The Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum

The papyri (the only intact library to survive from Graeco-Roman antiquity) and bronze sculptures found in the villa have contributed to our knowledge of the ancient world and the Villa has become for us the "ideal model" of Roman luxury ...


Author: Mantha Zarmakoupi

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110203882

Category: History

Page: 221

View: 443

The Villa of the Papyri is a unique archaeological site and has been very influential in the field of classical studies. The papyri (the only intact library to survive from Greco-Roman antiquity) and bronze sculptures found in the villa have contributed to our knowledge of the ancient world and the villa has become for us the "ideal model" of Roman luxury villa culture. This volume brings together papers delivered by experts in various fields. Topics treated include the Villa's architecture, decoration, and content (i.e., wall-paintings, sculptures, and papyri); their reception since the 18th century; and the current state of knowledge based on the recent partial excavations in the Villa, presented here in English for the first time. Furthermore, the use of digital models of the Villa that incorporate the data from the new excavations and a discussion on the ways in which such models may be used for educational and research purposes are also presented.

Buried by Vesuvius

Presenting the latest research, the essays in this authoritative and richly illustrated volume reveal the story of the Villa dei Papiri's ancient inhabitants and modern explorers, providing readers with a multidimensional understanding of ...


Author: Kenneth Lapatin

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 9781606065921

Category: Art

Page: 296

View: 604

The first truly comprehensive look at all aspects of the Villa dei Papiri at Herculaneum, from its original Roman context to the most recent archaeological investigations. The Villa dei Papiri at Herculaneum, the model for the Getty Villa in Malibu, is one of the world’s earliest systematically investigated archaeological sites. Buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 CE, the Villa dei Papiri was discovered in 1750 and excavated under the auspices of the Neapolitan court. Never fully unearthed, the site yielded spectacular colored marble floors and mosaics, frescoed walls, the largest known ancient collection of bronze and marble statuary, intricately carved ivories, and antiquity’s only surviving library, with over a thousand charred papyrus scrolls. For more than two and a half centuries, the Villa dei Papiri and its contents have served as a wellspring of knowledge for archaeological science, art history, classics, papyrology, and philosophy. Buried by Vesuvius: The Villa dei Papiri at Herculaneum offers a sweeping yet in-depth view of all aspects of the site. Presenting the latest research, the essays in this authoritative and richly illustrated volume reveal the story of the Villa dei Papiri's ancient inhabitants and modern explorers, providing readers with a multidimensional understanding of this fascinating site.

The Library of the Villa Dei Papiri at Herculaneum

" "Written for the general reader, the book provides an overview of the only library to have come down to us from antiquity."--Jacket.


Author: David Sider

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 0892367997

Category: History

Page: 123

View: 882

"David Sider describes the long and difficult history of attempts to unwind the damaged rolls, a task made more frustrating because the hoped-for lost masterpieces have yet to emerge. He discusses the fragmentary Greek and Latin texts in those papyri that have been opened and deciphered, putting them in the context of writing and literacy in antiquity. Sider also describes the form of ancient Greek books and of the papyrus sheets on which they were written. He provides an account of attitudes toward books in Greece and Rome and surveys other libraries in the ancient world, both private and civic." "Written for the general reader, the book provides an overview of the only library to have come down to us from antiquity."--Jacket.

Ancient Greek Portrait Sculpture

Because of its context, this portrait of Demosthenes would probably have been experienced and interpreted differently from the one in the library of the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum or from the image of the orator that stood, ...


Author: Sheila Dillon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521854986

Category: Art

Page: 217

View: 396

Offers a new approach to the history of Greek portraiture by focusing on portraits without names during the Classical and Hellenistic periods.

Philodemus in Italy

The Books from Herculaneum Marcello Gigante. The relation between our understanding of the Villa of the Papyri and research on Epicureanism at Rome in the late Republic is not a secret to archaeologists or philologists .


Author: Marcello Gigante

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472089080

Category: History

Page: 157

View: 401

Philodemus (ca 110-35 BCE) was an Epicurean poet and philosopher whose private library was buried in the remains of Herculaneum by the lava from Mt.Vesuvius. In 1752 around eight hundred fragmentary papyrus scrolls were uncovered, but only relatively recently have usable editions of these been made available. This discusses the contents of Philodemus' library, which contained Stoic texts as well as Epicurean, and then proceeds to a close textual analysis of some of his epigrams deciphered from the charred papyri, especially concerned with the light they shed on his life and his relationship with his patron Piso.

