Central and Eastern Europe After the First World War

The volume considers the period starting with the Bolshevik revolution and the final stages of the First World War up to the year 1923.

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Author: Piotr Juszkiewicz

Publisher: De Gruyter Oldenbourg

ISBN: 3110597152

Category: History

Page: 420

View: 924

In den ersten Jahren nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg verdichteten sich in Mittel- und Osteuropa politische, militärische, kulturelle, soziale und wirtschaftliche Entwicklungen in besonderem Maße. Der Band nimmt zum einen die Bemühungen in den Blick, eine internationale Friedensordnung zu schaffen und bisher unterdrückten Nationen zur Emanzipation zu verhelfen. Zum anderen beleuchtet er die Formen politischen Revisionismus und territorialer Ansprüche, die vielerorts mit Gewalt einhergingen und eine Fortsetzung des Krieges unter veränderten Bedingungen waren.

History Derailed

The book begins with an overview of the main historical trends in the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries, during which time the region lost momentum and became the periphery, no longer in step with the rising West.

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Author: Ivan T. Berend

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520932098

Category: History

Page: 404

View: 607

There is probably no greater authority on the modern history of central and eastern Europe than Ivan Berend, whose previous work, Decades of Crisis, was hailed by critics as "masterful" and "the broadest synthesis of the modern social, economic, and cultural history of the region that we possess." Now, having brought together and illuminated this region's storm-tossed history in the twentieth century, Berend turns his attention to the equally turbulent period that preceded it. The "long" nineteenth century, extending up to World War I, contained the seeds of developments and crises that continue to haunt the region today. The book begins with an overview of the main historical trends in the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries, during which time the region lost momentum and became the periphery, no longer in step with the rising West. It concludes with an account of the persisting authoritarian political structures and the failed modernization that paved the way for social and political revolts. The origins of twentieth-century extremism and its tragedies are plainly visible in this penetrating account.

Civil War in Central Europe 1918 1921

The First World War did not end in Central Europe in November 1918.

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Author: Jochen Böhler

Publisher: Greater War

ISBN: 9780198794486

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 295

The First World War did not end in Central Europe in November 1918. The armistices marked the creation of the Second Polish Republic and the first shot of the Central European Civil War which raged from 1918 to 1921. The fallen German, Russian, and Austrian Empires left in their wake lands with peoples of mixed nationalities and ethnicities. These lands soon became battle grounds and the ethno-political violence that ensued forced those living within them to decide on their national identity. Civil War in Central Europe seeks to challenge previous notions that such conflicts which occurred between the First and Second World Wars were isolated incidents and argues that they should be considered as part of a European war; a war which transformed Poland into a nation.

Jewish Soldiers in the Collective Memory of Central Europe

This volume collects articles dealing with these Jewish and gentile debates about military service and war memory in Central Europe.

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Author: Gerald Lamprecht

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783205208426

Category: History

Page: 377

View: 128

World War I marks a huge break in Central European Jewish history. Not only had the violent wartime events destroyed Jewish life and especially the living space of Eastern European Jews, but the impacts of war, the geopolitical change and a radicalization of anti-Semitism also led to a crisis of Jewish identity. Furthermore, during the process of national self-discovery and the establishing of new states the societal position of the Jews and their relationship to the state had to be redefined. These partially violent processes, which were always accompanied by anti-Semitism, evoked Jewish and Gentile debates, in which questions about Jewish loyalty to the old and/or new states as well as concepts of Jewish identity under the new political circumstances were negotiated. This volume collects articles dealing with these Jewish and gentile debates about military service and war memory in Central Europe.

After Memory

The volume offers insights into the diverse literatures of Eastern Europe and their ways of depicting the area’s contested heritage.

