The New Evangelical Subordinationism

This volume, unprecedented in the breadth and depth of its coverage of the controversy over subordination in the Trinity, should become a standard source for teaching and research on its subject.


Author: Dennis W. Jowers

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781608998524

Category: Religion

Page: 464

View: 857

Whether and in what sense the Son of God might eternally submit to his Father's will is a question that has ignited a firestorm of controversy in today's evangelical academy. On one side stand those who regard the affirmation of any inequality whatsoever in the Godhead as a revival of ancient subordinationism. On the other stand persons who consider the Son functionally subordinate to the Father even within the immanent Trinity, without respect to the Incarnation, and regard their belief as integral to historic orthodoxy. Many evangelicals, moreover, view the issue of subordination within the Trinity as pivotal to contemporary disputes about the role of women in church, home, and state. If the relations of the divine persons constitute a paradigm for human life, persons on all sides of the gender question argue, human relations ought to reflect either the divine persons' exceptionless equality or their orderly differentiation of roles. At the same time, others consider the issues of equality in the Trinity and gender relations irrelevant to each other and accuse both complementarians and evangelical feminists of degrading the doctrine of the Trinity into a partisan weapon. The New Evangelical Subordinationism? gathers commentary on evangelical debates about equality and subordination in the Trinity from representatives of the gamut of perspectives just mentioned. Here, evangelical theologians, biblical scholars, and church historians of widely differing theological orientations address themselves to the panoply of questions raised by these debates. This volume, unprecedented in the breadth and depth of its coverage of the controversy over subordination in the Trinity, should become a standard source for teaching and research on its subject.

Jesus and the Father

This book should be read by all who wrestle with the complex but crucial doctrine of the Trinity."—Millard Erickson, author, Christian Theology “By showing that subordinationism is a revival of a heresy that was systematically rejected ...


Author: Kevin N. Giles

Publisher: Zondervan

ISBN: 9780310866381

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 231

The doctrine of the Trinity is one of the cornerstones of Christianity. In Jesus and the Father, Kevin Giles wrestles with questions about the Trinity that are dividing the evangelical community: What is the error called “subordinationism”? Is the Son eternally subordinated to the Father in function? Are the Father and the Son divided or undivided in power and authority? Is the Father-Son-Spirit relationship ordered hierarchical or horizontal? How should the Father and the Son be differentiated to avoid the errors of modalism and subordinationism? What is the relationship between the so-called economic Trinity and the immanent Trinity? Does the Father-Son relationship in the Trinity prescribe male-female relationships in the home and the church? "Kevin Giles points out serious problems in the teaching that the Son is eternally subordinated to the Father and argues effectively for the full eternal equality within the Trinity. This book should be read by all who wrestle with the complex but crucial doctrine of the Trinity."—Millard Erickson, author, Christian Theology “By showing that subordinationism is a revival of a heresy that was systematically rejected by the non-Arian Church, the author reinstates the classical orthodox doctrine of the Trinity in all its scriptural majesty and grandeur.”—Gilbert Bilezikian, professor emeritus, Wheaton College “Giles skillfully places before us the stark choice which each generation of theologians must face: will we allow the Bible to speak its message about the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit to us, or will we use the Bible to advance our own agenda? This important book deserves to be widely read and carefully considered.”—Paul D. Molnar, professor of systematic theology, St. John’s University

The Son Who Learned Obedience

In The New Evangelical Subordinationism? Perspectives on the Equality of God the Father and God the Son, edited by Dennis W. Jowers and H. Wayne House, ...


Author: D. Glenn Butner Jr.

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781532641725

Category: Religion

Page: 234

View: 99

This book offers a fresh perspective on the ongoing evangelical debate concerning whether the Son eternally submits to the Father. Beginning with the pro-Nicene account of will being a property of the single divine nature, Glenn Butner explores how language of eternal submission requires a modification of the classical theology of the divine will. This modification has problematic consequences for Christology, various atonement theories, and the doctrine of God, because as historically developed these doctrines shared the pro-Nicene assumption of a single divine will. This new angle on an old debate challenges the reader to move beyond the inaccurate characterization of views on eternal submission as "Arian" or "feminist" toward a more accurate understanding of the real theological issues at stake.

That God May Be All in All

Johnson, Keith. “Trinitarian Agency and the Eternal Subordination of the Son: An Augustinian Perspective.” In The New Evangelical Subordinationism, ...


