The Tangwang Language

This book studies the Tangwang language, providing the first comprehensive grammar in English of this Chinese variety, with detailed analysis of its phonology, morphology, and syntax.

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Author: Dan Xu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319592299

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 184

View: 417

This book studies the Tangwang language, providing the first comprehensive grammar in English of this Chinese variety, with detailed analysis of its phonology, morphology, and syntax. This fills a gap in the literature, as previously only a few articles on this language were available. The book takes an interdisciplinary approach, examining genetic data to determine historical patterns of population migration, as well as linguistic data that focus on the influence of the Dongxiang (Santa) language as a consequence of language contact on the Silk Road. The concluding chapter argues that Tangwang has not yet become a mixed language, and that syntactic borrowing has a stronger impact than lexical borrowing on languages.

Languages and Genes in Northwestern China and Adjacent Regions

languages and populations at the border of Gansu and Qinghai. ... The Tangwang people and their language are an ideal model for studying language contact ...

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Author: Dan Xu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811041693

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 156

View: 546

This book presents an investigation of language contact, focusing on Northwestern China. It breaks down the barrier between human sciences and natural sciences in order to reconsider the diversity of languages on the basis of the latest research findings from genetics, linguistics, and other domains, offering valuable insights into when and how the divergence of languages and genes began and language and gene admixture and replacement occurred. The book focuses on language evolution between the border of Gansu and Qinghai Province in China, but the research doesn’t neglect the area beyond China’s northern borders. Manchu, a dying language belonging to the Tungusic group, is also studied to enhance our understanding of language replacement. This work is the result of a four-year collaboration between teams of geneticists and linguists in France and China.

The Determinants of Diachronic Stability

The Tangwang language Chinese and more generally Sinitic languages have always had an underlying VO order. The alleged OV characteristics observable in some ...

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Author: Anne Breitbarth

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027262752

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 294

View: 922

While much of the literature has focused on explaining diachronic variation and change, the fact that sometimes change does not seem to happen has received much less attention. The current volume unites ten contributions that look for the determinants of diachronic stability, mainly in the areas of morphology and (morpho)syntax. The relevant question is approached from different angles, both empirical and theoretical. Empirically, the contributions deal with the absence of change where one may expect it, uncover underlying stability where traditionally diachronic change was postulated, and, inversely, superficial stability that disguises underlying change. Determining factors ranging from internal causes to language contact are explored. Theoretically, the questions of whether stable variation is possible, and how it can be modeled are addressed. The volume will be of interest to linguists working on the causes of language change, and to scholars working on the history of Germanic, Romance, and Sinitic languages.

Pidgins Creoles and Mixed Languages

In Tangwang, for example, the forms derive from Mandarin, while the structure reflects that of Dongxian: Tangwang (Mixed language (Mandarin/Dongxiang): ...

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Author: Viveka Velupillai

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027268846

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 599

View: 784

This lucid and theory-neutral introduction to the study of pidgins, creoles and mixed languages covers both theoretical and empirical issues pertinent to the field of contact linguistics. Part I presents the theoretical background, with chapters devoted to the definition of terms, the sociohistorical settings, theories on the genesis of pidgins and creoles, as well as discussions on language variation and the sociology of language. Part II empirically tests assumptions made about the linguistic characteristics of pidgins and creoles by systematically comparing them with other natural languages in all linguistic domains. This is the first introduction that consistently applies the findings of the Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures and systematically includes extended pidgins and mixed languages in the discussion of each linguistic feature. The book is designed for students of courses with a focus on pidgins, creoles and mixed languages, as well as typologically oriented courses on contact linguistics.

Space and Quantification in Languages of China

Minzu yuwen [Non-Han languages] 6:9–23. Xu, Dan. 2014a. Tangwang hua yanjiu [Studies in Tangwang]. Beijing: Minzu chubanshe [NonHan languages Press].

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Author: Dan Xu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319100401

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 251

View: 954

This volume provides general linguists with new data and analysis on languages spoken in China regarding various aspects of space and quantification, using different approaches. Contributions by researchers from Mainland China, Hong Kong, Japan, Europe, the United States and Australia offer insights on aspects of language ranging from phonology and morphology to syntax and semantics, while the approaches vary from formal, historical, areal, typological, and cognitive linguistics to second language acquisition. After separate volumes on space and quantification in languages of China, the studies in this volume combine space and quantification to allow readers a view of the intersection of the two topics. Each article contributes to general linguistic knowledge while discussing a particular aspect of space or quantification in a particular language/dialect, offering new data and analysis from languages that are spoken in the same geographical area, and that belong to various language families that exist and evolve in close contact with one another.

