The Quantum Frontier

The quantum frontier: the large hadron collider / Don Lincoln; foreword by Leon
Lederman. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN-13: 978-0-
8018-9144-1 (hardcover: alk. paper) ISBN-10: 0-8018-9144-2 (hardcover: alk.

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Author: Don Lincoln

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801896446

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 444

Whatever it reveals, the results arising from the Large Hadron Collider will profoundly alter our understanding of the cosmos and the atom and stimulate amateur and professional scientists for years to come.

Ultimate Zero and One

This is the first book to apply quantum physics to the basic operations of a computer, representing the ideal vehicle for explaining the complexities of quantum mechanics to students, researchers and computer engineers, alike, as they ...

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Author: Colin P. Williams

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387947698

Category: Computers

Page: 250

View: 885

As miniaturisation deepens, and nanotechnology and its machines become more prevalent in the real world, the need to consider using quantum mechanical concepts to perform various tasks in computation increases. Such tasks include: the teleporting of information, breaking heretofore "unbreakable" codes, communicating with messages that betray eavesdropping, and the generation of random numbers. This is the first book to apply quantum physics to the basic operations of a computer, representing the ideal vehicle for explaining the complexities of quantum mechanics to students, researchers and computer engineers, alike, as they prepare to design and create the computing and information delivery systems for the future. Both authors have solid backgrounds in the subject matter at the theoretical and more practical level. While serving as a text for senior/grad level students in computer science/physics/engineering, this book has its primary use as an up-to-date reference work in the emerging interdisciplinary field of quantum computing - the only prerequisite being knowledge of calculus and familiarity with the concept of the Turing machine.

Exploring the Quantum classical Frontier

Where the boundary between the quantum and classical realms lies and how a
system's behavior changes from quantum to classical have been some of the
most fundamental and intriguing questions throughout the history of quantum ...

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Author: Jonathan R. Friedman

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 1590332245

Category: Science

Page: 479

View: 998

Exploring the Quantum/Classical Frontier - Recent Advances in Macroscopic Quantum Phenomena

The Quantum World

This point of view is grounded on the distinction between a classical (
macroscopic) world and a quantum (microscopic) world. In other words, it relies
on the existence of a frontier between a classical world, the only world to which
we have ...

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Author: Michel Le Bellac

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814522441

Category: Science

Page: 120

View: 480

Quantum physics has, on the one hand, drastically changed our theoretical description of the physical world and has, on the other hand, revolutionized everyday life, by allowing us to build lasers, atomic clocks used in GPS, and semiconductor-based devices such as laptop computers and smartphones. The object of this book is to give a self-contained introduction to both aspects. It contains a detailed account of the foundational principles: superposition, entanglement, quantum non-locality, decoherence and measurement theory, and of some selected applications: quantum cryptography and quantum computers, cold atoms, light emitting and laser diodes, and atomic clocks. The book is aimed at a general audience and the only prerequisite is a high-school background in mathematics.

Frontier Problems in Quantum Mechanics

Wave-particle dualism, complementarity principle, Bell's theorem and related experiments -- Quantum entanglement and its applications to quantum information and quantum computing -- Geometrical phases in quantum mechanics -- Boundary ...

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Author: Lee Chang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813146842

Category: Science

Page: 750

View: 652

Wave-particle dualism, complementarity principle, Bell's theorem and related experiments -- Quantum entanglement and its applications to quantum information and quantum computing -- Geometrical phases in quantum mechanics -- Boundary between quantum and classical mechanics, entanglement and decoherence -- Path integral formulation of quantum mechanics -- Quantum mechanics on the macroscopic level -- Topological phase factors in quantum systems -- Cavity quantum electrodynamics, van der Waals forces and Casimir effect -- The quantum Hall effect -- Bose-Einstein condensation -- The Yangian commutation relations in quantum mechanics -- RTT relation and the Yan-Baxer equation, physical significance of the quantum algebras

Tales of the Quantum

For a good introduction, see Leon Lederman and Christopher Hill, Quantum
Physics for Poets (Amherst, NY: Prometheus ... NY: Prometheus Books, 2013);
Don Lincoln, The Quantum Frontier (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press,
2009); ...