Author: Ryan L. Rippee

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781498246149

Category: Religion

Page: 292

View: 630

Christology and Pneumatology have long been major preoccupations for theologians, and rightly so, but the work of God the Father has been surprisingly neglected. Through a biblical and exegetical study of the Father's person and work (Paterology), this book argues that, among the persons of the Trinity, the Father is the initiator of all divine activity. Furthermore, it is in the context of a loving eternal relationship with the Son and Spirit that the Father has planned and purposed all things, creating through the Son and by the Spirit, promising and accomplishing redemption through the sending of the Son and the Spirit, and perfecting salvation by bringing about a new heavens and new earth through his Son and Spirit. The only proper response is a Trinitarian-shaped life of worship that worships our Triune God.

The Rise and Fall of the Complementarian Doctrine of the Trinity

In The New Evangelical Subordinationism: Perspectives on the Equality of God the Father and God the Son, edited by Dennis W. Jowers and W. Wayne House, ...


Author: Kevin Giles

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781498244428

Category: Religion

Page: 134

View: 554

Since the late 1970s complementarian theologians have been arguing that the divine three persons in the Trinity are ordered hierarchically, and that this is the ground for the hierarchical ordering of the sexes. Suddenly and unexpectedly in June 2016 a number of complementarian theologians of confessional Reformed convictions came out and said that to so construe the Trinity is "heresy"; it is a denial of what the creeds and confessions of the church rule is the teaching of Scripture. A civil war among complementarians followed and in a very short time those arguing for hierarchical ordering in the Trinity capitulated. This book tells the story.

The Doctrine of God

Whether there is functional subordination and how to understand it has been the subject of considerable recent debate (especially among Evangelicals), ...


Author: John C. Peckham

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567677860

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 230

John C. Peckham introduces and engages with major questions about God's nature and how God relates to the world. Does God change? Does God have emotions? Can God do anything? Does God know the future? Does God always attain what God desires? And is God entirely good? This textbook provides a clear and concise overview of the issues involved in these and other questions, exploring prominent contemporary approaches to the main issues relative to how to conceive of the God-world relationship within Christian theology. In so doing, Peckham surveys a range of live options regarding each of the primary questions, briefly considering where each falls within the spectrum of the Christian tradition and providing clear and readily understandable explanations of the technical issues involved. The result is a stimulating survey of the most prominent options in Christian theology relative to divine attributes and the God-world relationship, offered in an accessible format for students. Designed for classroom use this volume includes the following features: - study questions for each chapter - suggestions for further reading for each chapter - glossary

Simply Trinity

“Trinitarian Agency and the Eternal Subordination of the Son: An Augustinian Perspective.” In The New Evangelical Subordinationism?


Author: Matthew Barrett

Publisher: Baker Books

ISBN: 9781493428724

Category: Religion

Page: 368

View: 902

What if the Trinity we've been taught is not the Trinity of the Bible? In this groundbreaking book, Matthew Barrett reveals a shocking discovery: we have manipulated the Trinity, recreating the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit in our own image. With clarity and creativity, Barrett mines the Scriptures as well as the creeds and confessions of the faith to help you rediscover the beauty, simplicity, and majesty of our Triune God. You will be surprised to learn that what you believe about the Trinity has untold consequences for salvation and the Christian life. To truly know God, you must meet the One who is simply Trinity.

Systematic Theology Second Edition

Economic subordination should be carefully distinguished from the error of ... of the Son to the Father,” in The New Evangelical Subordinationism?


