Towards an Elite Theory of Economic Development

This book constitutes an attempt to develop a new and novel approach to economics: an 'elite theory of economic development.

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Author: Tomas Casas

Publisher:

ISBN: 3110738902

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 160

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Elites After State Socialism

This distinctive book presents valuable new research on the political and economic elites that have emerged in Central and Eastern Europe since the demise of state socialism.

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Author: John Higley

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0847698971

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 890

HAVE YOU EVER WONDERED.......How God would reach today's electronic society'...What will he use to get our attention'...Who are the "players"'...Will it be dynamic or gentle? These questions are the compelling force behind the writing of The Final Evangel. They led to an imaginary trail, sometimes outlandish, at other times serene, yet always realistic. Based on the Old Testament book of Isaiah; the similarity between those ancient times and our advanced society is astounding. Passages from The Messiah come alive through imagination; such as "Every valley shall be exalted and every mountain and hill shall be brought low." In TFE discover an astonishing event that makes "the rough places plain" as "the highway is prepared for our God." The Final Evangel is replete with similar amazing possibilities. For example, discover The Light that is seven times brighter than the sun. Impossible? Isaiah says it will happen. Let the imagination throughout this book stir up your mind to miraculous possibilities rooted in the God of the universe.Benisons,Dave Allan

The Sociology of Development Handbook

"This handbook brings together essays by leading contributors to development sociology by addressing intellectual challenges: internal and international migration, transformation of political regimes, globalization, changes in household and ...

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Author: Gregory Hooks

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520277786

Category: History

Page: 728

View: 441

"This handbook brings together essays by leading contributors to development sociology by addressing intellectual challenges: internal and international migration, transformation of political regimes, globalization, changes in household and family formations, gender dynamics, technological change, population and economic growth, environmental sustainability, peace and war, and the production and reproduction of social and economic inequality. The Sociology of Development Handbook includes essays that reflect the range of debates in development sociology and in the interdisciplinary study and practice of development"--Provided by publisher.

Elites and Society

Tom Bottomore taught at the London School of Economics 1952-64, was Head of the Department of Political Science, Sociology and Anthropology at Simon Fraser University, Vancouver 1965-67, and Professor of Sociology at the University of ...

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Author: Tom Bottomore

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134890361

Category: Social Science

Page: 150

View: 394

In this substantially revised and enlarged second edition of a classic text that has been used throughout the world in numerous translations, Tom Bottomore reconsiders élite theory in the light of more recent studies. He examines the role and significance of élites in relation to classes and class structure in both advanced industrial and developing countries, and expounds the criticism of élites and élitism that have been formulated by democratic and socialist thinkers and movements. In a new concluding chapter, Professor Bottomore considers the prospect, as humanity approaches the millenium, for a renewed advance towards more egalitarian forms of society, in which all citizens would be able to participate more fully and effectively in the shaping of their social world. Tom Bottomore taught at the London School of Economics 1952-64, was Head of the Department of Political Science, Sociology and Anthropology at Simon Fraser University, Vancouver 1965-67, and Professor of Sociology at the University of Sussex 1968-85 where he is now Professor Emeritus. He is the author of numerous books, most recently: Theories of Modern Capitalism, Allen and Unwin (1985); Classes in Modern Society, Routledge (2nd edition, 1991) and Between Marginalism and Marxism: The Economic Sociology of J A Schumpter, Harvester Wheatsheaf (1992).

Emergence and Persistence of Inefficient States

But why and under which conditions do some societies choose inefficient institutions? This is the main question the thesis seeks to answer.

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Author: Mirko Hajek

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783668051638

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 84

View: 483

Master's Thesis from the year 2014 in the subject Economics - Other, grade: 1,0, University of Leipzig (Institut für Theoretische Ökonomie), course: Masterarbeit, language: English, abstract: Bureaucratic inefficiency, patronage-induced overstaffing, and outright corruption retard economic development and reduce public well-being in developing countries. They prevent governments from effectively carrying out the economic plans to which they devote so much official attention, and deprive citizens of government services to which they are legally entitled. (Geddes 1991, p.371) Corruption, patronage and inefficient bureaucracies are widespread in many countries and under all forms of government. Whereas such problems are often recognized to be at the core of rent-seeking regimes like dictatorships or oligarchies, they occur in similar ways in developing and even in developed democracies. For instance, there is evidence for bureaucratic inefficiency, corruption and patronage in Brazil (Weyland 1996), but also in Germany (Braendle 2012) and France (Facchini and Melki 2013). A rich body of research however underlines the importance of good institutions as main determinants of economic development, growth and prosperity. But why and under which conditions do some societies choose inefficient institutions? This is the main question the thesis seeks to answer. A related second question concerns a possible explanation for the setup of inefficient institu- tions: Why do democracies often pursue relatively elite-biased policies contrary to the predictions of the median-voter-theorem? As Acemoglu (2010, p.1) notes, institutions are often “structured to maximize the rents captured by the elite, the individuals or social groups monopolizing political power". In electoral democracy, the influence of different social groups should be closer related to their population share than in nondemocracy. However, the distribution of political power can by diluted if institutions reshape political influence and redirect government spending towards the top. The thesis tries to bring together the two issues by elaborating a possible explanation for the link between the emergence of inefficient institutions and the prevalence of pro-elite policies.

Joseph A Schumpeter

Joseph Schumpeter (1883 — 1950) was one of the foremost economic thinkers of the twentieth century.