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Author: Art Hobson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199384242

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 162

Everybody has heard that we live in a world made of atoms. But far more fundamentally, we live in a universe made of quanta. Many things are not made of atoms: light, radio waves, electric current, magnetic fields, Earth's gravitational field, not to mention exotica such a neutron stars, black holes, dark energy, and dark matter. But everything, including atoms, is made of highly unified or "coherent" bundles of energy called "quanta" that (like everything else) obey certain rules. In the case of the quantum, these rules are called "quantum physics." This is a book about quanta and their unexpected, some would say peculiar, behavior--tales, if you will, of the quantum. The quantum has developed the reputation of being capricious, bewildering, even impossible to understand. The peculiar habits of quanta are certainly not what we would have expected to find at the foundation of physical reality, but these habits are not necessarily bewildering and not at all impossible or paradoxical. This book explains those habits--the quantum rules--in everyday language, without mathematics or unnecessary technicalities. While most popular books about quantum physics follow the topic's scientific history from 1900 to today, this book follows the phenomena: wave-particle duality, fundamental randomness, quantum states, superpositions (being in two places at once), entanglement, non-locality, Schrodinger's cat, and quantum jumps, and presents the history and the scientists only to the extent that they illuminate the phenomena.

Cracking the Quantum Code of the Universe

The Quantum Frontier: The Large Hadron Collider. Baltimore, MD: Johns
Hopkins University Press, 2009. Pickering, Andrew. Constructing Quarks: A
Sociological History of Particle Physics. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago
Press, 1984.

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Author: John Moffat

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199915521

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 116

An insider's behind-the-scenes look at the arcane, fascinating world of theoretical and experimental particle physics leading up to the recent discovery of a new boson. If the new boson is indeed the Higgs particle, its discovery represents an important milestone in the history of particle physics. However, despite the pressure to award Nobel Prizes to physicists associated with the Higgs boson, John Moffat argues that there still remain important data analyses to be performed before uncorking the champagne. --Publisher's description.

The Large Hadron Collider

In the years since The Quantum Frontier was written, a lot has happened. Many
want to know the inside scoop—what it is like to be at the very forefront of
research. They want someone to tell them how it happened. They need to hear
how it all ...

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Author: Don Lincoln

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421414324

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 871

Since 2008 scientists have conducted experiments in a hyperenergized, 17-mile supercollider beneath the border of France and Switzerland. The Large Hadron Collider (or what scientists call "the LHC") is one of the wonders of the modern world—a highly sophisticated scientific instrument designed to re-create in miniature the conditions of the universe as they existed in the microseconds following the big bang. Among many notable LHC discoveries, one led to the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics for revealing evidence of the existence of the Higgs boson, the so-called God particle. Picking up where he left off in The Quantum Frontier, physicist Don Lincoln shares an insider's account of the LHC's operational history and gives readers everything they need to become well informed on this marvel of technology. Writing about the LHC's early days, Lincoln offers keen insight into an accident that derailed the operation nine days after the collider's 2008 debut. A faulty solder joint started a chain reaction that caused a massive explosion, damaged 50 superconducting magnets, and vaporized large sections of the conductor. The crippled LHC lay dormant for over a year, while technical teams repaired the damage. Lincoln devotes an entire chapter to the Higgs boson and Higgs field, using several extended analogies to help explain the importance of these concepts to particle physics. In the final chapter, he describes what the discovery of the Higgs boson tells us about our current understanding of basic physics and how the discovery now keeps scientists awake over a nagging inconsistency in their favorite theory. As accessible as it is fascinating, The Large Hadron Collider reveals the inner workings of this masterful achievement of technology, along with the mind-blowing discoveries that will keep it at the center of the scientific frontier for the foreseeable future.

A Force of Nature The Frontier Genius of Ernest Rutherford Great Discoveries

He began with the balance that could be attributed to classical centrifugal forces
and then formulated new concepts of stability using the “quantum” theories of the
German physicist Max Planck. It was Planck's hypothesis that light and other ...

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Author: Richard Reeves

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393076040

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 208

View: 590

"Starred Review. Reeves deploys his considerable writing skill in portraying Rutherford's personality ... capturing the full aspect of the man."—Booklist Born in colonial New Zealand, Ernest Rutherford grew up on the frontier—a different world from Cambridge, to which he won a scholarship at the age of twenty-four. His work revolutionized modern physics. Among his discoveries were the orbital structure of the atom and the concept of the "half-life" of radioactive materials. Rutherford and the young men working under him were the first to split the atom, unlocking tremendous forces—forces, as Rutherford himself predicted, that would bring us the atomic bomb. In Richard Reeves's hands, Rutherford comes alive, a ruddy, genial man and a pivotal figure in scientific history.

Frontiers of Fundamental Physics 4

Classical and Quantum Solutions of 2+1 Dimensional Gravity M. Kenmoku, T.
Matsuyama, R. Sato and S. Uchida 1 Introduction Recently 2+1 dimensional
gravity theory, especially AdSa has been studied extensively [1, 2]. It was shown
to be ...