New Perspectives on Mixed Languages

The Tangwang language. In Stephen A. Wurm, Peter Mühlhäusler & Darrell R. Tryon (eds.), Atlas of languages of intercultural communication in the Pacific, ...

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Author: Maria Mazzoli

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781501511141

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 416

View: 633

A growing number of language varieties with diverse backgrounds and structural typologies have been identified as mixed. However, the debate on the status of many varieties and even on the existence of the category of “mixed languages” continues still today. This volume examines the current state of the theoretical and empirical debate on mixed languages and presents new advances from a diverse set of mixed language varieties. These cover well-known mixed languages, such as Media Lengua, Michif, Gurindji Kriol, and Kallawaya, and varieties whose classification is still debated, such as Reo Rapa, Kumzari, Jopará, and Wutun. The contributions deal with different aspects of mixed languages, including descriptive approaches to their current status and origins, theoretical discussions on the language contact processes in them, and analysis of different types of language mixing practices. This book contributes to the current debate on the existence of the mixed language category, shedding more light onto this fascinating group of languages and the contact processes that shape them.

Language Complexity

The Tangwang language. In Atlas of Languages of Intercultural Communication in the Pacific, Asia, and the Americas (Volume 11.2), S.A. Wurm, P. Miihlhausler ...

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Author: Matti Miestamo

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027291356

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 356

View: 810

Language complexity has recently attracted considerable attention from linguists of many different persuasions. This volume – a thematic selection of papers from the conference Approaches to Complexity in Language, held in Helsinki, August 2005 – is the first collection of articles devoted to the topic. The sixteen chapters of the volume approach the notion of language complexity from a variety of perspectives. The papers are divided into three thematic sections that reflect the central themes of the book: Typology and theory, Contact and change, Creoles and pidgins. The book is mainly intended for typologists, historical linguists, contact linguists and creolists, as well as all linguists interested in language complexity in general. As the first collective volume on a very topical theme, the book is expected to be of lasting interest to the linguistic community.

Language Interrupted

The Tangwang language. In Atlas of languages of intercultural communication in the Pacific, Asia, and the Americas, vol. 2.2, ed.

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Author: John McWhorter

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190294939

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 304

View: 134

Foreigners often say that English language is "easy." A language like Spanish is challenging in its variety of verb endings (the verb speak is conjugated hablo, hablas, hablamos), and gender for nouns, whereas English is more straight forward (I speak, you speak, we speak). But linguists generally swat down claims that certain languages are "easier" than others, since it is assumed all languages are complex to the same degree. For example, they will point to English's use of the word "do" -- Do you know French? This usage is counter-intuitive and difficult for non-native speakers. Linguist John McWhorter agrees that all languages are complex, but questions whether or not they are all equally complex. The topic of complexity has become a hot issue in recent years, particularly in creole studies, historical linguistics, and language contact. As McWhorter describes, when languages came into contact over the years (when French speakers ruled the English for a few centuries, or the vikings invaded England), a large number of speakers are forced to learn a new language quickly, and this came up with a simplified version, a pidgin. When this ultimately turns into a "real" language, a creole, the result is still simpler and less complex than a "non-interrupted" language that has been around for a long time. McWhorter makes the case that this kind of simplification happens in degrees, and criticizes linguists who are reluctant to say that, for example, English is simply simpler than Spanish for socio-historical reasons. He analyzes how various languages that seem simple but are not creoles, actually are simpler than they would be if they had not been broken down by large numbers of adult learners. In addition to English, he looks at Mandarin Chinese, Persian, Malay, and some Arabic varieties. His work will interest not just experts in creole studies and historical linguistics, but the wider community interested in language complexity.

Atlas of the World s Languages

Dwyer, Arienne M. (2005) The Xinjiang Conflict: Uyghur identity, language policy and political ... (1996c) 'The Tangwang language' in Stephen A. Wurm et al.

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Author: R.E. Asher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317851080

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 416

View: 669

Before the first appearance of the Atlas of the World's Languages in 1993, all the world's languages had never been accurately and completely mapped. The Atlas depicts the location of every known living language, including languages on the point of extinction. This fully revised edition of the Atlas offers: up-to-date research, some from fieldwork in early 2006 a general linguistic history of each section an overview of the genetic relations of the languages in each section statistical and sociolinguistic information a large number of new or completely updated maps further reading and a bibliography for each section a cross-referenced language index of over 6,000 languages. Presenting contributions from international scholars, covering over 6,000 languages and containing over 150 full-colour maps, the Atlas of the World's Languages is the definitive reference resource for every linguistic and reference library.