The Villa Dei Papiri at Herculaneum

From the preface to the English translation of Delle Antichità di Ercolano : The Antiquities of Herculaneum , trans ... For a summary of work on the papyri , see Longo Auricchio , “ La Villa Ercolanese dei Papiri " ( see note 46 ) , pp ...


Author: Carol C. Mattusch

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 0892367229

Category: Art

Page: 390

View: 322

The Villa dei Papiri at Herculaneum-buried during the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in A.D. 79, then rediscovered in 1750-contained a large collection of bronze and marble statuary and busts. Before they were published or exhibited, the sculptures were restored so as to appear whole: it is thus that they helped to shape early modern tastes in classical sculpture. The book describes the nature of the ancient sculptures and their impact on the modern public. Their chance discovery affected the interpretation of the statues-their styles and subjects-over the course of the next 250 years. The ancient sculptures were copied extensively in reproductions of various sizes and patinas. The author traces the popularity of these copies in Europe and America. Also presented in the book is a technical study of the production techniques and materials of the sculptures, as well as of their modern restoration history. Scientific analyses and detailed photographs reveal both how the pieces were cast and pieced together in antiquity and how they were restored in the eighteenth century. Even though this collection has been known for two and a half centuries, this book covers for the first time the eclectic nature of the sculptures, their acutual condition, and their quality, pointing in some cases to mass production.

The Roman Villa in the Mediterranean Basin

Late Republic to Late Antiquity Annalisa Marzano, Guy P. R. Métraux. Figure 3.3. Herculaneum, Villa of the Papyri, Herculaneum (survey and plan by M. Notomista). Figure 3.4. A: The Villa Arianna at Stabiae (drawn by.


Author: Annalisa Marzano

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316730614

Category: Art


View: 425

This volume offers a comprehensive survey of Roman villas in Italy and the Mediterranean provinces of the Roman Empire, from their origins to the collapse of the Empire. The architecture of villas could be humble or grand, and sometimes luxurious. Villas were most often farms where wine, olive oil, cereals, and manufactured goods, among other products, were produced. They were also venues for hospitality, conversation, and thinking on pagan, and ultimately Christian, themes. Villas spread as the Empire grew. Like towns and cities, they became the means of power and assimilation, just as infrastructure, such as aqueducts and bridges, was transforming the Mediterranean into a Roman sea. The distinctive Roman/Italian villa type was transferred to the provinces, resulting in Mediterranean-wide culture of rural dwelling and work that further unified the Empire.

Hellenistic Sculpture The styles of ca 200 100 B C

The wrestlers ' group could easily be a Roman creation.37 Roman demand may also lie behind the two bronze youths from the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum . They too are usually considered wrestlers , to be placed opposite each other ...


Author: Brunilde Sismondo Ridgway

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 029915470X

Category: Sculpture, Classical

Page: 374

View: 872

Art in the Hellenistic Age

Hellenistic artists in Rome 165 Sleeping Faun , from the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum . Bronze . Ist century B.C. or A.c. Naples , Archaeological Museum . H. 1.42 m . industry , created for aristocratic Romans can be formed from ...


Author: Jerome Jordan Pollitt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521276721

Category: Art

Page: 329

View: 331

This 1986 book is an interpretative history of Greek art during the Hellenistic period.

The Presocratics at Herculaneum

The Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum: Archaeology, Reception, and Digital Reconstruction, Berlin/New York. Zeller (1844–1852): E. Zeller, Die Philosophie der Griechen in ihrer geschichtlichen Entwicklung, ed. by W. Nestle (1919–19235) ...


Author: Christian Vassallo

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110727661

Category: History

Page: 785

View: 941

This volume analyses in depth the reception of early Greek philosophy in the Epicurean tradition and provides for the first time in scholarship a comprehensive edition, with translation and commentary, of all the Herculanean testimonia to the Presocratics. Among the most significant scientific outcomes, it provides elements for the attribution of an earlier date to the attested tradition of Xenophanes’ scepticism; a complete reconstruction of the Epicurean reception of Democritus; a new reconstruction of the testimonia to Nausiphanes’ concept of physiologia, Anaxagoras’ physics and theology, and Empedocles’ epistemology; new texts for better comparing the doxographical sections of Philodemus’ On Piety with those of Cicero’s On the Nature of the Gods, which update H. Diels’ treatment of this subject in his Doxographi Graeci.