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Author: B. G. Sidharth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306466414

Category: Science

Page: 359

View: 925

This symposium was organized at the B.M. Birla Science Centre, Hyderabad, India, and provided a platform for frontier physicists to exchange ideas and review the latest work and developments on a variety of interrelated topics. A feature of the symposium, as well as the proceedings, is the B.M. Birla Memorial Lecture by Nobel Laureate Professor Gerard 't Hooft. There were participants from the USA, several European countries, Russia and CIS countries, South Africa, Japan, India and elsewhere, of whom some forty scientists presented papers. Spanning a wide range of contemporary issues in fundamental physics from string theory to cosmology, the proceedings present many of these talks and contributions.

The Basics of Magnetism

Laramie, James, and John Lowry. Electric Vehicles Technology Explained.
Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2013. Lincoln, Don. The Quantum Frontier: The Large
Hadron Collider. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.
Livingston, James.

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Author: Christopher Cooper

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 9781477777619

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 96

View: 769

Page after page, this title proves that the power of attraction is undeniable. Readers move beyond a simple fascination with the power of magnets to a clear understanding of the science behind magnetics. Natural magnets, Earth's magnetic field, and the ties between electricity and magnetics are all featured, in addition to the creation and use of magnets in commercial and everyday applications. Information about the life and work of physicist Joseph Henry, a leading electromagnetics pioneer, and a timeline of important dates in the field are also included.

Frontiers in Quantum Optics

Unfortunately these results from the existing literature on quantum switching
provide us with only qualitative information for ... However , in the spirit of this
Symposium on Frontiers in Quantum Optics , I wish to venture that a frontier does
exist in ...

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Author: Edward Roy Pike

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: UCAL:B4533034

Category: Science

Page: 587

View: 427

The field of quantum optics has progressed rapidly in the last twenty five years with the advent of the laser. Over much of this period the phenomena studied could be described adequately by semiclassical treatments. Quite recently however, there has been a revival of interest in genuinely quantum mechanical effects. The Malvern Symposium of December 1985 brought together world experts for a meeting which concentrated largely on these quantum effects. The presentations in this unique meeting combine review material with the very latest results and so will be of value to students of quantum optics and measurement theory at all levels. The first articles cover the exciting topic of the generation of squeezed states of light in the laboratory, and their possible uses. Experimental success has been long sought and very recently attained. The reader will find presented the state of the art in this field. Next to lasing itself, optical bistability has been the most widely studied phenomenon in quantum optics, largely for its technological promise. However, it also provides a fundamental system to study quuantum effects. Recent theoretical studies of optical bistability with small numbers of atoms are surveyed. In such situations quantum features such as antibunching become significant, and the articles in this volume should be a guide to those venturing into this challenging area. In other articles discussions of fluctuations from other noise sources and instabilities in optical bistabilty are presented in a clear and interesting way. Perhaps the least classical state on quantum optics is that describing a single photon. Recent experiments which produce such states are reviewed. A theoretical review of the photon together with some new material is given which delves deeply into relativistic quantum field theory in order to describe the concept of weakly localised photon states. The material here is very rarely presented in the context of quantum optics. The history of the theory of the quantum fluctuations in a laser is then reviewed. An off-shoot of this theory is the study of quantum chaos in dissipative systems and recent results in this new area are given in a succeeding article. There are further stimulating articles on Rydberg atom systems and quantum electrodynamics. The volume ends with an entertaining and incisive study of quantum measurement problems, such as the Schrodinger cat papadox, using concepts and measuring devices found in quantum optics. other_titles

Combined Quantum Mechanical and Molecular Mechanical Methods

In addition , the neglect of overlap integrals makes the orthogonal basis set very
easy to get since the only transformations required are the definition of hybrid
orbitals , on the frontier atoms of the quantum subsystem , which have to be ...

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Author: Jiali Gao

Publisher: Amer Chemical Society

ISBN: UOM:39015042820822

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 227

Combined quantum mechanical and molecular mechanical methods (QM/MM) are one of the most promising approaches for quantum mechanical calculations of chemical processes in solution and in enzymes. In such a method a relatively small part of the system (e.g., the solute) is analyzed through quantum mechanics and the remainder (e.g., the solvent) is represented through molecular mechanics, thus combining the accuracy of one method with the efficiency of the other. This book provides an in-depth survey of the methods and their applications in chemistry and biochemistry.

Computational Physics as a New Frontier in Condensed Matter Research

Quantum Hall Effect : Crossover between One and Two Dimensions Tsuneya
ANDO Institute for Solid State Physics , University of Tokyo 7 - 22 - 1 Roppongi ,
Minato - ku , Tokyo 106 ( Received January 10 , 1995 ) A review is given of the
two ...

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Author: Hajime Takayama

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105018283056

Category: Condensed matter

Page: 355

View: 278

Frontiers of Chemical Engineering Metallurgical Engineering and Materials III

Quantum. chemical. investigation. and. detonation. characterization. of. DNAZ·
HCl. Biao. Yan1,a,. Hongyu. Zhou2,b ... therefore, the optimized geometry, Mayer
bond orders, Hishfeld charges of atoms, frontier orbital energy and the main ...