A typology of questions in Northeast Asia and beyond

Enets (Languages of the World/Materials 186). ... Chineselanguage(s) alookthroughtheprismof the greatdictionary of modern Chinese ... The Tangwang language.

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Author: Andreas Hölzl

Publisher: Language Science Press

ISBN: 9783961101023

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 543

View: 503

This study investigates the distribution of linguistic and specifically structural diversity in Northeast Asia (NEA), defined as the region north of the Yellow River and east of the Yenisei. In particular, it analyzes what is called the grammar of questions (GQ), i.e., those aspects of any given language that are specialized for asking questions or regularly combine with these. The bulk of the study is a bottom-up description and comparison of GQs in the languages of NEA. The addition of the phrase and beyond to the title of this study serves two purposes. First, languages such as Turkish and Chuvash are included, despite the fact that they are spoken outside of NEA, since they have ties to (or even originated in) the region. Second, despite its focus on one area, the typology is intended to be applicable to other languages as well. Therefore, it makes extensive use of data from languages outside of NEA. The restriction to one category is necessary for reasons of space and clarity, and the process of zooming in on one region allows a higher resolution and historical accuracy than is usually the case in linguistic typology. The discussion mentions over 450 languages and dialects from NEA and beyond and gives about 900 glossed examples. The aim is to achieve both a cross-linguistically plausible typology and a maximal resolution of the linguistic diversity of Northeast Asia.

Interrogative Strategies

An areal typology of the languages of China Tianhua Luo. Xiang, Mengbing 1990. ... Tangwanghua yanjiu [A study of the Tangwang language].

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Author: Tianhua Luo

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027266590

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 252

View: 317

This book deals with how to ask questions in the languages of China. The syntactic, morphological, and lexical forms for distinguishing interrogatives take centre stage; intonation is also dealt with, but more peripherally than question particles, disjunctive and negative constructions, and word order. 140 languages spoken in China are covered coming from four major families: Sino-Tibetan, Altaic, Austronesian and Austro-Asiatic, accompanied by a few mixed languages. The approach is areal-typological, i.e. these focal languages are compared to the languages of the world as represented in typological samples, and within China areal patterns of the structural variables are examined. The book will be an indispensable reference for future work on interrogatives in a typological context and for areal studies of the language situation in China and more generally East Asia.

Linguistic Simplicity and Complexity

Lee-Smith, Mei W. 1996 The Tangwang language. In Stephen A. Wurm, Peter Mühlhäusler and Darrell T. Tryon (eds.), Atlas of Languages of Intercultural ...

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Author: John H. McWhorter

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9781934078372

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 335

View: 759

In John McWhorter s Defining Creole anthology of 2005, his collected articles conveyed the following theme: His hypothesis that creole languages are definable not just in the sociohistorical sense, but in the grammatical sense. His publications since the 1990s have argued that all languages of the world that lack a certain three traits together are creoles (i.e. born as pidgins a few hundred years ago and fleshed out into real languages). He also argued that in light of their pidgin birth, such languages are less grammatically complex than others, as the result of their recent birth as pidgins. These two claims have been highly controversial among creolists as well as other linguists. In this volume, Linguistic Simplicityand Complexity, McWhorter gathers articles he has written since then, in the wake of responses from a wide range of creolists and linguists. These articles represent a considerable divergence in direction from his earlier work."

Speakers of the Non Han Languages and Dialects of China

Language Other Names Speaker Population Best Figure Maximum Dialect Sub - dialect Minimum Local Dialect Sub - local Dialect Tangwang ! 20,000 Nationality of speakers : Spoken by Hui and Dongxiang people ' .

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Author: Walter Shearer

Publisher:

ISBN: 0773473068

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 303

View: 906

This monograph is a compilation of first-language speaker populations and other data of all the non-Han languages and dialects of China (including Taiwan) identified as of the end of 1998. It makes available for the first time in English information about these populations and contains the latest data on newly identified languages and dialects that have not yet been published. The information for each language includes: name(s) and dialects known; populations for each; locations of speakers in China and neighboring countries; intelligibility information; official nationality classification of the speakers; and alternate classification or status designations that have been proposed.

