Contested Extractivism Society and the State

This book empirically discusses recent struggles over land and mining, exploring state-society relations conflicts on various scales.

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Author: Bettina Engels

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137588111

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 811

This book empirically discusses recent struggles over land and mining, exploring state-society relations conflicts on various scales. In contrast with the existing literature, analyses in this volume deliberately focus on large-scale land use changes both in relation to the expansion of industrial mining and to agro-industry. The authors contend that there are significant parallels between contestations over different variants of resource extractivism, as they reflect the same global trends and processes. Chapters draw on critical theoretical approaches from political ecology, political economy, spatial theory, contentious politics, and the study of democracy. The authors not only provide empirical insights on actual resource struggles from different world regions based on in-depth field research, but also contribute to theory-building by linking concepts from various critical approaches to one another, developing a perspective for analysing struggles over resources related to current global crisis phenomena.

Agrarian Extractivism in Latin America

Land, Poverty and Livelihoods in the Era of Globalization: Perspectives from Developing and Transition Countries. London and New York: Routledge, 41–79. ... The Political Economy of Agrarian Extractivism: Lessons from Bolivia.

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Author: Ben M. McKay

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000390520

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 691

Amid the growing calls for a turn towards sustainable agriculture, this book puts forth and discusses the concept of agrarian extractivism to help us identify and expose the predatory extractivist features of dominant agricultural development models. The concept goes beyond the more apparent features of monocultures and raw material exports to examine the inherent logic and underlying workings of a model based on the appropriation of an ever-growing range of commodified and non-commodified human and non-human nature in an extractivist fashion. Such a process erodes the autonomy of resourcedependent working people, dispossesses the rural poor, exhausts and expropriates nature, and concentrates value in a few hands as a result of the unquenchable drive for profit by big business. In many instances, such extractivist dynamics are subsidized and/or directly supported by the state, while also dependent on the unpaid, productive, and reproductive labour of women, children, and elders, exacerbating unequal class, gender, and generational relations. Rather than a one-size-fits-all definition of agrarian extractivism, this collection points to the diversity of extractivist features of corporate-led, external-input-dependent plantation agriculture across distinct socio-ecological formations in Latin America. This timely challenge to the destructive dominant models of agricultural development will interest scholars, activists, researchers, and students from across the fields of critical development studies, rural studies, environmental and sustainability studies, and Latin American studies, among others.

Handbook of Critical Agrarian Studies

Giuliano Martiniello is Associate Professor of Political Science and Political Economy at Sciences Po Rabat, ... He is the author of The Political Economy of Agrarian Extractivism: Lessons from Bolivia (2020) and co-editor of Agrarian ...

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Author: Akram-Lodhi, A. H.

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781788972468

Category: Social Science

Page: 744

View: 640

Exploring the emerging and vibrant field of critical agrarian studies, this comprehensive Handbook offers interdisciplinary insights from both leading scholars and activists to understand agrarian life, livelihoods, formations and processes of change. It highlights the development of the field, which is characterized by theoretical and methodological pluralism and innovation.

Political Ecology Food Regimes and Food Sovereignty

This book asks how we are to understand the relationship between capitalism and the environment, capitalism and food, and capitalism and social resistance.

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Author: Mark Tilzey

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319645568

Category: Social Science

Page: 394

View: 629

This book asks how we are to understand the relationship between capitalism and the environment, capitalism and food, and capitalism and social resistance. These questions come together to form a study of food regimes and the means by which capitalism organises both the environment and people to provision its distinctive system of ever-expanding consumption with food. Political Ecology, Food Regimes, and Food Sovereignty explores whether there are environmental limits to capitalism and its economic growth by addressing the ongoing and inter-linked crises of food, fossil fuels, and finance. It also considers its political limits, as the globally burgeoning ‘precariat’, peasants and indigenous people resist the further commodification of their livelihoods. This book draws from the field of Political Ecology to approach new ways of analysing capitalism, the environment and resistance, and also to propose new solutions to the current agro-ecological-economic crisis. It will be of particular interest to students and academics of Environmental Sociology, Human Geography, and Environmental Geography.

Other Geographies

This book is essential reading for scholars of geography and all of the fields on which Michael Watts has drawn and on which his work has had an influence, including anthropology, history, development studies, political science, sociology, ...