Greek Athletics in the Roman World

... Greece.18 For an archaeological comparison to Cicero's gymnasium, we can turn to the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum. This was Wlled with a range of statuary which has provoked a number of different interpretations from scholars.


Author: Zahra Newby

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191515576

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 151

The enduring importance of Greek athletic training and competition during the period of the Roman Empire has been a neglected subject in past scholarship on the ancient world. This book examines the impact that Greek athletics had on the Roman world, approaching it through the plentiful surviving visual evidence, viewed against textual and epigraphic sources. It shows that the traditional picture of Roman hostility has been much exaggerated. Instead Greek athletics came to exercise a profound influence upon Roman spectacle and bathing culture. In the Greek east of the empire too, athletics continued to thrive, providing Greek cities with a crucial means of asserting their cultural identity while also accommodating Roman imperial power.

Classics from Papyrus to the Internet

Collection and Display in the Villa of the Papyri,” in The Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum: Archaeology, Reception, and Digital Reconstruction, ed. Mantha Zarmakoupi (Berlin: de Gruyter, 2010), 83–85. 70. The discoveries of Pompeii ...


Author: Jeffrey M. Hunt

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9781477313046

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 967

Writing down the epic tales of the Trojan War and the wanderings of Odysseus in texts that became the Iliad and the Odyssey was a defining moment in the intellectual history of the West, a moment from which many current conventions and attitudes toward books can be traced. But how did texts originally written on papyrus in perhaps the eighth century BC survive across nearly three millennia, so that today people can read them electronically on a smartphone? Classics from Papyrus to the Internet provides a fresh, authoritative overview of the transmission and reception of classical texts from antiquity to the present. The authors begin with a discussion of ancient literacy, book production, papyrology, epigraphy, and scholarship, and then examine how classical texts were transmitted from the medieval period through the Renaissance and the Enlightenment to the modern era. They also address the question of reception, looking at how succeeding generations responded to classical texts, preserving some but not others. This sheds light on the origins of numerous scholarly disciplines that continue to shape our understanding of the past, as well as the determined effort required to keep the literary tradition alive. As a resource for students and scholars in fields such as classics, medieval studies, comparative literature, paleography, papyrology, and Egyptology, Classics from Papyrus to the Internet presents and discusses the major reference works and online professional tools for studying literary transmission.

Wax Tablets of the Mind

The decorative programs of villas at Pompeii and Herculaneum work in a similar way. In particular, the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum fits much of what Cicero describes in his letters. Again, one of the major criteria for purchase ...


Author: Jocelyn Penny Small

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134750023

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 270

In this volume, the author argues that literacy is a complex combination of various skills, not just the ability to read and write: the technology of writing, the encoding and decoding of text symbols, the interpretation of meaning, the retrieval and display systems which organize how meaning is stored and memory. The book explores the relationship between literacy, orality and memory in classical antiquity, not only from the point of view of antiquity, but also from that of modern cognitive psychology. It examines the contemporary as well as the ancient debate about how the writing tools we possess interact and affect the product, why they should do so and how the tasks required of memory change and develop with literacy's increasing output and evoking technologies.

The Oxford Handbook of Roman Sculpture

The buyers for the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum also preferred works in the classical style, and most of their large works were bronze. In looking at the many marble examples of the Doryphoros and of other classical types of ...


Author: Elise A Friedland

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199921836

Category: Art

Page: 848

View: 991

The study of Roman sculpture has been an essential part of the disciplines of Art History and Classics since the eighteenth century. Famous works like the Laocoön, the Arch of Titus, and the colossal portrait of Constantine are familiar to millions. Again and again, scholars have returned to sculpture to answer questions about Roman art, society, and history. Indeed, the field of Roman sculptural studies encompasses not only the full chronological range of the Roman world but also its expansive geography, and a variety of artistic media, formats, sizes, and functions. Exciting new theories, methods, and approaches have transformed the specialized literature on the subject in recent decades. Rather than creating another chronological catalogue of representative examples from various periods, genres, and settings, The Oxford Handbook of Roman Sculpture synthesizes current best practices for studying this central medium of Roman art, situating it within the larger fields of Art History, Classical Archaeology, and Roman Studies. This comprehensive volume fills the gap between introductory textbooks and highly focused professional literature. The Oxford Handbook of Roman Sculpture conveniently presents new technical, scientific, literary, and theoretical approaches to the study of Roman sculpture in one reference volume while simultaneously complementing textbooks and other publications that present well-known works in the corpus. The contributors to this volume address metropolitan and provincial material from the early republican period through late antiquity in an engaging and fresh style. Authoritative, innovative, and up-to-date, The Oxford Handbook of Roman Sculpture will remain an invaluable resource for years to come.

