The Real Is Unknowable The Knowable Is Unreal

Readers will leave the book with a satisfying conclusion to a brief, luminous work that can be read again and again.

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Author: Robert Powell

Publisher: North Atlantic Books

ISBN: 9781583944295

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 299

Wisdom is to reject conventional wisdom about almost everything.Thus begins Robert Powell's inquiry into the nature of Totality and the unreality of all else. This small but profound book is divided into three parts. In the first, Reflections, Robert Powell comments on some of humankind's most timeless puzzles and questions: Does the body actually exist? What is man, if not that bundle of concepts and images that comes upon him at birth? The second, Interchanges, uses a dialogue format that recalls Plato's Allegory of the Cave, in which a teacher and student questioner in a modern setting discuss non-duality, consciousness, and reality. The third part, Essays, is comprised of eight essays, each only a few pages long but addressing overarching themes including consciousness, fear of death, the end of the search, and the notion of the real as unknowable. Readers will leave the book with a satisfying conclusion to a brief, luminous work that can be read again and again.

Neoplatonism and Islamic Thought

... of analogical predication without actually having done so.12 Be that as it may , Peirce denied that there can be anything real which is unknowable . He reaffirmed the traditional insight into the identity of the true and the real .

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Author: Parviz Morewedge

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791413357

Category: Philosophy

Page: 267

View: 788

This book explores, through their Neoplatonism, the philosophies of four cultures: North African, Moorish Spanish, Greek, and Islamic. Originating in North Africa, Neoplatonism became the framework for philosophical reflection in these diverse cultural settings. Neoplatonic themes like emanationism are found in all of them, despite the difficulty of reconciling such philosophical ideas with religious orthodoxy. The wide appeal of Neoplatonism, perhaps, is due to its development of the mystical dimension of Platonism. From this perspective, this volume presents eternally recurring Neoplatonic themes like the monistic vision of the entire universe descending from a single principle, and a potentiality of a mystical ascent-- a return to the origin. In addition, this book investigates the questions of self knowledge, the relation between the universal and the particular soul, and the transformation of spiritual substance into bodily substance in these cultures. These studies offer a rich and varied perspective of these cultures themselves, revealing the spirit of each in its adaptation to Neoplatonism.

Evolution

In our attempts to draw any inference from the facts of evolution as to the moral government of the universe, we have always found ourselves ultimately confronted by the notice—The Real is Unknowable. Obviously, if “the ultimate of ...

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Author: Frank B. Jevons

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9783732698899

Category: Fiction

Page: 244

View: 681

Reproduction of the original: Evolution by Frank B. Jevons

The Unknowable

The very suggestion that Absolute Reality is unknowable is absurd, thinks Bradley, for that is to know something about it. If it were genuinely unknowable we would not even know that it existed. It is, he jokes, as though one were to ...

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Author: W. J. Mander

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192537379

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 263

W. J. Mander presents a history of metaphysics in nineteenth-century Britain. The story focuses on the elaboration of, and differing reactions to, the concept of the unknowable or unconditioned, first developed by Sir William Hamilton in the 1829. The idea of an ultimate but unknowable way that things really are in themselves may be seen as supplying a narrative arc that runs right through the metaphysical systems of the period in question. These thought schemes may be divided into three broad groups which were roughly consecutive in their emergence but also overlapping as they continued to develop. In the first instance there were the doctrines of the agnostics who developed further Hamilton's basic idea that fundamental reality lies for the great part beyond our cognitive reach. These philosophies were followed immediately by those of the empiricists and, in the last third of the century, the idealists: both of these schools of thought—albeit in profoundly different ways—reacted against the epistemic pessimism of the agnostics. Mander offers close textual readings of the main contributions to First Philosophy made by the key philosophers of the period (such as Hamilton, Mansel, Spencer, Mill, and Bradley) as well as some less well known figures (such as Bain, Clifford, Shadworth Hodgson, Ferrier, and John Grote). By presenting, interpreting, criticising, and connecting together their various contrasting ideas, this book explains how the three traditions developed and interacted with one another to comprise the history of metaphysics in Victorian Britain.

Encountering Religious Pluralism

And if this reality is unknowable , how can we know that all claims about it are equally valid , except in the sense that all are completely mistaken ? " 88 But in spite of his commitment to the ineffability of the Real , Hick clearly ...

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Author: Harold Netland

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 083081552X

Category: Religion

Page: 368

View: 254

Harold Netland traces the emergence of the pluralistic ethos that challenges Christian faith and mission, interacting heavily with philosopher John Hick and providing a framework for developing a comprehensive evangelical theology of religions.