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Author: Matthias Schwartz

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110713831

Category: Social Science

Page: 486

View: 292

Even seventy-five years after the end of World War II, the commemorative cultures surrounding the War and the Holocaust in Central, Eastern and South Eastern Europe are anything but fixed. The fierce debates on how to deal with the past among the newly constituted nation states in these regions have already received much attention by scholars in cultural and memory studies. The present volume posits that literature as a medium can help us understand the shifting attitudes towards World War II and the Holocaust in post-Communist Europe in recent years. These shifts point to new commemorative cultures shaping up ‘after memory’. Contemporary literary representations of World War II and the Holocaust in Eastern Europe do not merely extend or replace older practices of remembrance and testimony, but reflect on these now defunct or superseded narratives. New narratives of remembrance are conditioned by a fundamentally new social and political context, one that emerged from the devaluation of socialist commemorative rituals and as a response to the loss of private and family memory narratives. The volume offers insights into the diverse literatures of Eastern Europe and their ways of depicting the area’s contested heritage.

Forgotten Voices

This volume is an important supplement to the voices of victims of totalitarianism and has been written in order to keep the historical record clear.The root cause of this tragedy was ultimately the Nazi German regime.

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Author: Ulrich Merten

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351519540

Category: History

Page: 356

View: 220

The news agency Reuters reported in 2009 that a mass grave containing 1,800 bodies was found in Malbork, Poland. Polish authorities suspected that they were German civilians that were killed by advancing Soviet forces. A Polish archeologist supervising the exhumation, said, "We are dealing with a mass grave of civilians, probably of German origin. The presence of children . . . suggests they were civilians."During World War II, the German Nazi regime committed great crimes against innocent civilian victims: Jews, Poles, Russians, Serbs, and other people of Central and Eastern Europe. At war's end, however, innocent German civilians in turn became victims of crimes against humanity. Forgotten Voices lets these victims of ethnic cleansing tell their story in their own words, so that they and what they endured are not forgotten. This volume is an important supplement to the voices of victims of totalitarianism and has been written in order to keep the historical record clear.The root cause of this tragedy was ultimately the Nazi German regime. As a leading German historian, Hans-Ulrich Wehler has noted, "Germany should avoid creating a cult of victimization, and thus forgetting Auschwitz and the mass killing of Russians." Ulrich Merten argues that applying collective punishment to an entire people is a crime against humanity. He concludes that this should also be recognized as a European catastrophe, not only a German one, because of its magnitude and the broad violation of human rights that occurred on European soil.Supplementary maps and pictures are available online at http://www.forgottenvoices.net

Central and Eastern Europe after the First World War

An examination of the Eastern theatre of war would suggest a different periodisation. ... Central, Eastern and Southern Europe, but also Ireland2 in Western Europe.3 In many places in Eastern Europe, this coincided during the years ...

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Author: Burkhard Olschowsky

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110757163

Category: History

Page: 435

View: 460

The volume focuses on the years following the First World War (1918–1923), when political, military, cultural, social and economic developments consolidated to a high degree in Eastern Europe. This period was shaped, on the one hand, by the efforts to establish an international structure for peace and to set previously oppressed nations on the road to emancipation. On the other hand, it was also defined by political revisionism and territorial claims, as well as a level of political violence that was effectively a continuation of the war in many places, albeit under modified conditions. Political decision-makers sought to protect the emerging nation states from radical political utopias but simultaneously had to rise to the challenges of a social and economic crisis, manage the reconstruction of the many extensively devastated landscapes and provide for the social care and support of victims of war.

The Balkans Since the Second World War

This book is the only comprehensive survey of the history of the region since 1945. It deals with the communist states of Albania, Bulgaria, Romania and Yugoslavia, but it also covers Greece, ?the one that got away?

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Author: R. J. Crampton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: UOM:39015056219283

Category: History

Page: 374

View: 737

Crampton (East European history, U. of Oxford, UK) surveys the history of the region since 1945, covering the communist states of Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, and Yugoslavia, as well as Greece. The book is divided into three chronological sections, in which each of the five countries is covered. Suitable for students, journalists, travelers, and others. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.