Voice Quality

... TJERNLUND,P. & PERHEENTUPA,J. 1972 Auditory perception of voice qualities ... ROYAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, STOCKHOLM 3c 5b2 WAGONER,L.S. 1925 Speech ...

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Author: John Laver

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027209962

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 225

View: 571

The characteristic voice quality of a speaker conveys to listeners a wealth of information about his physical, psychological and social attributes. For this reason, voice quality is of interest to a wide range of disciplines, including linguistics, phonetics and speech science, speech pathology, sociology, psychology, medicine, and communication engineering. Literature on voice quality is, consequently, scattered through a correspondingly wide range of publications. While this bibliography is unlikely to be exhaustive, it aims to be comprehensive. Exceptions to this are purely medical literature and literature on speech pathology; also, although a number of different languages are represented, works in English received the principal coverage.

Fundamentals of Voice Quality Engineering in Wireless Networks

Even a slight enhancement in DMOS may be perceived as exceedingly worthy provided that voice quality is already at a low level due to noise or transmission ...

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Author: Avi Perry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521855952

Category: Computers

Page: 353

View: 105

Network operators are faced with the challenge of maximizing the quality of voice transmissions in wireless communications without impairing speech or data transmission. This book, first published in 2006, provides a comprehensive survey of voice quality algorithms, features, interactions and trade-offs at the device and system levels. The book elaborates on the root cause of impairments and ways for resolving them, as well as methodologies for measuring and quantifying voice quality before and after applying the remedies. A 'troubleshooting and case studies' chapter provides a useful approach to identifying and solving network impairments. Avoiding complex mathematics, the approach is based on real and sizable field experience supported by scientific and laboratory analysis. This title is suitable for practitioners in the wireless communications industry and graduate students in electrical engineering. Further resources, including a range of audio examples, are available online at www.cambridge.org/ 9781107407183.

Voice and Speech Quality Perception

1 Introduction Voice and speech quality perception is a comparably young branch of mainly psycho-acoustics, metrology and linguistics.

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Author: Ute Jekosch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540288602

Category: Science

Page: 210

View: 951

Foundations of Voice and Speech Quality Perception starts out with the fundamental question of: "How do listeners perceive voice and speech quality and how can these processes be modeled?" Any quantitative answers require measurements. This is natural for physical quantities but harder to imagine for perceptual measurands. This book approaches the problem by actually identifying major perceptual dimensions of voice and speech quality perception, defining units wherever possible and offering paradigms to position these dimensions into a structural skeleton of perceptual speech and voice quality. The emphasis is placed on voice and speech quality assessment of systems in artificial scenarios. Many scientific fields are involved. This book bridges the gap between two quite diverse fields, engineering and humanities, and establishes the new research area of Voice and Speech Quality Perception.

Professional Communication

Now we focus our attention on vocal cues . The cues are accomplished in oral communication through voice , quality , volume , pitch , rate of delivery and ...

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Author: Koneru

Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 0070660026

Category: Business communication

Page: 500

View: 709

New Spectral Methods for Analysis of Source filter Characteristics of Speech Signals

For a detailed study of acoustic feature variations due to voice quality variations, ... issues in voice quality for concatenative text-to-speech (TTS).

