Why Governments and Parties Manipulate Elections

This book documents the widespread use of blatant and excessive manipulation of elections and explains what drives this practice.

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Author: Alberto Simpser

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107030541

Category: Political Science

Page: 282

View: 611

This book documents the widespread use of blatant and excessive manipulation of elections and explains what drives this practice. Alberto Simpser shows that, in many instances, governments and parties manipulate elections not only to gain votes, but also to transmit or distort information. This manipulation conveys an image of strength, shaping others' behavior to the benefit of the manipulators, increasing the scope for the manipulators to pursue their goals while in government and mitigating future challenges to their hold on power.

The Political Foundations of Judicial Independence

Schumpeter, Joseph A. 1950. Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy. New York:
Harper & Bros. (Originally published 1942). Simpser, Alberto. 2013. Why
Governments and Parties Manipulate Elections: Theory, Practice, and
Implications.

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Author: Brad Epperly

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198845027

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 867

This book argues that explaining judicial independence-considered the fundamental question of comparative law and politics-requires a perspective that spans the democracy/autocracy divide. Rather than seeking separate explanations in each regime context, in The Political Foundations of Judicial Independence in Dictatorship and Democracy, Brad Epperly argues that political competition is a salient factor in determining levels of de facto judicial independence across regime type, and in autocracies a factor of far greater import. This is because a full "insurance" account of independence requires looking not only at the likelihood those in power might lose elections but also the variable risks associated with such an outcome, risks that are far higher for autocrats. First demonstrating that courts can and do provide insurance to former leaders, he then shows via exhaustive cross-national analyses that competition's effects are far higher in autocratic regimes, providing the first evidence for the causal nature of the relationship. Epperly argues that these findings differ from existing case study research because in democratic regimes, a lack of political competition means incumbents target the de jure independence of courts. This argument is illustrated via in-depth case study of the Hungarian Constitutional Court after the country's 2010 "constitutional coup," and then tested globally. Blending formal theory, observational and instrumental variables models, and elite interviews of leading Hungarian legal scholars and judges, Epperly offers a new framework for understanding judicial independence that integrates explanations of both de jure and de facto independence in both democratic and autocratic regimes.

Pakistan s Political Parties

world's highest battlefield, the first Pakistani head of government to visit an active
battlefield, and sought to strengthen the PPP organization by holding internal
party elections, although these were marred by accusations of rigging in Punjab.
... This was the period of dysfunctional trilateral government (army-bureaucracy-
party) manipulated by the military-bureaucratic establishment (see Nasr 1992).

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Author: Mariam Mufti

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9781626167711

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 861

Pakistan’s 2018 general elections marked the second successful transfer of power from one elected civilian government to another—a remarkable achievement considering the country’s history of dictatorial rule. Pakistan’s Political Parties examines how the civilian side of the state’s current regime has survived the transition to democracy, providing critical insight into the evolution of political parties in Pakistan and their role in developing democracies in general. Pakistan’s numerous political parties span the ideological spectrum, as well as represent diverse regional, ethnic, and religious constituencies. The essays in this volume explore the way in which these parties both contend and work with Pakistan’s military-bureaucratic establishment to assert and expand their power. Researchers use interviews, surveys, data, and ethnography to illuminate the internal dynamics and motivations of these groups and the mechanisms through which they create policy and influence state and society. Pakistan’s Political Parties is a one-of-a-kind resource for diplomats, policymakers, journalists, and scholars searching for a comprehensive overview of Pakistan’s party system and its unlikely survival against an interventionist military, with insights that extend far beyond the region.

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

The dominant FL political party manipulated legislative and exaggerated
electoral participation in the presidential elections of 2000. The FL controls all
government power , including the presidential , legislative , and judicial branches
.

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MSU:31293021149145

Category: Civil rights

Page:

View: 628

Manipulated Elections

Instead , the loans were reportedly granted to parties well connected to RFC
executives . ... along with the immigration racket in which high government
officials were allocated “ quota " of at least three Chinese each who would pay
grease ...

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Author: Maria Aurora A. Carbonell-Catilo

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015041845838

Category: Elections

Page: 140

View: 922

National Geographic

In others , dominant parties manipulate elections to remain in power . This year in
Russia the government went to great lengths to ferry ballot boxes by helicopter to
Siberian camps so reindeer herders could vote ( above ) . Yet it also kept tight ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015062103000

Category: Geography

Page:

View: 840

Elections and Politics

Just as consumers maximize utility and firms maximize profits , PBC theory
suggests that governments or political parties maximize votes . To aid their re -
election effort , political parties manipulate economic policy instruments . These
policy ...