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Author: Sharad Chari

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119184775

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 185

An international group of distinguished scholars pay homage to and build on the work of one of the most influential thinkers of our time, Michael Watts. Shows how Michael Watts’ research, writings, teaching and mentoring have relentlessly pushed boundaries, transforming his chosen field of geography and beyond Spans an array of topics including the political economy and ecology of African societies, governmentality and territoriality in various Southern contexts, food security, cultural materialist expositions of capitalism, modernity and development across the postcolonial world Builds on his legacy, exploring its theoretical, analytical, and empirical implications and proposing exciting new possibilities for further exploration in the tracks of Watts

Extractivisms Existences and Extinctions

“Agrarian Extractivism in Bolivia.” World Development 97: 199– 211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.04.007 McKay, Ben M. 2020. The Political Economy of Agrarian Extractivism: Lessons from Bolivia.

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Author: Markus Kröger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000473872

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 978

This book explores the existential redistributions that extractivist frontiers create, going beyond existing studies by bringing into the English-language discussion much of the wisdom from Latin American rural and forest communities’ understandings of extractivist phenomena, and the destruction and changes in lives and lived environments they create. The author explores the many different types of extractivism, ranging from agroextractivist monocultures to mineral extraction, and analyzes the differences between them. The existential transformations of Brazil's Amazon and Cerrado regions, previously inhabited by Indigenous people but now being deforested by colonizers who expand soybean plantations, are analyzed in detail. The author also compares extractivisms with the local and broader existential changes through global production networks and their shifts, produced by monoculture plantation-based extractivist operations. Anchored in the author’s own ethnographic data and comparison of lessons across multiple extractivist frontiers, the chapters integrate the many accounts of violence, and onto-epistemic and moral changes in extractivist enclaves, looking at these with the help of political ontology. The book offers details on how to characterize and compare different types and degrees of extractivisms and anti-extractivisms. This transdisciplinary book provides new organizing concepts and theoretical frameworks for starting to analyze the unfolding natural resource politics of the post-coronavirus era, the advancing climate emergency, and the ever more chaotic multi-polar world. It will be of interest to students and scholars in the fields of international development, global value chains, political economy, Latin American Studies, political ecology, and international trade, as well as anyone engaged with the practical and political issues related to globalization.

Beyond the Global Land Grab

His research focuses on the political economy and ecology of agrarian change in Latin America, agrarian extractivism, and food sovereignty alternatives. He is the author of The Political Economy of Agrarian Extractivism: Lessons from ...

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Author: Gustavo de L. T. Oliveira

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000478440

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 221

The conjunction of climate, food, and financial crises in the late 2000s triggered renewed interest in farmland and agribusiness investments around the world. This phenomenon became known as the "global land grab", and sparked vibrant debates among social movements, NGOs, international development agencies and various government agencies and academics worldwide. This book addresses four key areas that are moving the debate "beyond land grabs". These include the role of contract farming and differentiation among farm workers in the consolidation of farmland; the broader forms of dispossession and mechanisms of control and value grabbing beyond "classic" land grabs for agricultural production; discourses about, and responses to, Chinese agribusiness investments abroad; and the relationship between financialization and land grabbing. The chapters in this edited volume propose new directions to deepen and even transform the research agenda on land struggles and agro-industrial restructuring around the world. This book will be of great interest to scholars and researchers interested in development studies, agrarian changes and land struggles. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the journal, Globalizations.

The Roots of Revolt

A conceptually rich, historically informed study of the contested politics emerging out of decades of authoritarian neoliberalism in Egypt.

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Author: Angela Joya

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108478366

Category: History

Page: 285

View: 229

A conceptually rich, historically informed study of the contested politics emerging out of decades of authoritarian neoliberalism in Egypt.

The Political Economy of Agrarian Change in Latin America

I think Macri will pay a high political cost for this. He is now associated with Monsanto and extractivism. I think that there is an emerging social consensus saying that the agrarian sector should pay more taxes.

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Author: Matilda Baraibar Norberg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030245863

Category: Political Science

Page: 404

View: 893

This book makes an original contribution to the discussion about agro-food exporting countries’ governmental policy. It presents a historicized and internationally contextualized exploration of the political economy of agrarian change in three Latin American countries: Argentina, Praguay, and Uruguay. By comparatively examining how these states have acted in a context of global driven market forces and historically formed institutions, the monograph illuminates the differing capacities of state autonomy under the present era of globalized agriculture.