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Author: Baris Bozkurt

Publisher: Presses univ. de Louvain

ISBN: 9782874630132

Category: Computers

Page: 128

View: 513

This study proposes a new spectral representation called the Zeros of Z-Transform (ZZT), which is an all-zero representation of the z-transform of the signal. In addition, new chirp group delay processing techniques are developed for analysis of resonances of a signal. The combination of the ZZT representation with the chirp group delay processing algorithms provides a useful domain to study resonance characteristics of source and filter components of speech. Using the two representations, effective algorithms are developed for: source-tract decomposition of speech, glottal flow parameter estimation, formant tracking and feature extraction for speech recognition. The ZZT representation is mainly important for theoretical studies. Studying the ZZT of a signal is essential to be able to develop effective chirp group delay processing methods. Therefore, first the ZZT representation of the source-filter model of speech is studied for providing a theoretical background. We confirm through ZZT representation that anti-causality of the glottal flow signal introduces mixed-phase characteristics in speech signals. The ZZT of windowed speech signals is also studied since windowing cannot be avoided in practical signal processing algorithms and the effect of windowing on ZZT representation is drastic. We show that separate patterns exist in ZZT representations of windowed speech signals for the glottal flow and the vocal tract contributions. A decomposition method for source-tract separation is developed based on these patterns in ZZT. We define chirp group delay as group delay calculated on a circle other than the unit circle in z-plane. The need to compute group delay on a circle other than the unit circle comes from the fact that group delay spectra are often very noisy and cannot be easily processed for formant tracking purposes (the reasons are explained through ZZT representation). In this thesis, we propose methods to avoid such problems by modifying the ZZT of a signal and further computing the chirp group delay spectrum. New algorithms based on processing of the chirp group delay spectrum are developed for formant tracking and feature estimation for speech recognition. The proposed algorithms are compared to state-of-the-art techniques. Equivalent or higher efficiency is obtained for all proposed algorithms. The theoretical parts of the thesis further discuss a mixed-phase model for speech and phase processing problems in detail. Index Terms—spectral representation, source-filter separation, glottal flow estimation, formant tracking, zeros of z-transform, group delay processing, phase processing.

Verbal and Nonverbal Communication Behaviours

3.1 Voice Quality and Paralinguistic Speech 'Tone-of-Voice' is a term often used by the ... Voice quality is certainly an essential part of prosody [10], ...

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Author: Anna Esposito

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540764427

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 328

View: 334

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the COST Action 2102 International Workshop on Verbal and Nonverbal Communication Behaviours held in Vietri sul Mare, Italy, in March 2007. The twenty six revised full papers presented together with one introductory paper comprise carefully reviewed and selected participants’ contributions and invited lectures given at the workshop. The papers are organized in topical sections.

The Oxford Handbook of Voice Perception

When and why listeners disagree in voice quality assessment tasks. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 122, 2354–2364. Kreiman, J., Gerratt, B. R. ...

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Author: Sascha ühholz

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198743187

Category: Medical

Page: 976

View: 528

Speech perception has been the focus of innumerable studies over the past decades. While our abilities to recognize individuals by their voice state plays a central role in our everyday social interactions, limited scientific attention has been devoted to the perceptual and cerebral mechanisms underlying nonverbal information processing in voices. The Oxford Handbook of Voice Perception takes a comprehensive look at this emerging field and presents a selection of current research in voice perception. The forty chapters summarise the most exciting research from across several disciplines covering acoustical, clinical, evolutionary, cognitive, and computational perspectives. In particular, this handbook offers an invaluable window into the development and evolution of the 'vocal brain', and considers in detail the voice processing abilities of non-human animals or human infants. By providing a full and unique perspective on the recent developments in this burgeoning area of study, this text is an important and interdisciplinary resource for students, researchers, and scientific journalists interested in voice perception.

Voice Attractiveness

Among the various complex acoustic features that give a voice its quality, the variations of the glottal source waveform hold a special place.

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Author: Benjamin Weiss

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811566271

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 330

View: 854

This book addresses various aspects of acoustic–phonetic analysis, including voice quality and fundamental frequency, and the effects of speech fluency and non-native accents, by examining read speech, public speech, and conversations. Voice is a sexually dimorphic trait that can convey important biological and social information about the speaker, and empirical findings suggest that voice characteristics and preferences play an important role in both intra- and intersexual selection, such as competition and mating, and social evaluation. Discussing evaluation criteria like physical attractiveness, pleasantness, likability, and even persuasiveness and charisma, the book bridges the gap between social and biological views on voice attractiveness. It presents conceptual, methodological and empirical work applying methods such as passive listening tests, psychoacoustic rating experiments, and crowd-sourced and interactive scenarios and highlights the diversity not only of the methods used when studying voice attractiveness, but also of the domains investigated, such as politicians’ speech, experimental speed dating, speech synthesis, vocal pathology, and voice preferences in human interactions as well as in human–computer and human–robot interactions. By doing so, it identifies widespread and complementary approaches and establishes common ground for further research.