Probing the Meaning of Quantum Mechanics

For d'Espagnat the real is veiled, and the epithet in question has an intermediate meaning between those of the terms knowable and unknowable. For d'Espagnat the ontological reality is ineffable. On the other hand, science is not mere ...

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Author: Diederik Aerts

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing

ISBN: 9789813276901

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 495

This book provides an interdisciplinary perspective on one of the most fascinating and important open questions in science: What is quantum mechanics talking about? Quantum theory is perhaps our best confirmed physical theory. However, despite its great empirical effectiveness and the subsequent technological developments that it gave rise to in the 20th century, from the interpretation of the periodic table of elements to CD players, holograms and quantum state teleportation, it stands even today without a universally accepted interpretation. The novelty of the book comes from the multiple viewpoints and subjects investigated by a group of researchers from Europe and North and South America.

What Caused the Big Bang

G. Transcendent Reality Is Unknowable Immanuel Kant contended that all arguments for the existence of God fail because they apply conceptual categories of the understanding - like causation , purpose , and necessity , which legitimately ...

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Author: Rem Blanchard Edwards

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9042014075

Category: Philosophy

Page: 412

View: 297

This book critically explores answers to the big question, What produced our universe around fifteen billion years ago in a Big Bang? It critiques contemporary atheistic cosmologies, including Steady State, Oscillationism, Big Fizz, Big Divide, and Big Accident, that affirm the eternity and self-sufficiency of the universe without God. This study defends and revises Process Theology and arguments for God's existence from the universe's life-supporting order and contingent existence.

Browning as a Philosophical and Religious Teacher

The knowledge that such reality is , is surely a relation between that reality and consciousness , and , if so , the assertion of an unknowable reality is self - contradictory . For the conception of it is the conception of something ...

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Author: Sir Henry Jones

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:32044086845724

Category: Christian poetry, English

Page: 367

View: 736

Studies in Philosophy

So any willing and specially the willing to abstain from willing is unknowable freedom or reality . What is given to the will is also said to be real because either it is consumed by the will as a means to itself as end or if it cannot ...

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Author: Krishnachandra Bhattacharyya

Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass

ISBN: 9788120829725

Category: Philosophy

Page: 731

View: 99

These Studies in Philosophy represents all the published and only a few unpublished writings of Krishnachandra Bhattacharyya. These published writing date back to 1908, but his characteristic philosophical position assumes definite shape in the writings during the year 1928-36. The publications of the period outnumber and far outweigh those that fall during the previous twenty years. Of the twenty-one tracts published first in two separate Volumes, which in this edition appear as bound together in one, fourteen belong to this period, the others covering the previous years. Prof. Bhattacharyya had a deep study of ancient Indian Philosophy, particularly of Advaita Vedanta, Sankhya, Yoga and Jain Philosophies. Vol. I. contains Prof. Bhattacharyyaês constructive interpretation of these systems. He was also well-versed in classical German Philosophy, particularly that of Kant. His vast and deep study provided the intellectual background in the light of which his profoundly original mind could go on with the work of construction. He constructed a new system of his own which however is not easy to comprehend. Vol. II contains all the basic writings in which Prof. Bhattacharyyaês philosophy has been formulated. In the Introduction to this Volume, the Editor has usefully analysed the Authorês philosophical position in some details.

Indian Philosophy Metaphysics

So any willing and specially the willing to abstain from willing is unknowable freedom or reality . What is given to the will is also said to be real because either it is consumed by the will as a means to itself as end or if it cannot ...

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Author: Roy W. Perrett

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 081533608X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 382

View: 868

First Published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Philosophical Questions

This argument, however, is far from proving that the reality is unknowable, or that it lies hidden behind appearances or presentations. Take, for instance, a reality which appears as a ray of the sun. When it goes through a pane of ...

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Author: Bina Gupta

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847692859

Category: Philosophy

Page: 464

View: 307

Philosophical Questions: East and West is an anthology of source material for use in comparative courses in philosophy, religion, and the humanities. The readings derived from the great works of the Indian, Chinese, Japanese, Islamic, and Western intellectual traditions are presented as answers to some of the most enduring questions in philosophy. Discussions are arranged under the headings of epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, philosophy of religion, aesthetics, and the nature of human being. Each section begins with an introductory essay in which the leading questions and their responses from different traditions are presented in overview.Philosophical Questions raises the central questions of comparative philosophy and eloquently argues the need for discarding familiar cliches to make a fresh, unprejudiced study of these traditions."