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Author: John Medearis

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826430120

Category: Political Science

Page: 172

View: 407

Joseph Schumpeter (1883 — 1950) was one of the foremost economic thinkers of the twentieth century. Today Schumpeter is most well-known for his idea of 'creative destruction'. Schumpeter's work also contains one of the most important conservative critiques of mass democracy. Schumpeter argued that mass democracy had totalitarian tendencies and was likely to degenerate into the tyranny of the popular.

Elites and Economic Development

This book is a detailed comparative analysis of development politics in four urban regions of Latin America, two in Mexico and two in Colombia.

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Author: John Walton

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9781477303405

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 959

This book is a detailed comparative analysis of development politics in four urban regions of Latin America, two in Mexico and two in Colombia. John Walton has based his studies on the assumption that the problems of economic growth are essentially political, that is, are problems of choice, decision-making, and the exercise of power. His fundamental purpose has been to discover how elites of different kinds are more and less successful in the promotion of economic development, which he defines as a process in the organization of a society leading not only to higher levels of efficient output but also to a more equitable distribution of benefits. At the time, the four cities compared were the second- and third-largest metropolitan areas in each country, Guadalajara and Monterrey in Mexico, Medellín and Cali in Colombia. This selection allows the author to pair, across countries, cases of early and large-scale industrialization (Monterrey and Medellín) with cases of more recent industrial growth in agricultural-commercial centers (Guadalajara and Cali). Walton presents historical introductions to each of the regions and integrates these with original fieldwork and interviews with more than three hundred members of the political and economic elites. The findings are extensive, but in general they demonstrate that where political and economic power is more broadly distributed, where elites are more open and accessible, and where organizational life is more active and coordinated, regions tend to develop qualitatively as well as quantitatively, showing increases both in productivity and in such benefits as public services, housing, education, and a more balanced distribution of income. If these characteristics are absent, regions may be industrialized but do not provide a broad sharing of the benefits. Walton places a good deal of emphasis on the role of foreign investments, demonstrating that the more penetrated regions are also the less developed. Finally, the results of these studies are used to evaluate and advance theories of underdevelopment and particularly of economic dependency.

Elitist Political Concepts

Consideration of the term "political elite" as a synonym of the concept of "political power" is largely an attempt to look at new values ​​from the viewpoint of a political historian, who seeks analogues in the past.

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Author: Andrey Davydov

Publisher: HPA Press

ISBN: 9781310822858

Category: Political Science

Page: 9

View: 363

Consideration of the term "political elite" as a synonym of the concept of "political power" is largely an attempt to look at new values ​​from the viewpoint of a political historian, who seeks analogues in the past. Unfortunately, today such excursus is unlikely to end in success because it is known that modern economic growth is distinguished by the primary role of scientific and technical progress, and intellectualization of main factors of production; intensity of Research and Development determines the level of economic development. According to predictions of experts, in the XXI century intellectualization of labor will become the main factor in global competition. Unfortunately, politics and politicians currently have only an indirect relation to such processes. They are more concerned with problems of power, state, and their own dislocation, as there is conviction in existence of political process as a perpetual motion machine. Unfortunately, it can only be concluded that as long as the elite takes care only of itself, as well as search, familiarization, distribution, and division of material resources—there cannot be any discussion about breakthrough into the world of the "select club" of intellectuals. In this club, the concept of "state" might already be nonexistent. And, one gets accepted there not based on merits or worth of personal capital, but based on the ability to meet requirements of a person of informational society of the "elite" class. In the era of globalization, management of the modernization process of a country presents itself to any elite as a problem of management of most important values, social, intellectual, psychological, and informational resources. In the process of development and change of political and legal doctrines, historical destinies of three inherent structural elements (philosophical and methodological basis, theoretical content, and software requirements) differed. Dynamics of development of scientific discoveries point in the favor of that in the near future it will be possible to connect the theory of information (informational individual, informational society, etc.) with genetics in the matter of cataloging of a human. Prediction of such situation is not part of this writing. Nevertheless, it should be noted that reception of the catalog, its approbation, and its use might lead to replacement of demography of quantity with demography of quality—the main criterion of the modern elitism.

Economic Development

This volume authors analyzes the development process within the historical context of each region, and considers institutional inheritance from both the pre-colonial and colonial eras and in contemporary times.

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Author: Richard Grabowski

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 0765617528

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 584

Provides an introduction to economic development in both an historical and contemporary, comparative, and systems framework. This volume authors analyzes the development process within the historical context of each region, and considers institutional inheritance from both the pre-colonial and colonial eras and in contemporary times.

Towards Continental Environmental Policy

Drawing on local growth machine theory (noted in the introduction of this chapter), it appears that Edmonton's promotion of ... A regional or local growth coalition is composed of economic interests and economic elites who benefit from ...

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Author: Owen Temby

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438467597

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 387

Examines the challenges of environmental governance in contemporary North America. What are the most important transnational governance arrangements for environmental policy in North America? Has their proliferation facilitated a transition towards integrated continental environmental policy, and if so, to what degree is this integration irreversible? These governance arrangements are diverse and evolving, consisting of binational and trinational organizations created decades ago by treaties and groups of stakeholders—with varying degrees of formalization—who work together to address issues that no single country can alone. Together they provide leadership in numerous areas of environmental concern, including invasive species, energy efficiency, water, and terrestrial and aquatic wildlife. This book explores these arrangements, examining features such as stakeholder inclusion, organizational activities and functions, and issue comprehensiveness. Overall, the contributors report an underdeveloped policy architecture consisting of fragmented regional transnational networks of stakeholders and underfunded binational and trinational organizations. They also show evidence of substantial policy entrepreneurship and a vibrant informal underbelly to North American environmental governance, which will be vital in the challenging days ahead.