Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning

New in the Second Edition: A comprehensive array of new laser ranging and scanning technologies. Developments in LiDAR data format and processing techniques. Regrouping of surface modeling, representations and reconstruction.

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Author: Jie Shan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351650427

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 654

View: 855

This book provides a comprehensive discussion of topographic LiDAR principles, systems, data acquisition, and data processing techniques. Ranging and scanning fundamentals, and broad, contemporary analysis of airborne LiDAR systems, as well as those situated on land and in space are covered. Also discussed are data collection in terms of waveforms and their properties; error budget, quality control, and data organization; LiDAR data processing and information extraction. State-of-the-art technological developments used in filtering algorithms for digital terrain model generation are included.

Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning

New in the Second Edition: A comprehensive array of new laser ranging and scanning technologies. Developments in LiDAR data format and processing techniques. Regrouping of surface modeling, representations and reconstruction.

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Author: Jie Shan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498772280

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 638

View: 694

Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive discussion of topographic LiDAR principles, systems, data acquisition, and data processing techniques. This edition presents an introduction and summary of various LiDAR systems and their principles and addresses the operational principles of the different components and ranging methods of LiDAR systems. It discusses the subsequent geometric processing of LiDAR data, with particular attention to quality, accuracy, and meeting standards and addresses the theories and practices of information extraction from LiDAR data, including terrain surface generation, forest inventory, orthoimage generation, building reconstruction, and road extraction. Written by leaders in the field, this comprehensive compilation is a must-have reference book for senior undergraduate and graduate students majoring or working in diverse disciplines, such as geomatics, geodesy, natural resources, urban planning, computer vision, and computer graphics. It is also vital resource for researchers who are interested in developing new methods and need in-depth knowledge of laser scanning and data processing and other professionals may gain the same from the broad topics addressed in this book. New in the Second Edition: A comprehensive array of new laser ranging and scanning technologies. Developments in LiDAR data format and processing techniques. Regrouping of surface modeling, representations and reconstruction. Enhanced discussions on the principles and fundamentals beyond small-footprint pulsed laser systems and new application examples. Many new examples and illustrations.

Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning

This chapter provides a brief historical background on the development path and the fundamentals of laser technology before introducing the basic principles and techniques of topographic laser profiling and scanning.

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Author: Jie Shan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420051438

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 590

View: 811

A systematic, in-depth introduction to theories and principles of Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) technology is long overdue, as it is the most important geospatial data acquisition technology to be introduced in recent years. An advanced discussion, this text fills the void. Professionals in fields ranging from geology, geography and geoinformatics to physics, transportation, and law enforcement will benefit from this comprehensive discussion of topographic LiDAR principles, systems, data acquisition, and data processing techniques. The book covers ranging and scanning fundamentals, and broad, contemporary analysis of airborne LiDAR systems, as well as those situated on land and in space. The authors present data collection at the signal level in terms of waveforms and their properties; at the system level with regard to calibration and georeferencing; and at the data level to discuss error budget, quality control, and data organization. They devote the bulk of the book to LiDAR data processing and information extraction and elaborate on recent developments in building extraction and reconstruction, highlighting quality and performance evaluations. There is also extensive discussion of the state-of-the-art technological developments used in: filtering algorithms for digital terrain model generation; strip adjustment of data for registration; co-registration of LiDAR data with imagery; forestry inventory; and surveying. Readers get insight into why LiDAR is the effective tool of choice to collect massive volumes of explicit 3-D data with unprecedented accuracy and simplicity. Compiled by leading experts talking about much of their own pioneering work, this book will give researchers, professionals, and senior students novel ideas to supplement their own experience and practices.

Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning

"Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) is the most important geospatial data acquisition technology to be introduced in recent years.

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Author: Jie Shan

Publisher:

ISBN: 1315219565

Category: Aerial photogrammetry

Page: 590

View: 120

"Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) is the most important geospatial data acquisition technology to be introduced in recent years. A systematic, in-depth introduction to theories and principles of this groundbreaking technology is long overdue. Professionals in fields ranging from geology, geography, and geoinformatics to physics, transportation, and law enforcement will benefit from this comprehensive discussion of topographic LiDAR principles, systems, data acquisition, and data processing techniques."--Jacket.

