of economic theory in order to deal with collective decision-making over public goods. Later work, by William Baumol (1952), and James Buchanan and Gordon Tullock (1962), focussed on providing an "economic" interpretation of democratic institutions. In the same period Anthony Downs (1957) sought to model representative democracy and elections while William Riker (1962) made use of work in cooperative game theory (by John von Neumann and Oscar Morgenstern, 1944) to study coalition behavior. In my view, these "rational choice" analyses of collective decision-making have their antecedents in the arguments of Adam Smith (1759, 1776), James Madison (1787) and the Marquis de Condorcet (1785) about the "design" of political institutions. In the introductory chapter to this volume I briefly describe how some of the current normative and positive aspects of social choice date back to these earlier writers.