The Noun Phrase in Romance and Germanic

One of the main aims of this volume is to shed some light on the question of what is similar and what is different in the structure of the noun phrase of the various Romance and Germanic languages and dialects, and what causes this ...

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Author: Petra Sleeman

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027287298

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 283

View: 300

One of the recurrent questions in historical linguistics is to what extent languages can borrow grammar from other languages. It seems for instance hardly likely that each 'average European' language developed a definite article all by itself, without any influence from neighbouring languages. It is, on the other hand, by no means clear what exactly was borrowed, since the way in which definiteness is expressed differs greatly among the various Germanic and Romance languages and dialects. One of the main aims of this volume is to shed some light on the question of what is similar and what is different in the structure of the noun phrase of the various Romance and Germanic languages and dialects, and what causes this similarity or difference.

Adjectives in Germanic and Romance

One of the main aims of this volume is to map the differences and similarities in syntactic behavior, morphology, and meaning of the Germanic and Romance adjective and to find an answer to the following question: Are the (dis)similarities ...

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Author: Petra Sleeman

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027270689

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 286

View: 781

Although the Germanic and Romance languages are two branches of the same language family and although both have developed the adjective as a separate syntactic and morphological category, the syntax, morphology, and interpretation of adjectives is by no means the same in these two language groups, and there is even variation within each of the language groups. One of the main aims of this volume is to map the differences and similarities in syntactic behavior, morphology, and meaning of the Germanic and Romance adjective and to find an answer to the following question: Are the (dis)similarities the result of autonomous developments in each of the two branches of the Indo-European language family, or are they caused by language contact?

Noun Phrases and Nominalization in Basque

s (2011) recent work on differences between Germanic and Romance nominalizations, we argue that some well-known ... In The Noun Phrase in Romance and Germanic: Structure, Variation, and Change [Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 171], ...

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Author: Urtzi Etxeberria

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027255709

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 466

View: 464

This collective volume on nominal expressions in Basque, a language isolate with no known relatives, comprises original papers on the syntactic structure and the interpretation of both Noun Phrases and nominalization constructions – a traditionally neglected aspect of Basque linguistics. The minute attention to properties and paradigms previously overlooked, and the analyses of them in the light of recent advances in syntactic theory make this book a valuable tool for syntacticians, semanticists and morphologists. This work fills a gap in the theoretical study of Basque, and the richness of data presented makes it interesting for any researcher from whatever particular theoretical persuasion. This volume is especially useful for researchers, graduate students, and advanced undergraduate students of comparative grammar, typology, and theoretical linguistics.

Quantifying Expressions in the History of German

In The Noun Phrase in Romance and Germanic: Structure, Variation, and Change [Linguistik Aktuell/ Linguistics Today 171], Petra Sleeman & Harry Perridon (eds), 241–256. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi:10.1075/la.171.16vel Wegera, ...

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Author: Dorian Roehrs

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027267115

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 299

View: 502

This study describes the 1200-year history of German quantifying expressions like nîoman anderro > niemand anderer ‘nobody else’, analyzing the morpho-syntactic developments within the generative framework. The quantifiers examined arose from various lexical sources/categories (nouns, adjectives, and pronouns) but all changed to adjectival quantifiers. These changes are interpreted as a novel type of upward reanalysis from head to specifier, which we associate with degrammaticalization driven by analogy. As for the quantified phrases, most appeared in the genitive in Old High German, indicating a bi-nominal structure. During the Early New High German period, most quantified nouns and adjectives changed to agreement with the quantifier. By Modern German, only quantified DPs and pronouns remain in the genitive. These changes involve downward reanalysis of the quantified elements, being integrated into the matrix nominal depending on the structural size of the quantified phrase. Overall, we conclude that diachronically quantifying expressions may have different syntactic analyses.

Noun Phrases and Nominalizations

Subsequent studies of Semitic , Romance and Germanic languages have suggested that the structure of noun phrases is even more articulated and includes additional inflectional structure between DP and NP ( Ritter 1991 , Valois 1991 ...