LiDAR Remote Sensing and Applications

The LiDAR data within this book is collected from 27 areas in the United States, Brazil, Canada, Ghana, and Haiti and includes 183 figures created to introduce the concepts, methods, and applications in a clear context.

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Author: Pinliang Dong

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351233347

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 200

View: 882

Ideal for both undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of geography, forestry, ecology, geographic information science, remote sensing, and photogrammetric engineering, LiDAR Remote Sensing and Applications expertly joins LiDAR principles, data processing basics, applications, and hands-on practices in one comprehensive source. The LiDAR data within this book is collected from 27 areas in the United States, Brazil, Canada, Ghana, and Haiti and includes 183 figures created to introduce the concepts, methods, and applications in a clear context. It provides 11 step-by-step projects predominately based on Esri’s ArcGIS software to support seamless integration of LiDAR products and other GIS data. The first six projects are for basic LiDAR data visualization and processing and the other five cover more advanced topics: from mapping gaps in mangrove forests in Everglades National Park, Florida to generating trend surfaces for rock layers in Raplee Ridge, Utah. Features Offers a comprehensive overview of LiDAR technology with numerous applications in geography, forestry and earth science Gives necessary theoretical foundations from all pertinent subject matter areas Uses case studies and best practices to point readers to tools and resources Provides a synthesis of ongoing research in the area of LiDAR remote sensing technology Includes carefully selected illustrations and data from the authors' research projects Before every project in the book, a link is provided for users to download data

Airborne and Terrestrial Laser Scanning

Written by a team of international experts, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the major applications of airborne and terrestrial laser scanning.

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Author: George Vosselman

Publisher: CRC PressI Llc

ISBN: 1439827982

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 318

View: 295

Written by a team of international experts, this book provides a comprehensive overview of the major applications of airborne and terrestrial laser scanning. It focuses on principles and methods and presents an integrated treatment of airborne and terrestrial laser scanning technology. After consideration of the technology and processing methods, the book turns to applications, such as engineering, forestry, cultural heritage, extraction of 3D building models, and mobile mapping. This book brings together the various facets of the subject in a coherent text that will be relevant for advanced students, academics and practitioners.

Advances in Environmental Remote Sensing

Topographic laser ranging and scanning : Principles and processing . Boca Raton , FL : Taylor & Francis / CRC Press . Smith , D. E. Topography of the northern hemisphere of Mars from the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter ( MOLA ) .

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Author: Qihao Weng

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420091816

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 610

View: 229

Generating a satisfactory classification image from remote sensing data is not a straightforward task. Many factors contribute to this difficulty including the characteristics of a study area, availability of suitable remote sensing data, ancillary and ground reference data, proper use of variables and classification algorithms, and the analyst's e

3D Laser Scanning for Heritage

The first edition of 3D Laser Scanning for Heritage was published in 2007 and originated from the Heritage3D project that in 2006 considered the development of professional guidance for laser scanning in archaeology and architecture.

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Author: Clive Boardman

Publisher:

ISBN: 1848025211

Category: Archaeological surveying

Page: 116

View: 307

The first edition of 3D Laser Scanning for Heritage was published in 2007 and originated from the Heritage3D project that in 2006 considered the development of professional guidance for laser scanning in archaeology and architecture. Publication of the second edition in 2011 continued the aims of the original document in providing updated guidance on the use of three-dimensional (3D) laser scanning across the heritage sector. By reflecting on the technological advances made since 2011, such as the speed, resolution, mobility and portability of modern laser scanning systems and their integration with other sensor solutions, the guidance presented in this third edition should assist archaeologists, conservators and other cultural heritage professionals unfamiliar with the approach in making the best possible use of this now highly developed technique.

Remote Sensing Handbook Three Volume Set

Petrie, G. and Toth, C.K., 2008a. Airborne and spaceborne laser profilers and scanners. In: J. Shan and C.K. Toth (eds.), Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning Principles and Processing, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 29–85.

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Author: Prasad Thenkabail

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482282672

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2304

View: 271

A volume in the three-volume Remote Sensing Handbook series, Remote Sensing of Water Resources, Disasters, and Urban Studies documents the scientific and methodological advances that have taken place during the last 50 years. The other two volumes in the series are Remotely Sensed Data Characterization, Classification, and Accuracies, and Land Reso

Natural Hazards

In Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning, Shan, J., and Toth, C.K., eds. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1–27. Petrie, G., and Toth, C. (2009b). Airborne and spaceborne laser profilers and scanners. In Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning ...