Author: Wayne A. Grudem

Publisher: Zondervan Academic

ISBN: 9780310517993

Category: Religion

Page: 1616

View: 473

This new edition of Systematic Theology by Wayne Grudem may be the most important resource you can own for helping you understand Scripture and grow as a Christian. The most widely used resource of the last 25 years in its area, Systematic Theology by Wayne Grudem has been thoroughly revised and expanded (all 57 chapters) for the first time while retaining the features that have made it the standard in its field: clear explanations, an emphasis on each doctrine's scriptural basis, and practical applications to daily life. Praise for the second edition: "After a quarter century of remarkable usefulness globally . . . it remains remarkable. I thank God for this precious gift to Christ's people worldwide." - John Piper "Stands out for its clarity and accessibility." - Thomas R. Schreiner "One of those rare works that can challenge the scholar and instruct the beginner . . . It is simply indispensable." - Jack Deere With nearly 200 pages of new content and revisions that took several years, this new edition now includes the following distinctive features, making it even better: Updated, fuller analysis of several recent controversies within evangelicalism, including the eternal relationship between the Father and the Son in the Trinity, the question of God's atemporal eternity, the role of women in the church, "seeker-sensitive" churches, miraculous gifts of the Holy Spirit, and contemporary worship music. New, thoughtful critiques of open theism, the "new perspective on Paul," Molinism (or "middle knowledge"), "Free Grace" theology, and the preterist view of Christ's second coming Completely revised, stronger chapter on the clarity of Scripture Completely revised, stronger chapter on creation and evolution, including a longer critique of theistic evolution and an extensive discussion on the age of the earth New discussion of how biblical inerrancy applies to some specific "problem verses" in the Gospels Additional material respectfully explaining evangelical Protestant differences with Roman Catholicism (with extensive interaction with the Catechism of the Roman Catholic Church), Protestant liberalism, and Mormonism Completely updated bibliographies All Scripture quotations updated from RSV to ESV An explanation of why monogenes in John 3:16 and elsewhere should be translated as "only begotten" rather than merely "only" (this is a change from the first edition) A contemporary worship song added at the end of each chapter (while retaining the traditional hymns as well) New discussion on the impassibility of God An extensive discussion on the eternal submission of the Son to the Father, taking into account controversies in recent years Updated section on contemporary worship music A discussion of recent criticisms of the penal substitutionary view of the atonement Numerous other updates and corrections that have be prompted by letters and emails from people around the world and by interaction with the students Wayne has taught over the last 26 years both at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School and at Phoenix Seminary Part of the brilliance of Systematic Theology over the years has been its simplicity and ease of use. Each chapter follows the same structure. First, there is discussion of the doctrine being considered, such as justification or the Trinity or the deity of Christ. An explanation of that doctrine's biblical support and possible objections follow. Personal application and key terms to know for personal growth are then provided. Chapters also include a Scripture memory passage, references to other literature on the topic, and suggested hymns and worship songs. If you are someone who thinks theology is hard to understand or boring, then this new edition of Systematic Theology will likely change your mind.

Eternal Submission

The IVP New Testament Commentary Series 11. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1999. Giles, Kevin. “Defining the Error Called Subordinationism.” Evangelical ...


Author: Jonathan J. Routley

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781532673306

Category: Religion

Page: 166

View: 187

Christians currently agree that Jesus was submissive to God the Father during his incarnation and time on earth leading to the cross. The issue at hand is whether or not Jesus the Son is eternally submissive or subordinate to the Father in terms of their relations. On one side of the debate are those who say that the Son is only subordinate in authority during his earthly ministry but is coequal both ontologically and relationally with the Father eternally. On the other side are those who claim that the Son's obedience and submission during his earthly ministry demonstrate an eternal, voluntary submission to the Father so that the Son is always subordinate relationally while remaining fully equal with the Father ontologically. This book examines the eternal submission of the Son from both biblical and theological perspectives. The author surveys some of the recent trinitarian debate and engages with critics of eternal submission before setting out to provide biblical and theological support for the doctrine. The implications of this debate for theology proper and gender relationships in the church and home are also addressed. Whether you are new to the topic or a seasoned reader of the theological debate, this book will be a helpful resource.

Canonical Theology

Jowers, Dennis W. “The Inconceivability of Subordination within a Simple God.” Pages 375-410 in The New Evangelical Subordinationism?


Author: John Peckham

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9781467446198

Category: Religion

Page: 309

View: 496

What are the roles of canon and community in the understanding and articulation of Christian doctrine? Should the church be the doctrinal arbiter in the twenty-first century? In Canonical Theology John Peckham tackles this complex, ongoing discussion by shedding light on issues surrounding the biblical canon and the role of the community for theology and practice. Peckham examines the nature of the biblical canon, the proper relationship of Scripture and tradition, and the interpretation and application of Scripture for theology. He lays out a compelling canonical approach to systematic theology — including an explanation of his method, a step-by-step account of how to practice it, and an example of what theology derived from this canonical approach looks like.

The Making of Biblical Womanhood

Phillip Cary, “The New Evangelical Subordinationism: Reading Inequality into the Trinity,” in The New Evangelical Subordinationism?


Author: Beth Allison Barr

Publisher: Baker Books

ISBN: 9781493429639

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 277

"A powerful work of skillful research and personal insight."--Publishers Weekly Biblical womanhood--the belief that God designed women to be submissive wives, virtuous mothers, and joyful homemakers--pervades North American Christianity. From choices about careers to roles in local churches to relationship dynamics, this belief shapes the everyday lives of evangelical women. Yet biblical womanhood isn't biblical, says Baylor University historian Beth Allison Barr. It arose from a series of clearly definable historical moments. This book moves the conversation about biblical womanhood beyond Greek grammar and into the realm of church history--ancient, medieval, and modern--to show that this belief is not divinely ordained but a product of human civilization that continues to creep into the church. Barr's historical insights provide context for contemporary teachings about women's roles in the church and help move the conversation forward. Interweaving her story as a Baptist pastor's wife, Barr sheds light on the #ChurchToo movement and abuse scandals in Southern Baptist circles and the broader evangelical world, helping readers understand why biblical womanhood is more about human power structures than the message of Christ.

