The Voice of Liberal Learning

This is the stuff of what has come to be called a liberal' education -- liberal' because it is liberated from the distracting business of satisfying contingent wants.


Author: Michael Oakeshott


ISBN: 0865973237

Category: Law

Page: 198

View: 562

By 1989, when Michael Oakeshott’s Voice of Liberal Learning was first published by Yale University Press, books that held a negative view of education in the United States, such as Allan Bloom’s The Closing of the American Mind and E. D. Hirsch’s Cultural Literacy, had garnered a remarkable amount of attention. There have been countless lamentations about the state of schooling in America in recent years, and there have been countless recommendations toward what is invariably called “educational reform.” To those weary and wary of the cacophony about what’s wrong with education in America and what ought to be done about it, Oakeshott’s voice beckons. As usual, his approach to the subject is subtle, comprehensive, and radical—in the sense of summoning readers to the root of the matter. That root, Oakeshott believed, is the very nature of learning itself and, concomitantly, the means (as distinct from the method) by which the life of learning is discovered, cultivated, and pursued. As Oakeshott has written, “This, then, is what we are concerned with: adventures in human self-understanding. Not the bare protestation that a human being is a self-conscious, reflective intelligence and that he does not live by bread alone, but the actual enquiries, utterances, and actions in which human beings have expressed their understanding of the human condition. This is the stuff of what has come to be called a ‘liberal’ education—‘liberal’ because it is liberated from the distracting business of satisfying contingent wants.” Liberty Fund’s new edition of The Voice of Liberal Learning includes a foreword by Timothy Fuller that reiterates the timelessness of Oakeshott’s reflections amid the continuing clamor that characterizes discourse about liberal education. Michael Oakeshott (1901–1990) was Professor of Political Science at the London School of Economics and a Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. He was the author of many works, including Rationalism in Politics and Other Essays, On History and Other Essays, and Hobbes on Civil Association, all of which are published by Liberty Fund.

Liberal Learning and the Art of Self Governance

Oakeshott, M. (1950) “The idea of a university,” in The Voice of Liberal Learning,
Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund, pp. 105–117. Oakeshott, M. (1951) “Political
education,” in The Voice of Liberal Learning, Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund, pp.


Author: Emily Chamlee-Wright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134615537

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 125

Concerns over affordability and accountability have tended to direct focus away from the central aims of liberal learning, such as preparing minds for free inquiry and inculcating the habits of mind, practical skills, and values necessary for effective participation in civil society. The contributors to this volume seek to understand better what it is that can be done on a day-to-day basis within institutions of liberal learning that shape the habits and practices of civil society. The central argument of this volume is that institutions of liberal learning are critical to a developing and flourishing civil society. It is within these "civil society incubators" that the habits of open discourse are practiced and honed; that a collaborative (often contentious) commitment to truth seeking serves as the rules that govern our work together; that the rules of personal and widespread social cooperation are established, practiced, and refined. Many have made this argument as it relates to community based learning, and we explore that theme here as well. But acquiring and practicing the habits of civil society recur within and throughout the college context—in the classrooms, in college governance structures, in professional associations, in collaborative research, in the residence halls, and on the playing field. To put it another way, when they are at their best, institutions of liberal learning are contexts in which students learn how to live in a free society and learn the art of self-governance.

Derek Bok, Higher Education in America, 184 (Italics in text). 15. Michael
Oakeshott, The Voice of Liberal Learning, Michael Oakeshott on Education,
edited by Timothy Fuller (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1989), 101. 16.
Oakeshott ...




ISBN: 9781498575379



View: 735

America the West and Liberal Education

But my question is precisely whether appeals to "individualism" and a sort of
morally neutral intellectual autonomy are an adequate response to the
liberationist antimoral orthodoxy. 6. Timothy Fuller, ed., The Voice of Liberal
Learning: Michael ...


Author: Ralph C. Hancock

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0847692310

Category: Education

Page: 182

View: 419

More than a decade ago, Allan BloomOs The Closing of the American Mind raised the philosophical stakes of the debate concerning the proper role of the study of the great books in higher education. BloomOs argument for the Western tradition employed both the rhetoric of knowledge for its own sake, and that of the broadly political uses of education. But the question of the precise relationship between the intellectual and the moral-political ends of liberal education was not BloomOs theme; though he clearly opposed the political radicalization of the curriculum espoused by many who styled themselves post modernists, he may not have adequately addressed their contention that all education is deeply political. The essays in America, the West and Liberal Education attempt to advance our understanding of the proper purposes of liberal education in America by exploring the relationship between the free pursuit of truth and the practical ends embedded in a particular tradition or political community.