Your Voice Is Your Business

Vocal Choice there are many aspects of your voice that you do not choose. ... You may even find that your voice quality changes unknowingly when you are ...

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Author: Orlando R. Barone

Publisher: Plural Publishing

ISBN: 9781597569521

Category: Medical

Page: 302

View: 310

Your Voice Is Your Business: The Science and Art of Communication, Second Edition combines the latest in voice research and technology with the most powerful, state-of-the-art presentation skills and methods. The result is an integrated and comprehensive approach to connecting the technically based aspects of voice production with an applied, skill-based grasp of interpersonal effectiveness. This text serves as both a practical handbook and a resource on human vocal production in real-world settings. Relevant techniques of positioning, gesture, and paraverbals are incorporated in the study of successful voice presentation. Additionally, technical information is integrated into the text and reviewed at the end of each chapter. This second edition responds to the readers' desire for an expansion of the topics, illustrations, and techniques found particularly effective in the first edition, and provides new information reported in recent speech-language pathology literature in two brand-new chapters with vivid, powerful, and direct explanations and exercises. Your Voice Is Your Business The Science and Art of Communication, Second Editionhas been designed for ease of use for the student of voice science or anyone eager to use their communication abilities to their best advantage at work, on stage, or in everyday life. This text includes terminology and references suitable to the serious student of the voice, as well as detailed, realistic scenarios to further any professional's knowledge on the art of human communication, and will be a staple in multiple fields including speech-language pathology, communications, theater and drama, and business. Disclaimer: Please note that ancillary content (such documents, audio, and video) may not be included as published in the original print version of this book.

The Singer s Voice

Thus, quantification of vocal quality requires attention to multiple changes that occur in the signal. In the context of speech and song, the term “quality” ...

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Author: Michael S. Benninger

Publisher: Plural Publishing

ISBN: 9781597568104

Category: Medical

Page: 202

View: 443

Each type of performer, whether singer, voice-over artists, dancer/singers, instrumentalist/singers, brings specific issues to the voice treatment team and requires special individual attention from the various members of the team, from laryngologist to speech pathologist, singing or voice teacher. The Singer's Voice identifies these individuals, presents reports on cases with special needs and offers myriad solutions that help to preserve the voice and prevent further damage. It is written by a world-leading group of dedicated professionals from an array of disciplines related to the care and treatment of individuals who use their voices in professional settings. Ranging from current day performers to choral conductors to past rock and roll musicians, all contributors have shown a dedication to the care of the singer and performer through their studios, academic training, their research interests and experience, and their clinical and/or their performance background. The content is thoroughly practical and written to be accessible to a wide range of voice professionals, particularly singing and voice teachers; instructors in the various performing arts; those who provide medical and allied health care; and, indeed, performers and students themselves.

Intelligibility in Speech Disorders

hearing talker, peculiar voice quality may be considered apart from how well he is understood. Disordered voice quality has been associated with reduced ...

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Author: Raymond D. Kent

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027243317

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 365

View: 893

The papers in this volume, written by authors experienced in intelligibility issues in speech pathology and related fields, describe the basic dimensions by which speech intelligibility can and must be understood. The dimensions are auditory perceptual, linguistic, acoustic and physiologic. These, in turn, are applied to the fundamental problems of definition and theory, measurement and clinical management. Only relatively recently has there been significant progress in formal intelligibility assessment and few, if any books have been published on intelligibility concerns in speech pathology. It is hoped that this book represents the topic of intelligibility in a way that will encourage further invention in research and clinical efforts relating to this essential aspect of speech and language performance.

Receptive Methods in Music Therapy

Voice. quality. In order to facilitate relaxation for a client, the therapist must have an appropriate voice quality. As mentioned in the previous chapter, ...

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Author: Denise Grocke

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 1846425859

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 297

This practical book describes the specific use of receptive (listening) methods and techniques in music therapy clinical practice and research, including relaxation with music for children and adults, the use of visualisation and imagery, music and collage, song-lyric discussion, vibroacoustic applications, music and movement techniques, and other forms of aesthetic listening to music. The authors explain these receptive methods of intervention using a format that enables practitioners to apply them in practice and make informed choices about music suitable for each of the different techniques. Protocols are described step-by-step, with reference to the necessary environment, conditions, skills and appropriate musical material. Receptive Methods in Music Therapy will prove indispensable to music therapy students, practitioners, educators and researchers.

