The Sh a in Iraqi Heresiography

This book addresses the presentation of the Shīʿa in the extant theological-doxographical literature of Iraq up to the early fourth century of Islam.


Author: James Weaver

Publisher: de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110620537


Page: 0

View: 472

This book addresses the presentation of the Shīʿa in the extant theological-doxographical literature of Iraq up to the early fourth century of Islam. Understanding doxographies primarily as textual products of third-century kalām circles, it provides historians with a more thorough account of the likely provenance and transmission of this important body of source material, as well as of the particular images of the early Shīʿa it constructs.

Understanding Sectarianism

Sunni-Shi'a Relations in the Modern Arab World Fanar Haddad ... dictating the ebbs and flows of what are nominally static doctrinal issues.9 As will be seen in chapter 4, even explicit anti-Shi'a heresiography in the Ottoman Empire was ...


Author: Fanar Haddad

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197536049

Category: Social Science


View: 162

"Sectarianism" is one of the most over-discussed yet under-analyzed concepts in debates about the Middle East. Despite the deluge of commentary, there is no agreement on what "sectarianism" is. Is it a social issue, one of dogmatic incompatibility, a historic one or one purely related to modern power politics? Is it something innately felt or politically imposed? Is it a product of modernity or its antithesis? Is it a function of the nation-state or its negation? This book seeks to move the study of modern sectarian dynamics beyond these analytically paralyzing dichotomies by shifting the focus away from the meaningless '-ism' towards the root: sectarian identity. How are Sunni and Shi'a identities imagined, experienced and negotiated and how do they relate to and interact with other identities? Looking at the modern history of the Arab world, Haddad seeks to understand sectarian identity not as a monochrome frame of identification but as a multi-layered concept that operates on several dimensions: religious, subnational, national and transnational. Far from a uniquely Middle Eastern, Arab, or Islamic phenomenon, a better understanding of sectarian identity reveals that the many facets of sectarian relations that are misleadingly labelled "sectarianism" are echoed in intergroup relations worldwide.

Islamische Selbstbilder

Mit Beiträgen von Lale Behzadi, Michael Ursinus, Henning Sievert, Paula Schrode, Johannes Zimmermann, Ines Weinrich u.v.a. DE


Author: Sarah Kiyanrad

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9783947732180

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 121

In der Islamkunde wird seit einigen Jahren sehr lebhaft diskutiert, inwieweit „Horizonte des Individuellen“ in literarischen und dokumentarischen Quellen wahrnehmbar sind. Der Band ist bewusst nicht als kumulativ strukturierte Festgabe konzipiert, sondern soll vielmehr an fachwissenschaftlich relevante Diskussionen anknüpfen. Mit Beiträgen von Lale Behzadi, Michael Ursinus, Henning Sievert, Paula Schrode, Johannes Zimmermann, Ines Weinrich u.v.a. DE

The Dynamics of Sunni Shia Relationships

Between rapprochement (taqrîb) and ruptures The heresiography and classical polemics between Sunnite and Shiite ... and the propagation of Shiism in Iraq.18 The Ottoman Sultan Abd al-Hamid II implemented a pan-Islamic policy that sought ...


Author: Sabrina Mervin

Publisher: Hurst Publishers

ISBN: 9781849042178

Category: Religion

Page: 355

View: 442

Before the immense changes of the 2011 'Arab Spring', it was Sunni-Shia sectarian rivalry that preoccupied most political analyses of the Middle East. This book presents wide-ranging and up-to-date research that sheds light on the political, sociological and ideological processes that are affecting the dynamics within the Shia and Sunni worlds.

The Bloomsbury Companion to Islamic Studies

In this sense, one may as well say that all native Iraqis, particularly in Kufa, were more or less Shiite, not merely as ... It is worth noting that such interpretations often draw from and echo the Sunni heresiographic literature.


Author: Clinton Bennett

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472586896

Category: Philosophy

Page: 440

View: 346

The Bloomsbury Companion to Islamic Studies is a comprehensive one volume reference guide to Islam and study in this area. A team of leading international scholars - Muslim and non-Muslim - cover important aspects of study in the field, providing readers with a complete and accessible source of information to the wide range of methodologies and theoretical principles involved. Presenting Islam as a variegated tradition, key essays from the contributors demonstrate how it is subject to different interpretations, with no single version privileged. In this volume, Islam is treated as a lived experience, not only as theoretical ideal or textual tradition. Featuring a series of indispensable research tools, including a substantial A-Z of key terms and concepts, chronology and a detailed list of resources, this is the essential reference guide for anyone working in Islamic Studies.

