The Transformation of Welfare States

'Globalization', institutions and welfare regimes -- The challenge of globalization -- Globalization and welfare regime change -- Towards workfare? : changing labour market policies -- Labour market policies in social democratic and ...

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Author: Nick Ellison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134765706

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 985

'Globalization', institutions and welfare regimes -- The challenge of globalization -- Globalization and welfare regime change -- Towards workfare? : changing labour market policies -- Labour market policies in social democratic and continental regimes -- Population ageing, GEPs and changing pensions systems -- Pensions policies in continental and social regimes -- Conclusion : welfare regimes in a liberalizing world.

Transformations of the Welfare State

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Author:

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199296323

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 383

This book is a history of man's complex relationship with body weight explores its connections with social welfare, income, diet, and changing attitudes towards body image. According to the World Health Organization we are in the midst of a global obesity crisis. Is obesity a disease itself or a symptom of underlying physiological or psychological illnesses? Is it a sign of social excess and therefore not a disease in the medical sense at all? Is it really "new"? In this book the author presents an account of the history of obesity, looking at the changing attitudes towards the body, from regarding it as "God's temple" to more mechanical and practical concerns from the Enlightenment onwards. In the eighteenth century obesity was understood as a problem of the affluent; today the affluent are more likely to have a personal trainer and a healthier diet, and it is the poorer classes who are more likely to be overweight. He considers obesity in many contexts, including a chapter on obesity in China and the impact of modernization and Westernization on this very different culture. Taking the issue up to the present day, he examines the wider political and social implications obesity raises, considering whether obesity should be cured by diet or surgery, by psychotherapy or economic improvement, by healthier food choices or by social relocation.

Transformation of the Welfare State

Same time, the glaring systemic deficiencies of extant welfare systems-and the psychological toll of welfare dependency--became increasingly apparent, even to welfare's supporters.

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Author: Neil Gilbert

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 019517657X

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 261

Same time, the glaring systemic deficiencies of extant welfare systems-and the psychological toll of welfare dependency--became increasingly apparent, even to welfare's supporters.

Welfare State Transformations and Inequality in OECD Countries

This book analyzes how recent welfare state transformations across advanced democracies have shaped social and economic disparities.

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Author: Melike Wulfgramm

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137511834

Category: Political Science

Page: 321

View: 546

This book analyzes how recent welfare state transformations across advanced democracies have shaped social and economic disparities. The authors observe a trend from a compensatory paradigm towards supply oriented social policy, and investigate how this phenomenon is linked to distributional outcomes. How – and how much – have changes in core social policy fields alleviated or strengthened different dimensions of inequality? The authors argue that while the market has been the major cause of increasing net inequalities, the trend towards supply orientation in most social policy fields has further contributed to social inequality. The authors work from sociological and political science perspectives, examining all of the main branches of the welfare state, from health, education and tax policy, to labour market, pension and migration policy. /div

New Risks New Welfare

This book, based on brand new data from a major study and long-standing collaboration between a number of prominent European scholars, provides a fresh perspective on the future of the welfare state across the EU. Through detailed case ...

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Author: Peter Taylor-Gooby

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199267262

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 370

This book, based on brand new data from a major study and long-standing collaboration between a number of prominent European scholars, provides a fresh perspective on the future of the welfare state across the EU. Through detailed case-study analysis, it analyses the emergence of new social risks alongside traditional needs.

The Transformation of Work in Welfare State Organizations

This book provides a sociological understanding of how public administrations deal with this transformation, how people’s role as public servants is affected, and what kind of strategies emerge either to meet these new organizational ...

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Author: Frank Sowa

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351619943

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 425

How has New Public Management influenced social policy reform in different developed welfare states? New managerialism is conceptualized as a paradigm, which not only shapes the decision-making process in bureaucratic organizations but also affects the practice of individuals (citizens). Public administrations have been expected to transform from traditional bureaucratic organizations into modern managerial service providers by adopting a business model that requires the efficient and effective use of resources. The introduction of managerial practices, controlling and accounting systems, management by objectives, computerization, service orientation, increased outsourcing, competitive structures and decentralized responsibility are typical of efforts to increase efficiency. These developments have been accompanied by the abolition of civil service systems and fewer secure jobs in public administrations. This book provides a sociological understanding of how public administrations deal with this transformation, how people’s role as public servants is affected, and what kind of strategies emerge either to meet these new organizational requirements or to circumvent them. It shows how hybrid arrangements of public services are created between the public and the private sphere that lead to conflicts of interest between private strategies and public tasks as well as to increasingly homogeneous social welfare provision across Europe.

The Welfare State and Its Aftermath

This book surveys the creation and existence of the welfare state in the developed economies, analyzes ways in which problems have emerged, and suggests possibilities for reform.

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Author: Shemuel Noaḥ Aizensḥtadṭ

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 038920529X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 329

View: 699

This book surveys the creation and existence of the welfare state in the developed economies, analyzes ways in which problems have emerged, and suggests possibilities for reform.