Adventures in Transcendental Materialism

He insightfully explains later, in the penultimate session of this seminar, that Lacan seeks “to subtract the real from knowing (connaître) without falling into a doctrine of the ineffable or the unknowable.

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Author: Adrian Johnston

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748673308

Category: Philosophy

Page: 376

View: 398

Critically engaging with thinkers including Slavoj Zizek, Alain Badiou, Catherine Malabou, Jean-Claude Milner, Martin Hagglund, William Connolly and Jane Bennett, Johnston formulates a materialist and naturalist account of subjectivity that does full justice to human beings as irreducible to natural matter alone."e;

On Mr Spencer s Formula of Evolution as an Exhaustive Statement of the Changes of the Universe

knowledge we secognise no unknowable reality . If it is unknown and if it is unknowable it is not real . Since all knowledge is relative , real is a relative term , and means existence in relation to us and to other reals , the whole ...

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Author: Malcolm Guthrie

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:32044058252156

Category: Ethics, Evolutionary

Page: 267

View: 981

Art in Education

However , unlike social constructivism or post - structural theory Lacan works with the idea of the Real and thus ... and a signified referent , it is the opposite , in that the Real is unknowable but has the power to disrupt reality .

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Author: D. Atkinson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402010850

Category: Education

Page: 206

View: 208

Distinctive and unique in its approach, this book opens up art education to the broader field of social enquiry into practice, subjectivity and identity. It draws upon important developments in contemporary philosophy and the social sciences and applies this to the professional field of art in education. It opens new perspectives for teachers, teacher educators and student teachers.

Law Psychoanalysis Society

palatable: 'Everything we are allowed to approach by way of reality', Lacan reminds us, 'remains rooted in fantasy'.3 Without ... In contrast to what we can know and represent, the Real is contingent, unknowable and therefore beyond our ...

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Author: Maria Aristodemou

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134640454

Category: Law

Page: 179

View: 498

'I swear to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth' we say in a court of law. 'In a court of law, the truth is precisely what we will not say', says Lacan. ‘If God is dead, everything is permitted’, writes Dostoyevsky. ‘If God is dead, everything is prohibited’, responds Lacan. ‘I think, therefore I am’, reasons Descartes. ‘I am where I do not think’, concludes Lacan. What are we to make of Lacan’s inversions of these mottos? And what are the implications for the legal system if we take them seriously? This book puts the legal subject on the couch and explores the incestuous relationship between law and desire, enjoyment and transgression, freedom and subjection, ethics and atheism. The process of analysis problematizes fundamental tenets of the legal system, leading the patient to rethink long-held beliefs: terms like ‘guilt’ and ‘innocence’, ‘truth’ and ‘lies’, ‘reason’ and ‘reality’, ‘freedom’ and ‘responsibility’, ‘cause’ and ‘punishment’, acquire new and surprising meanings. By the end of these sessions, the patient is left wondering, along with Freud her analyst, whether ‘it is not psychology that deserves the mockery but the procedure of judicial enquiry’. A unique study on the nexus of Law and Psychoanalysis, this book will interest students and scholars of both subjects, as well as general readers looking to explore this perverse and fascinating relationship.

Life the Universe and Everything

to relativists, classification is always based on individual or cultural interests since there are no real essences. ... tantamount to saying that the real is unknowable, and the knowable is ideal in the sense that it is invested with ...

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Author: Ric Machuga

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 9780718840563

Category: Philosophy

Page: 324

View: 634

No philosophical idea, no matter how small, can live alone. Ideas always gain their force, power, and life from their surroundings - their ecosystem. The ecosystem of ideas defended in this book comes from the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle and his medieval interpreter, Thomas Aquinas. The ongoing relevance of their philosophical thought to twenty-first century issues is opened up in fascinating ways in this book. Life, the Universe, and Everything is the product of thirty years of teaching introductory courses in philosophy. Assuming no prior background, it only requires of readers an enquiring mind and a willingness to think carefully. An ideal guide to the big questions we face.

The Unknowable God

... with that which is unknowable in God, that which constitutes his own being, above and beyond the God of whom we shape an image which we comprehend, giving him ordinary and intelligible attributes. That is true contemplation.146 can ...