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Author: Kailash Khandke

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:X53421

Category:

Page: 306

View: 314

Lok Sabha Debates

... the State Governments and have to be designated by the Election Commission
or nominated by the Election Commission ... Governments are party governments
and we know how they might be interested in manipulating the electoral rolls .

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Author: India. Parliament. Lok Sabha

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112119308630

Category: India

Page:

View: 870

The National Geographic

... dominant parties manipulate elections to remain in power. This year in Russia
the government went to great lengths to ferry ballot boxes by helicopter to
Siberian camps so reindeer herders could vote (above). Yet it also kept tight
control of ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X006175589

Category: Geography

Page:

View: 955

Scandinavian Journal of Development Alternatives and Area Studies

The way and means with which the ambitious presidential aspirants in the two
political parties manipulated party electoral processes to rig the party primaries
led the government to reschedule the primary elections in September 1992 after
a ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000070068597

Category: Area studies

Page:

View: 903

The Local Government and Development

INEC is considered as a Neutral umpire, however, events in the past three years
indicate the contrary. This is due largely to the insincerity of the leading party,
manipulation of the electoral management body, corruption and the biased
attitude ...

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Author: Shehu Dalhatu

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105131921707

Category: Rural development

Page: 306

View: 674

Hungary s Admiral on Horseback

a posed franchise reduced the percentage of the population eligible 4 to vote ( 28
percent versus 40 percent in 1920 ) ... in prewar elections made it possible for the
government party to exert considerable coercion and to manipulate elections ...

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Author: Thomas L. Sakmyster

Publisher: Eastern European Monographs

ISBN: UOM:39015034003221

Category: Admirals

Page: 476

View: 197

Korea Focus

The main aspects of South Korea ' s political system complete the picture :
dictatorial concentration of power in the hands of the president ; a well organized
government party ; manipulated elections ; a large military machine and efficient
 ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000122766599

Category: Korea

Page:

View: 495

South Asian Studies

one then accept that the neutrality and fairness of the by - elections are not
needed ? Should they be allowed to be manipulated by the party in power ? Do
the votes in these constituencies ( 31 under the AL government , little over 10
percent ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015078204917

Category: South Asia

Page:

View: 317

Debates

The Election Authority would be directly under the influence of the Government
and any party which is in power — which is a Government party - can manipulate
election in anyway they like and the very purpose will be defeated from the very ...

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Author: Pakistan. National Assembly

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015020189075

Category: Pakistan

Page:

View: 141

Culture and Democracy in Africa South of the Sahara

The government has denied this allegation and blamed those in the opposition
for the “ ethnic clashes ” . Atany event , perhaps because Kenyans had come to
associate sham , state controlled elections with single party dictatorship , the
onset of multiparty ... government were inadequate for the purpose of ensuring
competitive multiparty elections : “ The ruling party manipulated its control of the
legislative ...

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Author: Winfried Jung

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X002646953

Category: Africa, Sub-Saharan

Page: 230

View: 132

Bangladesh

He organized his own political party , manipulated elections that packed
Parliament with his supporters , and became president in national elections in ...
His regime slowly returned to a parliamentary government directed by his own
party .

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Author: James Heitzman

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D03913598S

Category: Bangladesh

Page: 306

View: 718

Korea Annual

elections that closely followed the pres presidential nominee Cho Byong - ok
died idential election , the government party in Walter Reed Army Hospital in the
openly attempted to fake the returns . ... observers Syngman Rhee and his
Liberal Party , were thrown out of the polls to allow the thus convinced that
manipulation of Liberals to freely manipulate ballots . future elections was the
only way that Voting ...

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Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015033163950

Category: Korea

Page:

View: 118

Governing Hong Kong

From the perspective of procedure legitimacy , the Tung administration
manipulated the electoral system in such a way as to benefit pro - government
parties and to legitimize itself . Yet , the unintended consequences of such
manipulation of ...

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Author: Shiu Hing Lo

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: STANFORD:36105110291148

Category: Political Science

Page: 349

View: 508

Governing Hong Kong - Legitimacy, Communication & Political Decay

Without Parallel the American Korean Relationship Since 1945

... complete the picture : the dictatorial concentration of power in the hands of the
president , a well - organized government party , manipulated elections , a large
military machine , efficient secret services , controlled mass media , elimination ...

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Author: Frank Baldwin

Publisher: Pantheon

ISBN: 0394475461

Category: Korea

Page: 376

View: 606