Reimagining Liberal Education

Oakeshott, Rationalism in Politics, 31; Gray, Two Faces of Liberalism, 32–33; see
Chapter Six. Oakeshott, Rationalism in Politics, 135; Oakeshott, Voice of Liberal
Learning. Alexander, “Engaging Tradition.” Nagel, View From Nowhere. This, of ...


Author: Hanan Alexander

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9781441161581

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 216

This challenging and provocative book reimagines the justification, substance, process, and study of education in open, pluralistic, liberal democratic societies. Hanan Alexander argues that educators need to enable students to embark on a quest for intelligent spirituality, while paying heed to a pedagogy of difference. Through close analysis of the work of such thinkers as William James, Charles Taylor, Elliot Eisner, Michael Oakeshott, Isaiah Berlin, Martin Buber, Michael Apple and Terrence McLaughlin, Reimagining Liberal Education offers an account of school curriculum and moral and religious instruction that throws new light on the possibilities of a nuanced, rounded education for citizenship. Divided into three parts – Transcendental Pragmatism in Educational Research, Pedagogy of Difference and the Other Face of Liberalism, and Intelligent Spirituality in the Curriculum, this is a thrilling work of philosophy that builds upon the author's award-winning text Reclaiming Goodness: Education and the Spiritual Quest.

The Future of Liberal Education

Thus, it is indeed dilettantish, in the noble sense of the word.10 Liberal learning
occurs quite naturally when students ... in Timothy Fuller, ed., The Voice of
Liberal Learning: Michael Oakeshott on Education (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund
Press, ...


Author: Timothy W. Burns

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317689805

Category: Education

Page: 84

View: 713

Liberal Education, once the whole of American Higher Education, has been displaced by technical training and career-oriented majors. But it has also suffered from the decline in genuine liberal learning found in humanities disciplines, owing to specialization, politicization, and the adoption of new literary and psychological theories. The social sciences, too, have arguably abandoned the kind of relentless and sometimes disturbing questioning that used to constitute the core of education. In this compelling volume, thirteen college educators describe in sparkling prose what liberal education is, its place in a liberal democracy, the very serious challenges it faces in the 21st century—even from some of its alleged friends—and why it is important to sustain and expand liberal education’s place in American colleges and universities. Proponents and critics of liberal education alike will benefit from these insightful essays. This book was originally published as a special issue of Perspectives on Political Science.

Liberal Education

The motion having been duly adopted by voice vote without apparent dissent ,
the resolution was moved , seconded and unanimously adopted by voice vote .
The Committee on Resolutions also reported the following resolution , offered by
a ...




ISBN: UCAL:B4392110

Category: Education


View: 339

Includes the Association's Proceedings.

In Defence of Modernity

'Education: The Engagement and Its Frustration,' in The Voice of Liberal Learning
, pp. 6394. (First published in R.F. Dearden, P.H. Hirst & R.S. Peters (eds.),
Education and the Development of Reason. London: Routledge& Kegan Paul,
1972, ...


Author: Efraim Podoksik

Publisher: Andrews UK Limited

ISBN: 9781845404673

Category: Philosophy

Page: 326

View: 670

Although Oakeshott's philosophy has received considerable attention, the vision which underlies it has been almost completely ignored. This vision, which is rooted in the intellectual debates of his epoch, cements his ideas into a coherent whole and provides a compelling defence of modernity. The main feature of Oakeshott's vision of modernity is seen here as radical plurality resulting from 'fragmentation' of experience and society. On the level of experience, modernity denies the existence of the hierarchical medieval scheme and argues that there exist independent ways of understanding our world, such as science and history, which cannot be reduced to each other. On the level of society, modernity finds expression in liberal doctrine, according to which society is an aggregate of individuals each pursuing his or her own choices. For Oakeshott, to be modern means not only to recognise this condition of radical plurality but also to learn to appreciate and enjoy it. Oakeshott did not think that it was possible to find a comprehensive philosophical justification for modernity, therefore the only way to preserve modern civilisation seemed to be an appeal to sentiment. As a consequence he was a passionate defender of liberal education as the best way to underwrite the 'conversation of mankind.'

John Dewey

Noddings, N. (2005) Philosophy of Education, 2nd edition, Boulder, CO:
Westview Press. Oakeshott, M. (1972) 'Education: the engagement and its
frustration', in Fuller, T. (ed.) (1989) The Voice of Liberal Learning: Michael
Oakeshott on ...