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Author: T. Siloni

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792346084

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 220

View: 359

In this doctoral dissertation offshoot, Siloni (Tel Aviv U., Israel) concentrates mainly on modern Hebrew in exploring "the wonders of nominal expressions": theoretical linguistic issues (supporting Chomsky's principles and parameters approach to an innate universal grammar faculty), as well as the structural syntactical functions of noun raising and genitival relations, event nominals, semi-relatives and reduced relatives, and verbal and nominal gerunds. A comparative analysis of the properties of Hebrew grammar with other Semitic and non-Semitic languages is also rendered. Abbreviations (not including "DP," however) and references are provided. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

The Syntax of Noun Phrases

It is in this sense that we hope that the comparative analysis of Romance and Germanic Noun Phrases may contribute models and hypotheses exploitable in a progressively enlarged domain of empirical inquiry .

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Author: Alessandra Giorgi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521379024

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 285

View: 803

This 1991 study of the argument structure of lexical projections makes substantial advances in this relatively neglected area.

Aspects of Grammaticalization

Grammaticalization and external possessor structures in Romance and Germanic languages. ... 2: The expression of possession in noun phrases, 257–280. ... Parcours de la phrase: Mélanges offerts à Pierre Le Goffic, 29–42. Paris: Ophrys.

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Author: Daniel Olmen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110492347

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 411

View: 322

This volume advances our understanding of two highly debated aspects of grammaticalization: its relation to (inter)subjectification and its directionality. These aspects are studied with respect to such phenomena as auxiliaries, discourse markers, conjunctions, prepositions and pronouns. Bringing together a wide range of languages, the collection provides insight into the crucial dimensions of grammaticalization research.

Comparative Studies in Word Order Variation

The present book is a typological study in crucial portions of the grammars of French/Romance and German/Germanic.

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Author: Christopher Laenzlinger

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027282316

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 371

View: 914

The present book is a typological study in crucial portions of the grammars of French/Romance and German/Germanic. It starts by asking: What do adverbs, pronouns and full noun phrases have in common? This question is tackled, on the one hand, from an empirical perspective by the description of relevant linguistic facts leading to significant and unexpected generalizations, and, on the other hand, from a theoretical perspective by the formalization of (i) a novel model of the Xbar-schema containing at most two Specifiers (double Spec model) and (ii) a well-defined model of Checking Theory, distinguishing A-feature checking from Abar-feature checking (Criterion). The first part of the book deals with the typology and placement of adverbs, while the second part of the book presents the application of Checking Theory, in interaction with the double Spec model of Xbar-theory, to pronouns in Romance and Germanic. The final part of the book contains a treatment of scrambling in Germanic and shows that word order variations among arguments and adverbs within the German(ic) Mittelfeld can be adequately explained in the light of the version of Checking Theory and Phrase Structure Theory developed so far for adverbs and pronouns. We are led to the conclusion that the well-known issue of word order variations can find promising solutions with the Principles & Parameters framework, on the basis of a well-defined formalization of (i) Xbar-theory, (ii) Checking Theory, (iii) clause structure composition, and (iv) locality constraints on syntactic operations and relations.

Layers in the Determiner Phrase

In the theory of Crisma (1991) and Cinque (1993), the contrast in the position of the appositive adjective in Western Romance and Germanic, seen in chapter 1: (700) a. It.: La distruzione romana di Cartagine the distruction Roman of ...

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Author: Rob Zamparelli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135713867

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 332

View: 302

The main topic of this work is the interaction between syntactic structure and meanin within the noun phrase, with data drwn primarily from English and Italian.

Current Issues in Spanish Syntax and Semantics

Romance. and. Germanic. Enrique. Mallen. 1. Introduction This article analyzes some issues relevant to the syntactic structure of noun phrases in Romance and Germanic, concentraing specifically on Spanish and German.

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Author: Javier Gutiérrez-Rexach

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110850536

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 360

View: 925

The architecture of the human language faculty has been one of the main foci of the linguistic research of the last half century. This branch of linguistics, broadly known as Generative Grammar, is concerned with the formulation of explanatory formal accounts of linguistic phenomena with the ulterior goal of gaining insight into the properties of the 'language organ'. The series comprises high quality monographs and collected volumes that address such issues. The topics in this series range from phonology to semantics, from syntax to information structure, from mathematical linguistics to studies of the lexicon.