Expression in Speech

For example, there might be accompanying changes of 'voice quality'—that is, there is at least the possibility, we feel, that controlling f0 in a way which ...

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Author: Mark Tatham

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199250677

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 419

View: 960

This book is about the nature of expression in speech. It is a comprehensive exploration of how such expression is produced and understood, and of how the emotional content of spoken words may be analysed, modelled, tested, and synthesized. Listeners can interpret tone-of-voice, assess emotional pitch, and effortlessly detect the finest modulations of speaker attitude; yet these processes present almost intractable difficulties to the researchers seeking to identify and understand them. In seeking to explain the production and perception of emotive content Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton review the potential of biological and cognitive models. They examine how the features that make up the speech production and perception systems have been studied by biologists, psychologists, and linguists, and assess how far biological, behavioural, and linguistic models generate hypotheses that provide insights into the nature of expressive speech. The authors use recent techniques inspeech synthesis and automatic speech recognition as a test bed for models of expression in speech. Acknowledging that such testing presupposes a comprehensive computational model of speech production, they put forward original proposals for its foundations and show how the relevant data structures may be modelled within its framework. This pioneering book will be of central interest to researchers in linguistics and in speech science, pathology, and technology. It will also be valuable for behavioural and cognitive scientists wanting to know more about this vital and elusive aspect of human behaviour.

Creating Personal Social and Urban Awareness through Pervasive Computing

Qualitative Features According with Abercrombie: “The term voice quality refers to those characteristics which are present more or less all the time that a ...

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Author: Guo, Bin

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781466646964

Category: Computers

Page: 440

View: 571

The recent emergence and prevalence of social network applications, sensor equipped mobile devices, and the availability of large amounts of geo-referenced data have enabled the analysis of new context dimensions that involve individual, social, and urban context. Creating Personal, Social, and Urban Awareness through Pervasive Computing provides an overview of the theories, techniques, and practical applications related to the three dimensions of context awareness. Through the exploration of emerging research trends of pervasive computing, this book is beneficial to professors, students, researchers, and developers interested this latest development in the field of context-awareness and pervasive computing.

Expression of emotion in music and vocal communication

They have been briefly described in Section “Voice-Quality-Varying Stimuli Used in Earlier Studies” above and a detailed description is given in Gobl and Ní ...

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Author: Anjali Bhatara

Publisher: Frontiers E-books

ISBN: 9782889192632

Category:

Page:

View: 296

Two of the most important social skills in humans are the ability to determine the moods of those around us, and to use this to guide our behavior. To accomplish this, we make use of numerous cues. Among the most important are vocal cues from both speech and non-speech sounds. Music is also a reliable method for communicating emotion. It is often present in social situations and can serve to unify a group's mood for ceremonial purposes (funerals, weddings) or general social interactions. Scientists and philosophers have speculated on the origins of music and language, and the possible common bases of emotional expression through music, speech and other vocalizations. They have found increasing evidence of commonalities among them. However, the domains in which researchers investigate these topics do not always overlap or share a common language, so communication between disciplines has been limited. The aim of this Research Topic is to bring together research across multiple disciplines related to the production and perception of emotional cues in music, speech, and non-verbal vocalizations. This includes natural sounds produced by human and non-human primates as well as synthesized sounds. Research methodology includes survey, behavioral, and neuroimaging techniques investigating adults as well as developmental populations, including those with atypical development. Studies using laboratory tasks as well as studies in more naturalistic settings are included.

Pronunciation and Phonetics

Voice quality and pronunciation teaching Jenner (1987) summarizes the settings of English as 'loose, inactive lips, concave tongue with active tip, ...

