Vegetative Powers

Insisting that the vegetative powers are powers of the soul in human beings no less than in other living organisms, medieval philosophers and theologians discussed how to integrate those bio-psychic functions into the peculiar body-soul ...

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Author: Fabrizio Baldassarri

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030697099

Category: Philosophy

Page: 459

View: 257

The volume analyzes the natural philosophical accounts and debates concerning the vegetative powers, namely nutrition, growth, and reproduction. While principally focusing on the early modern approaches to the lower functions of the soul, readers will discover the roots of these approaches back to the Ancient times, as the volume highlights the role of three strands that help shape the study of life in the Medieval and early modern natural philosophies. From late antiquity to the early modern period, the vegetative soul and its cognate concepts have played a substantial role in specifying life, living functions, and living bodies, sometimes blurring the line between living and non-living nature, and, at other moments, resulting in a strong restriction of life to a mechanical system of operations and powers. Unearthing the history of the vegetative soul as a shrub of interconnected concepts, the 24 contributions of the volume fill a crucial gap in scholarship, ultimately outlining the importance of vegetal processes of incessant proliferation, generation, and organic growth as the roots of life in natural philosophical interpretations.

A Dissertation on the Philosophy of Aristotle

in want of the nutritive power ; and hence , both we , and irrational animals , participate of physical powers ; so that ... For desire , indeed , energizes in conjunction with sense ; but the vegetative powers energize without Hence ...

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Author: Thomas Taylor

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HXG95S

Category:

Page: 577

View: 785

The Power of God

Therefore, if the sensory and vegetative souls, which are in human beings as dispositions, come into existence through ... And yet, as the sensory and vegetative powers in a human being flow from the soul's essence, so also do those ...

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Author: Saint Thomas (Aquinas)

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199914623

Category: Philosophy

Page: 323

View: 798

On Power (De Potentia) is one of Aquinas's ''Disputed Questions'' (a systematic series of discussions of specific theological topics). It is a text which anyone with a serious interest in Aquinas's thinking will need to read. There is, however, no English translation of the De Potentia currently in print. Fr. Richard Regan has produced this abridgement, which passes over some of the full text while retaining what seems most important when it comes to following the flow of Aquinas's thought.

Avicenna

the vegetative soul are in their turn subservient to the powers of the animal soul. Finally, among the vegetative powers, the power of reproduction is followed in nobility by the power of growth, which is itself followed lastly by the ...

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Author: Jon McGinnis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199715961

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 586

Ibn Sina (980-1037), known as Avicenna in Latin, played a considerable role in the development of both Eastern and Western philosophy and science. His contributions to the fields of logic, natural science, psychology, metaphysics, theology, and even medicine were vast. His work was to have a significant impact on Thomas Aquinas, among others, who explicitly and frequently drew upon the ideas of his Muslim predecessor. Avicenna also affected the thinking of the great Islamic theologian al-Ghazali, who asserted that if one could show the incoherence of Avicenna's thought, then one would have demonstrated the incoherence of philosophy in general. But Avicenna's influence is not confined to the medieval period. His logic, natural philosophy, and metaphysics are still taught in the Islamic world as living philosophy, and many contemporary Catholic and evangelical Christian philosophers continue to encounter his ideas through Aquinas's work. Using a small handful of novel insights, Avicenna not only was able to address a host of issues that had troubled earlier philosophers in both the ancient Hellenistic and medieval Islamic worlds, but also fundamentally changed the direction of philosophy, in the Islamic East as well as in Jewish and Christian milieus. Despite Avicenna's important place in the history of ideas, there has been no single volume that both recognizes the complete range of his intellectual activity and provides a rigorous analysis of his philosophical thinking. This book fills that need. In Avicenna Jon McGinnis provides a general introduction to the thinker's intellectual system and offers a careful philosophical analysis of major aspects of his work in clear prose that will be accessible to students as well as to specialists in Islamic studies, philosophy, and the history of science.

The Philosophy of Saint Thomas Aquinas

On Thomas's account of the soul, death cannot be without the loss of the body's integrative vegetative functions.28 The Distinction and Distribution of Powers of Soul Different kinds of soul bring different sets of vital powers, ...

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Author: Stephen L. Brock

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781625646637

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 983

If Saint Thomas Aquinas was a great theologian, it is in no small part because he was a great philosopher. And he was a great philosopher because he was a great metaphysician. In the twentieth century, metaphysics was not much in vogue, among either theologians or even philosophers; but now it is making a comeback, and once the contours of Thomas's metaphysical vision are glimpsed, it looks like anything but a museum piece. It only needs some dusting off. Many are studying Thomas now for the answers that he might be able to give to current questions, but he is perhaps even more interesting for the questions that he can raise regarding current answers: about the physical world, about human life and knowledge, and (needless to say) about God. This book is aimed at helping those who are not experts in medieval thought to begin to enter into Thomas's philosophical point of view. Along the way, it brings out some aspects of his thought that are not often emphasized in the current literature, and it offers a reading of his teaching on the divine nature that goes rather against the drift of some prominent recent interpretations.