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Author: Ramesh Singh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351681209

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 733

Over the years, the interactions between land, ocean, biosphere and atmosphere have increased, mainly due to population growth and anthropogenic activities, which have impacted the climate and weather conditions at local, regional and global scales. Thus, natural hazards related to climate changes have significantly impacted human life and health on different spatio-temporal scales and with socioeconomic bearings. To monitor and analyze natural hazards, satellite data have been widely used in recent years by many developed and developing countries. In an effort to better understand and characterize the various underlying processes influencing natural hazards, and to carry out related impact assessments, Natural Hazards: Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Landslides, presents a synthesis of what leading scientists and other professionals know about the impacts and the challenges when coping with climate change. Combining reviews of theories and methods with analysis of case studies, the book gives readers research information and analyses on satellite geophysical data, radar imaging and integrated approaches. It focuses also on dust storms, coastal subsidence and remote sensing mapping. Some case studies explore the roles of remote sensing related to landslides and volcanoes. Overall, improved understanding of the processes leading to these hazardous events will help scientists predict their occurrence. Features Provides information on the physics and physical processes of natural hazards, their monitoring and the mapping of damages associated with these hazards Explains how natural hazards are strongly associated with coupling between land–ocean–atmosphere Includes a comprehensive overview of the role of remote sensing in natural hazards worldwide Examines risk assessment in urban areas through numerical modelling and geoinformation technologies Demonstrates how data analysis can be used to aid in prediction and management of natural hazards

Advances in Mapping from Remote Sensor Imagery

Paper read at OEEPE Workshop on Airborne Laserscanning and Interferometric SAR for Digital Elevation Models, Stockholm. Roering, J., L. L. Stimely, B. H. Mackey, ... Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning: Principles and Processing.

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Author: Xiaojun Yang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439874585

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 444

View: 909

Advances in Mapping from Remote Sensor Imagery: Techniques and Applications reviews some of the latest developments in remote sensing and information extraction techniques applicable to topographic and thematic mapping. Providing an interdisciplinary perspective, leading experts from around the world have contributed chapters examining state-of-the-art techniques as well as widely used methods. The book covers a broad range of topics including photogrammetric mapping and LiDAR remote sensing for generating high quality topographic products, global digital elevation models, current methods for shoreline mapping, and the identification and classification of residential buildings. Contributors also showcase cutting-edge developments for environmental and ecological mapping, including assessment of urbanization patterns, mapping vegetation cover, monitoring invasive species, and mapping marine oil spills—crucial for monitoring this significant environmental hazard. The authors exemplify the information presented in this text with case studies from around the world. Examples include: Envisat/ERS-2 images used to generate digital elevation models over northern Alaska In situ radiometric observations and MERIS images employed to retrieve chlorophyll a concentration in inland waters in Australia ERS-1/2 SAR images utilized to map spatiotemporal deformation in the southwestern United States Aerospace sensors and related information extraction techniques that support various mapping applications have recently garnered more attention due to the advances in remote sensing theories and technologies. This book brings together top researchers in the field, providing a state-of-the-art review of some of the latest advancements in remote sensing and mapping technologies.

Remote Sensing of Geomorphology

Halsted Press, London, pp. 48–83. Petrie, G., Toth, C., 2018a. Introduction to laser ranging, profiling, and scanning. In: Shan, J., Toth, C.K. (Eds.), Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning. second ed.

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Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444641786

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 246

Remote Sensing of Geomorphology, Volume 23, discusses the new range of remote-sensing techniques (lidar, structure from motion photogrammetry, advanced satellite platforms) that has led to a dramatic increase in terrain information, and as such provided new opportunities for a better understanding of surface morphology and related Earth surface processes. As several papers have been published (including paper reviews and special issues) on this topic, this book summarizes the major advances in remote sensing techniques for the analysis of Earth surface morphology and processes, also highlighting future challenges. Useful for MSc and PhD students, this book is also ideal for any scientists that want to have a single volume guideline to help them develop new ideas. In addition, technicians and private and public sectors working on remote sensing will find the information useful to their initiatives. Provides a useful guideline for MSc and PhD students, scientists, technicians, and land planners on the use of remote sensing in geomorphology Includes applications on specific case studies that highlight issues and benefits of one technique compared to others Presents future trends in remote sensing and geomorphology

Laser Scanning Applications in Landslide Assessment

Error modeling, calibration and analysis of an AM–CW terrestrial laser scanner system. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and ... Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning: Principles and Processing, 1–28. Pourghasemi, H. R., Pradhan, B., ...