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Author: Adam Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317935698

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 312

View: 160

This engaging, succinct text is an introduction to both phonetics and phonology as applied to the teaching of pronunciation to English language learners. Section 1 selectively covers the main areas of phonetics and phonology, without going into any area in more depth than the average English language teacher requires or that the average English language teacher trainee can handle. Section 2 focuses on practical issues related to learners and how they learn languages, and what represents good practice in terms of classroom activities for pronunciation—including aspects such as targets, motivation and priorities. The chapters end with activities to help the reader understand concepts. Section 3 provides innovative sample activities which put into practice the theoretical points covered in the first two sections, answers to the various exercises, recommended further reading (both print and non-print), a glossary of technical phonetic terms, and a bibliography of works on pronunciation teaching. The text is accompanied by a Companion Website with audio recordings of model pronunciations and audio material relating to the activities.

Sataloff s Comprehensive Textbook of Otolaryngology Head Neck Surgery

Automated or objective measurement of dysphonic voice quality has been attempted by using some measures derived from the vocal acoustic signal or from some ...

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Author: Robert T Sataloff

Publisher: JP Medical Ltd

ISBN: 9789351524571

Category: Medical

Page: 1050

View: 619

Sataloff's Comprehensive Textbook of Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery - Laryngology is part of a multi-volume textbook covering basic and clinical science across the entire field of otolaryngology. Volumes in the set include; otology, neurotology and skull-based surgery; rhinology, allergy and immunology; facial plastic and reconstructive surgery; head and neck surgery; and paediatric otolaryngology. The full set is enhanced by over 5000 full colour images and illustrations, spanning nearly 6000 pages, complete with a comprehensive index on DVD. Edited by Robert T Sataloff from Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, this volume includes contributions from internationally recognised experts in otolaryngology, ensuring authoritative content throughout. Sataloff's Comprehensive Textbook of Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery – Laryngology is an indispensable, in-depth guide to the field for all otolaryngology practitioners. Key Points Textbook of laryngology, part of six-volume set covering the entire field of otolaryngology Volumes include otology/neurotology, rhinology, plastic surgery, head and neck surgery, and paediatric otolaryngology Over 5000 full colour images and illustrations across six volumes Edited by Robert T Sataloff, with contributions from internationally recognised otolaryngology experts

The Routledge Handbook of Phonetics

But given that we still know very little about individual differences in voice quality – for example, if the degree of vocal fold approximation in a ...

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Author: William F. Katz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429508561

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 648

View: 146

The Routledge Handbook of Phonetics provides a comprehensive and up-to-date compilation of research, history and techniques in phonetics. With contributions from 41 prominent authors from North America, Europe, Australia and Japan, and including over 130 figures to illustrate key points, this handbook covers all the most important areas in the field, including: • the history and scope of techniques used, including speech synthesis, vocal tract imaging techniques, and obtaining information on under-researched languages from language archives; • the physiological bases of speech and hearing, including auditory, articulatory, and neural explanations of hearing, speech, and language processes; • theories and models of speech perception and production related to the processing of consonants, vowels, prosody, tone, and intonation; • linguistic phonetics, with discussions of the phonetics-phonology interface, sound change, second language acquisition, sociophonetics, and second language teaching research; • applications and extensions, including phonetics and gender, clinical phonetics, and forensic phonetics. The Routledge Handbook of Phonetics will be indispensable reading for students and practitioners in the fields of speech, language, linguistics and hearing sciences.

Noise Reduction in Speech Applications

of some signal quality. In other situations, voice quality must be preserved resulting in higher complexity, cost, and bandwidth requirements.

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Author: Gillian M. Davis

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420041266

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 627

Noise and distortion that degrade the quality of speech signals can come from any number of sources. The technology and techniques for dealing with noise are almost as numerous, but it is only recently, with the development of inexpensive digital signal processing hardware, that the implementation of the technology has become practical. Noise Reduction in Speech Applications provides a comprehensive introduction to modern techniques for removing or reducing background noise from a range of speech-related applications. Self-contained, it starts with a tutorial-style chapter of background material, then focuses on system aspects, digital algorithms, and implementation. The final section explores a variety of applications and demonstrates to potential users of the technology the results possible with the noise reduction techniques presented. The book offers chapters contributed by international experts, a practical, systems approach, and numerous references. For electrical, acoustics, signal processing, communications, and bioengineers, Noise Reduction in Speech Applications is a valuable resource that shows you how to decide whether noise reduction will solve problems in your own systems and how to make the best use of the technologies available.