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Author: Ignacio L. Götz

Publisher: Christian Faith Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 9781098060169

Category: Religion

Page: 196

View: 874

Most contemporary Christians are polytheists. They believe in many gods—unawares, of course. There is a Father-god, depicted old and white-haired; there is a Son-god, middle-aged, identified with Jesus of Nazareth; and there is a Spirit-god, symbolized by a dove. Many artists have depicted this trinity, like El Greco, who painted his "The Trinity" in 1578. These three gods are believed to constitute only one divinity, but very few ordinary Christians could explain how this could be the case. This plurality of gods is the reason why Christianity is reviled by Jews and Muslims who affirm steadfastly the unicity of God and who ban any pictorial representation of the divinity. The very first Christians, the family and friends of Jesus, who were Jews, would not have held such a pagan belief, but their writings were destroyed by later adherents, so we lack the evidence to prove this.Christians claim that the Trinity has been revealed, but the fact is that such revelation is disproved by science and philosophy. So why not transcend this trinity in a contemplation of the One Unknowable God of all? Why not learn to live without knowing what God is, being satisfied with the belief that God is neither male nor female, neither triad nor monad, but simply the Divine Incognito?

Tao Te Ching

There is no reason for us to assume that the totally real is totally knowable, particularly when the real is thought of as transcendent. The only drawback in saying that the real is unknowable is that it follows from this that the truth ...

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Author: Lao Tzu

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780141922324

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 470

'Have little thought of self and as few desires as possible' Whether or not Lao Tzu was a historical figure is uncertain, but the wisdom gathered under his name in the fourth century BC is central to the understanding and practice of Taoism. One of the three great religions of China, Taoism is based upon a concept of the Tao, or Way, as the universal power through which all life flows. The Tao Te Ching offers a practical model by which both the individual and society can embody this belief, encouraging modesty and self-restraint as the true path to a harmonious and balanced existence. Translated with an Introduction by D. C. Lau

The Sceptical Idealist

Reality : The Given in Experience In connection with the relation of experience to reality , Oakeshott argues that no ... the form purporting to suppose that reality is independent of experience and it is real because it is unknowable .

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Author: Roy Tseng

Publisher: Imprint Academic

ISBN: 0907845223

Category: History

Page: 302

View: 489

This is the first book-length study to provide a structured interpretation of the significance of Michael Oakeshott's critique of the Enlightenment. By seeing the thinker as a 'sceptical idealist' posing a serious challenge to the intellectual positions informed by the Enlightenment, this book attempts to resolve some of the issues debated by Oakeshott scholars. The author argues that Oakeshott's famous critique of philosophisme and Rationalism in fact expresses a sense of the crisis of philosophical modernity. Moreover, notwithstanding some recent interpretations, throughout his intellectual career Oakeshott has never altered his analysis of these two themes: philosophy as the persistent re-establishment of completeness by transcending abstractness, and the modes of experience as self-consistent worlds of discourse. To apply this philosophy in his moral and political writings, Oakeshott has redressed an imbalance in favour of the Enlightenment ethical position -- 'the sovereignty of technique', 'demonstrative moral truth', 'the politics of faith' and 'enterprise association' -- by revitalising the importance of 'traditional knowledge', 'conversation', 'intimation', 'the politics of scepticism' and 'civil association'. Oakeshott is neither a doctrinal liberal nor a dogmatic conservative, but a philosophical sceptic. Moreover, Oakeshott's contribution to history not only lies in his effort to transcend the Enlightenment historiographical position -- by separating the historical from the naturalised conception of History on which so-called 'scientific history' rests -- but also in his idealistic solution for the 'temporal dilemma' and the 'epistemic tension' in history that have long bothered philosophers.

The World of Man

The real is unknowable. Our perceptive power did not emerge to know the real. Such objective is not the purpose of the cognitive power to come into being. For the kind of being we are, the most suitable mode of knowing, the table, ...