Twelve Great Philosophers

“ Therefore , there must be but one soul in one man or in one animal , " 267 despite the diversity of types of psychological powers , which we shall now discuss . " vegetative soul naturally has powers of nutrition , growth , and ...

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Author: Wayne P. Pomerleau

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1880157543

Category: Philosophy

Page: 473

View: 215

A collection on the historical introduction to human nature.

Aristotle and Neoplatonism in Late Antiquity

... manner of opinion , imagination or sense - perception , noeros e epistemonikos e doxastikos e phantastikos e aisthetikos : in addition it has the vegetative powers at the bottom , autas ekhousan eskhatos tas phusikas ( 5.32-7 ) .

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Author: H. J. Blumenthal

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801433363

Category: Philosophy

Page: 244

View: 747

"H. J. Blumenthal is such an eminent scholar in the field of Neoplatonic Studies, and the scholarship exhibited by this book is so wide-ranging and impressive, that I would venture to say that this is the most important book on Neoplatonism to be published since Dominic O'Meara's Pythagoras Revived." —Steven Strange, Emory UniversityScholars have traditionally used the Aristotelian commentators as sources for lost philosophical works and occasionally also as aids to understanding Aristotle. In H. J. Blumenthal's view, however, the commentators often assumed that there was a Platonist philosophy to which not only they but Aristotle himself subscribed. Their expository writing usually expressed their versions of Neoplatonist philosophy. Blumenthal here places the commentators in their intellectual and historical contexts, identifies their philosophical views, and demonstrates their tendency to read Aristotle as if he were a member of their philosophical circle.This book focuses on the commentators' exposition of Aristotle's treatise De anima (On the Soul), because it is relatively well documented and because the concept of soul was so important in all Neoplatonic systems. Blumenthal explains how the Neoplatonizing of Aristotle's thought, as well as the widespread use of the commentators' works, influenced the understanding of Aristotle in both the Islamic and Judaeo-Christian traditions.H. J. Blumenthal is the author or coeditor of six previous books and is currently preparing a two-volume translation, with introduction and commentary, of Simplicius' Commentary on "De anima" for publication in Cornell's series Ancient Commentators on Aristotle.

Baumgarten and Kant on Metaphysics

The most general division was into vegetative, sensitive, and rational, corresponding to the three kinds of “souls” described by Aristotle. The vegetative powers include, as basic life-functions, growth, nutrition, and reproduction.

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Author: Courtney D. Fugate

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191086458

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 713

Baumgarten and Kant on Metaphysics explores the metaphysics of Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten (17141762) and its decisive influence on Immanuel Kant. For over a century, scholars have recognized the significance of Baumgarten's Metaphysics, both because of its impact on Kant's intellectual development, and because of the way it fundamentally informed the work of generations of German philosophers, including Moses Mendelssohn, Thomas Abbt, Johann Gottfried Herder, Solomon Maimon, Johann August Eberhard, and arguably even Georg Friedrich Hegel. However, Baumgarten's Metaphysics has only recently become available in reliable German and English translations; as such, many scholars have been excluded from the discussion and the significance of Baumgarten's work has remained largely unexplored. Thus with the appearance of these translations, interest in Baumgarten's work has surged. This collection provides an anchor for this emerging discussion by presenting chapters by some of the scholars most responsible for Baumgarten's current reputation, together with some of the best young scholars in this emerging field.

Consent

The vegetative faculty is "determined" in its manner of operation to one sort of thing, as it is the function, e.g. of the nutritive powers to digest food and biologically to sustain the organism. The vegetative powers are not subject ...

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Author: Judith A. Barad

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: UCSC:32106010583836

Category: Philosophy

Page: 126

View: 382

In this book, Judith Barad offers a fresh treatment of St. Thomas Aquinas' account of faith by emphasizing his distinction between assent and consent. The distinction entails that although intellectual assent is a necessary condition of faith, the consent of the will, issuing in moral activity, is required for faith's completion. Through her analysis of Aquinas' distinction, Barad maintains not only that the traditional characterization of Aquinas as an intellectualist in matters of faith is false, but that Aquinas can shed light on the difference between religious hypocrisy and devotion.

Creation in Genesis and in Geology

the following powers and activities also : " First , vegetative powers of nutrition , growth , and reproduction . Secondly , a power of responding to unfelt stimuli by means of nervous interconnections — reflex action .

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Author: Frederick William Grant

Publisher:

ISBN: NLI:2313007-10

Category: Bible and science

Page: 61

View: 738