The Noun Phrase in Romance and Germanic

One of the main aims of this volume is to shed some light on the question of what is similar and what is different in the structure of the noun phrase of the various Romance and Germanic languages and dialects, and what causes this ...

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Author: Antonia Petronella Sleeman

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027255549

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 283

View: 300

One of the recurrent questions in historical linguistics is to what extent languages can borrow grammar from other languages. It seems for instance hardly likely that each 'average European' language developed a definite article all by itself, without any influence from neighbouring languages. It is, on the other hand, by no means clear what exactly was borrowed, since the way in which definiteness is expressed differs greatly among the various Germanic and Romance languages and dialects. One of the main aims of this volume is to shed some light on the question of what is similar and what is different in the structure of the noun phrase of the various Romance and Germanic languages and dialects, and what causes this similarity or difference.

Adjectives in Germanic and Romance

One of the main aims of this volume is to map the differences and similarities in syntactic behavior, morphology, and meaning of the Germanic and Romance adjective and to find an answer to the following question: Are the (dis)similarities ...

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Author: Petra Sleeman

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027270689

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 286

View: 285

Although the Germanic and Romance languages are two branches of the same language family and although both have developed the adjective as a separate syntactic and morphological category, the syntax, morphology, and interpretation of adjectives is by no means the same in these two language groups, and there is even variation within each of the language groups. One of the main aims of this volume is to map the differences and similarities in syntactic behavior, morphology, and meaning of the Germanic and Romance adjective and to find an answer to the following question: Are the (dis)similarities the result of autonomous developments in each of the two branches of the Indo-European language family, or are they caused by language contact?

Comparative Studies in Word Order Variation

The present book is a typological study in crucial portions of the grammars of French/Romance and German/Germanic.

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Author: Christopher Laenzlinger

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027282316

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 371

View: 187

The present book is a typological study in crucial portions of the grammars of French/Romance and German/Germanic. It starts by asking: What do adverbs, pronouns and full noun phrases have in common? This question is tackled, on the one hand, from an empirical perspective by the description of relevant linguistic facts leading to significant and unexpected generalizations, and, on the other hand, from a theoretical perspective by the formalization of (i) a novel model of the Xbar-schema containing at most two Specifiers (double Spec model) and (ii) a well-defined model of Checking Theory, distinguishing A-feature checking from Abar-feature checking (Criterion). The first part of the book deals with the typology and placement of adverbs, while the second part of the book presents the application of Checking Theory, in interaction with the double Spec model of Xbar-theory, to pronouns in Romance and Germanic. The final part of the book contains a treatment of scrambling in Germanic and shows that word order variations among arguments and adverbs within the German(ic) Mittelfeld can be adequately explained in the light of the version of Checking Theory and Phrase Structure Theory developed so far for adverbs and pronouns. We are led to the conclusion that the well-known issue of word order variations can find promising solutions with the Principles & Parameters framework, on the basis of a well-defined formalization of (i) Xbar-theory, (ii) Checking Theory, (iii) clause structure composition, and (iv) locality constraints on syntactic operations and relations.

Noun Phrases and Nominalization in Basque

s (2011) recent work on differences between Germanic and Romance nominalizations, we argue that some well-known ... In The Noun Phrase in Romance and Germanic: Structure, Variation, and Change [Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today 171], ...

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Author: Urtzi Etxeberria

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027255709

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 466

View: 132

This collective volume on nominal expressions in Basque, a language isolate with no known relatives, comprises original papers on the syntactic structure and the interpretation of both Noun Phrases and nominalization constructions – a traditionally neglected aspect of Basque linguistics. The minute attention to properties and paradigms previously overlooked, and the analyses of them in the light of recent advances in syntactic theory make this book a valuable tool for syntacticians, semanticists and morphologists. This work fills a gap in the theoretical study of Basque, and the richness of data presented makes it interesting for any researcher from whatever particular theoretical persuasion. This volume is especially useful for researchers, graduate students, and advanced undergraduate students of comparative grammar, typology, and theoretical linguistics.

From NP to DP

This is the second of a two-volume selection of refereed and revised papers, originally presented at the special workshop of the international conference From NP to DP at the University of Antwerp.

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Author: Martine Coene

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027296559

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 295

View: 510

This is the second of a two-volume selection of refereed and revised papers, originally presented at the special workshop of the international conference From NP to DP at the University of Antwerp. Reflecting the stage of current research with respect to the expression of possession in the noun phrase, it focusses on issues such as alienable and inalienable possession, internal and external syntax of possessors, interaction between determiners and possessors, interpretation of possessors and typology of possessors. The papers, preceded by an up-to-date overview and discussion of the most important studies in the field, provide an excellent basis for comparative analyses of possession in the noun phrase between a large number of languages.

Noun Phrase in the Generative Perspective

The goal of this book is twofold.

