Using the Medical Model in Education

Popular discussion of educational issues is increasingly dominated by medical models, by the use of pathology as a description for specific learning difficulties, and by recourse to the 'latest findings of neuroscience'.

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Author: David A. Turner

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781441125705

Category: Education

Page: 190

View: 924

David Turner examines commonly held beliefs about learning, knowledge and intelligence, and critically assesses claims that certain drugs can improve learning and memory.

Inclusive Education

For many children with chronic illnesses , the school environment provides a setting where they may be viewed as children and adolescents rather than as patients ( Sexson and Madan - Swain , 1993 ) . Medical Perspectives and Models ...

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Author: Keith Ballard

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0750709340

Category: Education

Page: 189

View: 463

"Inclusive education had its origins in the move of disabled children from segregated special settings to mainstream classrooms, on the premise that every child has the right to access the curriculum and other experiences of publicly funded schools. This book reports on studies by leading researchers in the USA, Britain, Australia, New Zealand, Norway and the Netherlands that set out to examine the meanings of inclusion in their various cultures and school systems. The emphasis in each of the studies is on attending to the voices of those most directly involved - the students, parents and teachers. They tell us about the complexity of the issues in this area, suggesting guidelines for teachers and other professionals working with disabled children."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Special Educational Needs

The chapter examines a US approach to the classification of mental disorders which uses aspects of the medical model to identify learning difficulties and disabilities . It examines a possible postmodern alternative to the medical model ...

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Author: Michael Farrell

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761942386

Category: Education

Page: 160

View: 286

By examining related disciplines, Farrell provides a road map for special education and considers how special education can be better understood.

Health Promotion in Medical Education

level, we can understand values as those things that we find valuable.6 If I believe in a medical model of health, ... If on the other hand I adhere to a social model, my values will orient much more towards the use of resources and ...

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Author: Ann Wylie

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781138031104

Category: Medical

Page: 314

View: 106

Health promotion has been a relatively overlooked area in modern medical and health professional vocational curricula. This practical and informative book aims to redress the balance towards health promotion being a visible, integrated curricular component, with agreed principles on quality in health promotion teaching across various faculties. Experienced and enthusiastic writers with expertise in health promotion, public health and medical education explore how curricular structures can accommodate the discipline, providing examples of teaching sessions and methods of teaching health promotion within integrated curricula. 'Do not fear another dry discussion of how to stop patients smoking! This book takes a stimulatingly lateral view of the scope of the subject, goes a very long way to showing why it is essential to medical education, and gives good advice on how to support and develop both the subject and its tutors in today's medical schools.' From the Foreword by Amanda Howe.

Education and Disability in the Global South

To use another school-based example, a medical model approach would argue that children with disabilities are generally excluded from mainstream schools because of their impairments, not because the school is not set up appropriately to ...

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Author: Nidhi Singal

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781474291224

Category: Education

Page: 344

View: 641

Education and Disability in the Global South brings together new and established researchers from a variety of disciplines to explore the complexities and dilemmas encountered in providing education to children and young people with disabilities in countries in South Asia and Africa. Applying a range of methodological, theoretical and conceptual frameworks across different levels of education systems, from pre-school to higher education, the contributors examine not just the barriers but also the opportunities within the educational systems, in order to make strong policy recommendations. Together, the chapters offer a comprehensive overview of a range of issues, including a nuanced appreciation of the tensions between the local and global in relation to key developments in the field, critiquing a globalized notion of inclusive education, as well as proposing new methodological advancements in taking the research agenda forward. Empirical insights are captured not just from the perspectives of educators but also through engaging with children and young people with disabilities, who are uniquely powerful in providing insights for future developments.

Education Studies An Introduction

The social model of disability In contrast to the medical model, the social model of disablement is concerned with social attitudes and with environmental barriers (Allan 2006). The notion is that it is the attitudes of non-disabled ...

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Author: Murphy, Lisa

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 9780335223510

Category: Education

Page: 201

View: 829

Providing students on education studies programmes with a clear overview of the key issues they will encounter within the first year, this title enables them to develop a detailed understanding of the power and importance of education.

Theorising Special Education

What follows now is an attempt to draw from the preceding comments an outline of some of the concerns about the medical model in relation to teaching students with disabilities. Lessons to be drawn from the medical model for special ...

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Author: Catherine Clark

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134754786

Category: Education

Page: 216

View: 760

The field of special needs education is well established, and although it continues to develop in exciting and controversial ways, involving some of education's leading thinkers, many people feel it is lacking a coherent theoretical analysis of its own. Students and practitioners, looking for some solid theory to reinforce their own study or practice, commonly have to 'borrow' from other disciplines, such as psychology and sociology, since there has been no attempt to provide a theoretical foundation for the special needs community. This book does exactly that, bringing together contributions from key names in the field from UK and beyond. The book will establish itself as an essential text for students and teachers, as well as all those involved in special needs across the social sciences.

Crime Victims with Developmental Disabilities

These categories include the medical model, the educational model, the legal model, the entitlement model, the cultural model, and the integrated model. They vary according to the services or needs of the individual seeking assistance ...

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Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309073189

Category: Law

Page: 104

View: 711

Although violent crime in the United States has declined over the past five years, certain groups appear to remain at disproportionately high risk for violent victimization. In the United States, people with developmental disabilities-such as mental retardation, autism, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and severe learning disabilities may be included in this group. While the scientific evidence is scanty, a handful of studies from the United States, Canada, Australia, and Great Britain consistently find high rates of violence and abuse affecting people with these kinds of disabilities. A number of social and demographic trends are converging that may worsen the situation considerably over the next several years. The prevalence of developmental disabilities has increased in low-income populations, due to a number of factors, such as poor prenatal nutrition, lack of access to health care or better perinatal care for some fragile babies, and increases in child abuse and substance abuse during pregnancy. For example, a recent report of the California State Council on Developmental Disabilities found that during the past decade, while the state population increased by 20 percent, the number of persons with developmental disabilities in California increased by 52 percent and the population segment with mild mental retardation doubled. Because of a growing concern among parents and advocates regarding possible high rates of crime victimization among persons with developmental disabilities, Congress, through the Crime Victims with Disabilities Awareness Act of 1998, requested that the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences conduct a study to increase knowledge and information about crimes against individuals with developmental disabilities that will be useful in developing new strategies to reduce the incidence of crimes against those individuals. Crime Victims with Developmental Disabilities summarizes the workshop and addresses the following issues: (1) the nature and extent of crimes against individuals with developmental disabilities; (2) the risk factors associated with victimization of individuals with developmental disabilities; (3) the manner in which the justice system responds to crimes against individuals with disabilities; and (4) the means by which states may establish and maintain a centralized computer database on the incidence of crimes against individuals with disabilities within a state.

Health Promotion

As we noted earlier , the reality is that the only form of education which is not concerned with individual clients ... and values associated with the Medical Model , which is contrasted with an alternative , holistic view of health .

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Author: Keith Tones

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 0748745270

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 524

View: 310

Text examines general issues of health promotion, and the application of these issues in particular settings. It focuses on multi-setting interventions, partnerships and intersectoral working and addresses recent government initiatives.

Global Education Monitoring Report

The medical model can give rise to the idea that medical personnel should lead assessment of such learners and that only teachers with training in special education can provide for them. This reinforces the perceived need for separate ...

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Author: European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education

Publisher: UNESCO Publishing

ISBN: 9789231004339

Category: Political Science

Page: 167

View: 809