Twelver Shiism

The Sawad, Iraq's 'breadbasket', had fallen under the effective control of the Shii Banul-Barid, who frequently ... 912) authored the heresiographical work Firaq al-Shia, as well as refutations of the Waqifi Shia, of the Mutazila on the ...


Author: Andrew J. Newman

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748631902

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 612

Charts the history and development of Twelver Shi'ismAs many as 40 different Shi`i groups existed in the 9th and 10th centuries; only 3 forms remain. Why is Twelver Shi`ism one of them? As the established faith in modern Iran, the majority faith in Iraq and areas in the Gulf and with its adherents forming sizeable minorities elsewhere in the region, it is arguably the most successful branch of Shi'ism. Andrew Newman charts the history Twelver Shi'ism, uncovering the development of the key distinctive doctrines and practices which ensured its survival in the face of repeated challenges. He argues that the key to the faith's endurance has been its ability to institutionalise responses to the changing, often localised circumstances in which the community has found itself, thereby remaining remarkably resilient in the face of both internal disagreements and external opposition.

Law and Tradition in Classical Islamic Thought

... A Study of the Early Caliphate (Cambridge, 1997), and An Ismaili Heresiography (with Paul E. Walker, Brill, 1998). ... he has also authored numerous articles on topics ranging from the Abbasids to the Shīʿa of contemporary Iraq.


Author: M. Cook

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137078957

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 909

Bringing together essays on topics related to Islamic law, this book is composed of articles by prominent legal scholars and historians of Islam. They exemplify a critical development in the field of Islamic Studies: the proliferation of methodological approaches that employ a broad variety of sources to analyze social and political developments.

The Divine Guide in Early Shi ism

24 , 1910 ; R. Strothmann , “ History of Islamic Heresiography , ” Islamic Culture , 1938 ; Gh . H. Sadighi , Les Mouvements religieux ; S. Moscati ... Samʻân and the Bayâniyya : Shîʻite Extremists of Umayyad Iraq , ” MW , vol .


Author: Mohammad Ali Amir-Moezzi

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791421228

Category: Religion

Page: 279

View: 664

Abbreviations Preface Chapter I Introduction: Return to the Earliest Sources Hiero-Intelligence and Reason Esotericism and Rationalization The Sources The Nature and Authority of Imamite Traditions Chapter II The Pre-Existence of the Imam The Worlds before the World. The Guide-Light Adamic Humanity. The "Voyage" of the Light Excursus: "Vision with the Heart" Conception and Birth Chapter III The Existence of the Imam Comments on the "Political" Life of the Imams The Sacred Science Notes on the "Integral Qur’an* " The Sacred Power Chapter IV The Super-Existence of the Imam Imamite Points of View on the Ancientness of the Information The Imam and His Occultation: Esoteric Aspects The Return and the Rising: Esoteric Aspects Conclusions Appendix: Some Implications of the Occultation: Individual Religion and Collective Religion Notes Bibliography General Index

Affirming the Imamate Early Fatimid Teachings in the Islamic West

... but were usually condemned by the Shiʿa as extremists. On the latter, see W. Madelung and P. E. Walker, An Ismaili Heresiography, The 'Bāb al-Shayṭān', from Abū Tammām's Kitāb al-shajara (Leiden, 1998), text, pp. 76–79, tr., pp.


Author: Wilferd Madelung

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780755637348

Category: Religion

Page: 248

View: 769

The two sermons edited and translated here for the first time are primary material from the years before the establishment of the Fatimid caliphate in 297/909. The authors have been identified as Abu 'Abd Allah al-Shi'i and Abu'l-'Abbas Muhammad, two brothers who were central to the success of the Ismaili da'wa in North Africa. Da'wa, a term used to describe how Muslims teach others about the beliefs and practices of their Islamic faith, therefore provide a unique view of the nature and development of Islam throughout history. In this case, the primary texts shed light on the development of Islam among the Berbers of the Maghreb. The first text by Abu 'Abd Allah al-Shi'i shows how the arguments for belief in the 'imamate' of the family of the Prophet, that is, the Shi'a belief that all imams should be spiritual descendants of the Prophet Muhammad and his household, were developed and presented to bring new adherents to the cause. The Book of the Keys to Grace by his elder brother Abu'l-'Abbas, too, concerns not only the centrality of the imam in the faith but also sheds light on the hierarchy of the da'wa in this early period and its organisational sophistication. Both texts also reveal the contemporary theology propagated by the Ismaili da'wa, including for instance, the powerful analogy of Moses/Aaron and Muhammad/'Ali, the awareness of a variety of religious traditions and the use of detailed Qur'anic quotations and a wide range of hadith. As such they constitute primary source material of interest not only for Ismaili history but for this early period of Islam in general.