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Author: Jimmy Chih Ming Kao

Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd

ISBN: 9783038265733

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 926

View: 395

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2014 the Third International Conference on Chemical Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering and Metallic Materials (CMMM 2014), Guilin, China, June 20-21, 2014. The 192 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Biotechnology, Medical and Chemical Engineering, Chapter 2: Material Engineering and Technologies, Applied Materials, Chapter 3: Metallurgical and Mining Engineering, Manufacturing Engineering Applications, Chapter 4: Energy and Power, Wells, Resources and Flow Development, Environmental Engineering and Technologies

Quantum Mechanics at the Crossroads

This volume offers new perspectives on quantum mechanics, by historians of
physics and philosophers of science, as well as physicists working at the moving
frontier of quantum theory and experiment. Some of the founding generation, ...

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Author: James Evans

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540326656

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 694

This volume brings together leading quantum physicists to expound on the meaning and future directions of quantum mechanics. It offers new insights from different vantage points to tackle essential questions in quantum mechanics and its interpretation. All the authors have written for a broad readership, and the resulting volume will appeal to everyone wishing to keep abreast of new developments in quantum mechanics, as well as its history and philosophy.

Frontier Orbitals

The list is lengthening by the day. The reason is that chemical reactions occur at
molecular level, so quantum mechanics is required to understand them.1
However, computational chemistry is time consuming and solves problems one
by one.

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Author: Nguyen Trong Anh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470065693

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 710

Written by one of the pioneers of the field, Frontier Orbitals is an essential practical guide to the successes and limitations of this theory. Applications are classified by chemical criteria: competition between reagents, sites or reaction trajectories. The steps involved in solving each problem, such as the choice of model, the calculation of molecular orbitals, and the interpretation of results, are explained. Numerous exercises are found throughout the text, and the full solution and references are given in each case. An extensive listing of MO’s is also given to allow those without access to a computer to work out the exercises. Practical advice is given for those wishing to do their own calculations. Frontier Orbitals is aimed at experimentalists who are well versed in organic chemistry but have little or no understanding of quantum mechanics. A greater emphasis is put on chemistry than on quantum mechanics, and the intelligent use of the rules rather than their mathematical derivation.

Quantics

It is possible that the ( future ) criterion for the validity of quantum physics would
have to be formulated not in space - time terms , but in terms of other physical
quantities , which would play on the quantum - post - quantum frontier the role ...

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Author: Jean Marc Lévy-Leblond

Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited

ISBN: UOM:39015018904568

Category: Science

Page: 539

View: 974

Amongst the numerous texts on the subject, the authors have succeeded in creating a novel approach to the understanding of quantum physics based on four novel features: - deliberate use of qualitative methods and heuristic arguments rather than formal calculations; - permanent reference to contemporary experimental results in many modern fields of physics (nuclear and high energy, neutronics, solid state, lasers, etc.); - careful discussion of conceptual difficulties and terminological problems from the present standpoint; - presentation of modern theoretical viewpoints (such as symmetry principles). An impressive selection of original problems supplement this up-to-date and comprehensive introduction to quantum physics. Quantics - Rudiments will be appreciated by a wide audience, from educated layman to professional scientist.

Quantum Dynamics and Information

Moreover various examples of nontrivial entangled states obtained using
quantum physical reasoning turn out to be ... All these issues locate quantum
mechanics again at the frontier of theoretical physics, in a position, once
occupied, then ...

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Author: Robert Olkiewicz

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814317436

Category: Science

Page: 229

View: 984

The central theme of this lecture collection is quantum dynamics, regarded mostly as the dynamics of entanglement and that of decoherence phenomena. Both these concepts appear to refer to the behavior of surprisingly fragile features of quantum systems supposed to model quantum memories and to implement quantum date processing routines. This collection may serve as an essential resource for those interested in both theoretical description and practical applications of fundamentals of quantum mechanics.

Quantum Future

Quantum. Brain. K. Hepp Institute for Theoretical Physics, ETHZ, CH 8093 Zurich,
Switzerland Introduction Biology is as ... On the structural level, the frontier
between classical- and quantum physics is thought to lie somewhere between ...

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Author: Philippe Blanchard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540652183

Category: Computers

Page: 246

View: 763

This volume presents detailed discussions of a number of unsolved conceptual and technical issues arising, in particular, in the foundations of quantum theory and the philosophy of science. The 14 contributions capture a wide variety of viewpoints and backgrounds. Some chapters deal primarily with the main experimental issues; others focus on theoretical and philosophical questions. In addition, attempts are made to systematically analyze ways in which quantum physics can be connected to the neurosciences and consciousness research.