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Author: Artemis Alexiadou

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110207491

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 688

View: 556

The goal of this book is twofold. On the one hand we want to offer a discussion of some of the more important properties of the nominal projection, on the other hand we want to provide the reader with tools for syntactic analysis which apply to the structure of DP but which are also relevant for other domains of syntax. In order to achieve this dual goal we will discuss phenomena which are related to the nominal projection in relation to other syntactic phenomena (e.g. pro drop will be related to N-ellipsis, the classification of pronouns will be applied to the syntax of possessive pronouns, N-movement will be compared to V-movement, the syntax of the genitive construction will be related to that of predicate inversion etc.). In the various chapters we will show how recent theoretical proposals (distributed morphology, anti-symmetry, checking theory) can cast light on aspects of the syntax of the NP. When necessary, we will provide a brief introduction of these theoretical proposals. We will also indicate problems with these analyses, whether they be inherent to the theories as such (e.g. what is the trigger for movement in antisymmetric approaches) or to the particular instantiations. The book cannot and will not provide the definitive analysis of the syntax of noun phrases. We consider that this would not be possible, given the current flux in generative syntax, with many new theoretical proposals being developed and explored, but the book aims at giving the reader the tools with which to conduct research and to evaluate proposals in the literature. In the discussion of various issues, we will apply the framework that is most adequate to deal with problems at hand. We will therefore not necessarily use the same approach throughout the discussion. Though proposals in the literature will be referred to when relevant, we cannot attempt to provide a critical survey of the literature. We feel that such a survey would be guided too strongly by theoretical choices, which would not be compatible with the pedagogical purposes this book has. The book is comparative in its approach, and data from different languages will be examined, including English, German, Dutch (West-Flemish), Greek, Romance, Semitic, Slavic, Albanian, Hungarian, Gungbe.

The Layered DP

This book examines argumental un-NPs and du/des-NPs in French: nominals with the indefinite article and with the so-called ‘partitive article’ respectively.

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Author: Tabea Ihsane

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027290724

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 260

View: 620

This book examines argumental un-NPs and du/des-NPs in French: nominals with the indefinite article and with the so-called ‘partitive article’ respectively. The main aim is to account for the different interpretations of these indefinites and to determine how interpretation and structure are related. This study thus concerns the syntax-semantics interface, with an emphasis on the composition of the left periphery and the inflectional domain of the indefinites mentioned. It is realized in the framework of generative grammar and in a cartographic approach. A crucial proposal put forward in this book is that indefinites of different semantic types are associated with different left peripheries. The analysis further suggests that the inflectional domain of these indefinites may comprise three discrete functional projections encoding the features [count], [quantity] and [number]. Interestingly, these results seem to extend to a selection of bare nouns in Romance and Germanic languages.

Quantifying Expressions in the History of German

In The Noun Phrase in Romance and Germanic: Structure, Variation, and Change [Linguistik Aktuell/ Linguistics Today 171], Petra Sleeman & Harry Perridon (eds), 241–256. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi:10.1075/la.171.16vel Wegera, ...

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Author: Dorian Roehrs

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027267115

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 299

View: 582

This study describes the 1200-year history of German quantifying expressions like nîoman anderro > niemand anderer ‘nobody else’, analyzing the morpho-syntactic developments within the generative framework. The quantifiers examined arose from various lexical sources/categories (nouns, adjectives, and pronouns) but all changed to adjectival quantifiers. These changes are interpreted as a novel type of upward reanalysis from head to specifier, which we associate with degrammaticalization driven by analogy. As for the quantified phrases, most appeared in the genitive in Old High German, indicating a bi-nominal structure. During the Early New High German period, most quantified nouns and adjectives changed to agreement with the quantifier. By Modern German, only quantified DPs and pronouns remain in the genitive. These changes involve downward reanalysis of the quantified elements, being integrated into the matrix nominal depending on the structural size of the quantified phrase. Overall, we conclude that diachronically quantifying expressions may have different syntactic analyses.

Noun Phrases and Nominalizations

Subsequent studies of Semitic, Romance and Germanic languages have suggested that the structure of noun phrases is even more articulated and includes additional inflectional structure between DP and NP (Ritter 1991, Valois 1991, ...

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Author: T. Siloni

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401588638

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 222

View: 516

Noun Phrases and Nominalizations: The Syntax of DPs is a theoretical study of nominal expressions which covers central aspects of their syntax that have not been approached with concurrent tools in recent years. The study examines the functional structure, offers a structural definition of syntactic nominalization, and carefully draws the border line between the lexical nominalizing mechanism and its syntactic counterpart. The empirical base of the study is broad and varied: it explores the rich nominal system of Modern Hebrew with constant comparisons to relevant structures of other Semitic and non-Semitic languages. The analyses put forward have recourse to a minimal syntactic apparatus, thus lending support to Chomsky's recent view of language design. This book targets researchers in theoretical linguistics and comparative syntax. Alongside theoretical and cross-linguistic findings, the book also offers an abundant source of insights into Hebrew nominal expressions. It can be used both as a foundational book on the syntax of nominal expressions or as a reference book for linguists and graduate students of Semitic and comparative syntax.

Aspects of Grammaticalization

Grammaticalization and external possessor structures in Romance and Germanic languages. ... 2: The expression of possession in noun phrases, 257–280. ... Parcours de la phrase: Mélanges offerts à Pierre Le Goffic, 29–42. Paris: Ophrys.

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Author: Daniel Olmen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110492347

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 411

View: 245

This volume advances our understanding of two highly debated aspects of grammaticalization: its relation to (inter)subjectification and its directionality. These aspects are studied with respect to such phenomena as auxiliaries, discourse markers, conjunctions, prepositions and pronouns. Bringing together a wide range of languages, the collection provides insight into the crucial dimensions of grammaticalization research.