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Author: Biswajeet Pradhan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319553429

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 359

View: 710

This book is related to various applications of laser scanning in landslide assessment. Landslide detection approaches, susceptibility, hazard, vulnerability assessment and various modeling techniques are presented. Optimization of landslide conditioning parameters and use of heuristic, statistical, data mining approaches, their advantages and their relationship with landslide risk assessment are discussed in detail. The book contains scanning data in tropical forests; its indicators, assessment, modeling and implementation. Additionally, debris flow modeling and analysis including source of debris flow identification and rockfall hazard assessment are also presented.

Examining Optoelectronics in Machine Vision and Applications in Industry 4 0

Topographic Laser Ranging And Scanning. CRC Press. Obtenido de. https:// www.amazon.com/Topographic-Laser-Ranging-Scanning-Principles/dp/1420051423/ref=tmm_hrd_title_0?_encoding=UTF8&qid=1441252814&sr=1-1 Sixta, Z., Linhart, J., ...

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Author: Sergiyenko, Oleg

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799865247

Category: Computers

Page: 346

View: 719

The research and exploitation of optoelectronic properties in the industrial branch of electronics is becoming more popular each day due to the important role they play in the development of a large variety of sensors, devices, and systems for identifying, measuring, and constructing. While optoelectronics study the applications of electronic devices that source, detect, and transform light, machine vision generates and detects light in order to provide imaging-based automatic inspections and analysis for such applications as automatic object and environmental inspection, process control, and robot/mobile machine guidance in industry. Machine vision is less efficient without optoelectronics, and thus, it is important to investigate the theoretical approaches to different optoelectronic devices available for machine vision as well as current scanning technologies. Examining Optoelectronics in Machine Vision and Applications in Industry 4.0 focuses on the examination of emerging technologies for the design, fabrication, and implementation of optoelectronic sensors, devices, and systems in a machine vision approach to support industrial, commercial, and scientific applications. The book covers topics such as the design, fabrication, and implementation of sensors and devices as well as the development viewpoint of optoelectronic systems and artificial vision techniques using optoelectronic devices. The interaction and informational communication between all these mentioned devices in the complex solution of the same task is the subject of modern challenges in Industry 4.0. Thus, this book supports engineers, technology developers, academicians, researchers, and students who seek machine vision techniques for detection, measurement, and 3D reconstruction.

Forestry Applications of Airborne Laser Scanning

This book provides a comprehensive, state-of-the-art review of the research and application of ALS in a broad range of forest-related disciplines, especially forest inventory and forest ecology.

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Author: Matti Maltamo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401786638

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 464

View: 759

Airborne laser scanning (ALS) has emerged as one of the most promising remote sensing technologies to provide data for research and operational applications in a wide range of disciplines related to management of forest ecosystems. This book provides a comprehensive, state-of-the-art review of the research and application of ALS in a broad range of forest-related disciplines, especially forest inventory and forest ecology. However, this book is more than just a collection of individual contributions – it consists of a well-composed blend of chapters dealing with fundamental methodological issues and contributions reviewing and illustrating the use of ALS within various domains of application. The reviews provide a comprehensive and unique overview of recent research and applications that researchers, students and practitioners in forest remote sensing and forest ecosystem assessment should consider as a useful reference text.

Lidar Point Cloud Data Processing and Applications

This book overviews the state-of-the-art industrial applications and presents original technologies in thisrapidly developing field. It represents the first comprehensive and updated book in the field.

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Author: Taylor & Francis Group

Publisher:

ISBN: 1498743757

Category:

Page:

View: 305

Laser Radar

Laser Radar considers the potential of active EO technologies to create surprise; i.e., systems that use a source of visible or infrared light to interrogate a target in combination with sensitive detectors and processors to analyze the ...