The Transformation of the Swedish Welfare System

Social scientists and politicians alike will find this book highly relevant for their work.

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Author: Ali Hajighasemi

Publisher: Almqvist & Wiksell International

ISBN: IND:30000107531877

Category: Political Science

Page: 292

View: 802

What has happened to the once famous Swedish model? Since the economic crisis in the 1990s, prophecies of the imminent demise of the universal welfare state have been common. Cutbacks in social benefits and mass unemployment seem to confirm these prophesies. The author - a citizen of Sweden, with a Ph.D. from Durham University, UK and a native of Iran - thinks differently. In this study he explores the role of social movements, demographic, economic and socio-cultural conditions, institutional change and "globalization" in the transformation of the Swedish welfare state. Several programs were indeed recalibrated, and a policy of cost containment came to dominate social policy-making, independent of whether the government was center-left or center-right. Although the favorable conditions in the decades after WWII no longer obtain, the downsizing of the welfare programs has basically followed an egalitarian and universal logic. There are cracks in the wall, but the Nordic welfare states have thus far survived and have shown themselves more resilient than most other social organizations in crisis. Social scientists and politicians alike will find this book highly relevant for their work.

The Left Divided

To demonstrate the counterintuitive effects of having the far-left control significant political resources, the book combines in-depth case studies of Iberia with cross-national analysis of OECD countries.

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Author: Sara E. Watson

Publisher: OUP Us

ISBN: 9780190245474

Category: Liberalism

Page: 376

View: 304

Why do some countries construct strong systems of social protection, while others leave workers exposed to market forces? In the past three decades, scholars have developed an extensive literature theorizing how hegemonic social democratic parties working in tandem with a closely-allied trade union movement constructed models of welfare capitalism. Indeed, among the most robust findings of the comparative political economy literature is the claim that the more political resources controlled by the left, the more likely a country is to have a generous, universal system of social protection. The Left Divided takes as its starting point the curious fact that, despite this conventional wisdom, very little of the world actually approximates the conditions identified by mainstream scholarship for creating universal, generous welfare states. In most countries outside of northern Europe, divisions within the left-within the labor movement, among left parties, as well as between left parties and a divided union movement-are a defining feature of politics. The Left Divided, in contrast, focuses on the far more common and deeply consequential situation where intra-left divisions shape the development of social protection. Arguing that the strength and position taken by the far left is an important and overlooked determinant of social protection outcomes, the book presents a framework for distinguishing between different types of left movements, and analyzes how the distribution of resources within the left shapes party strategies for expanding social protection in theoretically unanticipated ways. To demonstrate the counterintuitive effects of having the far-left control significant political resources, Watson combines in-depth case studies of Iberia with cross-national analysis of OECD countries and qualitative comparative analyses of other divided lefts.

The Spanish Welfare State in European Context

This volume is divided into three sections. The first section deals with broad trends in the evolution of the Spanish welfare state. To begin with, the consolidation path of social protection policies is explored.

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Author: Dr Margarita León

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409494812

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 338

View: 948

Following the death of Franco, Spain underwent a transition to democracy in the mid-1970s. Although a rapid process of modernization occurred, the Spanish welfare state was seen, until fairly recently, as relatively underdeveloped. However, given the progressive Europeanization and expansion of Spanish social policy, questions arise as to whether the Spanish welfare system should still be considered as peripheral to West European welfare states. This volume is divided into three sections. The first section deals with broad trends in the evolution of the Spanish welfare state. To begin with, the consolidation path of social protection policies is explored. Attention is also paid to the process of Europeanization. Furthermore, the analysis explores advances in gender equality policies. In the second section, attention is turned to governance issues, such as collective bargaining, the interplay among levels of government, the welfare mix and public support for social policies. The third and final part of the book addresses five main challenges facing the Spanish welfare state in the 21st century, namely, the need to enhance flexicurity; to achieve a better work-family balance; to coordinate immigration policies with existing social protection; to tackle the persistence of high rates of relative poverty; and to face intense population ageing, both in terms of increasing needs for care and the reform of the pension system.

The Transformation of American Liberalism

In The Transformation of American Liberalism, George Klosko explores how American political leaders have justified social welfare programs since the 1930s, ultimately showing how their arguments have contributed to notably ungenerous ...