God the Son

Jesus as God: The New Testament Use of Theos in Reference to Jesus. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1992. ... The New Evangelical Subordinationism?


Author: Randy Rheaume

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781532630392

Category: Religion

Page: 216

View: 779

John’s portrait of Jesus is breathtaking yet bewildering. In the first verse he’s called “God.” At the climax of the book he’s worshiped as Lord and God (20:28). On the other hand, he says he can’t do a thing without the okay of his Father (5:19, 30). How are we to understand this profound yet puzzling figure? Uniquely equipped as both a New Testament scholar and engaging pastoral communicator, Randy Rheaume shows how the contrasts in John’s portrait of Jesus (especially his deity and his sonship) fit together and are meaningful and helpful for the Christian life. Is Jesus really God? If so, what difference does it make? How can he be God and yet in submission to God? Why didn’t he ever say, “I am God! Worship me!”? How does the Son’s role differ from the Father’s? If God is more than one person, how do prayer and worship work? How can I know God better? What will make eternity with God so fun that we’ll never get bored? Is the Trinity truly biblical? And where does the Holy Spirit come into the picture? Rheaume’s exploration probes John’s Gospel and provides profound insight into these and related questions.

All That Is in God

Evangelical Theology and the Challenge of Classical Christian Theism James E. ... of the Son to the Father,” in The New Evangelical Subordinationism?, 223.


Author: James E. Dolezal

Publisher: Reformation Heritage Books

ISBN: 9781601785558

Category: Religion

Page: 145

View: 783

Unknown to many, increasing numbers of conservative evangelicals are denying basic tenets of classical Christian teaching about God, with departures occurring even among those of the Calvinistic persuasion. James E. Dolezal’s All That Is in God provides an exposition of the historic Christian position while engaging with these contemporary deviations. His convincing critique of the newer position he styles “theistic mutualism” is philosophically robust, systematically nuanced, and biblically based. It demonstrates the need to maintain the traditional viewpoint, particularly on divine simplicity, and spotlights the unfortunate implications for other important Christian doctrines—such as divine eternality and the Trinity—if it were to be abandoned. Arguing carefully and cogently that “all that is in God is God Himself,” the work is sure to stimulate debate on the issue in years to come.

Retrieving Eternal Generation

Daniel J. Treier, “Incarnation,” in Christian Dogmatics: Reformed Theology ... Son: An Augustinian Perspective,” in The New Evangelical Subordinationism?


Author: Fred Sanders

Publisher: Zondervan

ISBN: 9780310537885

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 465

Although the doctrine of eternal generation has been affirmed by theologians of nearly every ecclesiastical tradition since the fourth century, it has fallen on hard times among evangelical theologians since the nineteenth century. The doctrine has been a structural element in two larger doctrinal complexes: Christology and the Trinity. The neglect of the doctrine of eternal generation represents a great loss for constructive evangelical Trinitarian theology. Retrieving the doctrine of eternal generation for contemporary evangelical theology calls for a multifaceted approach. Retrieving Eternal Generation addresses (1) the hermeneutical logic and biblical bases of the doctrine of eternal generation; (2) key historical figures and moments in the development of the doctrine of eternal generation; and (3) the broad dogmatic significance of the doctrine of eternal generation for theology. The book addresses both the common modern objections to the doctrine of eternal generation and presents the productive import of the doctrine for twenty-first century evangelical theology. Contributors include Michael Allen, Lewis Ayres, D. A. Carson, Oliver Crisp, and more.

Practicing Ministry in the Presence of God

Theological Reflections on Ministry and the Christian Life John Jefferson ... that the “new evangelical subordinationists” have revived the subordinationist ...


Author: John Jefferson Davis

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781498202053

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 902

Practicing Ministry in the Presence of God presents a new paradigm for church ministry--one that is based on fundamental truths of the Christian faith such as the Trinity, union with Christ, and the "already" presence of the Holy Spirit in the church. This new paradigm can help busy pastors avoid "burnout" in the ministry and model Trinitarian, New Testament patterns of ministry to their people. Practicing Ministry in the Presence of God reflects the best of recent New Testament scholarship, sensitivity to the contexts of globalized postmodern cultures dominated by digital media, and practical applications for Christian life, discipleship, worship, and mission.

Image and Glory of God

As such, she is required to show where and when 'role subordination' was ... 55; P. Cary, 'The New Evangelical Subordinationism: Reading Inequality into the ...