Author: Richard Pring

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781441124593

Category: Education

Page: 208

View: 177

Bertrand Russell's History of Philosophy refers to Dewey as 'generally admitted to be the leading living philosopher of America'. This honourable mention lay partly in his pragmatic theory of meaning, through which so many baffling philosophical problems were claimed to have been solved – as well as educational ones. It is in connection with his educational ideas, however, that Dewey became either famous or infamous. In the United States he had been seen both as saviour of American education by those who welcomed a more child-centred curriculum, and yet as 'worse than Hitler' by those who saw his ideas as undermining traditional education – an accusation shared by his detractors in Britain. This account seeks to bring together Dewey's educational thinking and its frequently forgotten foundations in a pragmatic theory of meaning. In so doing, the book seeks to show that John Dewey is 'a philosopher of education for our time'.

The Pursuit of Liberal Education

Thus learning how to get things done in the world is an important and practical
part of liberal education. We hear an urgent voice inside that one cannot avoid
acting, or avoid exercising power, or avoid joining “the world's fight.” But power
must ...


Author: W. J. Rock

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781465374721

Category: Education

Page: 280

View: 923

The Pursuit of Liberal Education is a scholarly but accessible book on philosophy of education. It also involves a look at a philosophy of man, mind, conduct, government and progress. There is a discussion of the humanities and sciences, along with some social criticism, too. It calls for a revival of liberal education. It redefines liberal education as both a preservation of the best of the cultural heritage, and as a helpful guide for social reform. Thinking and learning about ideas and values across the spectrum of knowledge are considered. This is an indispensable book that puts everything in perspective.

The Condition of American Liberal Education

Yet as Timothy Fuller made too plain in his introduction to a volume of Oakeshott '
s writings on education , it is easy to turn a ... Timothy Fuller , " Introduction : A
Philosophical Understanding of Education , " in Oakeshott , The Voice of Liberal ...


Author: Bruce A. Kimball

Publisher: College Board

ISBN: UOM:39015038442987

Category: Reference

Page: 300

View: 359

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Experience and its modes. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. (
Original work published 1933) Oakeshott, M. (1989). The voice of liberal learning:
Michael Oakeshott on education (T. Fuller, Ed.). New Haven, CT: Yale University


Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781483364759

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 764

Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

Developing Student Criticality in Higher Education

Nussbaum, M. C. (1997), Cultivating Humanity: A Classical Defence of Reform in
Liberal Education. Cambridge, Mass. and London: Harvard University Press.
Oakeshott, M. (1989), The Voice of Liberal Learning. London: Yale University
Press ...


Author: Brenda Johnston

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781441153517

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 164

Critical thinking is a major and enduring aspect of higher education and the development of criticality in students has long been a core aim. However, understandings of criticality are conceptually and empirically unclear. The book combines a well developed conceptual discussion of the nature of criticality appropriate for the twenty-first century, the extent to which it is attainable by arts and social science undergraduates, and the paths by which it is developed during students' higher education experiences. Drawing upon empirical accounts and case studies of teaching and learning in different disciplines, this book critically analyses higher education curriculum and policy documentation to explore higher educational processes, encouraging a re-evaluation of practice and educational values, and enabling the development of curricula which incorporate systematic attention to the development of student criticality. This book proposes a rounded conceptual vision of criticality in higher education for the twenty-first century.

Education as a Human Right

Principles for a Universal Entitlement to Learning Tristan McCowan. — (2009)
Rethinking Citizenship Education: A Curriculum for Participatory Democracy.
London: ... The Voice of Liberal Learning: Michael Oakeshott on Education.


Author: Tristan McCowan

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781441150592

Category: Education

Page: 208

View: 261

Education is widely recognized as a fundamental human right, yet the nature of the right remains unclear. Is it an entitlement to go to school, to acquire particular forms of knowledge or develop particular skills or attributes? And why exactly is education so important that we might defend all people's right to it? This book provides a much-needed exploration of this key contemporary issue. Highlighting limitations in the approaches of both the Education for All initiative and existing international law, the book presents a radical new vision of how the right can be understood. As well as basic education, there are discussions of higher and lifelong education, of human rights education, and of the intersection of rights-based approaches with others such Amartya Sen's 'capabilities'. The work serves as a stirring defense of the universal right to education against instrumental conceptions of learning, the inactivity of national governments and the abrogation of responsibility of the international community.

A Companion to Michael Oakeshott

Preston King and B.C. Parekh (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968),
43–63; Timothy Fuller, “Introduction: A Philosophical Understanding of Education
,” in The Voice of Liberal Learning, ed. Timothy Fuller (New Haven: Yale ...


Author: Paul Franco

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271054070

Category: Philosophy

Page: 346

View: 652

"A collection of critical essays by leading scholars on British political philosopher Michael Oakeshott. Essays cover all aspects of Oakeshott's thought, from his theory of knowledge and philosophies of history, religion, art, and education to his reflections on morality, politics, and law"--Provided by publisher.