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Author: George Klosko

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199973415

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 448

With the passage of the Social Security Act in 1935, the US government ushered in a new era of social welfare policies, to counteract the devastation of The Great Depression. While political philosophers generally view the welfare state to be built on values of equality and human dignity, America's politicians, beginning with Franklin D. Roosevelt, argued on different grounds. From the beginning, Roosevelt based his defense of the welfare state on the individualist, or Lockean premises inherent in America's political culture. As a result, he not only encouraged the United States' commitment to individualism, but also contributed to distinctively harsh American stigmatization of welfare recipients. In The Transformation of American Liberalism, George Klosko explores how American political leaders have justified social welfare programs since the 1930s, ultimately showing how their arguments have contributed to notably ungenerous programs. Students of political theory note the evolution of liberal political theory between its origins and major contemporary theorists who justify the values and social policies of the welfare state. But the transformation of liberalism in American political culture is incomplete. Individualist values and beliefs have exerted a continuing hold on America's leaders, constraining their justificatory arguments. The paradoxical result may be described as continuing attempts to justify new social programs without acknowledging incompatibility between the arguments necessary to do so and American culture's individualist assumptions. An important reason for the striking absence of strong and widely recognized arguments for social welfare programs in American political culture is that its political leaders did not provide them.

After Austerity

This book examines European welfare states, how and why they are changing, and how they are likely to develop.

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Author: Peter Taylor-Gooby

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198790266

Category: Europe

Page: 229

View: 434

This book examines European welfare states, how and why they are changing, and how they are likely to develop.

The Politics of the New Welfare State

In The Politics of the New Welfare State the main reforms in work and welfare are summarized and analyzed to provide up-dated evidence of policy change and its main determinants to policymakers, researchers, and stakeholders interested in ...

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Author: Giuliano Bonoli

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199645244

Category: Political Science

Page: 316

View: 986

In The Politics of the New Welfare State the main reforms in work and welfare are summarized and analyzed to provide up-dated evidence of policy change and its main determinants to policymakers, researchers, and stakeholders interested in the field.

Women and the Canadian Welfare State

Explains not only how women are affected by changes in policy and programming, but how they can take an active role in shaping these changes.

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Author: Patricia Marie Evans

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802076181

Category: Social Science

Page: 329

View: 734

Explains not only how women are affected by changes in policy and programming, but how they can take an active role in shaping these changes.

The Dual Transformation of the German Welfare State

This book breaks new intellectual ground in the analysis of the German welfare state.

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Author: P. Bleses

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230005631

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 506

This book breaks new intellectual ground in the analysis of the German welfare state. Bleses and Seeleib-Kaiser argue that we are witnessing a dual transformation of the welfare state, which is caused by the emergence of new dominating interpretative patterns. Increasingly, the state reduces its social policy commitments towards securing the achieved living standard of former wage earners, which in the past had been the key normative principle of social policy in Germany, while at the same time public support and services for families are expanded.

Religion Class Coalitions and Welfare States

This book explains why modern western welfare states come in three variants: a liberal-residual regime (Anglo-Saxon countries); a generous universalist, redistributive regime (Scandinavia); a generous, occupationally fragmented and non ...

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Author: Kees van Kersbergen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521897914

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 176

This book explains why modern western welfare states come in three variants: a liberal-residual regime (Anglo-Saxon countries); a generous universalist, redistributive regime (Scandinavia); a generous, occupationally fragmented and non-redistributive regime (continental Europe). The presence or absence of religious conflicts which led to the formation of religious parties is a key factor in these different outcomes.

The Welfare State

The " Welfare State ” — Fiction and the Facts I . Nazarenko " . . . the ' welfare '
which advocates of the bourgeois system ... World War has been attended by a
demagogic propaganda campaign about the “ transformation ” of capitalism and
its ...

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Author: Charles I. Schottland

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015064431680

Category: Welfare economics

Page: 272

View: 805

The Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State

This Handbook offers a comprehensive treatment of transformations of the state, from its origins in different parts of the world and different time periods to its transformations since World War II in the advanced industrial countries, the ...

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Author: Stephan Leibfried

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199691586

Category: Political Science

Page: 898

View: 981

This Handbook offers a comprehensive treatment of transformations of the state, from its origins in different parts of the world and different time periods to its transformations since World War II in the advanced industrial countries, the post-Communist world, and the Global South. 0Leading experts in their fields, from Europe and North America, discuss conceptualizations and theories of the state and the transformations of the state in its engagement with a changing international environment as well as with changing domestic economic, social, and political challenges. The Handbook covers different types of states in the Global South (from failed to predatory, rentier and developmental), in different kinds of advanced industrial political economies (corporatist, statist, liberal, import substitution industrialization), and in various post-Communist countries (Russia, China, successor states to the USSR, and Eastern Europe). It also addresses crucial challenges in different areas of state intervention, from security to financial regulation, migration, welfare states, democratization and quality of democracy, ethno-nationalism, and human development. The volume makes a compelling case that far from losing its relevance in the face of globalization, the state remains a key actor in all areas of social and economic life, changing its areas of intervention, its modes of operation, and its structures in adaption to new international and domestic challenges.

Transforming the Welfare State

None of the models discussed so far can adequately explain why the Chilean
welfare state underwent the transformation it did . Furthermore , the case of Chile
suggests that perhaps what appear to be relatively permanent archetypes rooted
 ...

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Author: Steven A. Haas

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89072667892

Category:

Page: 118

View: 917