Author: Michael Lakey

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780567182609

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 882

Michael Lakey illustrates the complexities of using biblical materials to shed light upon modern concerns. He specifically addresses the recent evangelical controversy regarding gender roles.

Ex Auditu Volume 28

The book argues that Christian singles do not need tips on finding a mate or advice on suffering through the ... The New Evangelical Subordinationism?


Author: Klyne Snodgrass

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781620326091

Category: Religion

Page: 214

View: 886

CONTENTS: Introduction Klyne Snodgrass Finding Happiness in Family Life: Biblical Reflections Stephen C. Barton Response to Barton Luke A. Powery Imposter Happiness or the Real Thing? Marriage, Singleness, and the Beatitudes in the Twenty-First Century Jana Marguerite Bennett Response to Bennett Jo Ann Deasy Jesus, Paul, and Family Values Julie Hanlon Rubio Response to Rubio Michelle Clifton-Soderstrom Tyranny, Authority, Service: Leadership and Headship in the New Testament Lynn H. Cohick Response to Cohick Dennis R. Edwards Revenge, Forgiveness, and Sibling Rivalry: A Theological Dialogue Between Scripture and Science Dennis Olson Response to Olson Jack R. Lundbom Wives and Daughters: Women, Sex, and Violence in Biblical Tradition Caryn A. Reeder Response to Reeder Christopher B. Ansberry Generativity, Covenant Witness, and Jesus' Final Discourse Jim Dekker Response to Dekker Linda Cannell The Use of Scripture in Catholic Social Teaching's Vision of the Family Mary Veeneman Response to Veeneman Erica Olson-Bang Family Worship (Isaiah 58:1-12) Luke A. Powery Annotated Bibliography on Family

Re Envisioning Transformation

Toward a Theology of the Christian Life David C. Scott. Howard, James m. ... Christian Education Journal 3, no. ... The New Evangelical Subordinationism?:


Author: David C. Scott

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781532632402

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 758

In today’s church, use of the term transformation has become commonplace. Various perspectives are offered on what a Christian view of transformation is—and on how it may be achieved. These often-conflicting views suggest an ecclesial landscape characterized by pluralism, division, fragmentation, confusion, relativism, individualism, pragmatism, and subjectivism. Despite the current interest in transformational theology, the absence of a common, coherent, and integrated vision (and the lack of transformation) is often accepted and affirmed. Re-Envisioning Transformation looks at the possibility of moving toward a vision of transformational theology that is cohesive, unified, broad, effectual, and distinctly Christian. In this book, the contributions of two radically different“theologians of the Christian life” are examined. This provides the basis from which to develop a comprehensive and integrated framework of transformational theology—pointing God’s people toward the need to express and live out a distinctly Christian vision.

Paul and Gender

It says nothing about subordination. ... of subordinationism, see Dennis W. Jowers and H. Wayne House, eds., The New Evangelical Subordinationism?


Author: Cynthia Long Westfall

Publisher: Baker Academic

ISBN: 9781493404810

Category: Religion

Page: 368

View: 538

A Coherent Pauline Theology of Gender Respected New Testament scholar Cynthia Long Westfall offers a coherent Pauline theology of gender, which includes fresh perspectives on the most controverted texts. Westfall interprets passages on women and men together and places those passages in the context of the Pauline corpus as a whole. She offers viable alternatives for some notorious interpretive problems in certain Pauline passages, reframing gender issues in a way that stimulates thinking, promotes discussion, and moves the conversation forward. As Westfall explores the significance of Paul's teaching on both genders, she seeks to support and equip males and females to serve in their area of gifting.

God s Shining Forth

The New Evangelical Subordinationism? Perspectives on the Equality of God the Father and God the Son. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2012. Jüngel, Eberhard.


Author: Andrew R. Hay

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781532605246

Category: Religion

Page: 184

View: 112

God's Shining Forth offers a theological presentation of divine light in which the leading motif is the doctrine of the Trinity. More precisely, this study is organized around a double trinitarian theme: God is light in himself, and from himself God is radiant in relation to human creatures. This double affirmation is expounded by considering its extensions in the work of God's grace, in ecclesiology, and in the nature of theological intelligence. The chosen conversation partners in this study are some of the leading pro-Nicene trinitarian theologians of the fourth century, plus John Calvin, Karl Barth, and a selection of contemporary authors. Andrew Hay argues that the scriptural statement "God is light" is best understood as a confession of the eternal, fully realized life of the triune God in its wholly gratuitous electing, reconciling, and illuminating human creatures in the darkness of sin and death.