The Experience of Adult Liberal Education in an Age of Vocationalism

The voice of liberal learning : Michael Oakeshott on Education . New Haven :
Yale University Press . Furnham , A. ( 1990 ) . The Protestant work ethic : The
psychology of workrelated beliefs and behaviors . New York : Routledge .
Furnham , A.


Author: Marina Micari


ISBN: MINN:31951P007546812


Page: 346

View: 480

Vocational and Professional Capability

Education, Training and Employment. Vol. 2. Wokingham: AddisonWesley/Open
University. Fuller, T. (ed.) (1989) The Voice of Liberal Learning: Michael
Oakeshott on Education. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Gellner, E. (
1959) ...


Author: Gerard Lum

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781441116734

Category: Education

Page: 224

View: 296

The central claim of this fascinating monograph is that strategies for vocational and professional education adopted by the UK over the last two decades are founded upon a number of fundamental and fatal errors. The essential problem is that these strategies derive from a number of philosophical confusions about what it is to be skilled, competent or capable. The aim of the book is to unravel the philosophical assumptions at the heart of current strategies, examine their shortcomings and propose a more coherent account of vocational and professional capability. It will be argued that not only does this have serious practical implications for the vocational curriculum, teaching, learning and assessment, but that it indicates the need for an urgent and radical reassessment of the relationship between vocational, general and academic education.

Authority and the Teacher

Let me begin by setting out the terms of what is encompassed under the term '
learning' according to Oakeshott. First, Oakeshott opens the chapter of The Voice
of Liberal Learning dedicated to teaching and learning with a rather broad and ...


Author: William H. Kitchen

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472529800

Category: Education

Page: 160

View: 811

Authority and the Teacher seeks to overturn the notion that authority is a restrictive force within education, serving only to stifle creativity and drown out the voice of the student. William H. Kitchen argues that any education must have, as one of its cornerstones, a component which encourages the fullest development of knowledge, which serves as the great educational emancipator. In this version of knowledge-driven education, the teacher's authority should be absolute, so as to ensure that the teacher has the scope to liberate their pupils. The pupil, in the avoidance of ignorance, can thus embrace what is rightfully theirs; the inheritance of intellectual riches passed down through time. By invoking the work of three major philosophers – Polanyi, Oakeshott and Wittgenstein – as well as contributions from other key thinkers on authority, this book underpins previous claims for the need for authority in education with the philosophical clout necessary to ensure these arguments permeate modern mainstream educational thinking.

Art Education and the Democratic Commitment

Boston: Beacon Press, 1995. Nussbaum, Martha C. Love's Knowledge, Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 1990. The Voice of Liberal Learning: Michael Oakeshott
on Education. Timothy Fuller, editor. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.


Author: D.T. Schwartz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401594448

Category: Philosophy

Page: 181

View: 535

In reflecting on this book and the process of writing it, the most pervasive theme I find is that of confluence. I drew much of the energy needed to write the book from the energy that resides at the confluence, or nexus, of contrasting ideas. At the most general level, the topic of arts subsidy offered a means of exploring simultaneously two of my favorite philosophical subjects-aesthetics and politics. The risk of a dual focus is of course that you do neither topic justice. However, the bigger payoff of this strategy resides in finding new and interesting connections between two otherwise disparate topics. Developing such connections between art and politics led directly to many of the book's positive arguments for subsidy. At a deeper level, the book exploits a confluence of contrasting philosophical methodologies. The central problem of the book politically justifying state support of the arts-is cast in the Anglo American tradition of analytical philosophy. Here normative arguments of ethics and politics are scrutinized with an eye toward developing a defensible justification of state action. Yet while the book initially situates the subsidy problem within this analytical tradition, its positive arguments for subsidy draw heavily from the ideas and methods of Continental philosophy. Rather than adjudicating normative claims of ethical and political ttuth, the Continental tradition aims at the hermeneutical task of interpreting and describing sttuctures of human meaning.

Education in the Era of Globalization

'I want to break free.' – Freddie Mercury The words above, from Freddie Mercury's
hit song, Free, have, so it seems, a guaranteed appeal to young (and older) ...


Author: Klas Roth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402059452

Category: Education

Page: 252

View: 650

Education seems to have lost its orientation in Western culture and is in disarray all over the globe in time of global transitions. This book attempts to address the challenge of globalization to education in the broadest sense of the concept of education. The various texts are written by some of the most famous and interesting scholars in the field. This collection is unique and opens the door for further research and public discussion on the future role of education.