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Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309302197

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 310

View: 531

In today's world, the range of technologies with the potential to threaten the security of U.S. military forces is extremely broad. These include developments in explosive materials, sensors, control systems, robotics, satellite systems, and computing power, to name just a few. Such technologies have not only enhanced the capabilities of U.S. military forces, but also offer enhanced offensive capabilities to potential adversaries - either directly through the development of more sophisticated weapons, or more indirectly through opportunities for interrupting the function of defensive U.S. military systems. Passive and active electro-optical (EO) sensing technologies are prime examples. Laser Radar considers the potential of active EO technologies to create surprise; i.e., systems that use a source of visible or infrared light to interrogate a target in combination with sensitive detectors and processors to analyze the returned light. The addition of an interrogating light source to the system adds rich new phenomenologies that enable new capabilities to be explored. This report evaluates the fundamental, physical limits to active EO sensor technologies with potential military utility; identifies key technologies that may help overcome the impediments within a 5-10 year timeframe; considers the pros and cons of implementing each existing or emerging technology; and evaluates the potential uses of active EO sensing technologies, including 3D mapping and multi-discriminate laser radar technologies.

Biomass

Laser scanning for the environmental science, WileyBlackwell, A John Wiley & Sonss, Ltd, Publication. ... C.K. (Eds.), Forest Inventory Using Small Footprint Airborne Topographic Laser Ranging and Scanning Principles, CRC Press, ...

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Author: Miodrag Darko Matovic

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789533074924

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 510

View: 260

Biomass has been an intimate companion of humans from the dawn of civilization to the present. Its use as food, energy source, body cover and as construction material established the key areas of biomass usage that extend to this day. Given the complexities of biomass as a source of multiple end products, this volume sheds new light to the whole spectrum of biomass related topics by highlighting the new and reviewing the existing methods of its detection, production and usage. We hope that the readers will find valuable information and exciting new material in its chapters.

Interpreting Archaeological Topography

This volume addresses the implications of multi-scaled topographic data for contemporary archaeological practice in a rapidly developing field, drawing on examples of ongoing projects and reflections on best practice.

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Author: Rachel S. Opitz

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: 1842175165

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 611

Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS), or lidar, is an enormously important innovation for data collection and interpretation in archaeology. The application of archaeological 3D data deriving from sources including ALS, close-range photogrammetry and terrestrial and photogrammetric scanners has grown exponentially over the last decade. Such data present numerous possibilities and challenges, from ensuring that applications remain archaeologically relevant, to developing practices that integrate the manipulation and interrogation of complex digital datasets with the skills of archaeological observation and interpretation. This volume addresses the implications of multi-scaled topographic data for contemporary archaeological practice in a rapidly developing field, drawing on examples of ongoing projects and reflections on best practice.Twenty papers from across Europe explore the implications of these digital 3D datasets for the recording and interpretation of archaeological topography, whether at the landscape, site or artefact scale. The papers illustrate the variety of ways in which we engage with archaeological topography through 3D data, from discussions of its role in landscape archaeology, to issues of context and integration, and to the methodological challenges of processing, visualisation and manipulation. Critical reflection on developing practice and implications for cultural resource management and research contextualize the case studies and applications, illustrating the diverse and evolving roles played by multi-scalar topographic data in contemporary archaeology.

Structure from Motion in the Geosciences

This book will appeal to academics, students and industry professionals because it balances technical knowledge of the Structure from Motion workflow with practical guidelines for image acquisition, image processing and data quality ...

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Author: Jonathan L. Carrivick

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118895825

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 208

View: 458

Structure from Motion with Multi View Stereo provides hyperscale landform models using images acquired from standard compact cameras and a network of ground control points. The technique is not limited in temporal frequency and can provide point cloud data comparable in density and accuracy to those generated by terrestrial and airborne laser scanning at a fraction of the cost. It therefore offers exciting opportunities to characterise surface topography in unprecedented detail and, with multi-temporal data, to detect elevation, position and volumetric changes that are symptomatic of earth surface processes. This book firstly places Structure from Motion in the context of other digital surveying methods and details the Structure from Motion workflow including available software packages and assessments of uncertainty and accuracy. It then critically reviews current usage of Structure from Motion in the geosciences, provides a synthesis of recent validation studies and looks to the future by highlighting opportunities arising from developments in allied disciplines. This book will appeal to academics, students and industry professionals because it balances technical knowledge of the Structure from Motion workflow with practical guidelines for image acquisition, image processing and data quality assessment and includes case studies that have been contributed by experts from around the world.