A Grammar of Mangghuer

A Mongolic Language of China's Qinghai-Gansu Sprachbund Keith W. Slater ... weight 73 Tangwang Chinese language see Chinese languagesTangwang dialect ...

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Author: Keith W. Slater

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135790813

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 400

View: 467

This book is a grammar of Mangghuer, a Mongolic language spoken by approximately 25,000 people in China's northwestern Qinghai Province. Mangghuer is virtually unknown outside China, and no grammar of Mangghuer has ever been published in any language. The book's primary importance is thus as a systematic grammatical description of a little-known language. The book also makes a significant contribution to comparative Mongolic studies. In addition to the synchronic description of Mangghuer, extensive comparison with other Mongolic languages is included, demonstrating the genetic relationship of Mangghuer within that family. In the course of describing Mangghuer linguistic structures, the book also examines issues of interest to linguistic typologists.

Paradigm Change

In the Transeurasian languages and beyond Martine Robbeets, Walter Bisang ... in a language. A good example is Tangwang (唐汪, Northwestern Mandarin: ...

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Author: Martine Robbeets

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027269737

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 345

View: 505

This book is concerned with comparing morphological paradigms between languages in order to establish areal and genealogical relationships. The languages in focus are the Transeurasian languages: Japanese, Korean, Tungusic, Mongolic, and Turkic languages. World-eminent experts in diachronic morphology and typology interact with specialists on Transeurasian languages, presenting innovative theoretical analyses and new empirical facts. The stress on the importance of paradigmatic morphology in historical linguistics contrasts sharply with the paucity of existing literature on the topic. This volume partially fills this gap, by shifting focus from Indo-European to other language families. “Paradigm change” will appeal to scholars and advanced students concerned with linguistic reconstruction, language contact, morphology and typology, and to anyone interested in the Transeurasian languages.

Turkic Languages

Institute for the Study of Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa ( ILCAA ) . ... The Tangwang language . ... Hanyu Hezhouhua yu A'ertai yuyan ( Comparisons between the Hezhou dialect of Chinese and Altaic languages ) .

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000075060768

Category: Turkic languages

Page:

View: 229

The Language Situation in China

Language Name Language Family Pubiao Language Laji Language Bugan ... Family Indo-European Family Wutun Hua Creole Tang Wang Hua Creole Eh Hua Creole Zha ...

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Author: Li Yuming

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9781614512530

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 467

View: 653

China, with the world's largest population, numerous ethnic groups and vast geographical space, is also rich in languages. Since 2006, China's State Language Commission has been publishing annual reports on what is called "language life" in China. These reports cover language policy and planning invitatives at the national, provincial and local levels, new trends in language use in a variety of social domains, and major events concerning languages in mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. Now for the first time, these reports are available in English for anyone interested in Chinese language and linguistics, China's languge, education and social policies, as well as everyday language use among the ordinary people in China. The invaluable data contained in these reports provide an essential reference to researchers, professionals, policy makers, and China watchers.

The Handbook of Pidgin and Creole Studies

... he calls hybridized languages in Northwestern China along the Silk Road: Ejnu in Xinjiang, Tangwang and Hezhou in Gansu, and Wutun in Tibetan Qinghai.

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Author: Silvia Kouwenberg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444305999

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 704

View: 346

Featuring an international contributor list, this long-awaited and broad-ranging collection examines the key issues, topics and research in pidgin and creole studies. A comprehensive reference work exploring the treatment of core aspects of pidgins/creoles, focusing on the questions that animate creole studies Brings together newly-commissioned entries by an international contributor team Accessibly structured into four sections covering: the character of pidgins and creoles; the relation of pidgins/creoles to other language phenomena and other languages; issues in pidgin/creole genesis; and the role of pidgins/creoles in society Provides a valuable resource for students, scholars and researchers working across a number linguistic disciplines, including sociolinguistics, historical linguistics, and the anthropology of language

Studia Orientalia

Another , on the Linxia language , is in the making , while a couple of others ( Tangwang and Gangou ) are on the list . Several languages in this area , too , remain undescribed and almost unreported in the same way as the Bradleys ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCBK:C106293819

Category: East Asia

Page:

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Wutun

Sinitic and Non - Sinitic Phonology in the Languages of Amdo Qinghai . ... On the Language of the Shaowa Tuzu in the Context of the Ethnic Taxonomy of Amdo Qinghai . ' Central Asiatic Journal 51/2 ... [ 2 ] “ The Tangwang Language .

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Author: Juha Janhunen

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015073674866

Category: Amdo (China : Region)

Page: 133

View: 783