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Author: Francis Borgia

Publisher: Page Publishing Inc

ISBN: 9781682897676

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 442

The message this book carries is a new vision of man. It attempts to trace the origin of life from the beginning in the evolutionary process in which man too appeared. It was the evolving molecules which were ceaselessly engaged in the act of assembling, dissolving and reassembling ceaselessly At a stage when the structure of assembled molecules evolved into presells and eventually into cells in the inevitable process of the under current absolute action of evolution. The assembly of molecules at certain stage of evolutionary process emerged into single cells. The single cells as pointed out possessed all the organic and cognitive qualities, the power and function, but in a small way, which evolved to great maturity in the multicellular and highly evolved animals, especially man. The cognitive evolution in the animal and plant forms of life is the result of the way they procured energy that is life. The easy way was to capture such energy from the sun which poured out such energy in great abundance. The plants developed chlorophyll and by the photosynthetic method produced energy. A plant positions itself to spread out its green leaves to capture sun light which is everywhere. A plant does not go in search of food. It does not need awareness to become aware of food material. The cognitive devices did not develop in the plant for want of use. The animal on the other hand needs to go in search of food materials, because animal lived on the readily formed energy procured and provided by plants and other animals. They have to become aware of food materials and go in search of them. They developed devices to become aware of objects, circumstances other animals etc. Thus in the animals cognitive devices appeared. In the world of animals cognitive capacity appeared and developed. The book takes up man and follows him. In man the cognitive power which began with the inception of life has developed powerful nervous system , the central nervous system which not only governs all the parts of the body but it remembers, recalls, creates and constructs objects of direct perception, it also creates abstract objects and reconstruct and assemble them. The perceptive vision appeared that it brought the knowledge of the reality as it is, giving the conviction that what it knew was the naked reality. On this basis of natural conviction reason flourished and religions. Man was happily living in the world of his perception, which is the earth in the center of the universe, holding the skies with the sun, the moon and the stars that circling the earth and man at the center of all. But there was the fundamental issue of the incompleteness of the world his perception. The issue was: How does the whole thing come into being. Who or what makes the universe, the sun and the stars, the plants that flowers and bear sweet tasting fruits, animals and man? A Super and super natural Power was found necessary to complete the incomplete world the power of natural one track cognitive vision presented. . In the course of many centuries human cognitive power enriched and embellished building rational exposition, in the defense and support of religions. Each religion expanded with rational support from its followers and ardent devotees. Religions thrived and expanded so did reason and philosophic systems. The situation continued for many thousands of years. The attempt in the book continuing with man, tracing the silent evolutionary result of human development through the centuries of natural cognitive vision of the worlds .The unperceived process of evolution was carrying its absolutely necessary process of progress (evolving) all these many millennia. Abstract rational sciences flourished. The world was floating on the calm ocean of intellectual satisfaction of being convinced that it knew all that was knowable. The credit of smashing this conviction and the new epoch may be attributed to Nicholas Copernicus who established, against the undisputed conviction of earth being the center of everything and the sun circled the earth, that it is the earth that circles the sun and that the earth is not the center of the universe. Copernicus’ finding not only established (against the ridicules of the entire world) that the earth goes round the sun , but equally he established that our perceptive vision is not the grasping of the reality but a power of the organic unit suited to the needs of the unit. In the beginning of the new era continued with great scientific explosion by the great scientists like Kepler and Galileo and carried on by eminent scientists with the arrival of Isaac Newton. With Isaac Newton the period of classical science ended. But it had provided the world with man-made instruments and devices to look into the world of perception. A new perceptive vision was being born. The nineteen and the twentieth centuries which had the advantage of the new vision saw a totally new world. The universe was seen in the natural cognitive vision as made up of different realities of particular nature as trees are different from animals whose natures are seen and known as of totally different essence and substance. But in the new scientific vision the essence is one and the same reality- the atoms. The entire universe is of the same substance the atoms. Meantime the great fact of evolution was detected by the great Charles Darwin and other scientists. Evolution, a process that was going on forever was so simply hidden to our natural cognitive vision. How insignificant is our cognitive power! The new vision extended further. Scientific instruments and scientists’ skills could spit the atom itself. The scientific vision presented a new world beyond the natural perceptive. Atom was divided which led to the world of quanta energy form of matter. Matter and energy are one and the same reality, the expression of the Absolute which is unknown and unknowable. All are the expression of the Absolute which is action that is evolution. The direct cognitive power of man which is the interaction between the cognitive device and a rejected ray from the object. The scientific perception has revealed the world totally is different from the world of natural perception where the world is seen as a place of endless variety of essentially different things as inanimate things like the maintains, rivers the stars and planets trees and animals. All with unbridgeable individual nature or essence. Against this vision of natural perception the scientific of vision presents a diametrically opposite vision of the world. In the scientific world everything is seen fashioned out of the same one thing already at the level of atoms. The oneness is expressed more intensely in the quanta, wave-particle oneness of energy and matter the same one reality. E=mc2. The entire being is the absolute. The absolute in unknowable. The Absolute is action that is evolution. The universes and all that are within them are expressions of the acting and therefore evolving Absolute. It is already due that the human family come together to acknowledge the Absolute that is real. The human family has suffered enough violence and wars, suffering and slaughters in the name of religions, when will the human family realize the endless suffering in the name of religions is the most contrary to the human spirits?