Guide to the Getty Villa

The Gardens of Pompeii, Herculaneum and the Villas Destroyed by Vesuvius. 2 vols. New Rochelle, N.Y., 1979–1993. ... The Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum: Archaeology, Reception, and Digital Reconstruction. Berlin and New York, 2010.


Author: J. Paul Getty Museum

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 9781606065471

Category: Art

Page: 132

View: 249

This revised and updated edition of the Guide to the Getty Villa is published in conjunction with the reinstallation of the Villa collection galleries. It offers an engaging introduction to the Villa’s history as well as an up-to-date look at its gardens, historical rooms, and galleries. It begins with the history of the site, recounting how, as J. Paul Getty’s art collection grew, he decided to house it in a replica of the ancient Roman villa at Herculaneum now known as the Villa dei Papiri. The second chapter chronicles the destruction of Herculaneum in 79 CE during the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, the Villa dei Papiri’s rediscovery in the eighteenth century, and more recent archaeological discoveries at the site. The third chapter leads readers on a tour of the Getty Villa, from the cobblestone “Roman road” through the outdoor theater, atrium, peristyles, and gardens; it includes detailed descriptions of special rooms such as the Basilica, the Room of Colored Marbles, the Temple of Herakles, and the Tablinum. The final chapter recounts how Getty began collecting art in the late 1930s, how the collection grew in the decades before and after his death in 1974, and how the displays at the Villa have evolved along with the collection, culminating in the chronological arrangement to be completed in early 2018. This edition includes a new director’s foreword as well as a revised and refreshed main text, including an entirely new chapter. It also includes updated illustrations throughout the book and updated floor plans of the newly reinstalled Villa.

A Companion to Roman Italy

In The Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum: archaeology, reception and digital reconstruction, ed. M. Zarmakoupi, 1–20. Berlin: De Gruyter. Duncan‐Jones, r. 1982 (2nd edn). The Economy of the Roman Empire: quantitative studies.


Author: Alison E. Cooley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118993118

Category: History

Page: 576

View: 500

A Companion to Roman Italy investigates the impactof Rome in all its forms—political, cultural, social, andeconomic—upon Italy’s various regions, as well as theextent to which unification occurred as Rome became the capital ofItaly. The collection presents new archaeological data relating to thesites of Roman Italy Contributions discuss new theories of how to understandcultural change in the Italian peninsula Combines detailed case-studies of particular sites withwider-ranging thematic chapters Leading contributors not only make accessible the most recentwork on Roman Italy, but also offer fresh insight on long standingdebates

Apolline Project Vol 1

On the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum Comparetti, D. & G. De Petra. La Villa Ercolanese dei Pisoni: i suoi monumenti e la sua biblioteca: ricerche e notizie. Torino: Loescher, 1883. [Facsimile reprint with added note byA.


Author: Ferdinando De Simone

Publisher: Girolamo F. De Simone

ISBN: 9788896055007

Category: Social Science

Page: 379

View: 939

The Ancient Art of Emulation

Exact placements of sculptures within villas excavated prior to the twentieth century are rarely known . The Villa of the Papyri in Herculaneum is a case in point . Although most of the sculptures from this villa probably decorated the ...


Author: Elaine K. Gazda

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472111892

Category: Art

Page: 300

View: 453

Are copies of Greek and Roman masterpieces as important as the originals they imitate?

Oxford Handbook of Epicurus and Epicureanism

The Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum When and Why It Was Built It is likely that the greater part of Philodemus's life and work in Italy took place in Herculaneum, where he frequented the luxurious building that was very probably ...


Author: Phillip Mitsis

Publisher: Oxford Handbooks

ISBN: 9780199744213


Page: 831

View: 114

This volume offers authoritative discussions of all aspects of the philosophy of Epicurus (340-271 BCE) and then traces Epicurean influences throughout the Western tradition. It is an unmatched resource for those wishing to deepen their knowledge of Epicureanism's powerful arguments about death, happiness, and the nature of the material world.